Alex Vause is a fictional character played by Laura Prepon on the Netflix series Orange Is the New Black. The character is loosely based on the real ex-girlfriend of Piper Kerman, author of Orange Is the New Black: My Year in a Women's Prison. Before her arrest, Vause worked for an international drug cartel and was in a relationship with protagonist Piper Chapman, who once transported drug money for her during their travels. Vause is portrayed as the catalyst for Chapman's indictment. She is reunited with her ex-lover in federal prison, nearly a decade after the events that led to their breakup. Her relationship with Chapman is reignited, as they carry out a tumultuous love affair in prison. Vause is noted for her pragmatism, forthrightness, wit and veiled vulnerability. She is a main character in seasons one, three, four, five, six, and seven and a recurring character in season two.
|Orange Is the New Black character|
Laura Prepon as Alex Vause
|First appearance||"I Wasn't Ready" (2013)|
|Last appearance||"Here's Where We Get Off" (2019)|
|Portrayed by||Laura Prepon|
|Family||Diane Vause (mother) |
Lee Burley (father)
|Significant other||Piper Chapman (wife) |
The character of Alex Vause is loosely based on Catherine Cleary Wolters, ex-girlfriend of Piper Kerman, the author of Orange Is the New Black: My Year in a Women's Prison and an executive consultant on the series. In Kerman's memoir, Wolters is given the pseudonym Nora Jansen, who is a marginal character in the book. In actuality, Kerman and Wolters did not serve their prison sentences together as depicted in the series; however, they were reunited in a flight to Chicago, where they were detained for several weeks in a detention facility to testify in the drug trafficking case. Their stint in Chicago is portrayed in the series' second season; however, the defendant they were to testify against was changed to the cartel's kingpin, as was the fact that Wolters and Kerman were cell-mates in the prison.
Wolters met Kerman in 1991 in Northampton, Massachusetts, becoming friends around the time Kerman graduated from Smith College. Kerman wrote in her memoir that Wolters was part of a "clique of impossibly stylish and cool lesbians in their mid-30s". Wolters said both of them ran in "the same little Noho lesbian social circle", and spent time together when she returned from her travels. Wolters had told Kerman she worked for an African drug lord, moving heroin around internationally, while Kerman was fascinated by her globe-trotting, adventurous lifestyle. Wolters asked Kerman if she wanted to take part in the operation. According to Wolters, she and Kerman became romantically involved after Kerman had gotten involved in the drug ring. In her interview with Vanity Fair, Wolters said that they were not girlfriends but friends with benefits, a notion with which Kerman disagreed, stating that they may have different perspectives about their time together and their relationship was complicated.
Kerman traveled with Wolters to exotic places, and made several trips carrying drug-funds for the cartel. Kerman realized she needed to walk away when Wolters asked her to transport heroin instead of money, after which she flew home and started a new life. Years later, Kerman was indicted and plead guilty to a money laundering charge, serving 13 months in a minimum-security prison in Danbury, Connecticut. Wolters was charged with conspiracy to import heroin, serving nearly six years in a Dublin, California prison, and nearly 14 years on parole. In the series, the issue of whether Vause implicated Chapman and the effect on their personal relationship is a major plot line of the first season. When Wolters and others involved in the drug ring were arrested by federal law enforcement, Wolters said that she, like the others, named everyone involved, including Kerman. Wolters also stated that, contrary to Kerman's implication in her memoir, she was not "singularly responsible for [her] downfall", as she was honest about what she did and getting involved was Kerman's decision. Although Kerman aimed to take responsibility for her actions, she said she still carried some resentment toward Wolters [for naming her], later making peace with her when they were held together in a Chicago facility. Unlike in the series, Wolters and Kerman did not get back together when they were reunited in prison.
According to Wolters, "the only [physical] similarity between myself and [Vause] is my black glasses." In her memoir, Kerman described Wolters as a "droll" woman, with a "drawling, wisecracking husky voice" and a "playful, watchful way of drawing a person out"; "when she paid you attention, it felt as if she were about to let you in on a private joke." Wolters' interview to Vanity Fair in April 2014 led to a book deal for her memoir. In 2015, HarperOne released Out of Orange, Wolters' memoir covering from the circumstances of her involvement in the drug trafficking ring and her relationship with Kerman, to her arrest, prison experience, and the present.
This section needs to be updated.September 2017)(
Vause is introduced in the first episode through flashbacks; she and Chapman were both involved in crimes involving drug money. At the end of the first episode, the audience sees that Vause and Chapman are both serving their sentences in the same prison, Litchfield Penitentiary. The two begin a romantic and sexual relationship in episode nine; they are also both involved in a dispute with another inmate, Tiffany "Pennsatucky" Doggett (Taryn Manning), who locks Vause in a dryer and then attempts to kill Chapman in the season finale. Vause was raised solely by her mother and, in the ninth episode 'Fucksgiving', Vause's father is seen to be an influence on her being involved in the drug cartel. When Chapman realises that Vause was the one who told authorities about her illegal drug activities, they break off their relationship. Vause then becomes sexually involved with another inmate, Nicky Nichols (Natasha Lyonne).
