Alfa Romeo 147
|Alfa Romeo 147|
Alfa Romeo 147 five door, first series (2000 to 2004)
|Assembly||Italy: Pomigliano d'Arco plant, Campania|
|Designer||Walter de Silva and Wolfgang Egger at Centro Stile Alfa Romeo|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Small family car (C)|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
|Platform||Type Two rev. 3|
|Related||Alfa Romeo GT|
Alfa Romeo 156
|Wheelbase||2,546 mm (100.2 in)|
|Length||4,223 mm (166.3 in)|
|Width||1,729 mm (68.1 in)|
|Height||1,442 mm (56.8 in)|
|Kerb weight||1,200–1,360 kg (2,650–3,000 lb)|
|Successor||Alfa Romeo Giulietta|
The 147 was launched at the Turin Motor Show in June 2000 as a replacement for the Alfa Romeo 145 and 146 hatchbacks, and is based on the running gear of the larger 156 saloon. It was sold with 1.6, 2.0, and 3.2 litre petrol engines, and a 1.9 litre diesel engine. A sequential, paddle operated 'Selespeed' transmission was available from launch. The earliest vehicle identification number of the 147 is dated 22 April 2000.
Two trim levels were available, Turismo and Lusso. The 147 was the first Alfa Romeo to have dual zone climate control and electronic traction control. The model was in production for ten years, making it one of the oldest small family cars on sale in Europe at the time of its replacement by the Alfa Romeo Giulietta in the end of May 2010. In total, around 580,000 cars were made.
The 147 was designed by Walter de Silva and Wolfgang Egger. The 147 received praise for its styling on launch, later it won styling awards. The 147 range was revamped in 2004, with the exterior styling changed to resemble the new 159 and Brera models, and Alfa Romeo Visconti concept car. The 147 had a drag coefficient (Cd) of 0.32.
During 1999, Alfa Romeo confirmed that it would soon be replacing its 145/146 hatchbacks with an all new model, which was unveiled as the 147 at the Turin Motor Show in June 2000, with the first customers taking delivery of their cars in October 2000 on the markets for left hand drive, and the right hand drive versions for the United Kingdom going on sale within a month later. Shortly after its launch, it was voted European Car of the Year, narrowly beating the new Ford Mondeo to the accolade.
The 147 was facelifted in the end of 2004: new front grille, new headlights, new rear lights and the interior was changed on all models besides the GTA version. A more powerful diesel engine arrived and suspension was also tweaked.
In 2006, the 147 1.9 JTD Q2 version was launched, with a front Torsen limited slip differential. Alfa Romeo presented a new limited edition 147 called Ducati Corse at the 2007 Bologna Motor Show. The car had a JTD diesel engine and Q2, a front Torsen limited slip differential.
The 147 was replaced by the Giulietta in May 2010.
High performance versionsEdit
The hot hatch 147 GTA model was launched in 2002. The GTA used a 3.2 V6 engine, produced 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) and had a top speed of 246 km/h (153 mph). It has a widened body (15 mm at each side) to accommodate the 225/45R17 tyres.
Most models have six speed manual transmissions; whilst a smaller number of other models use the semi automatic Selespeed system. In total, 5,029 147 GTAs were built, 1004 of which were Selespeeds.
London based after market tuner Autodelta has produced a "bored out" version of the GTA, sporting a 3.7 litre V6, producing 328 bhp (245 kW), and a split axle differential gear for the front wheels. Autodelta has also made a Rotrex supercharged version, producing 400 bhp (300 kW).
