Fédération Internationale d'Escrime

  (Redirected from Albert Feyerik)

The Fédération Internationale d'Escrime (English: International Fencing Federation), commonly known by the acronym FIE, is the international governing body of Olympic fencing. Today, its head office is at the Maison du Sport International in Lausanne, Switzerland. The FIE is composed of 157 national federations,[1] each of which is recognized by its country's Olympic Committee as the sole representative of Olympic-style fencing in that country.

Fédération Internationale d'Escrime
International Fencing Federation logo.svg
SportFencing
FoundedNovember 29, 1913; 106 years ago (1913-11-29)
PresidentAlisher Usmanov
Countries157
HeadquartersSwitzerland Lausanne
Official websitefie.org
Headquarters of the FIE at the Maison du Sport International in Lausanne

Since its inception in 1913, there have been fourteen different presidents. The current president of the federation is Alisher Usmanov.

HistoryEdit

 
Allegory of fencing by Václav Česák, presented to the Olympic Museum by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime in celebration of its centenary

The Fédération Internationale d'Escrime is the heir of the Société d'encouragement de l'escrime founded in France in 1882, which took part in the global movement of structuring sport.[2] The first international fencing congress was held in Brussels, Belgium in 1897 at the instigation of the Fédération belge des cercles d'escrime, followed by another one in Paris in 1900.[3] At this occasion the Société organised one of the first international fencing events; French, Italian, Spanish, and Belgian fencers attended the competition.[4] Dissensions rapidly arose between epeists and foilists, which held the majority at the Société. The third congress held in Brussels in 1905 voted the creation of an international fencing committee whose mission would be of fostering friendship amongst all fencers, establishing national rules, and supporting the organization of fencing competitions.[5] The 3rd congress also adopted the French rules as the basis for upcoming international competitions. New tensions appeared, this time between France and Italy, about the regulatory weapon grip. They led to the boycott by France of the fencing events of the 1912 Olympic Games.[6] A new international congress was called together in Ghent, Belgium, in July 1913. The main matter was the adoption of international regulations for each of the three weapons. The French rules were adopted in épée and foil; the Hungarian rules were chosen for sabre.[7] Frenchman René Lacroix also campaigned for the creation of an international fencing federation.

The Fédération Internationale d'Escrime was founded on November 29, 1913, in the conference rooms of the Automobile Club de France in Paris.[8] The nine founding nations were Belgium, Bohemia (now the Czech Republic), France, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, and Norway. Albert Feyerick, president of the Federation of fencing clubs of Belgium, was elected as the first president. The FIE held its first congress on June 23, 1914 and accepted the adhesion of seven new countries: Austria, Denmark, Monaco, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, and the United States.[9]

EventsEdit

Competitions organized by the FIE include the senior World Championships and World Cup, the Junior World Championships and Junior World Cup, the Cadets World Championships and the Veterans World Championships. The FIE delegates to regional confederations the organization of the zone championships.

The FIE assists the International Olympic Committee in the organization of fencing events at the Summer Olympics. The number of events is a matter of contention between the FIE and the CIO since the introduction of women's sabre at the 1999 World Championships: since then, the World Championships feature twelve events–an individual and a team weapon for each of the three weapons, for men and for women. However, the CIO refuses to increase the number of Olympic medals allocated to fencing. After much dithering the FIE decided to organize all six individual events, but only four team events decided on a rotational basis. The two team events excluded from the Olympic programme, one for men and one for women, compete instead in World championships.[10]

PeopleEdit

Presidents of the FIEEdit

A list of FIE presidents from 1913 to the present:[11]

AthletesEdit

National federationsEdit

As of 2019, the FIE recognizes 157 affiliated national federations.[12]

Africa (CAE) America (CPE) Asia (FCA) Europe (CEE) Oceania (OFC)

  Algeria
  Angola
  Benin
  Botswana
  Burkina Faso
  Cameroon
  Cape Verde
  Côte d'Ivoire
  Democratic Republic of the Congo
  Egypt
  Equatorial Guinea
  Gabon
  Ghana
  Guinea
  Kenya
  Libya
  Madagascar
  Mali
  Morocco
  Mauritania
  Mauritius
  Namibia
  Niger
  Nigeria
  Republic of the Congo
  Rwanda
  Senegal
  Sierra Leone
  Somalia
  South Africa
  Togo
  Tunisia
  Uganda

  Antigua and Barbuda
  Argentina
  Aruba
  Bahamas
  Barbados
  Belize
  Bermuda
  Bolivia
  Brazil
  Canada
  Chile
  Colombia
  Costa Rica
  Cuba
  Dominica
  Dominican Republic
  Ecuador
  El Salvador
  Guatemala
  Guyana
  Haiti
  Honduras
  Jamaica
  Mexico
  Nicaragua
  Panama
  Paraguay
  Peru
  Puerto Rico
  United States
  United States Virgin Islands
  Uruguay
  Venezuela

  Afghanistan
  Bangladesh
  Bahrain
  Brunei
  Cambodia
  Chinese Taipei
  Hong Kong
  India
  Indonesia
  Iran
  Iraq
  Japan
  Jordan
  Kazakhstan
  Kyrgyzstan
  Kuwait
  Lebanon
  Macao
  Myanmar
  Malaysia
  Mongolia
  Nepal
  North Korea
  Oman
  Palestinian Territory
  People's Republic of China
  Philippines
  Qatar
  Saudi Arabia
  Singapore
  South Korea
  Sri Lanka
  Syria
  Thailand
  Tajikistan
  Turkmenistan
  United Arab Emirates
  Uzbekistan
  Vietnam
  Yemen

  Albania
  Armenia
  Austria
  Azerbaijan
  Belgium
  Belarus
  Bulgaria
  Croatia
  Cyprus
  Czech Republic
  Denmark
  Estonia
  Finland
  France
  Georgia
  Germany
  Great Britain
  Greece
  Hungary
  Ireland
  Iceland
  Israel
  Italy
  Latvia
  Lithuania
  Luxembourg
  Malta
  Republic of Moldova
  Monaco
  North Macedonia
  Norway
  Netherlands
  Poland
  Portugal
  Romania
  Russia
  San Marino
  Serbia
  Slovakia
  Slovenia
  Spain
  Sweden
  Switzerland
  Turkey
  Ukraine

  American Samoa
  Australia
  Guam
  New Zealand
  Papua New Guinea
  Samoa


Note: As of 7 July 2012, the Netherlands Antilles is still listed as an FIE Member nation and 146 member nations are listed on the FIE's membership page. However, after the country was dissolved, it lost its National Olympic Committee status in 2011. At the 2012 Olympics, athletes from the former Netherlands Antilles were eligible to participate as independent athletes under the Olympic flag (no fencers competed).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "INTERNATIONAL FENCING FEDERATION". www.fie.org.
  2. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 13
  3. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 15
  4. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 14
  5. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 17
  6. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 18
  7. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 19
  8. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 20
  9. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 38
  10. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, pp. 168–172
  11. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 222
  12. ^ "List of the federations". Fédération Internationale d'Escrime. Retrieved 2013-04-01.[non-primary source needed]
  • Ottogalli, Cécile; Six, Gérard; Terret, Thierry (2013). L'Histoire de l'escrime. 1913–2013, un siècle de Fédération internationale d'escrime. Biarritz: Atlantica. ISBN 978-2-7588-0485-7. FIE100.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Fédération Internationale d'Escrime at Wikimedia Commons