Adolf II, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe

Adolf II, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe (23 February 1883 – 26 March 1936) was the last ruler of the small Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe.

Adolf II
Adolf II, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe c1917.jpg
Prince Adolf II of Schaumburg-Lippe, circa 1917
Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe
Reign29 April 1911 – 15 November 1918
SuccessorMonarchy abolished
Born(1883-02-23)23 February 1883
Stadthagen, Schaumburg-Lippe
Died26 March 1936(1936-03-26) (aged 53)
Zumpango, Mexico (plane crash)
SpouseEllen Bischoff-Korthaus
Adolf Bernhard
FatherPrince Georg
MotherPrincess Marie Anne of Saxe-Altenburg


Adolf was born in Stadthagen to the then hereditary Prince Georg (1846–1911) and Princess Marie Anne of Saxe-Altenburg (1864–1918) during the reign of his grandfather Prince Adolf I.

He became heir apparent to Schaumburg-Lippe on 8 May 1893 following the death of his grandfather, and the accession of his father. He succeeded his father as prince on 29 April 1911, and reigned until he was forced to abdicate on 15 November 1918 following the German revolution: the principality became the Free State of Schaumburg-Lippe. Adolf was exiled to Brioni in Istria.

During his reign he developed the spa of Bad Eilsen and was responsible for many buildings there.

Marriage and deathEdit

Adolf married Ellen Bischoff-Korthaus (1894–1936, previously married to Prince Eberwyn, son of Alexis, Prince of Bentheim and Steinfurt) in Berlin on 10 January 1920.

They were both killed in a plane crash in Zumpango, Mexico, on 26 March 1936, while flying from Mexico City to Guatemala City[1] in a Ford Trimotor airplane.[2]

The New York Times from 27 March 1936 reported that it was the worst Mexican air crash. All fourteen people died on board the airplane, ten tourists from Europe and four crew members. His youngest brother Prince Friedrich Christian of Schaumburg-Lippe, who served as an adjutant to Joseph Goebbels, spoke out against letting Ellen be buried in Bückeburger Mausoleum next to her husband, because she was not of "Aryan origin". He was succeeded as head of the House of Schaumburg-Lippe by his brother Wolrad.



  1. ^ "Adolf II – Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe". Royal Musings. 23 January 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Mexico City, Mexico Plane Crash Kills 14, Mar 1936". 23 January 2016. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2016.

External linksEdit

Adolf II, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe
Born: February 23 1883 Died: March 26 1936
German royalty
Preceded by Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe
Succeeded by
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe
Succeeded by