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Admiral of the North

The Admiral of the North[1] also known as Admiral of the Northern Seas and Admiral of the Northern Fleet [2] was a senior English Navy appointment. The post holder was chiefly responsible for the command of the navy's fleet[3] that operated in the North Sea and off the English coast out of Yarmouth from 1294 to 1412.

Office of the Admiral of the North
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Admiralty of the North
Reports to Privy Council of England
Nominator Monarch of England
Appointer Monarch of England
Subject to formal approval by the King-in-Council
Term length Not fixed , (usually for life)
Inaugural holder John de Botetourt, 1st Baron Botetourt
Formation 1294-1412

Contents

HistoryEdit

The origins of the office Admiral of the North[4] dates back to 1294 with the appointment of John de Botetourt. The office was known by different names from its inception, such as Admiral of the North and Admiral on the Yarmouth Station (1294–-1325), Admiral of the North Sea, Admiral of the Northern Squadron and Admiral North, of the Thames[5] with the exception of the office of Admiral of all the Fleets about England[6] between 1360 and 1364 and the creation of the office of Admiral of England from 1385 to 1388[6] according to Ehrman "During the fourteenth centuries this office grew rapidly in importance" [7] it was one of the two Admiralty's that existed at this time, and in 1412 this office along with the Admiralty of the West was amalgamated into a single office High Admiral of England, Ireland and Aquitaine.[8] It was considered the most important naval command in the English Navy from the late 13th century until the beginning of the 15th century.[9]

Admirals of the NorthEdit

Includes:[6][10]

No appointments 1318 – 1322
No appointments:18 July 1360 – 12 January 1362
No appointments:10 December 1385 – 20 May 1388
No appointments: see Admiral of the North and West, 20 February 1404 – 28 April 1405
Note: The office although vacant was amalgamated into a centralized command under the single office of the Lord Admiral of England in 1412.[14]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Citations

  1. ^ Phillips, Simon (2009). The Prior of the Knights Hospitaller in late medieval England. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press. p. 52. ISBN 9781843834373. 
  2. ^ "FASTOLF, Hugh (d.c.1392), of Great Yarmouth and Caister, Norf. and London. | History of Parliament Online". historyofparliamentonline.org. The History of Parliament Trust 1964-2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  3. ^ Myers, Alec Reginald; Douglas, David Charles (1996). English historical documents. 4. [Late medieval]. 1327–1485. Psychology Press. p. 497. ISBN 9780415604673. 
  4. ^ Cushway, Graham (2011). Edward III and the War at Sea: The English Navy, 1327–1377. Boydell Press. p. 222. ISBN 9781843836216. 
  5. ^ Hardy, Thomas Duffy (1869). Calendar of State Papers, 1066 to 1377. Longmans Green and Co. p. 338. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Houbraken, Jacobus; Thoyras, Paul de Rapin; Vertue, George (1747). The History of England, A List of Admirals of England, 1228-1745. J. and P. Knapton. pp. 271–273. 
  7. ^ Ehrman, John (2012). The Navy in the War of William III 1689-1697: Its State and Direction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 189–190. ISBN 9781107645110. 
  8. ^ Ehrman, John (2012). The Navy in the War of William III 1689-1697: Its State and Direction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 189–190. ISBN 9781107645110. 
  9. ^ Ainsworth, William Harrison (1843). "Ainsworth's Magazine". 3. Chapman and Hall: 42. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Rodger, N.A.M. (2004). The safeguard of the sea : a naval history of Britain. 660 to 1649. New York: W.W. Norton. pp. 504–506. ISBN 9780140297249. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Gorski, edited by Richard (2012). "Keeping the Seas: England's Admirals 1369-1389". Roles of the sea in medieval England. Woodbridge, U.K.: Boydell Press. pp. 81–88. ISBN 9781843837015. 
  12. ^ "Person Page 34241 : Philip Darcy, 4th Lord Darcy de Knayth". thepeerage.com. The Peerage, 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  13. ^ Nicolas, Sir Nicholas Harris (1847). A History of the Royal Navy, from the Earliest Times to the Wars of the French Revolution: 1327-1422. London, England: R. Bentley. p. 396. 
  14. ^ Ehrman, John (2012). The Navy in the War of William III 1689-1697: Its State and Direction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 189–190. ISBN 9781107645110. 

Sources

  • Cushway, Graham (2011). Edward III and the War at Sea: The English Navy, 1327–1377. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. ISBN 9781843836216. 
  • Ehrman, John (2012). The Navy in the war of William III, 1689-1697 : its state and direction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107645110. 
  • Gorski, edited by Richard (2012). "Keeping the Seas: England's Admirals 1369-1389". Roles of the sea in medieval England. Woodbridge, U.K.: Boydell Press. ISBN 9781843837015.
  • Houbraken, Jacobus; Rapin-Thoyras, Paul de; Vertue, George (1747). "A List of Admirals of England, 1228–1745". The History of England. London: J. and P. Knapton. 
  • Rodger, N.A.M. (2004). The safeguard of the sea : a naval history of Britain 660 to 1649. New York: W.W. Norton. ISBN 9780140297249
  • Simpkin, David (2012). "Keeping the Seas: England's Admirals 1369–1389". In Gorski, Richard. Roles of the Sea in Medieval England. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. ISBN 9781843837015. 

External linksEdit