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Anablepsoides is a genus of fish in the family Aplocheilidae native to tropical South America and the Lesser Antilles. The majority are from the Amazon and Orinoco basins, as well as freshwater systems in the Guiana Shield, but a few species are from northern Venezuela, northeastern Brazil (Tocantins River basin, as well as systems in Ceará and Maranhão) and the Lesser Antilles (Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, Martinique and Margarita).[1][2] Although largely restricted to lowlands, a few species occur in the lower East Andean foothills. They are mostly found in shallow fresh water swamps, streams, edges of rivers, ponds and pools, but a few may occur in brackish estuaries. They are able to jump over land and breathe air for short periods, allowing them to access isolated waters inhabited by few or no other fish.[1][2] Several Anablepsoides species have small distributions and some are seriously threatened by habitat loss; the entire known range of A. xinguensis is in the area flooded by the Belo Monte Dam.[3]

Anablepsoides
The freshwater fishes of British Guiana, including a study of the ecological grouping of species and the relation of the fauna of the plateau to that of the lowlands (1912) (14780012385).jpg
Anablepsoides lanceolatus, top.
Others are Laimosemion frenatus (just below Anablepsoides lanceolatus), Poecilia vivipara (two large fish in middle) and Poecilia parae (two lowermost fish).
Scientific classification
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Anablepsoides

Huber, 1992
Type species
Rivulus atratus
Garman, 1895
Synonyms

Benirivulus Costa, 2006
Oditichthys Huber, 1999

Similar to closely related genera such as Atlantirivulus, Cynodonichthys, Laimosemion and Melanorivulus, Anablepsoides are non-annual killifish.[4]

The largest, A. igneus, is up to 15 cm (5.9 in) in total length, but the vast majority of the Anablepsoides species only reach about half that size or less.[5]

SpeciesEdit

Until 2011, Anablepsoides were included in Rivulus,[1] and some prefer to maintain them in that genus.[6]

If recognized as a valid genus, there are currently 56 species in Anablepsoides:[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Costa, W.J.E.M. (2011). "Phylogenetic position and taxonomic status of Anablepsoides, Atlantirivulus, Cynodonichthys, Laimosemion and Melanorivulus (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae)". Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. 22 (3): 233–249.
  2. ^ a b Andrews, O. (2015). Anablepsoides hartii (Jumping Guabine). The Online Guide to the Animals of Trinidad and Tobago Ecology. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  3. ^ Nielsen, D.T.B.; M. Martins; R. Britzke (2014). "Description of a new species of annual fish, Maratecoara gesmonei (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from the rio Xingu system, Amazon basin, Brazil". aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology. 20 (2): 87–96.
  4. ^ Berois, N.; G. García; R.O. de Sá, eds. (2015). Annual Fishes: Life History Strategy, Diversity, and Evolution. CRC Press. pp. 16–19. ISBN 9781482299717.
  5. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2018). Species of Anablepsoides in FishBase. November 2018 version.
  6. ^ Huber, J.H. (2012). "Reappraisal of the Phylogeny of Rivulus and its Allied focused on External Characters". Killi-Data Series. 2012: 9–25.
  7. ^ Costa, W.J.E.M. & De Luca, A.C. (2011): Rivulus cajariensis, a new killifish from the Guiana Shield of Brazil, eastern Amazon (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 21 (4): 353-358.
  8. ^ a b Valdesalici, S. & García Gil, J.R. (2017): Anablepsoides chapare, a new killifish (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Cynolebiidae) from central Bolivia. aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, 23 (1): 11-18.
  9. ^ Valdesalici, S. (2015): Anablepsoides fransvermeuleni, a new killifish from Suriname (Teleostei: Rivulidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 26 (3): 241-248.
  10. ^ a b c d e Costa, W.J.E.M., Bragança, P.H.N. & Amorim, P.F. (2013): Five new species of the killifish genus Anablepsoides from the Brazilian Amazon (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae). Vertebrate Zoology, 63 (3): 283-293.
  11. ^ Nielsen, D.T.B., Baptista, A.C.Jr. & van der Berg, L. (2016): Anablepsoides hoetmeri, a new rivulid (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from Rio Purus drainage, western Amazon basin, Brazil. aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, 22 (2): 69-78.
  12. ^ Valdesalici, S. & Schindler, I. (2013): Anablepsoides lineasoppilatae, a new killifish (Teleostei: Rivulidae) from south-eastern Peru. Vertebrate Zoology, 63 (3): 295-300.
  13. ^ a b Nielsen, D.T.B. (2016): Description of two new species of Anablepsoides (Cyprinodontiformes: Cynolebiidae) from Rio Madeira, Amazon drainage, Rondônia state and from Rio Itapecurú, Maranhão state, Brazil. aqua International Journal of Ichthyology, 22 (4): 165-176.
  14. ^ Valdesalici, S. & Schindler, I. (2011): Description of a new killifish of the genus Rivulus (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from south eastern Peru. Vertebrate Zoology, 61 (3): 313-320.
  15. ^ a b Costa, W.J.E.M. (2010): Two new species of the Rivulus urophthalmus group from the Tocantins and Xingu river drainages, eastern Brazilian Amazon (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 21 (1): 79-85.
  16. ^ Costa, W.J.E.M. (2013): Anablepsoides urubuiensis, a new killifish from central Brazilian Amazon (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (4): 345-349.