Anne Innes-Ker, Duchess of Roxburghe
Anne Emily Innes-Ker, Duchess of Roxburghe 7th Duke of Marlborough, who served in Conservative governments as Lord President of the Council and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. She served as Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria.(née Spencer-Churchill; 14 November 1854 – 20 June 1923) was the daughter of the
The Duchess of Roxburghe
Lady Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill
14 November 1854
|Died||20 June 1923 (aged 68)|
(m. 1874; died 1892)
|Parents||John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough|
Lady Frances Vane
Family and early lifeEdit
Lady Anne Spencer-Churchill was born on 14 November 1854, in London. She was the fourth daughter of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, who served in Conservative governments as Lord President of the Council and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and his wife, Lady Frances Vane, daughter of the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry. Lady Anne had two brothers and five sisters. The children rarely saw their mother, as they were raised by servants. Her brother Lord Randolph Churchill later became a Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer. Through him, Anne was the aunt of Prime Minister Winston Spencer Churchill.
On 11 June 1874, Lady Anne was married to James Henry Robert Innes-Ker, Marquess of Bowmont and Cessford, eldest son of the sixth Duke of Roxburghe. He succeeded his father as the seventh Duke of Roxburghe in 1879, and Anne became The Duchess of Roxburghe. He died in 1892.
In 1883, she was appointed Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria by the Liberal Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone, and served in that capacity until 1885. In 1892, when Gladstone again came to power, his policy of Home Rule for Ireland had alienated many of the upper classes, and no lady of ducal rank could be found who was willing to serve as Mistress of the Robes. The post therefore remained vacant, while the Duchess of Roxburghe and the Dowager Duchess of Atholl performed the duties of the office. In 1906 she christened the newest and largest ship then in the world, the Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania.
During the First World War, she served as President of the Haddingtonshire Branch of the British Red Cross Society.  She was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 1919 New Year Honours.
She died in 1923 in London, at the home of her daughter Lady Evelyn and her husband, Colonel William Collins, after a lengthy illness.
- Lady Margaret Frances Susan Innes-Ker (1875–1930); married on 25 July 1898 to James Alexander Orr Ewing (22 February 1857 – 28 May 1900, South Africa)
- Henry John Innes-Ker, 8th Duke of Roxburghe (1876–1932), from whose only son all current Innes-Ker males are descended.
- Lady Victoria Alexandrina Innes-Ker (1877–1970) married on 17 August 1901 in London to Charles Hyde Villiers (September 1862 – 23 May 1947, London), and had issue.
- Lady Isabel Innes-Ker, later Lady Isabel Wilson (1879–1905) married on 23 June 1904 to Hon. Guy Greville Wilson (19 May 1877 – 1 February 1943)
- Lord Alastair Robert Innes-Ker (1880–1936) married in London on 10 October 1907, Anne Breese (1885 – 30 October 1959, London), an American heiress whose sister married the Earl of Ancaster, and had issue two sons and one daughter.
- Lady Evelyn Anne Innes-Ker, later Lady Evelyn Collins (1882–1958) married on 23 November 1907 in London to Colonel William Fellowes Collins Lord de Ramsey, and had issue. (17 September 1865 – 15 February 1948), a grandson of
- Lord Robert Edward Innes-Ker (22 July 1885 – 19 July 1958); married first on 27 October 1920 (divorced 1935) at the Registry Office in London to Charlotte Josephine Cooney, otherwise the musical comedy actress Jose Collins (23 May 1887 – 6 December 1958), as her first husband. The couple divorced in 1935, having had no issue. He married secondly in London on 28 July 1939 to Eleanor Marie Woodhead (1887–1958); there was no issue by either marriage.
- Lodge 1877, p. 402.
- Quinault 2004.
- Lovell 2011, pp. 18–20.
- Lodge 1877, p. 510.
- Fox-Davies 1895, p. 854.
- Forster 2011.
- "PRESIDENT DOWAGER DUCHESS OF ROXBURGHE ANNE EMILY". Imperial War Museum.
- "No. 31114". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 January 1919. p. 458.
- "Death of Dowager Duchess of Roxburghe". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 21 June 1923. p. 8.
- "New Yorker Dies at Front: W. L. Breese, Killed in Battle, Held an English Commission". The New York Times. 17 March 1915. p. 3.
- "Obituary: Lady Alastair Innes-Ker". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 2 November 1959. p. 16.
- Works cited
- Forster, Margaret (2011). Churchill's Grandmama. The History Press. ISBN 9780752469478.
- Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1895). Armorial Families: A Complete Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage, Part 1. T.C. & E.C. Jack, Grange Publishing Works.
- Lodge, Edmund (1877). The Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire as at Present Existing. Hurst and Blackett.
- Lovell, Mary S. (2011). The Churchills: In Love and War. W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0393062304.
- Quinault, Roland (2004). "Churchill, John Winston Spencer, seventh duke of Marlborough (1822–1883)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5403. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
The Duchess of Bedford
| Mistress of the Robes
The Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry
The Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry
| Mistress of the Robes|
jointly with The Dowager Duchess of Atholl