In the first episode, Vause promises Chapman that she will lie to protect her in the upcoming trial of her former boss Kubra Balik. She breaks this promise, however, and, after testifying against Balik, Vause manages to secure release from prison while Chapman remains incarcerated. After discovering that Balik was not imprisoned for his crimes, Vause fears for her life; she is also unable to leave her apartment due to the terms of her parole. She visits Chapman in prison and confides in her that she is scared; Chapman then gets Bloom to tell Vause's parole officer that Vause is breaking her parole, which lands her back in prison, where she is safe from Balik's retribution.
Vause appears in every episode of the third season. Chapman reports Vause to a parole officer and she is sent back to Litchfield prison; Chapman does eventually admit to doing this and the two begin frequently having hate sex. Chapman and Vause reconcile and officially resume their relationship, but become more distant again as the season progresses; Chapman becomes romantically involved with a new inmate, Stella Carlin (Ruby Rose), and this upsets Vause. Vause becomes increasingly concerned that Balik has sent someone into the prison to spy on her and bring her harm; she suspects that this person is Lolly Whitehill (Lori Petty) and attacks her in the toilet. It turns out that Whitehill is completely delusional and thinks that Vause is from the National Security Agency. In the season finale, Vause is confronted by Balik's henchman Aydin Bayat and her fate is left ambiguous.
In the first episode, Vause is seen being strangled by Aydin Bayat in the greenhouse, struggling for her life. She is saved by Lolly Whitehill who kicks him seemingly to death. However, Vause discovers in the night that he is just barely alive and is forced to suffocate him. Vause and Whitehill, planning on burying Aydin under the floorboards, discover Frieda Berlin, who has found the body in its temporary hiding place. Together Vause, Whitehill, and Berlin dismember and bury the body in the garden. As the season progresses, Whitehill becomes increasingly at risk of blowing their cover. Meanwhile, Vause is suffering from guilt and lives in constant fear of being caught. When Berlin suggests poisoning Whitehill, Vause confides in Galina "Red" Reznikov, hoping she will convince Berlin otherwise. In episode 8, Vause and Chapman bond again while getting high with Nichols in the garden, and their relationship once again progresses. Aydin's body is found in an unwarranted investigation by Desi Piscatella, resulting in Whitehill being sent to psych. Vause is never questioned about his murder. Vause's guilt manifests itself in notes left around the prison, revealing Aydin's name. Chapman convinces Vause to find them all, and prepares to burn them.
Prepon stated that Piper and Alex remain a couple at the end of the final season.
Matthew Wolfson of Slant Magazine described Vause as intelligent, "with the instincts of a pragmatist, but without a strategy—a striking and emotionally direct person who may have closed off too many options for a workable future”. Dana Poccoli of AfterEllen said that Vause could be considered a villain in the first season as she is the reason Chapman is in prison, but she is also a "fascinating character that we want to understand and spend time with." Writing in The Daily Beast, Victoria Kezra similarly suggested that before the audience meets her, Vause is already a villain, for she is "responsible for Chapman’s illegal activities" and named her ex-lover to receive less prison time. What is "wonderful" about the character, Kezra added, is that the audience's "perception of her changes throughout the show", from a villainous figure to a sympathetic individual. She observed that Vause has "a great sense of humor about the whole situation" and is "pretty caring and insightful". TV Guide's Liz Raftery considered Vause a polarizing character, asking "is she a master manipulator or just misunderstood?". She proposed that Vause "seems to think of herself as a bad person but maybe she isn't, whereas [Chapman] is so convinced that she's a good person and is totally taken aback whenever anyone challenges that." Gerri Mahn of Den of Geek wrote that unlike Chapman, Vause "doesn’t harbor any illusions about who she is or what playing by the rules will get her". Vause had named Chapman in her trial both to receive a lighter sentence and out of resentment from Chapman breaking her heart years earlier; she sincerely loves Chapman, Mahn considered, and "continually came to her defense throughout season one", turning her down when she realized Chapman was using her as "someone to fall back on when Larry doesn’t come through".
Tim Surette of TV.com said that Vause's season one flashbacks fit the character well, and "instantly gave us a story to be interested in", as they provided a more rounded view of the character than Chapman's purview allowed. J.M Suarez wrote in PopMatters that the character of Vause is "fearless and intimidating" as well as street-smart, contrary to Chapman who is "sheltered" and "often afraid and deferential", and it is "in highlighting these differences in prison, that their eventual backstories have even more impact." Greco Patti of Vulture complimented Prepon's "nuanced" portrayal, and noted that, notwithstanding Vause's illicit occupation and her role in Chapman's imprisonment, she is a woman who "came from nothing, who loved and lost, and who maybe got used", and she seems more loyal and genuine in her love for Chapman. The A.V. Club's Myles McNutt considered Vause's relationship with her crimes to be "complicated"; he appreciates when the show does not filter character development solely through Chapman, deeming it "productive" when Vause had "a chance to open up to Nicky [Nichols]”. McNutt also said that Vause's conflict with Doggett, who saw her as "coming from privilege", is meaningful for Vause as it is a trigger for her "past struggles with class hierarchies". According to McNutt, Vause's despondency regarding her absent father "could either gain [her] new perspective and put her life on the right track or [she could] try to fill the absence as quickly as possible", the latter of which she chose. Mahn deliberated that, growing up poor, a free ride wasn’t a possibility in Vause's world. Vause "left her scruples at the door" when she built her worldly life on an alliance through her father's drug dealer, Mahn assessed. "She worked hard, gambled big, and lost everything". Autostraddle posited that Vause hates and fears vulnerability, and the scene where she is locked in a dryer and pleads Chapman to stay echoes the past, when Vause pleaded with Chapman before Chapman left following news of Vause's mother's death. Additionally, Vause is a complicated character for the writer, primarily because she found her sexual threat to Doggett "troubling", while seeing Vause as a young girl "who would do anything for the life she was cheated out of" was something with which she empathized.
In Den of Geek, Chris Longo wrote that, as the first season played out, Vause "was vilified, then the tables turned when she won Piper’s friendship, then they turned upside down during their inevitable hookup. Alex, for all the bad she’s done, seems like a woman who stays true to her word. And now after breaking Alex’s (and Larry’s) heart, Piper is the one who’s vilified." Longo praised Prepon's performance, and hoped the series progressed Vause's storylines. The Guardian's Tom Meltzer wrote that Prepon plays Chapman's "jilted" former lover "with subtlety and unabashed smoulder". In his review of the first season, Matthew Gilbert of The Boston Globe described pre-prison Vause as "icy cool", and called Prepon a "revelation" in the role. David Hiltbrand wrote in The Philadelphia Inquirer that Prepon plays the character with "real vigor". Maureen Ryan of HuffPost also praised Prepon's portrayal, commenting that "underneath the cool-girl exterior is a whole lot of pain and loneliness, and Prepon has done a wonderful job of subtly bringing those notes forward." Chris Jancelewicz of The Huffington Post Canada deemed Vause "charismatic", adding that Prepon "excels as the bad girl influence".
Kristi Turnquist of The Oregonian stated that although Vause would only be present in a few episodes of the second season, she "turns up to devastating effect early on". In a review of the first episode of season two, Horatia Harrod of The Daily Telegraph commented that Vause is dedicated to self-preservation and thought that "another betrayal" of Chapman "reached new depths", thus she found it "puzzling" that Vause's bad-girl routine "seems to have won her a fan following, while [Chapman] is reviled." Kevin Fallon of The Daily Beast noted that there is something about Vause that "convinces [Chapman] to throw her lifelong caution to the wind." Kate Zernike of The New York Times said that Vause is "calculating" and that "there’s something black cat-like about [her] – she slips into the frame and you know things are about to go bad, or at least, get interesting." Chris Harvey of The Daily Telegraph described Prepon's turn as "unforgettable" and explained that Vause's wicked attitude and bespectacled look have made the character a "cult favourite". In her review of the season two premiere, The Wall Street Journal's Candace Jackson wrote that "much like in Piper Kerman’s real-life experience, [the Chicago facility] is where [Chapman] runs into Vause". Prepon is "excellent in this role as ever", Jackson commended, walking a "believable line between flirtation and manipulation". Spencer Kornhaber of The Atlantic observed that Vause was "correct earlier in [the second season's premiere] when she diagnosed how inconsistent Chapman's worldview is: "it is so hard to keep up with what is black and white for you"." According to Kornhaber, Vause’s "return, in letter and in flashback, offers another lesson in moral relativity and personal transformation. We finally see how [Chapman's] cultivated naivety and [Vause's] cultivated knowingness created a passionate, dangerous pairing early on." Danielle Henderson remarked in Vulture that Vause "has balls" for sending Chapman letters after the incident in the season two premiere. In her review of the second season's finale, Zernike wrote that although Vause may not be the "typical re-entering felon", her speech to Chapman about needing to violate her probation, flee, and possibly go back to her former felonious life, "does raise some good points" regarding issues with the prison system.
The Advocate's Nico Lang described Vause as a notably popular femme fatale character, whom the show brought back after the second season "despite the fact that the real-life character was barely in [Kerman's memoir] at all". Charlotte Richardson Andrews wrote in Sight & Sound that Vause is one of the show's "believable and investment-worthy" queer characters, adding that the "tangled, romantic dance that [Vause and Chapman] do is compelling, nuanced and sexy where, in other hands, it might have felt exploitative". In Digital Spy, Emma Dibdin described a "power shift" in the third season between Vause and Chapman and how this positively impacts both characters; "the power dynamic of [Chapman] and [Vause's] relationship is so dramatically shifted that everything about them feels fresh. [Vause] is more vulnerable than we've ever seen her, utterly shattered to find herself back in jail." The Observer's Orly Greenberg said Vause returns to Litchfield "completely absent of her flashing eyes and snarky confidence, instead relying on [Chapman] as an almost maternal figure" as Chapman leads Vause to believe her return to prison is a product of "the system", rather than Chapman's own doing. Emily Ambash of CutPrintFilm wrote that Vause is "emotionally broken" when she reenters prison; "embarrassed and ashamed of her own choices" and her failure in handling her brief freedom. Vause and Chapman's dynamic in the third season feels "fresh", different from the first season, as they confront their issues in the present without passive aggressiveness and without a focus on the past, Ambash noted; "the characters [are forced to] question their faith not just in each other but also in themselves when dealing with each other." Michael Hindle of Comingsoon.net observed of Vause and Chapman's relationship, while "one has always had power over the other in some form or another now [Vause and Chapman] are more or less on an even playing field". Joshua Alston of The A.V. Club said that Vause's return to prison "lands with a surprisingly soft impact". The character Stella "appears right on time to drive a wedge between [Chapman] and [Vause] just as a functional relationship becomes possible", and the show "manages to make [the looming love triangle] feel consequential."
In her review of the third season, Jessica Kiang of Indiewire wrote that Vause and Chapman "come spectacularly together but find, again with some insight, that they’re a couple whose fire can burn on hate much easier than on routine." Libby Hill argued in her The New York Times review of the season's second episode, that the Vause and Chapman relationship has become "toxic". The on-off lovers have "little meaningful interaction" with other characters while they are entangled in their tempestuous relationship, making them "emotionally unavailable" to other characters and to the audience. Hill hopes Vause is more integrated into "Litchfield's culture" and has more humanizing interactions with other characters as she did with Nichols in the first season. In reviewing the season's second episode, The A.V. Club's Myles McNutt said that although he understands the attraction of Chapman and Vause and the significance of their intertwined story playing out in prison, their present storyline compels them to exist "independently of anything around them", removing them from ordinary life in the prison community of Litchfield. Perri Nemiroff of Collider felt that it was "an unexpected and unearned twist" that Vause would reconnect with Chapman (through "hate sex") soon after finding out Chapman was responsible for her being back in prison. Their role play in the prison's drama class, however, "balances the palpable hostility with humor and heart, making the scene wildly entertaining, but also ensuring that the moment really means something, too." In Entertainment Weekly, Jonathan Dornbush wrote that Vause and Chapman engaging in angry sex after the latter's hand in taking away her freedom is "another shift in their power dynamic". According to Dornbush, this occurs because Vause is "taking control after Piper took it away from her"; "She’s still in jail, she’s still lost her life on the outside, and she may be in more danger now than ever", Dornbush explained, "but at least she can control something." Ambash said that the drama class improv exercise is necessary as it compels Vause and Chapman "to consider their real-life situation" and "find a sort of reconciliation". Keith Nelson Jr. of Digital Trends found Vause's speech to correctional officer Rogers, on the malleable and interpretive nature of morality, to be frank "societal commentary". Sarah Bredeman of FanSided opined that the commentary Vause made to Rogers is "one of the best 'we are not your salvation, you can’t save us, and this ain’t no Dead Poet’s Society kinda situation' speeches", and "it really hits home a good point."
Kelly Lawler in USA Today suggested that, as opposed to how Chapman painted her, Vause's legitimate concerns over the danger she is in makes her one of the most rational individuals on the show. Perri Nemiroff of Collider said that Vause's season three flashbacks on her witnessing what her drug cartel boss is capable of made her present situation "far more dynamic and tense", giving her anxiety full credibility. Alan Sepinwall of Uproxx felt that Vause's flashback, like Nichols' in an earlier episode, was "covering familiar territory solely to support prominent stories each was getting in the present", but at least both flashbacks were "somber" enough to make them an "interesting contrast" to the concurrent comedic moments at Litchfield. In his review of the eleventh episode of the season, McNutt wrote that Vause's "isolation is turned around, and what once felt like a failure of the show’s writing becomes a logical character choice." Vause wants no part in what Chapman's prison business has turned into, knowing first-hand the dangers and the damage such an operation can cause. "I find myself respecting [Vause's] struggle to embrace her situation—it may not have served the season to this point," McNutt observed, "but it serves here as a productive counterpoint to [Chapman]". According to Ambash, Vause [and Chapman's] notable absence from the third season's final group scenes – as Vause is trapped with the man who has been sent to kill her, and Chapman is off tattooing herself in the chapel – symbolizes their heightened distrust in others and the prison system itself. "For [Vause], unlike [Chapman], this wasn’t her choice. With safety stripped from her, and ties of trust cut by others, it’s no surprise [Vause] is kept away now from the freedom of the lake."
Ambash noted that Vause's season three storyline "highlights real issues regarding prisoners’ safety, especially when no real background checks are performed on new, untrained officers, who end up with easy access to inmates". Moreover, "it serves as a reminder that [Vause and Chapman] have basically switched roles" as Chapman embarked on "the smuggling business [and] showed little regard for [Vause]", finding a new sense of power and thrill in her illicit enterprise, while Vause wisely avoided it. Lauren Chval of Chicago Tribune remarked that what is great about Vause is "she knows who she is and what she wants", trusts her instincts and has "never flipped on her feelings for Chapman". Chval praised Prepon in the role, and remarked that Vause is "always more interesting in her scenes without Chapman". Perri Nemiroff of Collider said Prepon has been successful "taking Alex from a strong inmate you don’t want to mess with to someone super vulnerable who’s fearing for her life." Rick Porter of The Hollywood Reporter praised Prepon's performance as Vause, in the season finale, encounters the hitman sent to kill her, writing, "Prepon sells the heck of out Alex's disbelief and fear in the scene."
