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The Honda NSX, marketed in North America as the Acura NSX, is a two-seat, mid-engine sports car manufactured by Honda.

Honda NSX
Honda NSX reg 1991 2977 cc.JPG
1991 Honda NSX
Overview
ManufacturerHonda
Also calledAcura NSX (North America)
Production1990–2005 (first generation)
2016–present (second generation)
Body and chassis
ClassSports car

The origins of the NSX trace back to 1984, with the HP-X (Honda Pininfarina eXperimental)[1] concept, which was a mid-engined 3.0 L V6 engined rear wheel drive sports car. Honda committed to the project, with the intention of meeting or exceeding the performance of the then V8 engined Ferrari range, while offering reliability and a lower price point. The concept thus evolved and had its name changed to NS-X, which stood for "New", "Sportscar" "Unknown world" (the X was a reference to the mathematical symbol X, which stands for an unknown variable),[2] although the production model was launched as the NSX.

Contents

First generation (NA1, NA2; 1990–2005)Edit

 
Post-facelift NSX

The NSX was designed by a team led by Chief Designer Masahito Nakano and Executive Chief Engineer Shigeru Uehara. It benefited from advanced aerodynamics and styling inspired by a F-16 fighter jet cockpit[3] and input from the late Formula One World Champion, Ayrton Senna, during the final development stages.

This NSX became the world's first mass-produced car to feature an all-aluminium body. It was powered by an all-aluminium 3.0 L V6 engine, which featured Honda's VTEC (Variable Valve Timing and Lift Electronic Control) system developed in the 1980s, a 5-speed manual transmission, or starting in 1994 the SportShift 4-speed automatic transmission, also known as F-Matic, which allows the option of conventional automatic shifting or manually shifting with a fingertip shift lever on the steering column.[4][5]

It was presented at the 1989 Chicago Auto Show and was built in a purpose-made factory in Japan, for sale from 1990. It was originally available as a coupé and, from 1995, a targa top. It underwent a performance upgrade in 1997, which saw the arrival of a larger 3.2 L V6 engine,[6] and a facelift in 2002 before being discontinued in 2005. North American models were sold as the Acura NSX.

Cars with the 3.0 L C30A engine are referred to as NA1 models, while the 3.2 L C32B engined cars are known as NA2 models.[7]

Sales figures in the U.SEdit

Year Units sold
2007 2
2006 58
2005 206
2004 178
2003 221
2002 233
2001 182
2000 221
1999 238
1998 303
1997 415
1996 460
1995 884
1994 533
1993 652
1992 1,154
1991 1,940
1990 1,119

Second generation (NC1; 2016–present)Edit

Second generation (NC1)
 
Overview
ManufacturerHonda
Also calledAcura NSX (North America)
ProductionMay 2016 – present[8]
AssemblyPerformance Manufacturing Center,
Marysville, Ohio, United States
DesignerToshinobu Minami and Michelle Christensen [9]
Body and chassis
ClassSports car (S)
Body style2-door coupe
LayoutLongitudinal, Mid-engine, four-wheel drive / rear-wheel drive (NSX GT3)
Powertrain
EngineLongitudinally mounted 3.5L JNC1 twin-turbo V6, dual front electric motors, rear electric motor
Transmission9-speed dual clutch automated manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,630 mm (104 in)
Length4,473 mm (176.1 in)
Width2,218 mm (87.3 in)
Height1,215 mm (47.8 in)
Curb weight1,725 kg (3,803 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorHonda NSX (first generation)

In December 2007, Honda announced plans to launch a NSX successor by 2010, based on the styling of the front V10-engined Acura ASCC (Advanced Sports Car Concept).[10] Despite prototypes being tested for production, just a year later, Honda announced that plans had been canceled due to poor economic conditions.[11] Instead, in March 2010, Honda unveiled the HSV-010 GT for participation in the Japanese SuperGT Championship. This car never reached production as a street-legal car.

Reports that Honda was again developing a successor to the NSX reemerged in April 2011.[12] By December 2011, Honda officially announced a second generation NSX concept, which was unveiled the following month at the 2012 North American International Auto Show as the Acura NSX Concept.

The production model was displayed three years later at the 2015 North American International Auto Show, for sale in 2016. Although the original name was retained, this time it was defined as "New Sports eXperience".[13] Unlike the first generation NSX which was manufactured in Japan, the new NSX was designed and engineered in Marysville, Ohio, at Honda's plant, led by chief engineer Ted Klaus.

