Aileu is the main township in Aileu District, East Timor. It is located 47 km (29 mi) southwest of Dili, the national capital, and had a population of 2,788 in 2015.[1] In Portuguese Timor, the city was known as Vila General Carmona, after the Portuguese dictator António Óscar Carmona, but after World War II it was renamed. Aileu means "bent tree" in Mambai.[2]

Aileu
City
Aileu Vila.jpg
Aileu administrative posts.png
Aileu is located in East Timor
Aileu
Aileu
Location in East Timor
Coordinates: 8°43′S 125°34′E / 8.717°S 125.567°E / -8.717; 125.567Coordinates: 8°43′S 125°34′E / 8.717°S 125.567°E / -8.717; 125.567
Country East Timor
MunicipalityAileu
Administrative postAileu
SucosSeloi Malere, Liurai
Area
 • Total251.48 km2 (97.09 sq mi)
Elevation
1,182 m (3,878 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total2,788
 • Density11/km2 (29/sq mi)
 • Ethnicities
Tetum Mambai
 • Religions
Majority Catholic small groups of Protestants and animists
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (TLT)
ClimateAm

HistoryEdit

In 1903, a rebellion staged in Aileu against the colonial rulers failed. In January 1912, it served as a Portuguese base against the rebellion of Manufahi.[3]

Between 1942 and 1945, the Japanese occupied Portuguese Timor. On August 31, 1942, the town was invaded by Colunas Negras, the Timorese allies of the Japanese invaders. Five Portuguese soldiers, as well as several civil servants and missionaries, were killed. A memorial in Aileu commemorates the massacre today.

Indonesian soldiers set up a relocation camp in Aileu for the East Timorese at the end of 1979. In early September, during the 1999 East Timorese crisis, residents of various sucos in the area were expelled from their homes by the Aku Hidup dengan Integrasi militia of Indonesia. The Seloi Craic suco was destroyed on September 6, the houses burned down and livestock slaughtered.

At the end of 1999, there were temporary plans to make Aileu the new capital of an independent East Timor. These were rejected in favor of Dili.[4]

Sister CitiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Preliminary Results Population and Housing Census 2015 | STATISTICS TIMOR-LESTE". www.statistics.gov.tl. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-02-14. Retrieved 2017-11-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-24. Retrieved 2017-11-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "EAST TIMOR-Geographical names against a volatile background" (PDF). 2013-02-09. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-02-09. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  5. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Timor-Leste: Index Page(English)". 2013-05-15. Archived from the original on 2013-05-15. Retrieved 2018-11-03.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Aileu at Wikimedia Commons