After Dark (software)
The Flying Toasters screensaver in After Dark 2.0
|Original author(s)||Jack Eastman|
4.0 / 1996
|Written in||assembly language, C|
|Operating system||Apple Macintosh, Microsoft Windows, DOS|
Following the original, additional editions included More After Dark, Before Dark, and editions themed around licensed properties such as Star Trek, The Simpsons, Looney Tunes, Marvel, and Disney characters.
On top of the included animated screensavers, the program allowed for the development and use of third-party modules, many hundreds of which were created by the height of After Dark's popularity. including Star Wars Screen Entertainment by LucasArts and Presage Software development, Inc.
The most famous of the included screensaver modules is the iconic Flying Toasters which featured 1940s-style chrome toasters sporting bird-like wings, flying across the screen with pieces of toast. Engineer Jack Eastman came up with the display after seeing a toaster in the kitchen during a late night programming session and imagining the addition of wings. A slider in the Flying Toasters module enabled users to adjust the toast's darkness and an updated Flying Toasters Pro module added a choice of music—Richard Wagner's Ride of the Valkyries or a flying toaster anthem with optional karaoke lyrics. Yet another version called Flying Toasters! added bagels and pastries, baby toasters, and more elaborate toaster animation. The Flying Toasters were one of the key reasons that After Dark became popular, and Berkeley began to produce other merchandising products such as T-shirts, with the Flying Toaster image and slogans such as "The 51st Flying Toaster Squadron: On a mission to save your screen!"
The toasters were the subject of two lawsuits, the first in 1993, Berkeley Systems vs Delrina Corporation, over a module of Delrina's Opus 'N Bill screensaver in which Opus the penguin shoots down the toasters. After a U.S. District judge ruled that Delrina's "Death Toasters" was infringing, Delrina later changed the wings of the toasters to propellers. The second case was brought in 1994 by 1960s rock group Jefferson Airplane who claimed that the toasters were a copy of the winged toasters featured on the cover of their 1973 album Thirty Seconds Over Winterland. The case was dismissed because the cover art had not been registered as a trademark by the group prior to Berkeley Systems' release of the screensaver.
After Dark Games and onwardEdit
Sierra Interactive and Berkeley Systems released After Dark Games in 1998 for the Macintosh and Windows platforms, which contained several games modeled after their previously released screensavers. These games included Mowin' Maniac (a Pac-Man clone based on the "Mowin' Man" and "Mowin' Boris" modules); Roof Rats (similar to SameGame and variants); Solitaire (After Dark themed); Toaster Run (a 3D adventure game featuring several After Dark Characters, including the Flying Toaster); Zapper (a trivia game); Hula Girl (an endless 2D platforming game based on the "Hula Twins" module from After Dark 4.0); two word scramble games – Bad Dog 911 (based on the "Bad Dog" modules) and Fish Shtix (based on the "Fish" modules, mainly "Fish World"); Foggy Boxes (a Dots and Boxes game based on the "Messages 4.0" module); MooShu Tiles (a Mahjong-like game featuring many After Dark characters throughout the years); and Rodger Dodger. "Rodger Dodger" had been a module several years earlier, but also a playable game inside the module. Not much was changed from the module, except some of the music and most of the level set-ups. Many[who?] fans liked the games, but some[who?] felt it lacked games based on more fitting modules, such as "Daredevil Dan", "Lunatic Fringe" (which was a game inside its module, like "Rodger Dodger"), and the After Dark re-working of "Rock, Paper Scissors" (also a game inside its module).
Fans have made modern versions of several of the screensavers in the years since.
An official version of After Dark was released for Mac OS X (running on PowerPC) by Infinisys Ltd (of Japan) in May 2003. For Intel Macs, three of the most popular modules—Flying Toasters, Mowing Man and Boris—are being sold as standalone screensavers.
Sierra released a Flying Toaster video game for cell phones in 2006.