The aftermath of Vause's storyline has a sweeping effect throughout the fourth season according to critics. In Harper's Bazaar, Emma Dibdin wrote that Vause having to kill, dismember, and bury her would-be murderer was "the beginning of a season that saw almost every one of our beloved inmates go through her darkest hour yet." According to Kayla Kumari Upadhyaya of Autostraddle, Vause and Lolly's "greenhouse murder" became one of the "most suspenseful through lines" of the season. Isabel Mohan wrote in The Daily Telegraph that Vause's confidence from previous seasons is gone as she has become "a nervous wreck" and "her scenes are among the most macabre" of the season. The Atlantic's Spencer Kornhaber considered Vause's "saga" to be some of series' "darkest scenes yet." Several themes explored in the season are evoked in Vause's storyline. Jen Chaney of Vulture noted that the "murky issues surrounding blame" are prompted from the outset of the season, as both Vause and Lolly become responsible for the homicide of the hit man, "yet neither of them are true 'murderers' in that both were motivated by self-defense. It’s a case of both women doing wrong and neither of them doing wrong." Kornhaber of The Atlantic said that Vause's acknowledgement that her attacker "was a person", echoed "a mantra that’s surfaced in various forms across the season". Myles McNutt of The A.V. Club wrote, "the season has been consumed by the idea of guilt" and it manifests on Vause and Chapman's attitudes and behavior; in a latter episode, they decide "they aren’t willing to do anything that would add to their sense of guilt". Vulture's Kathryn VanArendonk observed the notion that "regret is real, but time only moves in one direction" reflected on Vause and Chapman's conversation about changing the past, and the need to claim selfhood in Vause wanting to acknowledge the humanity of her attacker.
Myles McNutt wrote that Vause being compelled to finish killing the man, instead of letting him die by Lolly's deed, "makes it more visceral, and creates an internalized event to frame her understanding of her status as a 'criminal' in the season to follow." Hannah Shaw-Williams of Screen Rant regarded Vause taking the life of her attacker as "one of the premiere’s most emotionally powerful scenes, which reveals that despite her background as a hard-as-nails heroin dealer, Vause has never actually had to kill anyone before." In Paste magazine, Matt Brennan commended "the quiet, tearful moment in which [Vause] ... decides to end his life." "Her remorse", Brennan noted, "for this choice, and for all the choices that led to it, is palpable, even if his death amounts to self-defense." Emma Dibdin wrote in Digital Spy that while Vause's on-off lover Chapman "[insists] she's a force to be reckoned with", Vause "goes through the real moral transformation, pushed to brutal extremes by the hitman sent to kill her." Kayla Kumari Upadhyaya of Autostraddle considered the scenes of Vause helping Lolly reconcile her thoughts and emotions "a cutting and intimate look at self-care and coping mechanisms." The Atlantic's Spencer Kornhaber similarly reviewed Vause's "counseling" of Lolly, finding it a "succinct and touching glimpse at post-traumatic coping". McNutt opined in The A.V. Club that the circumstances of Lolly's paranoia, the lack of evidence that the correctional officer was a hit man, the lack of trust in a broken system, and the difficulty in explaining away Vause and Lolly's actions in the homicide, meant that Lolly being taken away was "tragic" but ultimately "probably the best case scenario" when someone would have to be held responsible.
Autostraddle's Kayla Kumari Upadhyaya considered Vause's decision to not tell Chapman what she has gone through an "emotionally significant" moment for the character. Vause is not on good terms with Chapman, but she also does not want Chapman to be implicated by it, Upadhyaya observed. According to Upadhyaya, apart from it being an overarching plot, the homicide has also had "long-term emotional significance" for Vause. Ed Power of The Telegraph found it "wrenching" to see Vause "haunted by doubt and guilt", praising the show for "peeling back the layers, showing a new side to a person we thought we already knew" and the "disquiet and disbelief that flashed across [Vause's] face" in response to Chapman in the crack scene. Alan Sepinwall of Uproxx wrote that Vause and Chapman needing to be under the influence of drugs "to finally be honest with each other about all their recent tragedies seemed about right for a relationship that's always thrived on a high level of drama." In her review of the season's ninth episode, Pilot Viruet of Decider remarked that it is "good to see [Vause and Chapman] getting along and not plagued by relationship dramatics." In his review of the season's finale, McNutt wrote that he found Vause "reacting to death by thinking about the hitman’s humanity rang true to her arc". Prepon received praise for her performance in the fourth season. Dana Schwartzof of The Observer lauded Prepon in the premiere episode writing that her performance should be up for Emmy consideration. Kayla Kumari Upadhyaya of Autostraddle wrote that Prepon is "giving her best performance to date on the show, effectively capturing the turmoil of Alex’s mind and the psychological toll of this secret."
Prepon won the Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film at the 18th Satellite Awards for her performance as Vause.
- Carswell, Sue (April 15, 2014). "The Real Alex of Orange Is the New Black Speaks for the First Time: "I Was Not Piper's First, and I Certainly Did Not Seduce Her"". Vanity Fair. Retrieved June 4, 2017.
