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Lenawee County, Michigan

Lenawee County ("LENN-a-way") is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 99,892.[2] The county seat is Adrian.[3] The county was created in 1822, from territory partitioned out of Monroe County. Its governing structure was organized in 1826.[1]

Lenawee County
Lenawee County Courthouse
Lenawee County Courthouse
Map of Michigan highlighting Lenawee County
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°53′N 84°04′W / 41.89°N 84.07°W / 41.89; -84.07
Country United States
State Michigan
Founded1822 (created)
September 10, 1826 (organized)[1]
SeatAdrian
Largest cityAdrian
Area
 • Total761 sq mi (1,970 km2)
 • Land750 sq mi (1,900 km2)
 • Water12 sq mi (30 km2)  1.6%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
98,266
 • Density130/sq mi (51/km2)
Time zone
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.lenawee.mi.us

Lenawee County comprises the Adrian, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI Combined Statistical Area. It is served by the Toledo Media market.

HistoryEdit

The county organization was created in 1826, after being authorized and described by the Michigan legislature in 1822. It was taken from Monroe County, Michigan.[1] The county's name is a Henry Schoolcraft neologism, thought to be derived from a Native American word meaning "male"—from the Delaware "leno or lenno" or the Shawnee "lenawai."[1][4]

GeographyEdit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 761 square miles (1,970 km2), of which 750 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (1.6%) is water.[5] Lenawee County is considered to be part of Southeastern Michigan.

Adjacent countiesEdit

Major highwaysEdit

Within Lenawee County's townships, north-south roads are referred to as "highways", while east-west roads are referred to as "roads".

Government and politicsEdit

Lenawee County has been reliably Republican in national elections. Since 1884, its voters have selected the Republican Party nominee in 85% (29 of 34) of the national elections through 2016.

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results[6]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 57.1% 26,430 36.2% 16,750 6.7% 3,118
2012 49.8% 22,351 48.5% 21,776 1.8% 801
2008 46.4% 22,225 51.5% 24,640 2.1% 1,000
2004 54.6% 25,675 44.2% 20,787 1.2% 550
2000 51.6% 20,681 45.8% 18,365 2.6% 1,047
1996 39.8% 14,168 47.5% 16,924 12.7% 4,527
1992 36.3% 14,297 39.1% 15,399 24.6% 9,669
1988 57.8% 19,115 41.4% 13,690 0.7% 243
1984 66.7% 22,409 32.8% 11,012 0.5% 176
1980 56.4% 20,366 35.9% 12,935 7.7% 2,784
1976 55.0% 18,397 43.7% 14,610 1.3% 428
1972 62.4% 19,125 35.9% 11,018 1.7% 511
1968 55.9% 16,280 36.2% 10,552 7.9% 2,315
1964 40.3% 11,385 59.5% 16,815 0.2% 60
1960 64.7% 19,859 35.1% 10,785 0.2% 75
1956 72.7% 21,100 27.1% 7,857 0.3% 74
1952 72.7% 20,035 26.9% 7,397 0.4% 117
1948 67.5% 14,369 30.7% 6,529 1.9% 393
1944 70.5% 16,382 29.0% 6,750 0.5% 111
1940 70.2% 16,963 29.5% 7,132 0.3% 71
1936 56.7% 12,154 38.7% 8,299 4.6% 982
1932 50.5% 10,912 48.2% 10,420 1.3% 275
1928 76.9% 14,794 22.5% 4,321 0.6% 112
1924 72.7% 13,358 21.5% 3,950 5.9% 1,080
1920 68.9% 11,973 29.3% 5,095 1.8% 311
1916 52.0% 6,247 46.0% 5,519 2.1% 246
1912 27.0% 2,996 38.2% 4,239 34.8% 3,854
1908 56.2% 6,607 40.0% 4,704 3.8% 441
1904 67.4% 7,891 28.5% 3,334 4.1% 482
1900 51.8% 6,847 45.1% 5,966 3.2% 419
1896 50.9% 6,863 46.7% 6,300 2.4% 323
1892 46.9% 5,833 44.9% 5,592 8.2% 1,024
1888 49.5% 6,475 43.4% 5,671 7.2% 937
1884 46.6% 5,827 44.6% 5,572 8.8% 1,098

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions—police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc.—are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Adrian College and Siena Heights University are located within the county.