|Model||Engine||Displacement||Power||Torque||0–100 km/h (0-62 mph)||Top speed||Years|
|1.6 TS||I4||1,598 cc||105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) at 5600 rpm||140 N⋅m (103 lb⋅ft) at 4200 rpm||10.7 s||185 km/h (115 mph)||2000–10|
|1.6 TS||I4||1,598 cc||120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) at 6200 rpm||146 N⋅m (108 lb⋅ft) at 4200 rpm||10.2 s||195 km/h (121 mph)||2000–10|
|2.0 TS||I4||1,970 cc||150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) at 6300 rpm||181 N⋅m (133 lb⋅ft) at 3800 rpm||9.3 s||208 km/h (129 mph)||2000–10|
|3.2 GTA||V6||3,179 cc||250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) at 6200 rpm||300 N⋅m (220 lb⋅ft) at 4800 rpm||6.3 s||246 km/h (153 mph)||2002–05|
|1.9 JTD 8V||I4||1,910 cc||100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) at 4000 rpm||200 N⋅m (150 lb⋅ft) at 1750 rpm||12.1 s||183 km/h (114 mph)|
|1.9 JTD 8V||I4||1,910 cc||115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) at 4000 rpm||275 N⋅m (203 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm||9.9 s||191 km/h (119 mph)|
|1.9 JTDM 8V||I4||1,910 cc||120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) at 4000 rpm||280 N⋅m (210 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm||9.6 s||193 km/h (120 mph)||2003–10|
|1.9 JTD 16V||I4||1,910 cc||126 PS (93 kW; 124 hp) at 4000 rpm||305 N⋅m (225 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm||9.4 s||199 km/h (124 mph)||2003–05|
|1.9 JTD M-Jet 16V||I4||1,910 cc||140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) at 4000 rpm||305 N⋅m (225 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm||9.1 s||206 km/h (128 mph)||2003–10|
|1.9 JTDM 16V||I4||1,910 cc||150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) at 4000 rpm||305 N⋅m (225 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm||8.8 s||208 km/h (129 mph)||2005–10|
|1.9 JTDM 16V||I4||1,910 cc||170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) at 3750 rpm||330 N⋅m (240 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm||8.0 s||215 km/h (134 mph)||2007–10|
Connect is an on board information system: an on board telematic system located in the central console that via its 5 in (130 mm) monitor gave access to satellite navigation and hands free GSM phone as well as allowing the user to adjust radio and CD player settings. If subscribed to the CONNECT system, by simply pressing a green button, the user was connected directly to a member of the service team for assistance.
The handling of 147 was praised in some reviews, in spite of criticism regarding the light (sensitive) steering, which makes some drivers feel less involved. However, light steering does help during parking maneuvers. Other criticisms of the 147 included a cumbersome gearshift, unsupportive seats and the lack of interior space compared to its rivals.
The car was noted for its engine pleasant engine note. The 147 suffers from fairly poor resale value in Great Britain.
The 147 GTA and 147 Autodelta GTA have been road tested by Jeremy Clarkson, and featured on television show Top Gear, with a power lap around the track by The Stig. In his review of Autodelta 147 GTA car for The Sunday Times, Clarkson described the acceleration as "Ferrari throttle? Forget it. When you stamp on the accelerator it's like you've hit the Millennium Falcon's hyperdrive.
Suddenly all the stars are fluorescent tubes" and the handling as "...A corner was coming. And then it was a distant speck in my rear view mirror. I vaguely remember turning the wheel and I have a dim recollection of being astounded by the grip...and then the moment was gone. No, really, the damn thing is a barnacle...".
The Alfa Romeo 147 won over twenty awards including:
- The European Car of the Year in 2001;
- Das Goldene Lenkrad ("The golden steering wheel", BILD am SONNTAG – Germany) in 2000;
- Auto Europa 1 (Panel of engineers, drivers and journalists headed by Auto Bild – Germany) in 2001;
- Trophées du design (Automobile Magazine – France) in 2000; and
- Carro Importado do Ano no Brasil – (Brazil Import Car of the Year) in 2002.
In Europe, there was a one car racing series, European Alfa 147 Challenge for Alfa 147 Cup race cars starting from 2003. In 2005, this series was driven alongside with World Touring Car Championship, winner of the season of 2005 was Irish driver Eoin Murray. The car used on the series was Alfa 147 GTA Cup producing 220 bhp (160 kW) from its straight-4 1970 cc Twin Spark engine.
Alfa Romeo 147 2.0 TS (200 bhp) is used by Czech rally driver Martin Rada, finishing second in N3 group (21st in total) on Rally Monte Carlo in 2009, and later finishing first in group 8 on Rally Monte Carlo 2012 (42nd in total) 
The 147 also competed, briefly, in the British Touring Car Championship in 2001 with the JSM team, with a best finish of 3rd at Oulton Park, thanks to driver/team owner Tim Harvey. The car won the 2003 and 2004 Italian Superturismo Championship, and won the Super Production class of the 2005 European Touring Car Cup with driver Lorenzo Falessi.
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