- Fowler, Nancy (September 1, 2014). "'Orange Is the New Black' Author Hints At New Season, Talks Reform, On Way To STL". St. Louis Public Radio. Retrieved June 4, 2017.
- Callahan, Maureen (May 10, 2015). "Real-life Alex on 'OITNB' feared show would ruin her life". New York Post. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- May, Meredith (July 27, 2014). "'Orange Is the New Black' TV series reflects couple's reality". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Brady, Abigail (July 2, 2015). "Orange Is the New Black: How the Book Adds to the Show". Den of Geek. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Yeldell, Lynn (May 8, 2014). "The Real Piper of Orange is the New Black". L Style G Style. Archived from the original on 2017-06-17. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- "Behind 'The New Black': The Real Piper's Prison Story". NPR. August 12, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2017.
- Heinzmann, David (November 14, 2013). "'Orange is New Black' drug case still open in Chicago federal court". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Kerman, Piper (2010). Orange Is the New Black: My Year in a Women's Prison. Spiegel & Grau. ISBN 978-0-812-98618-1.
- Riese (April 15, 2014). "Meet The Real Alex Vause: Catherine Cleary Wolters Has Mixed Feelings About "Orange Is The New Black"". Autostraddle. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Truesdell, Jeff (June 5, 2015). "Meet the Real-Life Alex Vause of Orange Is the New Black". People. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Whitney, Erin (May 7, 2015). "Cleary Wolters, The Real Alex Vause, Shares Her Story For The First Time". HuffPost. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Mejia, Paula (July 5, 2015). "Q&A: The Real-Life Alex Vause Discusses Prison, Memoir 'Out of Orange'". Newsweek. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- Lewis, Hillary (August 15, 2014). "The Real Alex From 'Orange Is the New Black' Is Getting Her Own Book". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Schaefer, Megan (June 3, 2014). "'Orange Is The New Black' Season 1 Recap: Everything To Know Before The Season 2 Premiere". International Business Times. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Reid, Joe (June 3, 2014). "Your Guide to Catching Up to 'Orange Is the New Black' in Time for Season Two". The Wire. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Henderson, Danielle (August 29, 2013). "Orange Is the New Black Season 1 Finale Recap: I Saw the Light". Vulture. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Davis, Ali (July 25, 2013). ""Orange is the New Black" recap (1.13): Can't Fix Crazy". After Ellen. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Piccoli, Dana (June 6, 2014). ""Orange is the New Black" recap (2.1): Thirsty Bird". After Ellen. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Henderson, Danielle (June 18, 2014). "Orange Is the New Black Season 2, Episode 11 Recap: How About I Kill the Bitch?". Vulture. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Zernike, Kate (July 11, 2014). "'Orange Is the New Black' Recap: 'Go Ahead, Girls, Take a Break From Your Values'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Dibdin, Emma (June 12, 2015). "Orange is the New Black season 3 review: Episodes 1-3 blend comedy and tragedy". Digital Spy. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Amatangelo, Amy (June 14, 2015). "Orange is the New Black Review: "Mother's Day"/"Bed Bugs and Beyond"". Paste. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Dornbush, Jonathon (June 17, 2015). "A Tittin' and a Hairin". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Steiner, Chelsea (July 8, 2015). ""Orange is the New Black" recap (3.10): A Tittin' and a Hairin'". After Ellen. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Dornbush, Jonathon (June 15, 2015). "'Fear, and Other Smells'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Lawler, Kelly (June 13, 2015). "'Orange is the New Black' binge recap: It's not all fun and games". USA Today. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Porter, Rick (July 3, 2015). "8 Questions 'Orange Is the New Black' Left Unanswered at the End of Season 3". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Schwartz, Ryan (2016-06-17). "Orange Is the New Black Season 4 Premiere Recap: Intro to Gardening". TVLine. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- "'Orange is the New Black' Recap: Episode 1". Observer. 2016-06-19. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- "The 18 Best TV Shows of 2016". Harper's BAZAAR. 2016-12-14. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- "Orange Is the New Black Mega Buzz: Alex Forms an Unlikely Alliance to Survive | TV Guide". TVGuide.com. 2016-06-09. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- "Orange Is the New Black: Everything You Need to Know About Season 4 | TV Guide". TVGuide.com. 2016-06-13. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- "'Orange Is the New Black': Reviewing every season 4 episode". UPROXX. 2016-06-19. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- ""You want fans to feel fulfilled," the star tells The Hollywood Reporter about the Netflix prison dramedy's series finale reveal for Alex (Prepon) and Piper (Taylor Schilling)". The Hollywood Reporter. 2019-08-02. Retrieved 2019-08-03.
How do you picture their future after the screen fades to orange? Well, Alex and Piper end up together.
- Wolfson, Matthew (July 16, 2013). "Orange Is the New Black: Season One". Slant Magazine. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
- Piccoli, Dana (April 10, 2014). "The Return of the Lesbian Villain". AfterEllen. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Kezra, Victoria. "'Orange Is the New Black': The Daily Beast Staff Debates Who's the Best Character". The Daily Beast. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Raftery, Liz (August 11, 2013). "Orange Is the New Black's Laura Prepon: "Piper Is Just as Toxic as Alex". TV Guide. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
- Mahn, Gerri (June 6, 2014). "Orange Is The New Black: What We Expect in Season Two". Den of Geek. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- "Orange Is the New Black "Moscow Mule"/"F*cksgiving" Review: The SHU Doesn't Fit". TV.com. August 7, 2013. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Suarez, J.M. (May 12, 2014). "'Orange is the New Black' Eases Us All Into Prison Life". PopMatters. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Greco, Patti (August 16, 2013). "OITNB's Laura Prepon on Dancing to 'Milkshake,' Singing Meatloaf, and the Mystery of Real-Life Alex". Vulture. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- McNuutt, Myles (July 18, 2013). "Orange Is The New Black: "Lesbian Request Denied"/"Imaginary Enemies". The A.V. Club. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- McNutt, Myles (August 8, 2013). "Orange Is The New Black: "Fucksgiving"/"Bora Bora Bora"". The A.V. Club. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Kate (August 13, 2013). ""Orange Is The New Black" Episode 111 Recap: Ya Dun Goofed". Autostraddle. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- Longo, Chris (August 13, 2013). "Orange is the New Black: 10 Interesting Character Arcs". Den of Geek. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Meltzer, Tom (December 17, 2013). "The best TV of 2013: No 6 – Orange is the New Black (Netflix)". The Guardian. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
- Gilbert, Matthew (July 10, 2013). "'Orange Is the New Black': Yuppie, interrupted". The Boston Globe. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
- Hiltbrand, David (July 11, 2013). "A fish out of water in the slammer". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Ryan, Maureen (July 17, 2013). "'Orange Is The New Black': The Year's Best New Show?". HuffPost. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Jancelewicz, Chris (July 4, 2013). "Orange Is The New Black Review: Time Behind Bars Shouldn't Be This Fun". The Huffington Post Canada. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
- Turnquist, Kristi (May 31, 2014). "'Orange is the New Black' Season 2: A wised-up Piper, more strong women (review)". The Oregonian. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Harrod, Horatia (June 6, 2014). "Orange is the New Black, episode one, review: 'a sparkling return to form'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
- Fallon, Kevin (May 15, 2014). "'Orange Is the New Black' Season Two Is More Bingeworthy Than the First". The Daily Beast. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
- Zernike, Kate (June 6, 2014). "'Orange Is the New Black' Recap: Season 2 Begins in a More Menacing World". New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Harvey, Chris (June 5, 2014). "Orange is the New Black author Piper Kerman: 'People are sexual beings, even if you lock them in a cage'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
- Jackson, Candace (June 10, 2014). "'Orange Is the New Black,' Season 2, Episode 1, 'Thirsty Bird': TV Recap". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Kornhaber, Spencer (June 6, 2014). "The Orange Is the New Black Binge Review (Episodes 1 Through 13)". The Atlantic. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Henderson, Danielle (June 11, 2014). "Orange Is the New Black Season 2, Episode 6 Recap: Are You the Sun?". Vulture. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Zernike, Kate (July 18, 2014). "'Orange Is the New Black' Finale: It's Almost Like 'Thelma and Louise'". New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Lang, Nico (June 30, 2014). "Op-ed: Orange Is the New Black Proves to Be the Model of Queer TV". The Advocate. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Richardson Andrews, Charlotte (August 25, 2015). "Inside out: Orange Is the New Black". Sight & Sound. British Film Institute.
- Greenberg, Orly (June 12, 2015). "'Orange is the New Black' Season 3 Premiere Review: Send in the Clowns". The Observer. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Ambash, Emily (June 1, 2015). "Flies in the Web: A Look at 'Orange Is the New Black' Season 3". CutPrintFilm. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Hindle, Michael (June 19, 2015). ""Orange is the New Black" Recap & Review: Season 3, Episodes 2 and 3". Comingsoon.net. CraveOnline. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Alston, Joshua (June 11, 2015). "Orange Is The New Black is still hot in its third season, but burns slower than ever". The A.V. Club. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Kiang, Jessica (June 16, 2015). "'Orange Is The New Black' Season 3 Review: Hate Sex, Relapses & Mommy Issues". Indiewire. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
