Ambaji (Ambājī) is a census town in Banaskantha district in the state of Gujarat, India.

Ambaji
Census Town
Ambaji is located in Gujarat
Ambaji
Ambaji
Location in Gujarat, India
Ambaji is located in India
Ambaji
Ambaji
Ambaji (India)
Coordinates: 24°20′N 72°51′E / 24.33°N 72.85°E / 24.33; 72.85
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictBanaskantha
Population
 (2011)
 • Total17,753
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN code
385110
Telephone code91-02749
Vehicle registrationGJ-8
WebsiteAmbaji [1] Gujarat

Geography edit

 
Ambaji Temple at Night

Ambaji[1] is a town within taluka district Banaskantha, North Gujarat, India. It is located at 24°20′N 72°51′E / 24.33°N 72.85°E / 24.33; 72.85.[2] It is at an altitude of 480 metres (1,570 ft). It is surrounded by the Araveli Hill range. Ambaji is within the Aravali Range[3]'line of peaks',[4] is a range of mountains in western India running approximately 800 km in a northeastern direction across Indian states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi.[5][6] It is also called Mewat hills locally. Ambaji town also in between the borders of North Gujarat and Abu Road of Rajasthan.

Demographics edit

As of 2011 India census,[7] Ambaji had a population of 17,753. Males constitute 9,132 of the population and females 8,621. Ambaji has an average literacy rate of 78.39%, higher than the state average of 78.03%, with 85.76% of the males and 70.78% of females literate; 14.12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Climate edit

Summers are typically hot and humid with hot winds and temperatures between 26 and 46 degrees Celsius. In winter the temperature ranges between 6 and 36 degrees Celsius and rainfall is about 15 to 30 inches; in the monsoon season, average rainfall is about the same as in winter. Ambaji is at an altitude of 480 m.

Ambaji Mata Temple edit

 
Navratri Garba at the Ambaji temple.

Ambaji Mata Temple is a pilgrimage site visited by millions of devotees during the week of the Bhadarvi Poonam fair.[8] It is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. It is situated at a distance of approximately 65 kilometres from Palanpur, 45 kilometres from Mount Abu, and 20 kilometres from Abu Road, and 185 kilometres from Ahmedabad, 50 kilometers from Kadiyadra near the Gujarat and Rajasthan border.

Devotees also visit the temple on Purnima (the full moon) and Navratri.[citation needed]

The Ambaji Mata Temple as a Shakti Peeth edit

 
Shiva carrying the corpse Sati (goddess)

The shrine of Shri Amba is regarded as a revered shrine by the Shakta Shaktism sect of Hinduism attracting millions of devotees every year. It is believed that the Heart of Sati Devi has fallen here. The origin of the Shakti Peetha status temple is from Daksha yaga and Sati's self immolation. Shakti Peethas were believed to have been formed when the body parts of the corpse of Sati Devi fell into different regions when Lord Shiva carried her corpse in sorrow after her death. The shrines are considered as highly revered by Shaivist (Shaivism) sect in Hinduism. The Shakti Peethas are mostly worshiped by tantra practitioners.[9]

Transportation edit

There is a bus-station of Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (GSRTC) connecting to all major cities of India, and a railway station is at Palanpur of Banaskantha district, North Gujarat, India.

Road edit

Ambaji can be reached through Himatnagar road which is connected with National Highway 48 (Mumbai to Delhi). The other road which Passes through Palanpur and Danta and connects with State Highway SH 56 to reach Ambaji.

Rail edit

The nearest Railway station is at Abu Road which comes under the administrative control of North Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways. It has direct rail links on the broad gauge to the cities of Ajmer Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Mysore, Bangalore, Pune, Mumbai, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Delhi, Dehradun, Muzaffarpur, Bareilly and Jammu. It is connected to most of the cities and towns in Gujarat such as Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Bhuj, Rajkot, Jamnagar and Porbandar. Indian Railways’ proposal to double the broad-gauge line between Palanpur and Samakhiali has received government backing. The doubling will benefit the districts of Kutch, Patan and Banaskantha in the state of Gujarat.

Air edit

The nearest international airport is Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport, Ahmedabad which is 179 km far from Ambaji Temple Town.

Distance from places edit

Surrounding cities edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Important Temple Town in North Gujarat.
  2. ^ - Ambaji
  3. ^ Aravali Biodiversity Park, Gurgaon, website Archived 2012-05-28 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ The Geography of British India, Political & Physical, by George Smith. Published by J. Murray, 1882. Page 23..
  5. ^ Kohli, M.S. (2000). "Aravali Range". Students' Britannica India. By Hoiberg, Dale; Ramchandani, Indu. Popular Prakashan. pp. 92–93. ISBN 0-85229-760-2.
  6. ^ Aravali Range Britannica.com.
  7. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  8. ^ "2.6 million devotees visit Ambaji in a week". The Times of India. 26 September 2018.
  9. ^ "Kottiyoor Devaswam Temple Administration Portal". kottiyoordevaswom.com/. Kottiyoor Devaswam. Retrieved 20 July 2013.