Lenawee County has supported candidates from both political parties in statewide elections making it a swing county. Tecumseh and Adrian have tended to lean Democrat, while Dover, Madison, and Riga Townships have tended to lean Republican. The rural areas of the county are bastions of populism and libertarianism which helped the Tea Party Movement gain considerable support. During the 2010 midterm elections, the county favored Republican Gubernatorial candidate Rick Snyder, Congressional candidate Tim Walberg, State Senate candidate Bruce Caswell, and State Representative candidates Nancy Jenkins and Mike Shirkey.

Lenawee County is located in Michigan's 7th congressional district, which is represented by Tea-Party backed Tim Walberg, who is a resident of the County. Walberg previously served as Lenawee's state representative. Walberg won the district, which includes all of Lenawee County, Jackson County, Hillsdale County, Branch County, and Eaton County, as well as parts of Calhoun County and Washtenaw County, after defeating then-incumbent Democrat Mark Schauer. Schauer had defeated Walberg in the 2008 congressional election, after Walberg's first stint in Congress. Walberg defeated incumbent Republican Joe Schwarz, a former State Representative and gubernatorial candidate, during the 2006 primary election. Also during the 2006 midterm elections, Lenawee County voted for businessman Dick DeVos, the Republican nominee.

Most of Lenawee County is represented by Republican Nancy Jenkins in the Michigan House of Representatives. Jenkins represents the 57th District, previously held by brothers Doug and Dudley Spade, both Democrats. Each of the Spade brothers served for the maximum three terms. In 2008, Dudley Spade defeated Nancy Jenkin's mother, Republican Emma Jenkins. Cambridge Township, which includes Onsted, is part of the 65th District, which covers much of the Irish Hills and is represented by Republican Mike Shirkey. Adrian is part of the 17th Senate District, represented by Dale Zorn of Ida, Michigan. Until the 2014 state senate election, Lenawee County was part of the 16th State Senate District, represented by Republican Bruce Caswell of Hillsdale. Caswell was preceded by Republican Cameron Brown. The district contained all of Lenawee, Hillsdale, and Branch Counties.

 
Lenawee County Courthouse, Adrian

Elected officialsEdit

County CommissionEdit

  • District 1: David Stimpson (R)
  • District 2: John Lapham (R)
  • District 3: Nancy Jenkins-Arno (R)
  • District 4: Dawn Bales (R)
  • District 5: Karol "Kz" Bolton (D)
  • District 6: Terry Collins (R)
  • District 7: Bob Knoblauch (R)
  • District 8: Ralph Tillotson (R)
  • District 9: Chris Wittenbach (R)

Current as of March 2019

Law Enforcement AgenciesEdit

CountyEdit

  • Lenawee County Sheriff's Office

City/VillageEdit

  • Adrian City Police
  • Blissfield Police
  • Clinton Police
  • Hudson Police
  • Morenci Police
  • Tecumseh Police

TownshipEdit

  • Adrian Township Police
  • Cambridge Township Police
  • Columbia Township Police
  • Madison Township Police
  • Raisin Township Police

SpecialEdit

  • Adrian & Blissfield Railroad Police

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18301,491
184017,8891,099.8%
185026,37247.4%
186038,11244.5%
187045,59519.6%
188048,3436.0%
189048,4480.2%
190048,406−0.1%
191047,907−1.0%
192047,767−0.3%
193049,8494.4%
194053,1106.5%
195064,62921.7%
196077,78920.4%
197081,6094.9%
198089,94810.2%
199091,4761.7%
200098,8908.1%
201099,8921.0%
Est. 201898,266[7]−1.6%
US Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2018[2]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 98,890 people, 35,930 households, and 26,049 families in the county. The population density was 132 people per square mile (51/km²). There were 39,769 housing units at an average density of 53 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.51% White, 2.12% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.01% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 6.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.4% were of German, 11.6% English, 10.2% American and 9.9% Irish ancestry, 94.7% spoke English and 4.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 35,930 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.

The county population contained 25.90% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,739, and the median income for a family was $53,661. Males had a median income of $38,458 versus $25,510 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,186. About 4.40% of families and 6.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.

CommunitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Bibliography on Lenawee County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Michigan History, Arts and Libraries on sources of County names. Archived July 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  6. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit