|Near Eastbury, Hertfordshire in England|
Shown within Hertfordshire
|Owner||Ministry of Defence|
|Operator|| Royal Navy
Royal Air Force
Northwood Headquarters is a military headquarters facility of the British Armed Forces in Eastbury, Hertfordshire, England, adjacent to the London suburb of Northwood. It is home to five military command and control functions:
- Headquarters, Joint Forces Command
- the Permanent Joint Headquarters
- the Multi National Headquarters
- the Commander Operations for the Royal Navy
- the NATO Allied Maritime Command
The headquarters is based on the grounds of Eastbury Park. In 1939, during the Second World War, the Royal Air Force took over the site for the use of RAF Coastal Command which made use of the Eastbury house and also created a network of underground bunkers and operations blocks. The house was used as an Officers' Mess though it was subsequently damaged by fire.
In 1953 the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, gained an additional NATO responsibility as Commander-in-Chief, Eastern Atlantic, as part of SACLANT, and the Eastern Atlantic NATO military command structure was established at the Northwood Headquarters. The Commander-in-Chief Home Fleet still flew his flag however in HMS Tyne at Portsmouth. In 1960 the Commander-in-Chief Home Fleet moved to Northwood, in 1963 the Naval unit at Northwood was commissioned as HMS Warrior and in 1966 the NATO Channel Command (a post also held by the Commander-in-Chief Home Fleet) moved to Northwood from Portsmouth. The RAF completely vacated the site in 1969.
In September 1971, when the post of Commander-in-Chief Fleet was established, the Royal Navy took over responsibility for the whole site and in 1978 the Flag Officer Submarines also moved his Headquarters to Northwood.
In 2006 major construction works commenced to improve the functionality of the site: the works, which involved the refurbishment or replacement of many of the key buildings, were carried under a Private Finance Initiative contract by Carillion. The Queen visited the site on 6 May 2010 to open the main Permanent Joint Headquarters building, part of a £150 million redevelopment of the site.
Joint Forces CommandEdit
Joint Forces Command (JFC) is a tri-service organisation managing allocated joint capabilities from the three armed services.
Permanent Joint HeadquartersEdit
Permanent Joint Headquarters (PJHQ) is a tri-service organisation holding Operational Control of British armed forces joint military operation. PJHQ is headed by the Chief of Joint Operations. Single-service operations remain under the operational control of the appropriate front-line command.
Multi National HeadquartersEdit
Within the same building as the Permanent Joint Headquarters there is also a Multi National Headquarters for the command of European Union military operations. Personnel to support this structure are seconded from existing NATO and national posts on the site, augmented from elsewhere as required. This Multi National Headquarters is currently staffed by EU personnel commanding Counter Piracy operations.
The Commander Operations remains with the current operations staff on the Northwood site. Among Commander Operations' responsibilities are command of Commander Task Force (CTF) 311 (UK attack submarines) and CTF 345 (UK nuclear missile submarines).
NATO Allied Maritime CommandEdit
The Headquarters Staffs are supported by:
- Bowlt, Eileen. M (1994). Ruislip Past. London: Historical Publications. ISBN 0-948667-29-X.
- Ministry of Defence (2011). "Northwood Headquarters". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- Naval-History.org British Task Force Units accessed 23 Oct 06
- "Permanent Joint Headquarters". Armed Forces. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "Admiral Sir Jonathon Band KCB (left) and Admiral Sir Alan West KCB DSC (right) at the Change of Command Ceremony at the NATO HQ at Northwood". 2 August 2002. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- Stocks, Caroline (31 July 2006). "Carillion awarded military assignment". Building. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- Matti, Siba (6 May 2010). "Queen to visit Northwood military HQ". Uxbridge Gazette. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- "New Joint Forces Command established". 2 April 2012. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- Joining Britain's Royal Navy Undersea Warfare
- "SUEZ WAR OF 1956". Godfreydykes.info. 5 November 1956. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- Binnie, Adam (15 June 2011). "Royal Navy Reservists move back into Northwood Headquarters". Watford Observer. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- "MARCOM". NATO. Retrieved 26 December 2013.