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The Aden unrest[29] refers to initialy ongoing conflict between Islamist factions, such as al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant's Yemen Branch, against the loyalists of president Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi and later to conflict between UAE-backed and Saudi-backed factions within the coalition. In 2017, fighting also broke out between factions aligned with different members of the Saudi-led coalition namely Saudi Arabia-backed Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi and Al-Islah and UAE-backed separatist Southern Transitional Council and Southern Movement.

Aden unrest
Part of the Yemeni Civil War (2015–present), the Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen and the South Yemen insurgency
Aden governor, Jaafar Mohammed Saad killed.jpg
People gather at the site of a car bomb attack that killed the Aden governor, Jaafar Mohammed Saad, during the Aden unrest.
Date6 October 2015 – present
(3 years, 6 months, 2 weeks and 6 days)
Location
Result

Ongoing

  • ISIL expelled from Mualla[3]
  • AQAP expelled from Al-Mansoura
  • Battle of Aden
  • STC takes control of Aden
  • Mass protests, assassinations, and renewed clashes between STC, Hadi loyalists, and other factions in the late 2018
Belligerents
AQAP

Yemen Yemen Army (Hadi government)


Coalition:

Southern Transitional Council

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Commanders and leaders
Ali Abed al-Rab bin Talab  [4]
Helmi Al Zinji  (POW)
Yemen Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi
Yemen Brigadier General Muhran Qabati
Yemen Jaafar Mohammed Saad 
Yemen Sheikh Abdulrahman al-Adani  (pro-Hadi Sunni cleric)[5]
Yemen Adham Mohammed Al Ga’ari  (Aden’s deputy chief of intelligence)[6]
Yemen Abdrabu Hussein Al Israeli  (Commander of military forces in Abyan)
Yemen Salem al-Milqat  (Police chief of Tawahi district)[7]
Yemen Sheikh Mazen al-Aqrabi 
Yemen Saleh Ali al-Dibani
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Aidarus al-Zoubaidi
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Hani Bin Breik
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Khalid Bamadhaf (Aden Southern Movement leader)
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Saleh al-Emeiry[8]
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Kamel Al-Khalidi Abu Yunus
Abu Bilal al-Harbi[9]
Strength
500+[10] 12,000 Hadi loyalists and popular committees and 700+ Sudanese troops 15,000 Southern Movement and al-Hizam Brigade fighters[11] 80-300[12]
Casualties and losses
27-34+ fighters killed
23+ fighters wounded
21 fighters captured[13][14][15][16]
180-187+ Yemeni security forces killed
98-110+ wounded[17][18][19][20]
1 Mirage 2000-9D lost
1 Saudi soldier killed[21]
6 UAE servicemen killed[21][22] 24-36+ killed
70 captured[23]
83+ civilians killed[24]
178+ wounded[25] and one Indian priest captured[26][27][28]

Contents

Attacks and incidents during 2015Edit

On October 6, 2015, terrorists incidents broke out when a group of ISIL fighters targeted a motel which housed the Vice President and Prime Minister of Yemen, and served as the military base for the Arab Coalition and the Yemen Army units loyal to the president Hadi, killing 15 Hadi and Saudi loyalists. 2 ISIL suicide bombers blew themselves up too. Although the Houthis were first suspected behind the attack by Yemeni Transport Minister Badr Basalma, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed responsibility later.[30][31]

On 13 October, UAE counter terrorism units arrived in Aden in response of the terrorist attacks of October 6.[32] At the same day, another 300 Sudanese troops arrived in Aden.[33]

On October 26, a suicide bomber exploded in central Aden killing two Southern Resistance troops. No group claimed responsibility.[34]

At the end of October, AQAP overran some neighborhoods inside Aden, recruiting fighters, and imposing Sharia law.[35]

On November 1, ISIL fighters attacked and captured a government media building in Tawahi district, killing in the same day two intelligence officers in the central Aden.[36]

On November 4, some Popular resistance fighters attacked the presidential palace with president Hadi son inside, with Emirate soldiers stopping the attack without casualties. The resistance fighters said that they attacked to protest three months of unpaid salaries.[37] On November 18, Bahrain troops arrived in Aden to assist the coalition against the armed groups.[38]

On December 3, Saudi officials said that they would train over 12,000 popular resistance fighters to fight around and in Aden.[39]

On December 6, Yemeni Major General and Aden governor, Jaafar Mohammed Saad, was killed along with six of his bodyguards in a suicide bombing. The attack was claimed by ISIL.[40] In the same day, ISIL gunmen killed 4 Yemeni government fighters, and assassinated the judge Mohsen Alwan, who was investigated the USS Cole bombing. Also in the same day, unknown gunmen killed an energy official, and two security officers.[41][42]

On December 23, unknown gunmen, believed to be AQAP assassins killed the popular resistance colonel Jalal al-Awbali in his car in northern Aden. No group claimed responsibility.[43]

Other incidents during 2016Edit

On 1 January 2016, Hadi loyalists attacked and killed an AQAP commander who traveled from Abyan to Aden. The AQAP leader named Ali Abed al-Rab bin Talab killed along the three of his bodyguards during the attack.[44]

On January 18, a suicide bomber exploded outside of Aden's security director's home, the Brigadier General Shalal Ali Shayyeh, killing four of his bodyguards and injuring many bystanders.[45] On the same day, unknown gunmen killed a judge in the street.

On January 19, Aden's governor banned motorbike use because of the many killings in the type of shot and running.[46]

On January 23, unknown assailants killed a man and his father belonging in the Shia sect of Dawoodi Bohra. Four others kidnapped some days before belonging to the sect, but three of them have released with another one to remain in captivity.[47]

On January 28, an ISIL suicide car bomber blew himself outside the home of president Hadi, killing 6 loyalists and injuring another 11. Hadi was inside in his home at the time, but survived the attack unharmed.[48][49]

On 12 February, AQAP fighters attacked and killed five Hadi loyalists guards in their posts in Basateen area of Aden.[50][51][52]

On February 16, Governor of Aden Aidarus al-Zubaidi and Brigadier General Shalal Ali Shayyeh, escaped an assassination attempt on their lives after suspected ISIL fighters attacked their convoy in central of Aden. Three assailants killed, with another two bodyguards and civilians to be wounded during the gun battle.[53]

On 28 February, unknown gunmen killed Sheikh Abdulrahman al-Adani, a pro-Hadi influential moderate Salafi cleric, well known for his rejection on Al-Qaeda and ISIL. No group claimed responsibility.[54]

On 3 March, suspected AQAP gunmen attacked and killed Hussein al-Wuhayshi, a leader of Popular committees in the neighbor Abyan province, along with his brother in the borders of Aden-Abyan. No group claimed responsibility.[55]

On March 10, popular committees units opened fire to security guards outside of an army HQ after one of their wounded died because of no use of permitted medication The group had requested medication in a riot against commandeers of Aden. No man killed in the clashes.[56]

On March 12, two UAE pilots were killed after they crashed by unknown reason in Aden. Some sources claims that AQAP shot down the plane, but that cannot official and independently confirmed.[57]

On 16 March, three AQAP fighters were killed inside a home of one of them, when an exploding device inside the home exploded killing the three of them instantly.[58]

On 12 April, an ISIL suicide bomber explode himself outside of a football stadium in near the coast of Aden, targeting new recruits of the army, killing five of them and wounding another 8.[59][60] The youths where waiting the bus to get them in their base in the center of Aden.[61][62]

On April 17, two unknown suicide car bombers attacked Hadi loyalists in a checkpoint near Aden airport, killing 4 soldiers, and wounding two others. No group claimed responsibility.[63]

On April 28, a woman dressed suicide car bombed detonated himself outside of the home of general Shallal Shayae, security chief of Aden. No one killed by the attack, and no group claimed responsibility, but two bystanders wounded.[64]

