Jamal al-Din al-Mizzi
Jamāl al-Dīn Abū al-Ḥajjāj Yūsuf ibn al-Zakī ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Yūsuf al-Kalbī al-Quḍā’ī al-Mizzī, (Arabic: يوسف بن عبدالرحمن المزي), also called Al-Ḥāfiẓ Abī al-Hajjāj, was a Syrian muhaddith and the foremost `Ilm al-rijāl Islamic scholar.
Jamāl al-Dīn Abū al-Ḥajjāj Yūsuf ibn al-Zakī ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Yūsuf al-Kalbī al-Quḍā’ī al-Mizzī
|Born||1256 AD (654 AH)|
|Died||1341 AD (742 AH)|
|Other names||Al-Ḥāfiẓ, Yūsuf ibn al-Zakī ʻAbd al-Raḥmān al-Mizzī|
|Era||Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)|
Al-Mizzī was born near Aleppo in 1256 under the reign of the last Ayyubid emir An-Nasir Yusuf. From 1260 the region was ruled by the na'ib al-saltana (viceroys) of the Mamluk Sultanate. In childhood he moved with his family to the village of al-Mizza outside Damascus, where he was educated in Qur’ān and fiqh.  In his twenties he began his studies to become a muḥaddith and learned from the masters. His fellow pupil and life-long friend was Takī al-Dīn ibn Taymiyya. He travelled across the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt, Syria (الشَّام), and Ḥijāz and became the greatest `Ilm al-rijāl (عِلْمُ الرِّجال) scholar of the Muslim world and an expert grammarian and philologist of Arabic.
His youthful flirtation with Ṣūfisim ended when Ibn Taymiyya persuaded him to cut his Ṣūfī contacts. It was also Taymiyya’s ideological influence, which although contrary to his own Shāfi’ī legalist inclination, that led to a stint in jail. Despite his affiliation with Ibn Taymiyya he became head of the Dār al-Ḥadīth al-Ashrafiyya, a leading ḥadīth academy in Damascus, in 1319. And although he professed the Ash’arī doctrine suspicion continued about his true beliefs. He died at Dar al-Hadith al-Ashrafiyyah in Damascus in 1341/2 and was buried in the Sufiyyah graveyard.
- Tahdhīb al-kamāl fī asmā’ al-rijāl; biographical lexicon and comprehensive reworking of Al-Kamal fi Asma' al-Rijal, a collection of narrator biographies of the transmitters of isnāds in the Six major Hadith collections and others, based upon the tarf (beginning segment) of the hadith. The Tahdhīb includes Ruwāt kuttub al-sitta. Al-Asqalānī and others wrote compendia of this work.
|Arabic Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- "Wayback Machine". Archived from the original on December 5, 2006. Retrieved September 22, 2006.
- Laoust, Henri (2012). ""Ibn Taymiyya." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition". BrillOnline. BrillOnline. Retrieved 2015-01-28.
- Juynboll 1990, p. 212.
- Al-Risalah al-Mustatrafah., by al-Kattani, pg. 208, Dar al-Basha'ir al-Islamiyyah, Beirut, seventh edition, 2007.
- Ibn Kathir I, Le Gassick T (translator), Fareed M (reviewer) (2000). The Life of the Prophet Muhammad : English translation of Ibn Kathir's Al Sira Al Nabawiyya.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Fozia Bora, Writing History in the Medieval Islamic World: The Value of Chronicles as Archives, The Early and Medieval Islamic World (London: I. B. Tauris, 2019), p. 38; ISBN 978-1-7845-3730-2.
- Brockelmann, Carl (1902). "II". Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur. II. Berlin: E Felber. p. 64 f.
- Dhahabī (al-), Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad (2002). Kawtharī, Muḥammad Zāhid ibn al-Ḥasan; Ḥāmid, Abū Bakr ʻAbd al-Karīm; Ṭahṭāwī, Aḥmad Rāfiʻ (eds.). Tadhkirāt al-ḥuffāẓ (in Arabic). Bayrūt Lubnān: Dār Iḥyāʼ al-Turāth al-ʻArabī. p. 1498 ff.
- Subkī, Tāj al-Dīn ʻAbd al-Wahhāb ibn ʻAlī (1964). Ṭanāḥī, Maḥmūd Muḥammad; Ḥulw, ʻAbd al-Fattāḥ Muḥammad (eds.). al-Shāfī’iyya al-kubrā (in Arabic). X. Cairo: ʻĪsá al-Bābī al-Ḥalabī. pp. 395–430.
- Asqalānī (al-), Ibn Ḥajar (1992). Darwīsh, ʻAdnān (ed.). Dhayl Al-Durar al-Kamīna. v. Al-Qāhirah: al-Munaẓẓamah al-ʻArabīyah lil-Tarbiyah wa-al-Thaqāfah wa-al-ʻUlūm, Maʻhad al-Makhṭuṭat al-ʻArabīyah. pp. 233–7.
- Ḥanbalī (al-), Ibn al-‘Imād (1933) . Shadharāt al-dhahab. vi. Al-Qāhirah: Maktabat al-Qudsī. p. 136 f.
- Mizzī (al-), Yūsuf ibn al-Zakī ʻAbd al-Raḥmān (1992) . Ma’rūf, Bashshār ‘Awwād (ed.). Mizzī Tahdhīb al-kamāl fī asmā’ al-rijāl. Beirut: Muʼassasat al-Risālah.
- Juynboll, Gautier H. A. (1990), "Al-Mizzī", Encyclopedia of Islam, Leiden: E. J. Brill, pp. 212–3
|This article about an Islamic scholar is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|