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World Fencing Championships

The World Fencing Championships is an annual competition in fencing organized by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime or FIE, (International Fencing Federation in English). The world championships are, after the Olympic Games, the most prominent international competition in the sport of fencing. Contestants may participate in foil, épée, and sabre events.

World Fencing Championships
Status active
Genre Fencing World championship
Date(s) varying
Frequency annual
Country varying
Inaugurated 1921 (1921)
Most recent 2018
Next event 2019
Organised by FIE
Website www.fie.ch

Contents

HistoryEdit

The FIE first organized an international fencing championship in Paris in 1921. The competition in its early years was named the European Championships (Championnats d'Europe) and the initial participants were members of the fencing federations of the FIE. In 1921, the only event was men's épée individual. In 1922 and 1923, men's sabre individual was also held. In 1925, only men's sabre individual was held. Since 1926, men's individual events have been held in all three weapons: épée, foil, and sabre. In 1929, women's foil was added to the program as well as a men's foil team event. Men's épée and sabre teams were added in 1930 and women's foil team in 1932. Women's épée individual and team events were added in 1988 and women's sabre individual and team in 1999.

After the 1936 Olympics, the government of Benito Mussolini in Italy offered national recognition and privileges to winners of Olympic or world titles but not European titles.[1] The Italian fencing federation requested that the FIE change the name of the European Championships to World Championships (Championnats du Monde). The FIE approved this request and gave retroactive World Championship status to the previous European Championships.

Since 1921, the FIE championships have occurred annually except for an interruption forced by World War II from 1939 to 1946 and in some of the years when the Summer Olympics are held. The fencing competitions at the Summer Olympics have served as the World Championships of the year for the relevant events. Since 1932, World Championships have been held during the Olympic years only for those events not being held during that year's Summer Olympics. For the years 1932, 1936, 1948, 1952, and 1956, World Championships were held only in Women's Foil Team since that event was not on the Olympic program during those years. After this event was added to the Olympic program beginning with the 1960 Olympics, the FIE stopped holding World Championships during the Olympic years until 1988 when women's épée individual and women's épée team events were added to the World Championship program but the IOC declined to add these events to the Olympic program. A World Championship in these two events was again held in 1992 for the same reason. Finally, in 1996 the IOC added these two events to the Olympic program and the FIE again stopped holding a World Championship in an Olympic year.

When the FIE added women's sabre to the World Championships in 1999, the IOC refused to add these two events to the 2000 Olympic program and so the FIE held a World Championships in only women's sabre in 2000. For the 2004 Olympics, the IOC allowed women's sabre to be contested at the Olympics but only under the condition that the number of fencing events being contested (individual and team) remain at ten. The FIE reluctantly agreed to this condition and has satisfied it by not contesting two of the team events at the Olympics but holding World Championships for them instead during those years. So World Championships have been held but Olympic events have not been held (2004–2016) for the following events:

  • 2004 – women's foil team, women's sabre team
  • 2008 – men's foil team, women's épée team
  • 2012 – men's épée team, women's sabre team
  • 2016 – men's sabre team, women's foil team

From 2020 Summer Olympics, all 12 fencing events are held, which means no World Championships are held on Olympic years.[2]

NamingEdit

These World Fencing Championships are usually referred to as Senior World Fencing Championships because the FIE also runs three other World Championships. Beginning in 1950, the FIE also sanctioned an annual competitions which it originally called the Junior World Criterium (Criterium Mondial des Jeunes). Entries were originally restricted to those 21 years of age or lower but in 1960 the age limit was dropped to 20. In 1964, the name of the competition was officially changed to Junior World Championships and world championship status was retroactively granted to the participants of the previous competitions.

Beginning in 1987, the FIE began sanctioning an annual competition called the Cadet World Championships. Entries were restricted to those 17 years of age or lower. Originally the Junior and Cadet World Championships were held in different cities on different dates but beginning in 1993 they've been called the Junior/Cadet World Championships and have been held at the same venue with all of the cadet events held first followed by all of the junior events.

Beginning in 1997, the FIE began sanctioning an annual competition called the Veteran World Championships. Entries were restricted to those 40 years of age or older the first year and 50 years or older in subsequent years.

