Amager Bakke

Amager Bakke (Amager Hill), also known as Amager Slope or Copenhill, is a combined heat and power waste-to-energy plant and recreational facility in Amager, Copenhagen Denmark,[1] located prominently within view of the city's downtown.

Amager Bakke
Amager Bakke.jpg
LocationAmager, in Copenhagen
Coordinates55°41′4″N 12°37′12″E / 55.68444°N 12.62000°E / 55.68444; 12.62000Coordinates: 55°41′4″N 12°37′12″E / 55.68444°N 12.62000°E / 55.68444; 12.62000
Construction began2013
Commission date30 March 2017
Construction cost$670 million
Owner(s)Amager Ressource center
Thermal power station
Primary fuelMunicipal solid waste
Combined cycle?Yes
Cogeneration?190 MW
Power generation
Nameplate capacity57 MW
External links
CommonsRelated media on Commons

The facility opened in 2017,[2] and partially replaced the nearby old incineration plant in Amager,[3] which is in the process of being converted from coal to biomass (expected finished 2020).[4] The two plants play a major role in Copenhagen's ambitions of meeting zero carbon requirements by 2025.[4]

The recreational components of the facility (the dry ski run, hiking trail and climbing wall) opened in December 2018,[5] with an attendance estimated at 42-57 thousand visitors annually.[6]

Copenhill was named the ' World Building of the Year 2021 at the fourteenth annual World Architecture Festival.[7]

Construction and technicalitiesEdit

Skiing in Amager Bakke.

The plant opened on 30 March 2017.[2] It is estimated to cost $670 million,[8] and is expected to burn 400,000 tons of municipal solid waste annually. It also houses a sports facility designed by Bjarke Ingels Group with an 85 m (279 ft) tall sloped roof that doubles as year-round artificial ski slope, hiking slope and climbing wall, which opened to the public October 4–6, 2019.[2][9][10][11] The climbing wall, manufactured by Walltopia, is the world's tallest climbing wall at 85 meters.[12]

Technically, the plant is designed to change between operating modes, producing 0-63 MW electricity and 157-247 MW district heating, depending on the local heat demand and power price. It produces more clean water than it uses. Because of filtration and other technologies, sulphur emission is expected to be reduced by 99.5% and NOx by about 95% as well as dioxins and HCl[13][14] and it is claimed to be the cleanest incineration plant in the world.[4]

An experiment intended the chimney to not emit its exhaust continuously, but instead in the form of "smoke" rings (consisting of water vapour rather than actual smoke).[3]

Operational historyEdit

On September 7, 2018 all waste treatment and energy production was stopped for 17 days to fix a design flaw in the compensators of the low pressure steam system.[15]


  1. ^ Staff, C. N. N. "Green buildings: 18 examples of sustainable architecture around the world". CNN. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
  2. ^ a b c Serup, M. (30 March 2017). Skidt, skrald og æggebakker indvier Amager Bakke. TV2-Lorry. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b Frearson, A. (25 February 2015). Video reveals trial of smoke-ring-blowing chimney for BIG's Copenhagen power plant. Dezeen. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Slavin, T. (26 October 2016). An incinerator with a view: Copenhagen waste plant gets ski slope and picnic area. The Guardian. 19 July 2017.
  5. ^ Akshat Rathi (February 27, 2019). "You can now ski on top of a $670 million power plant in Copenhagen". Quartz.
  6. ^ Amy Wilkinson (March 1, 2020). "A Danish Team Passed an Uphill Test to Deliver a Power Plant with a Ski Slope on Top". Project Management Institute.
  7. ^ "BIG-Designed Copenhill / Amager Bakke Wins World Building Of The Year Award For 2021". World Architecture. December 6, 2021.
  8. ^ "Fejl i rør omkring forbrændingsovnene til Amager Bakke". Ingeniøren. 12 October 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  9. ^ Powder Plan; Skiing an incinerator by Biz Carson Wired (magazine) November 2013 page 58
  10. ^ "Waste-to-energy Plant Amager Bakke, Copenhagen, Denmark, Plant fact sheet". Babcock Wilcox Volund.
  11. ^ Høgsholt, D. (19 January 2017). Danmarks største kunstige skibakke er under opførelse - i København. TV2. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Bjarke Ingels's Copenhill Will Soon Feature the World's Tallest Climbing Wall". 21 July 2020.
  13. ^ "Copenhill - Amager Ressourcecenter". Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  14. ^ Vølund: ARC, Copenhill / Amager Bakke, Copenhagen, Denmark. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  15. ^ Andersen, Louise Holst (11 September 2018). "Amager Bakke stopper energiproduktionen på grund af fejl". Ingeniøren (in Danish). Retrieved 11 September 2018.

External linksEdit