Lenawee County, Michigan
Lenawee County ("LENN-a-way") is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 99,892. The county seat is Adrian. The county was created in 1822, from territory partitioned out of Monroe County. Its governing structure was organized in 1826.
Lenawee County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
September 10, 1826 (organized)
|• Total||761 sq mi (1,970 km2)|
|• Land||750 sq mi (1,900 km2)|
|• Water||12 sq mi (30 km2) 1.6%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||130/sq mi (51/km2)|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Government and politics
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Communities
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 Further reading
- 9 External links
The county organization was created in 1826, after being authorized and described by the Michigan legislature in 1822. It was taken from Monroe County, Michigan. The county's name is a Henry Schoolcraft neologism, thought to be derived from a Native American word meaning "male"—from the Delaware "leno or lenno" or the Shawnee "lenawai."
According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 761 square miles (1,970 km2), of which 750 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (1.6%) is water. Lenawee County is considered to be part of Southeastern Michigan.
Within Lenawee County's townships, north-south roads are referred to as "highways", while east-west roads are referred to as "roads".
Government and politicsEdit
Lenawee County has been reliably Republican in national elections. Since 1884, its voters have selected the Republican Party nominee in 85% (29 of 34) of the national elections through 2016.
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions—police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc.—are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
Lenawee County has supported candidates from both political parties in statewide elections making it a swing county. Tecumseh and Adrian have tended to lean Democrat, while Dover, Madison, and Riga Townships have tended to lean Republican. The rural areas of the county are bastions of populism and libertarianism which helped the Tea Party Movement gain considerable support. During the 2010 midterm elections, the county favored Republican Gubernatorial candidate Rick Snyder, Congressional candidate Tim Walberg, State Senate candidate Bruce Caswell, and State Representative candidates Nancy Jenkins and Mike Shirkey.
Lenawee County is located in Michigan's 7th congressional district, which is represented by Tea-Party backed Tim Walberg, who is a resident of the County. Walberg previously served as Lenawee's state representative. Walberg won the district, which includes all of Lenawee County, Jackson County, Hillsdale County, Branch County, and Eaton County, as well as parts of Calhoun County and Washtenaw County, after defeating then-incumbent Democrat Mark Schauer. Schauer had defeated Walberg in the 2008 congressional election, after Walberg's first stint in Congress. Walberg defeated incumbent Republican Joe Schwarz, a former State Representative and gubernatorial candidate, during the 2006 primary election. Also during the 2006 midterm elections, Lenawee County voted for businessman Dick DeVos, the Republican nominee.
Most of Lenawee County is represented by Republican Nancy Jenkins in the Michigan House of Representatives. Jenkins represents the 57th District, previously held by brothers Doug and Dudley Spade, both Democrats. Each of the Spade brothers served for the maximum three terms. In 2008, Dudley Spade defeated Nancy Jenkin's mother, Republican Emma Jenkins. Cambridge Township, which includes Onsted, is part of the 65th District, which covers much of the Irish Hills and is represented by Republican Mike Shirkey. Adrian is part of the 17th Senate District, represented by Dale Zorn of Ida, Michigan. Until the 2014 state senate election, Lenawee County was part of the 16th State Senate District, represented by Republican Bruce Caswell of Hillsdale. Caswell was preceded by Republican Cameron Brown. The district contained all of Lenawee, Hillsdale, and Branch Counties.
- District 1: David Stimpson (R)
- District 2: John Lapham (R)
- District 3: Nancy Jenkins-Arno (R)
- District 4: Dawn Bales (R)
- District 5: Karol "Kz" Bolton (D)
- District 6: Terry Collins (R)
- District 7: Bob Knoblauch (R)
- District 8: Ralph Tillotson (R)
- District 9: Chris Wittenbach (R)
Current as of March 2019
Law Enforcement AgenciesEdit
- Lenawee County Sheriff's Office
- Adrian City Police
- Blissfield Police
- Clinton Police
- Hudson Police
- Morenci Police
- Tecumseh Police
- Adrian Township Police
- Cambridge Township Police
- Columbia Township Police
- Madison Township Police
- Raisin Township Police
- Adrian & Blissfield Railroad Police
|US Decennial Census|
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 98,890 people, 35,930 households, and 26,049 families in the county. The population density was 132 people per square mile (51/km²). There were 39,769 housing units at an average density of 53 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.51% White, 2.12% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.01% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 6.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.4% were of German, 11.6% English, 10.2% American and 9.9% Irish ancestry, 94.7% spoke English and 4.2% Spanish as their first language.