HostsEdit

Edition Host city Host country
1921 Paris   France
1922 Paris
Ostend
  France
  Belgium
1923 The Hague   Netherlands
1925 Ostend   Belgium
1926 Budapest
Ostend
  Hungary
  Belgium
1927 Vichy   France
1929 Naples   Italy
1930 Liège   Belgium
1931 Vienna   Austria
1932 Copenhagen   Denmark
1933 Budapest   Hungary
1934 Warsaw   Poland
1935 Lausanne    Switzerland
1936 San Remo   Italy
1937 Paris   France
1938 Piešťany   Czechoslovakia
1947 Lisbon   Portugal
1948 The Hague   Netherlands
1949 Cairo   Egypt
1950 Monte Carlo   Monaco
1951 Stockholm   Sweden
1952 Copenhagen   Denmark
1953 Brussels   Belgium
1954 Luxembourg   Luxembourg
1955 Rome   Italy
1956 London   United Kingdom
1957 Paris   France
1958 Philadelphia   United States
1959 Budapest   Hungary
1961 Turin   Italy
1962 Buenos Aires   Argentina
1963 Gdańsk   Poland
1965 Paris   France
1966 Moscow   Soviet Union
1967 Montreal   Canada
1969 Havana   Cuba
1970 Ankara   Turkey
1971 Vienna   Austria
1973 Gothenburg   Sweden
1974 Grenoble   France
1975 Budapest   Hungary
1977 Buenos Aires   Argentina
1978 Hamburg   West Germany
1979 Melbourne   Australia
1981 Clermont-Ferrand   France
1982 Rome   Italy
1983 Vienna   Austria
1985 Barcelona   Spain
1986 Sofia   Bulgaria
1987 Lausanne    Switzerland
1988 Orléans   France
1989 Denver   United States
1990 Lyon   France
1991 Budapest   Hungary
1992 Havana   Cuba
1993 Essen   Germany
1994 Athens   Greece
1995 The Hague   Netherlands
1997 Cape Town   South Africa
1998 La Chaux-de-Fonds    Switzerland
1999 Seoul   South Korea
2000 Budapest   Hungary
2001 Nîmes   France
2002 Lisbon   Portugal
2003 Havana   Cuba
2004 New York City   United States
2005 Leipzig   Germany
2006 Turin   Italy
2007 Saint Petersburg   Russia
2008 Beijing   China
2009 Antalya   Turkey
2010 Paris   France
2011 Catania   Italy
2012 Kiev   Ukraine
2013 Budapest   Hungary
2014 Kazan   Russia
2015 Moscow   Russia
2016 Rio de Janeiro   Brazil
2017 Leipzig   Germany
2018 Wuxi   China
2019 Budapest   Hungary

Hosting tallyEdit

Hosting nations 1937–2017
Times hosted Host country
9   France
7   Hungary,   Italy
3   Cuba,   United States,   Russia,   Germany
2   Argentina,   Austria,   Netherlands,   Portugal,   Sweden,    Switzerland,   Turkey
1   Australia,   Belgium,   Bulgaria,   Canada,   China,   Denmark,   Egypt,   Greece,   Luxembourg,   Monaco,
  Poland,   Czechoslovakia,   South Korea,   South Africa,   Soviet Union,   Spain,   Ukraine,   United Kingdom,   West Germany,   Brazil

