Annaberg-Buchholz (German pronunciation: [ˈanabɛɐ̯k ˈbuːx.hɔlts] (listen)) is a town in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. Lying in the Ore Mountains, it is the capital of the district of Erzgebirgskreis.
|• Mayor||Rolf Schmidt (FW)|
|• Total||27.70 km2 (10.70 sq mi)|
|Elevation||600 m (2,000 ft)|
|• Density||710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Vehicle registration||ERZ, ANA, ASZ, AU, MAB, MEK, STL, SZB, ZP|
The town is located in the Ore Mountains, at the side of the Pöhlberg (832 meters or 2,730 feet above sea level).
The previously heavily forested upper Ore Mountains were settled in the 12th and 13th centuries by Franconian farmers. Frohnau, Geyersdorf, and Kleinrückerswalde—all now part of present-day town—are all attested from 1397.
Barbara Uthmann introduced braid- and lace-making in 1561 and it was further developed in the 1590s by Belgian refugees fleeing the policies of Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, Spain's governor over the Low Countries. The industry was further developed in the 19th century, when Annaberg and Buchholz were connected by rail to Chemnitz and each other and both settlements had specialized schools for lace-making. The population of Annaberg in the 1870s was 11,693. This had risen to 16,811 by 1905, with another 9307 in Buchholz.
In 1945 the two towns Annaberg and Buchholz merged into the new town Annaberg-Buchholz.
At the start of the 16th Century Annaberg was one of the largest towns in Germany with an estimated 8,000 inhabitants. In 1834 Annaberg had a population of 5,068 and Buchholz 1,424. In 1875 people lived in Annaberg, in 1890 11,725, in 1925 18,204, and in 1933 19,818. The figures in the table are for Annaberg-Buchholz.
Historical population (from 1960, on 31 December):
- Before 1945: Sum of population of towns Annaberg and Buchholz
Data source 1998: Statistical Office of Saxony
1 29 October
2 31 August
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)
The area is a tourist destination and ski resort. The Ore Mountains are referred to as Land of Christmas and famous for the Christmas Markets and the carved sculptures. Annaberg has a Roman Catholic church and three Protestant churches, among them St. Anne's (built 1499-1525), which is the largest of its kind in Saxony. There are public monuments to Luther, the famous mathematician Adam Ries, and Barbara Uthmann. Buchholz had another Gothic Protestant church and monuments to Frederick the Wise and Bismarck. Annaberg is well known for its historical old town and market square; the house Markt 2 shows the coat of arms of the family Apian-Bennewitz.
- Adam Ries Museum and Annaberg School of Accountancy (Rechenschule)
- Ore Mountain Museum and Im Gößner visitor mine
- Manufaktur der Träume
- Markus-Röhling-Stolln visitor mine at Frohnau
- Dorothea-Stolln visitor mine at Cunersdorf
The Frohnauer Hammer is a historic and fully working preserved hammer mill in the village of Frohnau within the municipality. In 1907, it was declared a technical monument and, since then, has been open to the public. In addition to the actual hammer mill itself, there is an exhibition of forged items and the former master hammersmith's house (Hammerherrenhaus).
- An annual high point in early summer is the largest folk festival in the region, the Annaberger Kät.
- Every two years in August the Abbey Festival takes place in the ruins of Annaberg Abbey.
- The Annaberg Christmas Market is widely known outside the region and closes on the fourth week in advent with the world's biggest miners' parade (Bergparade).
Annaberg-Buchholz is twinned with:
Sons and daughters of the townEdit
- Gabriel Zwilling (1487–1558), Lutheran theologian and reformer
- Barbara Uthmann, born of Elterlein (1514–1575), entrepreneur
- Paul Jenisch (1551–1612), educator and theologian
- David Fletcher (1646–1716), Privy Councillor of Commerce and landowner
- Gottfried Arnold Irenaeus called (1666–1714), poet
- Christian Felix Weisse (1726–1804), founder of the German Children's Literature
- Bernhard Eisenstuck (1805–1871), entrepreneur and politician
- Peter Gast alias Peter Guest (1854–1918), composer, writer, associate of Friedrich Nietzsche and dialect poet
- Walter König (1878–1964), professor of chemistry,
- Theodor Korselt (1891–1943), lawyer and Nazi victim
- Paul Schneider (1892–1975), woodcarver
- Erich Lorenz (1894–1981), local historian, folklorist, historian and collector of biographies
- Carl Friedrich Claus (1930–1998), graphic artist, poet and philosopher
- Frank Wiegand (born 1943), swimmer
- Matthias Herget (born 1955), football player
- Evelin Jahl born Schlaak (born 1956), discus thrower
- Ute Noack (born 1961), cross-country skier
- Rex Joswig (born 1962), musician
- Yvonne Mai-Graham (born 1965), middle distance runner
- Kathrin Weßel (1967), long-distance runner
- Viola Bauer (born 1976), cross-country skier
- Anke Wischnewski (born 1978), luger
- Eric Frenzel (born 1988), Nordic Combined skier
- Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878), , Encyclopædia Britannica, 2 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 60
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), Encyclopædia Britannica, 2 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 59 ,
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), Encyclopædia Britannica, 4 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 724 ,