The Albanian Americans (Albanian: shqiptaro-amerikanët) are people of full or partial Albanian ancestry and heritage in the United States. They trace their ancestry to the territories with a large Albanian population in the Balkans among others to Albania, Italy, Kosovo, Macedonia and Montenegro. They are adherents of different religions and are predominantly Christians, Muslims as well as Irreligious.
|Related ethnic groups|
In 2012, there were 203,600 American citizens of Albanian descent living in the United States. In 1990, there were 47,710 Albanians.
The figure includes all people affiliated with United States who claim Albanian ancestry, both those born in the country and naturalized citizens, as well as those with dual citizenship who affiliate themselves with both cultures.
According to data from a 2008 survey by the United States government, there are 201,118 Americans of full or partial Albanian descent.
The first Albanian documented to have emigrated to the United States was Kolë Kristofori (English: Nicholas Christopher), who landed in Boston in the early 1880s and is remembered as the pioneer of the Albanian ethnic group in the U.S. It was not until the 1900s that a large number of Albanians reached the U.S. east coast: most of them were young bachelors from southern Albania.
The majority of this first wave of emigrants, approximatively 10,000, did not intend to permanently settle in the U.S., and went back to Albania after World War I. Right at this time, another group of emigrants from Albania reached the U.S. This new group settled and intermarried in their new country. The number of Albanians that reported the Albanian language as their mother tongue in 1920 was around 6,000.
Post-World War IIEdit
Following the Expulsion of Cham Albanians from Greece in the aftermath of World War II, a large number of them migrated to the United States, asserting that the Communist government in Albania discriminated and persecuted them. They managed to retain their traditions and language, and created in 1973 the Chameria Human Rights Association which later merged and became Albanian American Organization Chameria which aimed to protect their rights. (see Cham Albanians).
Allowing for the families that had abandoned their mother tongue, it is estimated that around 70,000 US citizens with an Albanian background lived in the USA in 1980.
In the 1990s, many Albanians from Albania, Montenegro, Serbia, and the Republic of Macedonia emigrated to the United States as refugees of war. Another Albanian American (Kosovar Albanian) community in the Riverside/San Bernardino area of California includes Kosovars who entered the United States at the March Joint Air Reserve Base in Riverside.
Some of the first ethnic Albanians to arrive in the United States were immigrants from Italy who descended from a group of Albanians known as the Arbëreshe. The Arbëreshe were a group of Albanians who fled to the Kingdom of Naples in the 15th century to avoid invasion by the Ottoman Empire.
This group of Albanians is distinguishable from other Albanian Americans due to their Italianized names, as well as their Albanian Greek Catholic religion. Nevertheless, Arbëreshe have a strong sense of identity, and are unique in that they speak an archaic dialect of Tosk Albanian called Arbëresh, which does not have any Ottoman influence.
Greater New Orleans has a large Arbëresh community, mostly descended from 19th century Sicilian immigrants. Oftentimes, wherever there are Italians, there are a few Arbëreshe mixed with them. Arbëreshe Americans, therefore, are often indistinguishable from Italian Americans due to being assimilated into the Italian American community.
According to the American Community Survey (ACS) for 2012 the number of Albanians in the USA had grown to 214,300. The ethnic Albanian population in the US is highly concentrated in few places. With over 60,000 Albanian-Americans, the largest community is in New York which dominates as a center of the Albanian community. Some 43,400 live in Michigan, about 21,300 live in Massachusetts, 15,300 live in Illinois and about 12,000 live in Connecticut. The three largest communities (New York, Michigan and Massachusetts) account for 58% of the total Albanian-American population. 
Albanian-Americans are on average younger than Non-Albanian Americans, having an average age of 33.5 in comparison to the American national average of 37.7 . Albanian-Americans also have a higher percentage of males then Non-Albanian Americans with 52.1% of the community being males versus the American national average of 49.2%. 
Albanian-born population in the U.S. since 2010: (excludes Albanians born in Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro)
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- "1990 Census of Population: Detailed Ancestry Groups for States" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. p. 15. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- US Census Bureau, Table: Ancestry for People with one or more Ancestry Categories Reported
- "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2012-07-11.
- Thernstrom, Stephan (1980). Harvard encyclopedia of American ethnic groups. p. 24. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
- Vickers, Miranda. The Cham Issue - Where to Now? (PDF). Defence Academy of the United Kingdom.
- Chameria Human Rights Association (2009). "Official site of the Chameria Human Rights Association" (in Albanian). Tirana, Albania. Archived from the original on 2008-12-03. Retrieved 2009-03-31.
- "Zëri i Çamërisë - Voice of Chameria". chameriaorganization.blogspot.com. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
- Thernstrom, p.25
- Fischer, Bernd J. "Albanian refugees seeking political asylum in the United States: process and problems" in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 31.1 (2005)
- Edwin E. Jacques, The Albanians: An Ethnic History from Prehistoric Times to the Present, 1995
- Ljubica 2015, p. 1.
- Ljubica 2015, p. 17.
- Ljubica 2015, p. 3.
- Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov.
- Nedelkoska, Ljubica (February 2015). "The Albanian Community in the United States - Statistical Profiling of the Albanian-Americans" (PDF). Center for International Development at Harvard University. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
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