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Locations of NATO's two strategic commands—Allied Command Transformation (ACT; yellow marks) and Allied Command Operations (ACO; red marks)—the latter of which has Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) as its headquarters. The subordinate centres of ACT and subordinate commands and joint force commands of ACO are also shown, minus the new Joint Force Command - Norfolk.

Allied Command Operations (ACO) is one of the two strategic commands of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the other being Allied Command Transformation (ACT). The headquarters and commander of ACO is Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) and Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR), respectively.


The NATO Command Structure (NCS), consisting of two strategic commands directed by the North Atlantic Council (NAC):[1]

Liaison:          Provides advice and support to the NAC
Political strategic level:
Brussels, BE
Brussels, BE
Military strategic level:
Brussels, BE
Mons, BE
Norfolk, US
Operational level:
  JFCBS Brunssum, NL
  JWC Stavanger, NO
  AIRCOM Ramstein, DE
  JALLC Lisbon, PT
  MARCOM Northwood, GB
  JFTC Bydgoszcz, PL
  JFCNP Naples, IT

Under ACO, there are three joint force operational headquarters and several single service commands:[2]

Single-service commands:

Other commands:

Joint Force Command NorfolkEdit

Joint Force Command Norfolk (JFCNF) provides a critical capability to Supreme Allied Commander Europe’s (SACEUR) operational responsibilities. JFCNF was established out of the allied assessment of a changing security environment that emphasizes the trans-Atlantic as a critical domain. As an organization governed by an international memorandum of understanding (MoU), the command provides the capability to act early in a crisis to ensure a joint deterrent response and improve the responsiveness of NATO within that trans-Atlantic domain. JFCNF works seamlessly with allies and NATO partners in all domains and to provide awareness and synchronization with allies, while ensuring readiness and contributing to NATO objectives and core tasks. The NATO functions of JFCNF are related to the transition from a crisis to a high-intensity conflict. In this role, the command will contribute to enhance NATO’s warfighting capability.[3] Established in 2018, the first JFCNF commander is Vice Admiral Andrew L. Lewis, USN who also commands the recently re-established United States Second Fleet, also headquartered in Norfolk, Virginia.[4][5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Command Structure" (PDF). NATO. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Structure". NATO. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
  3. ^ "Joint Force Command Norfolk Conducts Trans-Atlantic Security Seminar". Joint Force Command Norfolk Public Affairs. 2019-01-15.
  4. ^ Babb, Carla (2018-08-06). "US Navy's Top Admiral Cites Increased Threat in Ocean Nearest Washington". Retrieved 2018-08-12.
  5. ^ LaGrone, Sam (2018-11-29). "U.S. 2nd Fleet Racing Toward a 2019 Operational Capability". USNI News. Retrieved 2018-12-01.

External linksEdit