- Hill, Libby (June 12, 2015). "'Orange Is the New Black' Season 3, Episode 2 Recap: Bedbugs". New York Times. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- McNutt, Myles (June 12, 2015). "Orange Is The New Black: "Bed Bugs and Beyond"". The A.V. Club. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Nemiroff, Perri (June 18, 2015). "Orange Is The New Black Recap: "Bed Bugs And Beyond" & "Empathy Is A Boner Killer"". Collider. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Dornbush, Jonathan (June 12, 2015). "Orange of the New Black recap: Bed Bugs and Beyond". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Ambash, Emily (June 19, 2015). "'Orange Is the New Black' Review: 3.03 "Empathy Is a Boner Killer" / 3.04 "Finger in the Dyke"". CutPrintFilm. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Nelson Jr., Keith (June 24, 2015). "More Laughs, Less Villainy: Orange Is The New Black Season 3 Review". Digital Trends. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Bredeman, Sarah (June 25, 2015). "'OITNB' Recap: Ep 3 'Empathy Is A Boner Killer'". Hidden Remote. FanSided. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Lawler, Kelly (June 13, 2015). "'Orange is the New Black' binge recap: 'Fear, and Other Smells'". USA Today. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Nemiroff, Perri (June 29, 2015). "ORANGE IS THE NEW BLACK Recap: "Fear, and Other Smells" & "Where My Dreidel At"". Collider. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Sepinwall, Alan (July 3, 2015). "Review: 'Orange Is the New Black' – 'Tongue-Tied/Fear, and Other Smells'". Uproxx. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- McNutt, Myles (June 21, 2015). "Orange Is The New Black: "We Can Be Heroes"". Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- Ambash, Emily (July 21, 2015). "'Orange Is the New Black' Review: 3.11 "We Can Be Heroes" / 3.12 "Don't Make Me Come Back There" / 3.13 "Trust No Bitch"". CutPrintFilm. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Ambash, Emily (July 3, 2015). "'Orange Is the New Black' Review: 3.07 "Tongue Tied" / 3.08 "Fear and Other Smells"". CutPrintFilm. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Chval, Lauren (June 11, 2015). "'OITNB' episode 9 recap: The hot Aussie just made everything a lot more confusing". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Chval, Lauren (June 11, 2015). "'OITNB' episode 13 recap: Let's just be free for a second". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Nemiroff, Perri (July 6, 2015). "ORANGE IS THE NEW BLACK Recap: "Don't Make Me Come Back There" & "Trust No Bitch"". Collider. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Alston, Joshua (June 16, 2016). "Netflix's Orange Is The New Black peaks in its brilliant, brutal fourth season". The A.V. Club. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Toomer, Jessica (June 16, 2016). "The Stories Are Darker And The Stakes Are Higher In 'Orange Is The New Black' Season Four". Uproxx. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Fowler, Matt (June 18, 2016). "Orange Is The New Black: Season 4 Review". IGN. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- McNutt, Myles (June 27, 2016). "OITNB's search for answers goes too far for the exact wrong person". The A.V. Club. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Dibdin, Emma (December 14, 2016). "The 18 Best Tv Shows Of 2016". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Kumari Upadhyaya, Kayla (June 19, 2016). ""Orange Is The New Black" 403 Review: "(Don't) Say Anything"". Autostraddle. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Mohan, Isabel (June 16, 2016). "Orange is the New Black, season 4, spoiler-free review: is this the darkest season yet?". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Kornhaber, Spencer (June 17, 2016). "Orange Is the New Black: 'Work That Body for Me'". The Atlantic. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Chaney, Jen (June 20, 2016). "Orange Is the New Black Challenges Us to Sympathize With Aggressors in Season 4". Vulture. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Kornhaber, Spencer (June 21, 2016). "Orange Is the New Black: 'Toast Can't Never Be Bread'". The Atlantic. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- McNutt, Myles (June 25, 2016). "When guards "freestyle," OITNB's inmates become less free". The A.V. Club. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- VanArendonk, Kathryn (June 22, 2016). "Orange Is the New Black Season Finale Recap: She Was a Person". Vulture. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- McNutt, Myles (June 17, 2016). "A new season of OITNB begins with "delusions of gangsta"". The A.V. Club. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Shaw-Williams, Hannah (June 18, 2016). "Orange is the New Black Season 4 Premiere Review". Screen Rant. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Brennan, Matt (June 17, 2016). "In the Orange Is the New Black Opener, Piper is Still Dull and the System is Still Broken". Paste magazine. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Dibdin, Emma (June 14, 2016). "Orange is the New Black season 4 review: The darkest season yet". Digital Spy. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Kornhaber, Spencer (June 17, 2016). "Orange Is the New Black: '(Don't) Say Anything'". The Atlantic. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Power, Ed (June 18, 2016). "Orange is the New Black, season 4 episode 8 recap: 'Hard to watch'". The Telegraph. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Sepinwall, Alan (June 19, 2016). "'Orange Is the New Black': Reviewing every season 4 episode". Uproxx. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Viruet, Pilot (July 1, 2016). "'Orange is the New Black' Recap, Season 4 Episode 9: Civil Disobedience". Decider. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- McNutt, Myles (June 29, 2016). "In OITNB's finale, the system wants to ignore what the inmates can never forget". The A.V. Club. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Patten, Dominic (June 18, 2016). "'Orange Is The New Black' Season 4 Review: "S*it" Gets Real & Raw In Strong-As-Ever Netflix Prison Series". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Dawidziak, Mark (June 11, 2016). "'Orange Is the New Black' shows power of the fourth -- season, that is (review)". The Plain Dealer. Advance Digital. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
- Lawson, Richard (June 15, 2016). "Simmering Tensions Boil Over in Orange Is the New Black's Outstanding Fourth Season". Vanity Fair. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
- Schwartz, Dana (June 19, 2016). "'Orange is the New Black' Recap: Episode 1". The Observer. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Kilday, Gregg (February 23, 2014). "Satellite Awards: '12 Years a Slave' Wins Best Motion Picture". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 23, 2015.