There were 35,930 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.
The county population contained 25.90% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $45,739, and the median income for a family was $53,661. Males had a median income of $38,458 versus $25,510 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,186. About 4.40% of families and 6.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.
- Dover (called Unionville until 1842)
- East Ogden
- East Raisin
- Evans Lake
- Fairfield (called Baker's Corners, then Baker's, until 1842
- Tipton (called Franklin Center, then Tripp Town until 1834)
- Weston (called Oakford until 1869)
- Sand Creek
- Adrian Charter Township
- Blissfield Township
- Cambridge Township
- Clinton Township
- Deerfield Township
- Dover Township
- Fairfield Township
- Franklin Township
- Hudson Township
- Macon Township
- Madison Charter Township
- Medina Township
- Ogden Township
- Palmyra Township
- Raisin Charter Township
- Ridgeway Township
- Riga Township
- Rollin Township
- Rome Township
- Seneca Township
- Tecumseh Township
- Woodstock Township
- "Bibliography on Lenawee County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
- "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Michigan History, Arts and Libraries on sources of County names. Archived July 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
- "American FactFinder". Retrieved April 18, 2019.
- "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- Richard Illenden Bonner, Memoirs of Lenawee County, Michigan: From the Earliest Historical Times Down to the Present, Including a Genealogical and Biographical Record of Representative Families in Lenawee County. Madison, WI: Western Historical Association, 1909. (Volume 1 | Volume 2)
- Harriet Cole Clark Bowen, Gravestone Records of Lenawee County. Salt Lake City UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973.
- Jennifer Burd and Lad Strayer, Daily Bread: A Portrait of Homeless Men and Women of Lenawee County, Michigan. Huron OH: Bottom Dog Press, 2009.
- Brenda L. Burkett, Lenawee County. n.c.: Arcadia Publishing. 2017.
- Chapman Brothers, Portrait and Biographical Album of Lenawee County, Mich.: Containing Full Page Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens of the County... Chicago, Chapman Brothers, 1888.
- Deerfield Cooperative Association, Lenawee County, Michigan Street and Road Atlas and History. Deerfield MI: Deerfield Cooperative Association, n.d. [1960s].
- James J. Hogaboam, The Bean Creek Valley: Incidents of Its Early Settlement: Collected from the Memories of Its Earliest Settlers, Now Living, and Verified by Reference to Official Documents. Hudson MI: J. M. Scarritt, 1876.
- Kenyon Company, Atlas and Plat Book of Lenawee County...Also, History and Atlas of the World War. Adrian MI: Adrian Daily Telegram, 1921.
- Lenawee County Historical Society, Combined atlases of Lenawee County, Michigan: 1874, 1893, 1916. Evansville IN: Unigraphic, 1978.
- Ray Lennard, Lenawee County and the Civil War. Charleston SC: The History Press, 2016.
- Charles N. Lindquist, The Antislavery-Underground Railroad Movement in Lenawee County, Michigan, 1830-1860. Adrian, MI: Lenawee County Historical Society, 1999.
- Charles N. Lindquist, Frederick G. Eaton, and Mary Ward-Eaton, Lenawee County: A Harvest of Pride and Promise: An Illustrated History. Chatsworth, CA: Windsor Publications, 1990.
- Gertrude Miller Long, Early Vacations at the Lakes of Lenawee County. Adrian MI: Lenawee County Historical Society, 1980.
- Alfred L. Millard, Early History of Lenawee County and of the City of Adrian: from the First Settlement of the County: Historical Oration Delivered at Adrian, July 4, 1876. Adrian MI: Times and Expositor Steam Press, 1876.
- Clarence L. Smith, Combination Atlas Map of Lenawee County, Michigan: Compiled, Drawn, and Published from Personal Experiences and Surveys. Chicago: Everts & Stewart, 1874. —Includes county history.
- Erich A. von Fange, The Indians of Lenawee County. Tecumseh, MI: Erich A. von Fange, 1997.
- Lenawee County Conference & Visitors Bureau
- Lenawee County Drain Commissioner
- Lenawee County Government Site
- Lenawee County Road Commission
- Complete text of History of Lenawee County published in 1909 by the Western Historical Society
- "Bibliography on Lenawee County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University.
- Lenawee County Directory Site