On 29 October, a car laden with explosives blew up near the headquarters of Yemen's central bank in the Crater district, injuring five people, local security sources said. There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack.[65]

Battle of MuallaEdit

During 1 and 4 January 2016, battle erupted in the port city of Mualla, Which was previously seized by ISIL militants.[66] It was reported that the city was used by ISIL and AQAP for smuggling weapons and money. During the four days of battle, 9 Hadi loyalists and 14 ISIL fighters were killed, with the Hadi loyalists gaining all of the area under their control.[67] In the next day, The Hadi government imposed a curfew in the city of Aden, in the honor of the dead victims.[68][69] In the same day, suspected ISIL militants assassinated a Sufi cleric, the Sheikh Ali Othman al-Gailani. No group claimed responsibility for the assassination.[70] More than 70 ISIL members arrested the next day in the Mualla.[71]

Sheikh Othman incidentsEdit

The incidents began in Sheikh Othman district, when on January 6, unidentified gunmen shot dead a colonel of Aden's criminal investigation office, inside into his car.[72] On January 31, the body of a top Salafi cleric in the Sheikh Othman district, founded dead and tortured. The cleric was abducted some days before by militant groups. The cleric, named Samahan Abdel-Aziz, was very influential in the side of Hadi loyalists, rejecting AQAP, ISIL and Houthis in his speeches. No group claimed responsibility for the killing.[73] On 29 February, a suspected ISIL suicide bomber explode himself outside of a military checkpoint, killing four and wounding seven Hadi loyalists, in the al-Mimdara neighborhood in Sheikh Othman.[74] On 4 March, ISIL gunmen stormed an Elderly house care home run by Christian volunteers, and killed 1 guard, 11 residents of the house and four Indian christian nuns. 1 Indian priest inside the home, kidnapped and is believed to executed some weeks after. His agency claims that the priest is not executed and is still alive. Pope Francis goddamned the attack, saying that was a diabolic action of mass murder.[75] On April 29, gunmen on motorbikes assassinated the senior security officer of Aden, Colonel Marwan Abdulalim, when he was traveling in his car in Sheikh Othman district.[76]

Crater bombingsEdit

The terror attacks began to show up in Crater district on December 30, when a VBIED explode in the district killing at least three people. No group claimed responsibility.[77] On January 29, an ISIL car suicide bomber explode himself outside of a military checkpoint in the central Crater, killing two soldiers and wounding another five. ISIL claimed responsibility in online media outlets.[78] On 29 February, fighter of popular committees clashed with Hadi guards outside of Army HQ in Crater demanding medical medication for their wounded fighters. No casualties reported.[79]

January 5 Inma attackEdit

On January 5, a suicide attacker detonated near a convoy that was caring the governor of Aden and Lahji, and the Aden security director. The three officials survived the attack, but gun battle followed killing at least tree of their bodyguards. The militants fled to the desert areas of Aden, with the government suspecting ISIL for the attack.[71][80]

Al Mansoura battleEdit

The major battle stage in Mansoura began on December 31, when gunmen attacked a commander of popular resistance in Aden, the Ahmed al-Idrisi, killing him, and four of his aids. No group claimed responsibility.[81]

On 11 January 2016, ISIL claimed that have assassinated a colonel in Masoura, showing the assassination in a video. The organization don't tells when the killing is taken place.[82]

On January 11, unidentified gunmen attacked and killed a police security officer in his way to his home in Mansoura. No group claimed responsibility for the attack.[83]

On 23 January, unidentified gunmen killed a Hadi loyalist in Mansoura and fled out with motorbikes. The day after, gunmen killed Colonel Taha al-Sobeihi inside his police vehicle, along with a bodyguard and a female civilian.[84]

