Angiosarcoma is a cancer of the cells that line the walls of blood vessels or lymphatic vessels. The lining of the vessel walls is called the endothelium. However, they should not be confused with cherry hemangiomas.
|Micrograph of an angiosarcoma. H&E stain.|
Most tumors of visceral blood and lymphatic vessel walls are cancerous (malignant). Because these cancers are carried by the blood flow or lymphatic flow, they can more easily metastasize to distant sites, particularly the liver and lungs.
In dogs, hemangiosarcoma is relatively common, with the golden retriever and Labrador retriever at higher risk of the disease than other breeds. In humans, hemangiosarcomas and lymphangiosarcomas of the skin are uncommon. Angiosarcoma of the liver, a rare fatal tumor, has been seen in workers intensively exposed to the gas vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) for prolonged periods while working in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) polymerization plants. It has also been associated with individuals exposed to arsenic-containing insecticides and Thorotrast.
- Kumar, Vinay; Abbas, Abul K.; Aster, Jon C., eds. (2013). Robbins Basic Pathology (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders. ISBN 9781437717815.
- Gustafson, Daniel L.; Duval, Dawn L.; Regan, Daniel P.; Thamm, Douglas H. (August 2018). "Canine sarcomas as a surrogate for the human disease". Pharmacology & Therapeutics. 188: 80–96. doi:10.1016/j.pharmthera.2018.01.012. PMC 6432917. PMID 29378221.