Adalbero of Reims

Adalbero (French Adalbéron; died 23 January 989) was the archbishop of Reims, chancellor of Kings Lothair and Louis V of France.


Adalbero of Reims

of Reims
Sacre Hugues Capet 1.jpg
Adalbero crowns king Hugh Capet
Died23 January 989[1]
ReligionRoman Catholic
ParentsGozlin, Count of Bidgau and Methingau and Oda of Metz


Nearing the end of the rule of Carolingian dynasty over West Francia, Archbishop Adalbero and Queen Emma[2] led a political party in favor of the Franks allying with the Ottonian dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire in the Frankish courts. In a series of letters sent to Empress Theophanu, Emma's sister-in-law, Adalbero expressed loyalty on behalf of himself, Queen Emma, and her son King Louis V[3] (Adalbero's lord at the time). It was Emperor Otto I who had named Adalbero archbishop, along with the other clergy members who were given their positions by the emperor and is why Adalbero had felt such loyalty towards them. However, not all clergy felt the same way, and so they created a political party to oppose Queen Emma in the Frankish courts, one whose goal was to reinstate the policies of her husband, King Lothair, and expand the Frankish kingdom eastward, to gain the territory of Lorraine, Adalbero's home.[4] The opposing party eventually prevailed when Louis disregarded the advice given to him by Adalbero and Emma, which was to seek friendship with Otto III, Theophanu's son.[5] This unfortunate turn of events forced Adalbero to step down from his position as archbishop and flee.[6] This act was perceived as treason by Louis, and Adalbero was called to trial at an assembly of leading Franks at Compiègne. The sudden death of Louis V prevented this trial from taking place, and allowed Adalbero to give his support for Hugh Capet as rightful heir and denounce the Carolingian claimant, Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine.[4]

Upon the death of Louis V, in 987, Adalbero and Gerbert of Aurillac addressed the electoral assembly at Senlis in favour of Hugh Capet Duke of the Franks, to replace the Carolingian monarch. Adalbero pleaded:

"Crown the Duke. He is most illustrious by his exploits, his nobility, his forces. The throne is not acquired by hereditary right; no one should be raised to it unless distinguished not only for nobility of birth, but for the goodness of his soul."[7]

Capet was elected and crowned at Noyon, 3 July 987[7] by Adalbero.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Bautz, Friedrich Wilhelm (1990). Adalbero, Erzbischof von Reims. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Band 1. Ham. p. 23. ISBN 3-88309-013-1.
  2. ^ "Emma, queen of the Franks | Epistolae". Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  3. ^ "A letter from Adalbero, archbishop of Reims () | Epistolae". Archived from the original on 6 May 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Adalbero Of Ardennes | archbishop of Reims". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  5. ^ "Louis V | king of France". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  6. ^ "A letter from Adalbero, archbishop of Reims (985) | Epistolae". Archived from the original on 6 May 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  7. ^ a b Goyau, Pierre-Louis-Théophile-Georges (1910). "Hugh Capet" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 7. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
Preceded by Archbishop of Reims
Succeeded by