The new NSX is a hybrid sports car powered by 3.5 L twin-turbo V6 engine and three electric motors, two of which form part of the "SH-AWD" all wheel drive drivetrain, altogether capable of close to 600 hp. The transmission is a 9-speed dual-clutch semi-automatic. Its body utilizes a space frame design, which is made from aluminium, ultra-high strength steel, and other rigid and lightweight materials, some of which are the world's first applications.

The first production vehicle with VIN #001 was auctioned off by Barrett Jackson on January 29, 2016.[14] NASCAR team owner Rick Hendrick won the auction with a bid for US$1,200,000. The entire bid was donated to the charities Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation and Camp Southern Ground.[15][16][17][18][19] The first NSX rolled off the line in Ohio on May 27, 2016. Hendrick was there to drive it off.[20][21][22][23][24] The first sales of the new NSX in the US were registered in June 2016.

Sales figures in the U.S.Edit

Year Units sold
2016 269
2017 581
2018 170
2019 151 (as of Jun 2019)
Total 1171

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Honda HP-X". History and Models – Pininfarina Models. Pininfarina. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved September 5, 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  2. ^ "The NSX". Honda. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  3. ^ "Honda Worldwide | July 12, 2005 "Honda to Discontinue Production of the NSX Sports Car"". World.honda.com. July 12, 2005. Archived from the original on April 13, 2011. Retrieved October 3, 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ "1995 Acura NSX/NSX-T -- Powertrain". hondanews.com. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  5. ^ Neve, Esther. "Buying guide: the original Honda NSX". Top Gear. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
  6. ^ Acura NSX V6-3.2L DOHC (VTEC) (1997)
  7. ^ "NSX VIN information".
  8. ^ "First Serial Production 2017 Acura NSX Rolls off the Line – Acura Connected" (Press release). May 24, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
  9. ^ Griemel, Hans (June 11, 2012). "Designers Aim to get Honda Back in Sync With the Times". Automotive News. Crain Communications. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  10. ^ Spinelli, Mike (January 8, 2007). "Detroit Auto Show: Acura Advanced Sports Car Concept". Jalopnik. Gawker Media. Retrieved December 17, 2008.
  11. ^ Aziz, Nick (December 17, 2008). "Acura NSX Cancelled; Honda Slashes Forecast". LeftLane News. MNM Media, LLC. Retrieved December 17, 2008.
  12. ^ Holmes, Jake (April 25, 2011). "Revival, Part Deux: Honda President Dishes on New NSX Successor". Automobile. TEN: The Enthusiast Network. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  13. ^ Mukminin, Amirul (January 13, 2015). "2016 Honda NSX Shown in Production Form at NAIAS". wemotor.com. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  14. ^ "Barrett-Jackson yo Auction 2017 Acura NSX VIN #001 for Charity at 45th Anniversary Scottsdale Auction". Barrett-Jackson. December 18, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
  15. ^ Acoba, Paulo. "First 2017 Acura NSX Sells for $1.2 Million at Barrett-Jackson". Art of Gears. Fansided. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
  16. ^ Perkins, Chris (January 30, 2016). "The First 2017 Acura NSX Sells for $1.2 Million at Auction". Road & Track. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
  17. ^ Vijayenthiran, Viknesh (January 30, 2016). "First 2017 Acura NSX Sells for $1.2 Million at Charity Auction". Motor Authority. High Gear Media. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
  18. ^ McCants, Parks (January 20, 2016). "2017 Acura NSX VIN #001 to be Auctioned for Charity January 29". TorqueNews.com. Hareyan Publishing. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
  19. ^ Taylor, James (February 2, 2016). "First Production 2016 Honda NSX Sells for $1.2m". Car. Bauer Media Group. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
  20. ^ "First 2017 Acura NSX rolls off the line (and it'll get Android Auto!)". Android Central. May 26, 2016. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  21. ^ "Honda Unleashes The First 2017 Acura NSX Supercar: Calm Yourselves, Autophiles". Tech Times. May 27, 2016. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  22. ^ Staff, Autoblog. "2017 Acura NSX #001 is finally here | Autoblog Minute". Autoblog. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  23. ^ "Honda rolls out first Acura NSX supercar in Ohio factory". USA TODAY. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  24. ^ "Prepare yourselves: The first 2017 Acura NSX is out in the wild - Roadshow". Roadshow. Retrieved May 28, 2016.