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HistoryEdit

In 1918 the Battle of Sharqat between British and Ottoman forces was fought at the town.

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant took control of the town during their June 2014 offensive. In June 2016, Iraqi forces moved towards the town.[1]

The senior Islamic State military commander Abu Omar al-Shishani was reported to have been killed in fighting in al-Shirqat in July 2016.[2] On 22 September 2016, Iraqi security forces recaptured the town from ISIL.[3] More than 160,000 people were displaced from Sharqat due to Islamic State's occupation of the town.[4]

ClimateEdit

Al-Shirqat has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh). Most rain falls in the winter. The average annual temperature in Al-Shirqat is 21.3 °C (70.3 °F). About 266 mm (10.47 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Al-Shirqat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
16.3
(61.3)
20.3
(68.5)
26.2
(79.2)
33.8
(92.8)
39.9
(103.8)
43.2
(109.8)
42.9
(109.2)
38.9
(102.0)
31.9
(89.4)
23.0
(73.4)
15.7
(60.3)
28.8
(83.9)
Average low °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
5.0
(41.0)
7.9
(46.2)
12.2
(54.0)
17.7
(63.9)
22.1
(71.8)
25.1
(77.2)
24.4
(75.9)
20.1
(68.2)
14.7
(58.5)
9.3
(48.7)
4.6
(40.3)
13.9
(57.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46
(1.8)
40
(1.6)
49
(1.9)
34
(1.3)
11
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
10
(0.4)
31
(1.2)
45
(1.8)
266
(10.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org,Climate data

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Iraqi forces move toward al-Shirqat town, southern Mosul, Kurdistan24.net, 18 June 2016
  2. ^ "Daesh says top leader Omar Al-Shishani killed in battle". Arab News. Retrieved 2016-07-13.
  3. ^ McKernan, Bethan (2016-09-22). "A key town in the battle against Isis has been 'fully liberated'". The Independent. Retrieved 2016-09-30.
  4. ^ Andrew Pestano, Iraq fully captures Sharqat District from Islamic State as Mosul Battle Loomes, 23 September 2016.