Air Force Distinguished Service Medal
The Air Force Distinguished Service Medal was created by an act of the United States Congress on July 6, 1960. The medal was intended as a new decoration of the United States Air Force to replace the policy of awarding the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Air Force personnel.
|Air Force Distinguished Service Medal|
|Awarded for||Exceptionally meritorious service to the government in a duty of great responsibility, in combat or otherwise|
|Presented by||The Department of the Air Force|
|Eligibility||Members of the United States Air Force|
|Established||6 July 1960|
|First awarded||30 November 1965|
|Next (higher)||Defense Distinguished Service Medal, Homeland Security Distinguished Service Medal, Department of Commerce Gold Medal|
|Equivalent||Distinguished Service Medal: Navy-Marine, Army, Coast Guard, Public Health Service Uniformed Corps|
|Next (lower)||Silver Star|
The Air Force Distinguished Medal was first awarded in 1965. From 1947 to 1965 members of the U.S. Air Force who received the Distinguished Service Medal received the Distinguished Service Medal of the Army design.
The Air Force Distinguished Service Medal is awarded to any member of the United States Air Force who has distinguished himself or herself by exceptionally meritorious service to the United States Government in a duty of great responsibility. The interpretation of the phrase "great responsibility" means that this medal is generally awarded only to officers who hold at least the rank of Major General. However, as is customary for most military decorations, the requirements for the Distinguished Service Medal are interpreted more liberally when awarded upon retirement. As a result, it is the typical decoration for a retiring Brigadier General, and in recent years it has also been awarded to the Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force upon retirement.
Cases of the award of this decoration to an individual who was not a general officer, or the Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force, are unusual. The medal is typically awarded to senior Air Force generals. Two notable exceptions are astronauts Buzz Aldrin who was awarded this decoration even though he retired as a colonel and Colonel David Scott (who flew on Gemini 8, Apollo 9, and Apollo 15) who was awarded the medal twice.
Recipients during the medal's first 6 years included General Emmett E. "Rosie" O'Donnell, Jr. (a United States Air Force four-star general who served as Commander in Chief, Pacific Air Forces from 1959 to 1963). O'Donnell also led the first B-29 Superfortress attack upon Tokyo during World War II after the 1942 Doolittle Raid. Another early recipient of the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal was Major General Osmond J. Ritland, USAF, who received his medal on November 30, 1965, upon his retirement.
This award is comparable to the Department of the Air Force Decoration for Exceptional Civilian Service given to civilian employees of the Department of the Air Force.
- General of the Army and General of the Air Force Henry H. Arnold
- General Creighton Abrams - US Army Chief of Staff
- General Philip M. Breedlove - NATO Supreme Allied Commander Europe
- General Benjamin O. Davis Jr. — First African-American general officer in the United States Air Force
- General Ira C. Eaker - Eighth Air Force Commander
- General Andrew Goodpaster - NATO Supreme Allied Commander Europe
- General Lyman Lemnitzer - NATO Supreme Allied Commander Europe
- General David C. Jones – Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
- General Richard Myers - Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
- General Peter Pace - Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
- General Colin Powell - Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
- General Joseph Ralston - NATO Supreme Allied Commander Europe
- General Bernard W. Rogers - NATO Supreme Allied Commander Europe
- General H. Norman Schwarzkopf – Commander US Central Command
- General Eric Shinseki - US Army Chief of Staff
- Admiral Carlisle Trost - Chief of Naval Operations
- Lieutenant General Brent Scowcroft – National Security Advisor
- Major General Michael Collins – Command Module Pilot for Apollo 11
- Major General Susan Pamerleau (USAF) (Ret.) – United States Marshal for the Western District of Texas
- Brigadier General Bud Day - Medal of Honor - Air Force Cross - Silver Star
- Brigadier General Jimmy Stewart – Actor and Air Force Reserve officer
- Brigadier General Chuck Yeager – Legendary test pilot
- Colonel Buzz Aldrin – Second man on the moon
- Colonel Frank Borman – Astronaut and Chairman of Eastern Airlines
- Colonel John Warden – Architect of First Gulf War air campaign
- "Production publication" (PDF). static.e-publishing.af.mil. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-01-27. Retrieved 2018-01-10.
- Air Force Personnel Center Air Force Distinguished Service Medal Archived 2011-06-17 at the Wayback Machine
- "Fact Sheet: Air Force Distinguished Service Medal". Air Force Personnel Center, Randolph Air Force Base. Archived from the original on December 29, 2010.
- "Awards and Citations of Buzz Aldrin". Magazine. Military Times/Gannett. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Astronaut Bio: David Scott". www.jsc.nasa.gov.
- "Major General Osmond J. Ritland Inducted 1989" (PDF). Air Force Space and Missile Pioneers. Air Force Space Command. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-22.