Alice Pearce (October 16, 1917 – March 3, 1966) was an American actress. She was brought to Hollywood by Gene Kelly to reprise her Broadway performance in the film version of On the Town (1949). Pearce played comedic supporting roles in several films, before being cast as nosy neighbor Gladys Kravitz in the television sitcom Bewitched in 1964. She won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series posthumously after the second season of the series. She died from ovarian cancer in 1966.
As Gladys Kravitz in Bewitched
|Born||October 16, 1917|
New York City, U.S.
|Died||March 3, 1966 (aged 48)|
Hollywood, California, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||John Rox (1948–1957; his death)|
Paul Davis (1964–1966; her death)
|Awards||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series|
Early life and careerEdit
Pearce was born in New York City, the only child of Margaret Clark and Robert E. Pearce. Her father was a foreign banking specialist, and her family moved to Europe when she was 18 months old. They lived in Brussels, Antwerp, Rome, and Paris. At age nine, she fell off a swing after losing her grip and landed on her chin. This left her with an undeveloped chin. She returned to the United States as a teenager, and boarded at the Masters School in Dobbs Ferry, New York. She graduated from Sarah Lawrence College in 1940, with a degree in drama.
She began working in nightclubs as a comedian and was cast in the original Broadway production of On the Town (1944–1946). Gene Kelly was so impressed by her that she became the only cast member to be included in the film version in 1949. Her comedic performance was well received by critics and public alike, and she was given her own television variety show, The Alice Pearce Show. More movie roles followed, and she made appearances on Broadway, where she met her husband, director Paul Davis, during a production of Bells Are Ringing.
During the 1953–1954 television season, Pearce was seen regularly on ABC's Jamie, which starred Brandon deWilde. In 1964, Pearce was originally approached to play the part of Grandmama in the ABC television comedy series The Addams Family. She turned down the part, which went to veteran actress Blossom Rock. In 1964, Pearce joined the cast of Bewitched as the nagging and nosy neighbor Gladys Kravitz. Pearce's scenes were almost entirely reactions to the witchcraft she had witnessed at the house across the street. Her hysterical accusations against Samantha, played by Elizabeth Montgomery, and the disbelief of her husband Abner (George Tobias), provided a common thread through many of the series' early episodes. She played the role until her death in 1966, and was replaced by Sandra Gould. Pearce was posthumously awarded an Emmy Award for this role. Her husband accepted the award on her behalf.
Pearce was married twice. Her 1948 marriage to composer John Rox lasted until his death in 1957. In 1964, she married stage manager Paul Davis, with whom she remained until her death. Pearce had no children.
Pearce was a good friend of actor and photographer Cris Alexander. When Alexander was working on the illustrations for Patrick Dennis's bestseller Little Me, he asked Pearce to appear in the work as Winnie, the reform school friend of Belle Poitrine, the biography's subject. She also appeared as several characters in Dennis' and Alexander's later project, First Lady: My Thirty Days at the White House.
Pearce was diagnosed with terminal cancer before Bewitched began. She kept her illness a secret, although her rapid weight loss was quite evident during the second season of the sitcom. She died from ovarian cancer toward the end of the second year of Bewitched at the age of 48. The last episode Pearce appeared in was titled "Prodigy." It was completed many months before Pearce died, but it aired after her death as the last episode of Season #2. Pearce was cremated and her ashes were scattered at sea.
|1949||On the Town||Lucy Schmeeler|
|1949||The Alice Pearce Show||Host||Unknown episodes|
|1951||Lux Video Theatre||Nina||Episode: "Dames Are Poison"|
|1952||The Belle of New York||Elsie Wilkins|
|1953||The Motorola Television Hour||Hagga||Episode: "The Thirteen Clocks"|
|1953||Broadway Television Theater||Miss Dale Ogden
Lady Emily Lyons
|Episode: The Bat by Mary Roberts Rinehart and Avery Hopwood|
Episode: The Bishop Misbehaves by Frederick J. Jackson
|1953–1954||Jamie||Annie Moakum||3 episodes|
|1953–1954||Take It from Me||Neighbor||Also known as The Jean Carroll Show|
|1955||How to Be Very, Very Popular||Miss "Syl" Sylvester|
|1955||Alice in Wonderland||Dormouse||TV movie|
|1956||The Opposite Sex||Olga|
|1959||The Real McCoys||Emmy||Episode: "Work No More, My Lady"|
|1961||The Twilight Zone||Mrs. Nielsen||Episode: "Static"|
|1961||The Ann Sothern Show||Lahona St. Cyr||Episode: "The Beginning"|
|1962||Lad: A Dog||Hilda, the Nurse|
|1962||Dennis the Menace||Lucy Tarbell||2 episodes|
|1963||My Six Loves||Bus Driver|
|1963||Tammy and the Doctor||Millie Baxter, Nurse|
|1963||The Thrill of It All||Irving's wife|
|1963||The Donna Reed Show||Adele Collins||Episode: "A Touch of Glamour"|
|1963||The Alfred Hitchcock Hour||Haila French||Episode: "Good-Bye George"|
|1964||Hazel||Miss Elsie||Episode: "Hot Potato a la Hazel"|
|1964||Dear Heart||Miss Moore|
|1964||The Disorderly Orderly||Mrs. Fuzzibee, Talkative Patient|
|1964||Kiss Me, Stupid||Mrs. Mulligan|
|1964–1966||Bewitched||Gladys Kravitz||27 episodes|
|1965||Dear Brigitte||Unemployment Office Clerk|
|1965||Bus Riley's Back in Town||Housewife|
|1965||Bus Riley's Back in Town||Woman Customer / Housewife|
|1966||The Glass Bottom Boat||Mabel Fenimore||Alternative title: The Spy in Lace Panties|
|1967||Vacation Playhouse||Music Teacher||Episode: "My Boy Googie"|
Aired posthumously (final appearance)
|Year||Award||Category||Title of work||Result|
|1966||Emmy Award||Outstanding Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Comedy||Bewitched||Won|
|2003||TV Land Awards||Nosiest Neighbor||Bewitched||Won|
- "Alice Pearce". TV Land. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
- Misurell, Ed (May 29, 1965). "Her Life Is Filled with Sorcery". Daily American. p. 13. Retrieved July 6, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Finally the Center of Attention". TV Guide. 13 (52): 13–14. December 25–31, 1965. ISSN 0039-8543.
- Shearer, Lloyd (October 11, 1964). "Alice Pearce: The Chinless Wonder". Reading Eagle. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- "Alice Pearce". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Associated Press. March 4, 1966. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- Green, Stanley (1999). Hollywood Musicals Year by Year. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-634-00765-1. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
- Terrace, Vincent (November 6, 2008). Encyclopedia of Television Shows, 1925 through 2010 (2 ed.). McFarland & Company. pp. 25, 252, 525. ISBN 978-0-7864-8641-0. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
- "Sandra Gould Played Gladys Kravitz". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. July 28, 1999. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- Handsaker, Gene (May 23, 1966). "Miss Stanwyck, Cosby Are Top Performers". Nashua Telegraph. Associated Press. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
- "Terminal Illness". The Gettysburg Times. March 19, 1966. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
- Manners, Dorothy (March 9, 1966). "Alice Pearce Chose Happiness". The Indianapolis Star. p. 23. Retrieved June 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- Leszczak, Bob (November 2, 2012). Single Season Sitcoms, 1948–1979: A Complete Guide. McFarland & Company. p. 179. ISBN 978-0-7864-9305-0. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
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