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John de Botetourt, 1st Baron Botetourt

Sir John de Botetourt, 1st Baron Botetourt (died 1324) was an English military commander and admiral in the 13th and 14th centuries.

John de Botetourt
K-046-Coat of Arms-BOTETOURT-John Botetourt ("Johans Boutetourte").png
Bornc.1265
Died25 November 1324
NationalityEnglish
Spouse(s)Matilda fitz Thomas
Parent(s)Guy Botetourt

Contents

PersonalEdit

John was born the illegitimate son of Edward Plantagenet King of England circa 1265. He married Matilda fitz Thomas, daughter of Sir Thomas fitz Otes and Beatrice de Beauchamp.

CareerEdit

He was the Governor of St Briavels Castle in 1291, became the Admiral of the North between 1294 and 1297 [1], burning Cherbourg in 1295, and created 1st Lord Botetourt on 13 July 1305. In 1304 he received a commission under the great seal to hear and determine the causes of a violent quarrel between the mayor and burgesses of Bristol and Lord Thomas of Berkeley and his son Maurice. He was the warden of the Forest of Dean. He fought in the expeditions of King Edward I to Gascony, Scotland and during the Wars of Scottish Independence. He was summoned to parliament from 1305 to 1324. He joined Guy Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, in carrying off Piers Gaveston from the custody of the Earl of Pembroke, and, in common with the other nobles concerned in the death of the favourite, made his peace with the king in 1313. He was appointed the Governor of Framlingham Castle in 1314. He was again the Admiral for the Northern Seas in 1315. John participated in the Battle of Boroughbridge on 16 March 1322, on the side of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster's rebels. He was then fined £1,000 and pardoned on 8 October 1322 for his part in the rebellion. He died on 25 November 1324, and his grandson John succeeded him as Baron Botetourt, as his son Thomas had predeceased him.

IssueEdit

John and Matilda fitz Thomas had the following known issue:

  • Thomas de Botetourt d. 1322.
  • Elizabeth Botetourt, married William Latimer, 3rd Baron Latimer, had issue including:
  • Ada Botetourt, married Richard Fitz-Simon, d. 1349.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Houbraken, Jacobus; Thoyras, Paul de Rapin; Vertue, George (1747). The History of England, A List of Admirals of England, 1228-1745. J. and P. Knapton. p. 270.

SourcesEdit

  • Gorski, Richard (2009). "Botetourt, John, first Lord Botetourt (d. 1324)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, online edition. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2966. Missing or empty |url= (help)(subscription or UK public library membership required)
  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Bottetourt, John de". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  • Houbraken, Jacobus. Thoyras, Paul de Rapin. Vertue, George. (1747). The History of England, A List of Admirals of England (1224-1745). England. Kanpton. P and J.