World championsEdit

ÉpéeEdit

Year Men's individual Women's individual Men's team Women's team
1921   Lucien Gaudin
1922   Raoul Heide
1923   Wouter Brouwer
1926   Georges Tainturier
1927   Georges Buchard
1929   Philippe Cattiau
1930   Philippe Cattiau   Belgium
1931   Georges Buchard   Italy
1933   Georges Buchard   Italy
1934   Pál Dunay   France
1935   Hans Drakenberg   France
1937   Bernard Schmetz   Italy
1938   Michel Pécheux   France
1939–1946 did not take place due to World War II
1947   Edouard Artigas   France
1949   Dario Mangiarotti   Italy
1950   Mogens Lüchow   Italy
1951   Edoardo Mangiarotti   France
1953   József Sákovics   Italy
1954   Edoardo Mangiarotti   Italy
1955   Giorgio Anglesio   Italy
1957   Armand Mouyal   Italy
1958   Bill Hoskyns   Italy
1959   Bruno Habārovs   Hungary
1961   Jack Guittet   Soviet Union
1962   István Kausz   France
1963   Roland Losert   Poland
1965   Zoltán Nemere   France
1966   Aleksey Nikanchikov   France
1967   Aleksey Nikanchikov   Soviet Union
1969   Bohdan Andrzejewski   Soviet Union
1970   Aleksey Nikanchikov   Hungary
1971   Grigori Kriss   Hungary
1973   Rolf Edling   West Germany
1974   Rolf Edling   Sweden
1975   Alexander Pusch   Sweden
1977   Johan Harmenberg   Sweden
1978   Alexander Pusch   Hungary
1979   Philippe Riboud   Soviet Union
1981   Zoltán Székely   Soviet Union
1982   Jenő Pap   France
1983   Elmar Borrmann   France
1985   Philippe Boisse   West Germany
1986   Philippe Riboud   West Germany
1987   Volker Fischer   Soviet Union
1988   Brigitte Benon   West Germany
1989   Manuel Pereira   Anja Straub   Italy   Hungary
1990   Thomas Gerull   Taymi Chappe   Italy   West Germany
1991   Andrey Shuvalov   Mariann Horváth   Soviet Union   Hungary
1992   Mariann Horváth   Hungary
1993   Pavel Kolobkov   Oksana Jermakova   Italy   Hungary
1994   Pavel Kolobkov   Laura Chiesa   France   Spain
1995   Éric Srecki   Joanna Jakimiuk   Germany   Hungary
1997   Éric Srecki   Mirayda García   Cuba   Hungary
1998   Hugues Obry   Laura Flessel-Colovic   Hungary   Italy
1999   Arnd Schmitt   Laura Flessel-Colovic   France   Hungary
2001   Paolo Milanoli   Claudia Bokel   Hungary   Russia
2002   Pavel Kolobkov   Hyun Hee   France   Hungary
2003   Fabrice Jeannet   Natalia Konrad   Russia   Russia
2005   Pavel Kolobkov   Danuta Dmowska   France   France
2006   Lei Wang   Tímea Nagy   France   China
2007   Krisztián Kulcsár   Britta Heidemann   France   France
2008 events not held   France
2009   Anton Avdeev   Lyubov Shutova   France   Italy
2010   Nikolai Novosjolov   Maureen Nisima   France   Romania
2011   Paolo Pizzo   Li Na   France   Romania
2012 events not held   United States event not held
2013   Nikolai Novosjolov   Julia Beljajeva   Hungary   Russia
2014   Ulrich Robeiri   Rossella Fiamingo   France   Russia
2015   Géza Imre   Rossella Fiamingo   Ukraine   China
2017   Paolo Pizzo   Tatyana Gudkova   France   Estonia
2018   Yannick Borel   Mara Navarria    Switzerland   United States