Module Name Description Starry Night The original After Dark screen saver, featuring a pixelated city skyline under a night sky Aquatic Realm Underwater world of fish with a black background Artist A digital artist applies artistic touches to images in a slow manner so one can see the artist work Bad Dog Popular module featuring a white dog with a black ring around one of his eyes, causing trouble on the desktop Bogglins Green slime creatures are formed and make obnoxious noises Boris The opposite of Bad Dog, a good cat plays on the desktop and chases butterflies Bouncing Ball A ball bounces around the screen, including bouncing off the edges Bugs Digital bugs crawl across the screen Bulge Expands portions of the screen, making the screen appear to have a "bulge" Bungee Roulette[i] Various characters bungee-jump from the top of the screen, but occasionally the bungee cord breaks Can of Worms "Worms" emerge from the screen, crawl around, and "eat" the screen content Chameleon[i] Chameleons walk across the screen, changing colors and eating icons Clocks Different objects appear as a clock and move around Coming Soon![i] A salesperson pitches fictitious "products" Confetti Factory Confetti falls from the top of the screen and onto conveyor belts below Daredevil Dan A daredevil motorcyclist attempts dangerous jumps over school buses, flames, and piranha tanks Dominoes A game of dominoes is played on the screen Doodles Draws doodle-like images DOS Shell A mock DOS shell is run on the screen, reliving earlier days of computing Dots A game of "dots" is played on the screen Down the Drain The desktop appears to spiral down a drain Einstein Complex mathematical and scientific equations are performed on the screen Fade Away The desktop fades away in different ways Fish Pro Fish module similar to Aquatic Realm Floating Suns[ii] Displays the Phoenix Suns basketball team's logos floating around the screen Flocks Displays flocks of various creatures on the screen Flying Toasters Classic module featuring flying toasters Flying Toasters Pro Updated version that allows one to select more than flying toasters and also has music Flying Toilets[i] Like Flying Toasters, but with toilets Fractal Forest A forest of trees is generated on the screen FrankenScreen[i] A digital Frankenstein creates creatures out of various parts Frost and Fire Produces patterns similar to splattering paint on paper GeoBounce A geometrical figure bounces around the screen Globe Takes an image and wraps it around a sphere, then spins like a globe GraphStat Draws scientific and mathematical graphs on the screen Gravity Circles bounce around the screen Guts Gravity simulation Hall of Mirrors Reflects parts of the screen in an infinite mirror style Hallucinations The computer "hallucinates" Hard Rain Rain falls onto the desktop Hula Twins Displays two animated figures who walk around and twirl hula hoops Lasers Lasers create patterns on the screen Lissajous Displays Lissajous designs Logo User-supplied image moves randomly on screen Lunatic Fringe A playable space shooter game within a module Magic Creates soothing patterns Mandelbrot Generates a mathematically created Mandelbrot set Marbles Marbles bounce around the screen Meadow A computer-generated meadow Message Mayhem[i] A figure on the screen scrawls out a message Messages Displays a crawling marquee message on the screen with selectable font and text colors Mike's So-called Life[i] Features a man named Mike, living in his apartment and doing nothing exciting Mime Hunt[i] A playable module that features a mime and cross-hairs Modern Art Modern Art displayed on the screen Mondrian Inverts parts of the screen Mosaic Creates a mosaic of the screen Mountains Generates 3-D mountains Movies 'Til Dawn Plays QuickTime movies Mowin' Boris[i] Mowin' Man mows a field with Boris the cat around. When Mowin' Man runs over Boris, blood and guts appear Mowin' Man A man mows a constantly growing field MultiModule Displays a user-selected combination of After Dark modules with the modules all displayed simultaneously and optionally overlaid over each other NightLines Nirvana Generates colorful textures Nocturnes Shows the eyes of various nocturnal creatures, such as bats Nonsense Nonsensical phrases are displayed on the screen Om Appliances Various appliances do weird things on the screen Origami Computer-generated origami appears on the screen Out and About A musician walks out with a chair and an instrument, sits down and begins to play while other people slowly appear and begin milling around while kids play Pattern Animated patterns appear on the screen Pearl An optical effect featuring squares Penrose Penrose tiling effect Phlegm Boy[i] An obnoxious slimy creature is disgusting and displays bad habits Photon Computer-generated particles of light are emitted from the darkness PICS Player Plays an animated sequence from a PICS file on the Mac platform Plasma Plasma-like image generated Punch Out Round holes appear to be punched out of the desktop Puzzle The desktop becomes a sliding puzzle Rain Colorful raindrops fall on the desktop Rainstorm Like the Rain module, but with wind and lightning Rainy Day[ii] Rain drops on your screen. User can select how fast they fall and how strong the wind is. Randomizer Randomly displays modules chosen from a user-generated list of modules Rat Race A race featuring three rats with names, mindlessly wandering around the track until there is a winner Rebound Balls rebound around the