On 9 February, fighting taken place in the city and shopping centers of Mansoura, killing two AQAP fighters and a civilian family of four.[85] The fighting began when Hadi loyalists backed by Saudi Apache stormed AQAP positions in the city central and the shopping center, in an attempt to drive out Al-Qaeda militants for the parts of the city, which they have been in control in the city from the early of October. During the fight, a rocked from unknown origin, hit a home and killed a family of four, two kids and the two parents. Also a 5-year-old daughter of the family wounded in the strike.[86]

Two days later, on 11 February, AQAP soldiers attacked and killed three Hadi loyalists as they walked into the central road of mansoura.[87] On 20 February, AQAP fighters assassinated a senior Hadi loyalists commander, named Sheikh Mazen al-Aqrabi.[88]

On 23 February, suspected AQAP fighters attacked and killed two high level security officials as they driving into their homes inside a car. The two officials identified as General Abdrabu Hussein Al Israeli, the commander of military forces in Abyan province, and Ga’abal Alawi Amras, the deputy of Aden’s political security who was driving the car.[89][90]

On March 5, suspected ISIL gunmen attacked the Colonel Salem al-Milqat, police chief of Tawahi district, killing his and his aide inside his convoy in the central of Mansoura.[91]

On March 17, Hadi loyalists backed by UAE Apache helicopters attacked AQAP fighters in Mansoura after militants attacked an UAE Apache helicopter with a rocked missile trike. 17 AQAP soldiers killed, along with a civilian, and another 23 AQAP fighters wounded. Three Hadi loyalists also wounded during the operation. After the operation, AQAP retreated deeper into Mansoura city.[92][93]

On March 30, Hadi loyalists aided by UAE and Saudi forces stormed the remaining areas held by AQAP in Mansoura, clearing the city and capturing 21 AQAP fighters. The remaining AQAP fighters fled in the neighbor Lahij Governorate's provincial capital, Al Houta, a town in control of AQAP since the early beginnings of 2016.[94][95]

On April 14, Hadi government told the press that the army have captured the AQAP commander of Aden's assassins cell, Helmi Al Zinji. The government told that Al Zinji captured after Al-Qaeda expelled from Mansoura, in March 30, where he tried to fled to nearly AQAP controlled town of Zinjibar.[96]

On April 14, an ISIL planned car bomb exploded outside of ministry of foreign affair, wounding several bystanders. No one killed in the attack.[97]

On May 1, suspected ISIL suicide bomber explode himself near a convoy with Aden's governor and security chief inside, killing four guards. The officials survived the attack. No group claimed responsibility.[98]

On 6 May, unknown gunmen killed Al Mansoura prison chief Wahad Awn when he left from his mother's house. One of his bodyguards also killed. No group claimed responsibility.[99]

25 March attackEdit

On 25 March 2016, three ISIL car suicide bombers detonated there self in checkpoints in multiple places in Aden, killing 17 soldiers and 10 civilians, also wounding dozens. The group claimed responsibility in online outlets.[100][101]

Fighting in KhormaksarEdit

Fighting erupted in Khormaksar district of Aden on 10 February when AQAP fighters attacked security guards from they bases in Mansoura. Reports said that civilians and army guards killed in the fighting by car bombs and missile strikes in the Aden international airport of the city.[102] On February 26, suspected ISIL gunmen attacked and killed colonel Adham Mohammed Al Ga’ari. The colonel was inside in his car and traveled in Khormaksar with his two sons when the gunmen attacked. One of his sons was wounded in the attack.[103][104][105] On 7 May, unknown gunmen inside a car, assassinated colonel Badr Al Yafei and two of his bodyguards. No group claimed responsibility.[106] On 23 May, two ISIL suicide bombers staggering brigadier general Abdullah Al Subaihi killed at least 45 Hadi loyalists and wounded dozens of other soldiers, outside and inside of a base in Khormaksar. General Al Subaihi survived the attack.[107][108][109]

Al Buraiqeh bombingsEdit

On February 17, 2016, an ISIL suicide bomber explode himself inside Ras Abbas camp of Al Buraiqeh District, killing more than 13 and wounding more than 60 new recruits loyal to president Hadi. ISIL claimed responsibility in online outlets claiming that 20 Hadi loyalists killed in the attack, and not 13.[110]

Clashes between STC and Hadi loyalistsEdit

Factional fighting broke out in the vicinity of Aden International Airport on 12 February 2017. The Presidential Guard, loyal to Hadi, attempted to seize the airport from a UAE-backed militia which had controlled it since 2015. A Coalition helicopter gunship reportedly opened fire on the pro-Emirati faction, wounding three soldiers. These clashes have been interpreted as evidence of a deepening rift between members of the Coalition.[111][112][113]

In early March, Sudanese soldiers reportedly assaulted the airport, in an attempt to wrest control from the pro-Emirati forces.[114]

In the end of April 2017, Aden Governor Aidarus al-Zoubaidi was sacked by Hadi, with the reason of disloyalty to him, and loyalty to the Southern Movement.

On May 3, major rallies were held in Aden to protest the decision of Hadi.

One week later, STC was formed, and some of the members were the governors of Shabwah Governorate, Hadramaut Governorate, Lahij Governorate, Socotra, and Al Mahrah Governorate. It haves also partial control in Abyan Governorate and in Aden.

One day later, Hadi rejected the council, and called it illegitimate.[115][116][117][118]

On 31 May, fighters loyal to STC captured Aden airport from Hadi loyalists, killing two men. The Aden airport issue first erupted when Hadi himself was refused landing permission in early February and had to land instead on the Yemeni island of Socotra before he made another attempt to fly back into Aden. Hadi then had Brigadier General Muhran Qabati, commander of the Fourth Brigade - which acts as the presidential bodyguard - lay siege to the airport, and clashes between the two sides followed.[11][119][120] On June 12, Al-Alam checkpoint handed over to al HIzam Brigade by Hadi loyalist commander, Saleh Ali Al-Dibani. The Hizam brigade commander who took command of the checkpoint, is Kamel Al-Khalidi Abu Yunus.[121]

On January 28, 2018, the Southern Transitional Council captured the government headquarters in Aden.[122][123][124] Thereupon, Yemen's Prime Minister Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr spoke of a "coup"[125][126][127][128][129][130][131][132] and asked Saudi Arabia for military support.[133][134] President Abdrabu Mansur Hadi ordered his forces to cease fire immediately after fierce clashes with southern separatists broke out in Aden.[135]

On 29 January President of the STC Aidarus al-Zoubaidi announced the state of emergency in Aden and that "the STC has begun the process of overthrowing Hadi’s rule over the South".[136]

On 30 January 2018, the STC seized control of Aden.[1][137][138][139][140][141][142][143][144][145]

Mustafa Akhwand of Shia Rights Watch claimed that the battle was a dispute between Saudi Arabia and the UAE over the control of Yemen's newfound natural resources of oil, silver and gold discovered near the border with Oman.[146] He also said that Hadi should resign and allow a more moderate candidate willing to cooperate with Houthis to become president in order to rebuild the country.

In October 2018, STC announced uprising against Hadi's government.[147][148][149][150]

In October 2018, Hadi loyalist officials started escaping from the city to Saudi Arabia and Egypt.[151]

On 10 October 2018, elite pro-Hadi forces were diverted from the Hodeidah front to Aden.[152]

AssassinationsEdit

During the civil war there were many assassinations in Aden.[153][154][155] During 2017-2018, at least 27 Imams were assassinated in Aden by suspected the STC and the UAE-linked militants reportedly for opposing South Yemen separatism.[156][157][158]

In October 2018, Abraham Golan, the founder and CEO of PMC, Spear Operations Group revealed that UAE hired his firm to assassinate multiple members of Al-Islah in Yemen.[159][160][161]

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Coordinates: 12°48′00″N 45°02′00″E / 12.8000°N 45.0333°E / 12.8000; 45.0333