FoilEdit

Year Men's individual Women's individual Men's team Women's team
1926   Giorgio Chiavacci
1927   Oreste Puliti
1929   Oreste Puliti   Helene Mayer
1930   Giulio Gaudini   Jenny Addams   Italy
1931   Lemoine   Helene Mayer   Italy
1932   Denmark
1933   Gioachino Guaragna   Gwendoline Neligan   Italy   Hungary
1934   Giulio Gaudini   Ilona Elek   Italy   Hungary
1935   Andre Gardere   Ilona Elek   Italy   Hungary
1936   Germany
1937   Gustavo Marzi   Helene Mayer   Italy   Hungary
1938   Gioachino Guaragna   Marie Šedivá   Italy
1939–1946 did not take place due to World War II
1947   Christian D'Oriola   Ellen Preis   France   Denmark
1948   Denmark
1949   Christian D'Oriola   Ellen Preis   Italy
1950   Renzo Nostini   Ellen Preis   Italy   France
1951   Manlio Di Rosa   Ilona Elek   France   France
1952   Hungary
1953   Christian D'Oriola   Irene Camber   France   Hungary
1954   Christian D'Oriola   Karen Lachmann   Italy   Hungary
1955   József Gyuricza   Lídia Sákovicsné Dömölky   Italy   Hungary
1956   Soviet Union
1957   Mihály Fülöp   Alexandra Zabelina   Hungary   Italy
1958   Giancarlo Bergamini   Valentina Rastvorova
1959   Allan Jay   Emma Yefimova
1961   Ryszard Parulski   Adelheid Schmid   Soviet Union   Soviet Union
1962   German Sveshnikov   Olga Szabo   Soviet Union   Hungary
1963   Jean Claude Magnan   Ildikó Rejtő   Soviet Union   Soviet Union
1965   Jean Claude Magnan   Galina Gorokhova   Soviet Union   Soviet Union
1966   German Sveshnikov   Tatyana Petrenko-Samusenko   Soviet Union   Soviet Union
1967   Viktor Putyatin   Alexandra Zabelina   Romania   Hungary
1969   Friedrich Wessel   Elena Novikova-Belova   Soviet Union   Romania
1970   Friedrich Wessel   Galina Gorokhova   Soviet Union   Soviet Union
1971   Vasyl Stankovych   Marie-Chantal Depetris-Demaille   France   Soviet Union
1973   Christian Noel   Valentina Nikonova   Soviet Union   Hungary
1974   Alexander Romankov   Ildikó Bóbis   Soviet Union   Soviet Union
1975   Christian Noel   Ecaterina Stahl   France   Soviet Union
1977   Alexander Romankov   Valentina Sidorova   West Germany   Soviet Union
1978   Didier Flament   Valentina Sidorova   Poland   Soviet Union
1979   Alexander Romankov   Cornelia Hanisch   Soviet Union   Soviet Union
1981   Vladimir Smirnov   Cornelia Hanisch   Soviet Union   Soviet Union
1982   Alexander Romankov   Nailya Gilyazova   Soviet Union   Italy
1983   Alexander Romankov   Dorina Vaccaroni   West Germany   Italy
1985   Mauro Numa   Cornelia Hanisch   Italy   West Germany
1986   Andrea Borella   Anja Fichtel   Italy   Soviet Union
1987   Mathias Gey   Elisabeta Tufan   West Germany   Hungary
1989   Alexander Koch   Olga Velichko   Soviet Union   West Germany
1990   Philippe Omnes   Anja Fichtel   Italy   Italy
1991   Ingo Weissenborn   Giovanna Trillini   Cuba   Italy
1993   Alexander Koch   Francesca Bortolozzi   Germany   Germany
1994   Rolando Tucker   Réka Szabó-Lăzar   Italy   Romania
1995   Dmitriy Shevchenko   Laura Badea   Cuba   Italy
1997   Sergei Golubitsky   Giovanna Trillini   France   Italy
1998   Sergei Golubitsky   Sabine Bau   Poland   Italy
1999   Sergei Golubitsky   Valentina Vezzali   France   Germany
2001   Salvatore Sanzo   Valentina Vezzali   France   Italy
2002   Simone Vanni   Svetlana Boiko   Germany   Russia
2003   Peter Joppich   Valentina Vezzali   Italy   Poland
2004 events not held   Italy
2005   Salvatore Sanzo   Valentina Vezzali   France   South Korea
2006   Peter Joppich   Margherita Granbassi   France   Russia
2007   Peter Joppich   Valentina Vezzali   France   Poland
2008 events not held   Italy event not held
2009   Andrea Baldini   Aida Shanaeva   Italy   Italy
2010   Peter Joppich   Elisa Di Francisca   China   Italy
2011   Andrea Cassarà   Valentina Vezzali   China   Russia
2013   Miles Chamley-Watson   Arianna Errigo   Italy   Italy
2014   Aleksey Cheremisinov   Arianna Errigo   France   Italy
2015   Yuki Ota   Inna Deriglazova   Italy   Italy
2016 events not held   Russia
2017   Dmitry Zherebchenko   Inna Deriglazova   Italy   Italy
2018   Alessio Foconi   Alice Volpi   Italy   United States