screen Rose Mathematical pattern based on trigonometry Satori Color animated light show Say What? Displays humorous phrases Scrubbing Bubbles[ii] Displays multiple Scrubbing Bubbles (Dow Brands) floating around the screen Scrubbing Bubbles II[ii] Displays multiple Scrubbing Bubbles (Dow Brands) "scrubbing" the screen and going down the drain Shapes Fills the screen with colorful, geometric shapes Shock Clocks[i] Scary creatures are turned into clocks Shooting Spree[ii] The desktop appears to be shot up by a gun. User can select which gun to use. Sinkhole[ii] The desktop appears to fall into sinkholes Slide Show A basic slide show of user-supplied images Snake A pixelated snake tries to find its way through a maze Spheres A number of spheres fill the screen Spin Brush Smears points on the screen like wet paper Spiral Gyro Vector module that twists lines Spotlight The desktop becomes black and parts are "illuminated" by a randomly moving light spot Squigwig Generates mathematical circles Stained Glass Produces quilt-like patterns Steam Rollin'[ii] Displays a guy driving around squishing toys, snakes and babies. (A take-off on the Mowin' Man module.) Stormy Night Random lightning bolts, with thunderclap sounds Strange Attractor Computer-generated color image String Theory Moire patterns Sunburst Color pattern that appears to come from the Sun Supernova Displays an exploding supernova Swan Lake Swans swim around the desktop This Ol' House[ii] Someone appears to be working on the desktop from the other side with power saws Toxic Swamp[i] Like Aquatic Realm, but in a toxic polluted swamp with mutated fish and a mob boss Tunnel Makes the screen appear to be a tunnel Use Your Own![ii] Displays multiple images of the users choice moving around the screen Vertigo Colorful rainbow spirals drawn on the screen Virex-D An implementation of the Virex anti-virus utility. Scans for viruses and displays icons in 3D form. Voyeur[i] One appears to be spying on an apartment complex with a big city skyline in the background Warp One appears to be traveling among stars at high speed Window Blinds[ii] Desktop is separated into columns and then each one turns like a window blind Wrap Around Draws three-dimensional loops Wrecking Ball[ii] A wrecking ball appears to demolish the desktop You Bet Your Head Playable quiz game featuring three colored "heads" that are smashed by a hammer if one supplies the wrong answer to a question Zoom! Creates colorful triangular tubes Zot Attempts to generate lightning
- An edition called After Dark Totally Twisted includes the more macabre modules, namely Bungee Roulette, Chameleon, Coming Soon!, Flying Toilets, FrankenScreen, Message Mayhem, Mike's So-called Life, Mime Hunt, Mowin' Boris, Phlegm Boy, Shock Clocks, Toxic Swamp, and Voyeur.
- Modules from the Still in the Dark collection of 11 modules by Bob Loeffler.
- The Disney Collection Screen Saver - 1990-1993
- Marvel Comics Screen Posters - 1993
- Looney Tunes Screen Saver - 1995 
- Lammle, Bob (March 16, 2012). "'90s Tech Icons: Where Are They Now?". Mashable. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
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- "Aggressively Stupid: The Story Behind After Dark". Lowendmac.com. Archived from the original on 11 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-18.
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- After Dark Games, by Berkeley Systems, Published 1998, Internet Archive
- Advertisement Video:After Dark Games, by Sierra Entertainment, Published 1998, Internet Archive
- After Dark Games MobyGames
- Berkeley Systems Acquired by CUC Archived June 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Wired.com
- "Press Release : Infinisys Releases After Dark X+Fish for Mac OS X". Infinysys. Retrieved 2010-03-18.
- "After Dark Screensavers : Classic Set (Macintosh)". Infinysys. Retrieved 2014-08-05.
- GameSpot (2006-05-19). "Vivendi Universal Games Mobile Announces Six New Titles". Gamespot.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-24. Retrieved 2010-03-18.
- Kidscreen » Archive » Bonneau names that toon, By Virginia Robertson, May 1, 1999
- TidBITS Electronic Publishing (1991-08-12). "TidBITS#76/12-Aug-91" (76). TidBITS. Retrieved 2015-10-22.
- First Looks: Windows Screen Blanders: Blanking Your Screen Is Only the Beginning, By Barry Simon, PC Mag, 14 May 1991
- Announced, InfoWorld, 17 Feb 1992, Page 18, ...After Dark 2.0 for Windows will add digitized sound and the capability to turn any After Dark display into wallpaper. Berkeley Systems Inc.'s screen-saver utility is due to ship this month for $49.95...
- Swans! Mirrors! More Fish!, PC Mag, 26 May 1992, Page 64, ... Berkeley Systems, maker of the popular screen saver After Dark for Windows, is now shipping a new ...Version 2.0..
- Review/Test Drives:Screen Saver: After Dark joins rat race, By Patrick Marshall, InfoWorld, 5 Sep 1994, Page 95
- After Dark 3.0, by Berkeley Systems, Published 1994, Internet Archive
- After Dark 3.2, by Berkeley Systems, Published 1995, Internet Archive
- After Dark 4.0 Deluxe, by Berkeley Systems, Published 1996, Internet Archive
- After Hours: Windows Screen Savers: giving your PC a touch of panache, By Melisaa J. Perenson, PC Mag, 17 May 1994
- Berkeley Systems After Dark Looney Tunes Screen Saver, by Berkeley Systems, Published 1995, Internet Archive
- After Dark Looney Tunes Collection, by Berkeley Systems, Internet Archive
- Fenton, Erfert. Art of Darkness. Peachpit Press, 1992.