SabreEdit

Year Men's individual Women's individual Men's team Women's team
1922   Adrianus de Jong
1923   Adrianus de Jong
1926   Sándor Gombos
1925   János Garay
1927   Sándor Gombos
1929   Gyula Glykais
1930   György Piller   Hungary
1931   György Piller   Hungary
1933   Endre Kabos   Hungary
1934   Endre Kabos   Hungary
1935   Aladár Gerevich   Hungary
1937   Pál Kovács   Hungary
1938   Aldo Montano   Italy
1939-1946 did not take place due to World War II
1947   Aldo Montano   Italy
1949   Gastone Darè   Italy
1950   Jean Levavasseur   Italy
1951   Aladár Gerevich   Hungary
1953   Pál Kovács   Hungary
1954   Rudolf Kárpáti   Hungary
1955   Aladár Gerevich   Hungary
1957   Jerzy Pawłowski   Hungary
1958   Yakov Rylsky   Hungary
1959   Rudolf Kárpáti   Poland
1961   Yakov Rylsky   Poland
1962   Zoltán Horváth   Poland
1963   Yakov Rylsky   Poland
1965   Jerzy Pawłowski   Soviet Union
1966   Jerzy Pawłowski   Hungary
1967   Mark Rakita   Soviet Union
1969   Viktor Sidjak   Soviet Union
1970   Tibor Pézsa   Soviet Union
1971   Michele Maffei   Soviet Union
1973   Mario Aldo Montano   Hungary
1974   Mario Aldo Montano   Soviet Union
1975   Vladimir Nazlymov   Soviet Union
1977   Pál Gerevich   Soviet Union
1978   Viktor Krovopuskov   Hungary
1979   Vladimir Nazlymov   Soviet Union
1981   Mariusz Wodke   Hungary
1982   Viktor Krovopuskov   Hungary
1983   Vasil Etropolski   Soviet Union
1985   György Nébald   Soviet Union
1986   Sergey Mindirgasov   Soviet Union
1987   Jean-François Lamour   Soviet Union
1989   Grigory Kiriyenko   Soviet Union
1990   György Nébald   Soviet Union
1991   Grigory Kiriyenko   Hungary
1993   Grigory Kiriyenko   Hungary
1994   Felix Becker   Russia
1995   Grigory Kiriyenko   Italy
1997   Stanislav Pozdnyakov   France
1998   Luigi Tarantino   Hungary
1999   Damien Touya   Yelena Jemayeva   France   Italy
2000 event not held   Yelena Jemayeva event not held   United States
2001   Stanislav Pozdnyakov   Anne-Lise Touya   Russia   Russia
2002   Stanislav Pozdnyakov   Tan Xue   Russia   Russia
2003   Volodymyr Lukashenko   Dorina Mihai   Russia   Italy
2004 events not held   Russia
2005   Mihai Covaliu   Anne-Lise Touya   Russia   United States
2006   Stanislav Pozdnyakov   Rebecca Ward   France   France
2007   Stanislav Pozdnyakov   Yelena Nechayeva   Hungary   France
2008 events not held
2009   Nicolas Limbach   Mariel Zagunis   Romania   Ukraine
2010   Won Woo-Young   Mariel Zagunis   Russia   Russia
2011   Aldo Montano   Sofiya Velikaya   Russia   Russia
2012 events not held   Russia
2013   Veniamin Reshetnikov   Olha Kharlan   Russia   Ukraine
2014   Nikolay Kovalev   Olha Kharlan   Germany   United States
2015   Aleksey Yakimenko   Sofiya Velikaya   Italy   Russia
2016 events not held   Russia event not held
2017   András Szatmári   Olha Kharlan   South Korea   Italy
2018   Kim Jung-hwan   Sofia Pozdniakova   South Korea   France

Medal tableEdit

This table has been last updated after 2018 World Fencing Championships. This only counts the World Championships since 1937 and do not include the results of the fencing competitions at the Summer Olympics.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Italy 118 102 124 344
2   Hungary 90 84 94 268
3   Soviet Union 90 57 50 197
4   France 89 97 95 270
5   Russia 53 26 37 116
6   Germany
  West Germany
  East Germany
Total 
22
25
1
48
29
26
1
56
39
14
3
56
90
65
5
160
7   Poland 17 29 39 85
8   Romania 13 25 28 66
9   Ukraine 11 11 15 37
10   United States 9 12 10 31
11   China 7 18 17 32
12   Sweden 7 13 17 36
13   South Korea 6 11 19 36
14   Cuba 6 5 9 20
15   Estonia 5 6 6 17
16   Denmark 4 3 3 10
17   Austria 4 0 5 9
18   Great Britain 3 4 4 11
19    Switzerland 2 8 10 20
20   Azerbaijan 2 1 4 7
21   Bulgaria 1 3 4 8
22   Czechoslovakia 1 3 1 5
23   Spain 1 2 6 9
24   Japan 1 1 4 6
25   Belgium 0 2 5 7
26   Venezuela 0 2 0 2
27   Canada 0 1 2 3
28   Portugal 0 1 0 1
29   Egypt 0 0 7 7
30   Netherlands 0 0 3 3
31   Tunisia 0 1 3 4
32   Belarus 0 0 2 2
33   Colombia 0 0 1 1
  Finland 0 0 1 1
  Norway 0 0 1 1
Total 524 523 637 1680

Multiple medalistsEdit

The list refers to individual and team events and include men and women (in pink color), sorted by number of individual titles.[3][4]

# Fencer Individual Team Total
                 
1   Valentina Vezzali 6 2 4 10 4 0 16 6 4
2   Stanislav Pozdnyakov 5 3 0 5 2 2 10 5 2
3   Alexandr Romankov 5 1 0 5 1 3 10 2 3
4   Pavel Kolobkov 4 1 2 2 1 2 6 2 4
5   Christian d'Oriola 4 1 0 4 2 0 8 3 0
6   Jerzy Pawłowski 3 4 1 4 2 1 7 6 5

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cohen. By the Sword. pp. 375, footnote. 
  2. ^ Fencing To Have Full Medal Count in Tokyo 2020 Olympics fencing.net
  3. ^ "Les escrimeurs multimédaillés aux Championnats du Monde" (in French). sportquick.com. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "Intervista a Valentina Vezzali - "Mi sono risollevata da sola" (in Italian). cataniaescrime2011.com. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit