Honda NSX (second generation)
The second generation Honda NSX (New Sports eXperience), marketed as the Acura NSX in North America and China, is a 2-seater, all-wheel drive, mid-engine hybrid electric sports car developed and manufactured by Honda in the United States. It succeeds the original NSX that was produced in Japan from 1990 to 2005.
|Honda NSX (NC1)|
|Also called||Acura NSX (North America, China and Kuwait)|
|Assembly||Marysville, Ohio, United States (Performance Manufacturing Center)|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Sports car (S)|
|Body style||2-door coupé|
|Layout||Longitudinal mid-engine, all-wheel drive|
|Engine||3492 cc JNC1 twin turbo V6|
|Electric motor||Dual front electric motors, single rear electric motor|
|Wheelbase||2,630 mm (103.5 in)|
|Length||2016: 4,470 mm (176.0 in)|
2019: 4,490 mm (176.8 in)
|Width||1,940 mm (76.4 in)|
|Height||1,215 mm (47.8 in)|
|Curb weight||1,725 kg (3,803 lb)|
|Predecessor||Honda NSX (first generation)|
In December 2007, Honda America's CEO, Tetsuo Iwamura, confirmed to the automotive press that a new sports car powered by a V10 engine would make its debut to the market by 2010. The new sports car would be based on the Acura ASCC (Advanced Sports Car Concept) introduced at the 2007 North American International Auto Show. With Honda's CEO Takeo Fukui challenging the developers to make the car faster than its rivals, prototypes of the vehicle were seen testing on the Nürburgring in June 2008. On December 17, 2008, Fukui announced during a speech about Honda's revised financial forecasts that, due to poor economic conditions, all plans for a next-generation of the NSX had been cancelled. In March 2010, the name of the Acura NSX project was changed to the Honda HSV-010 GT, and the car was entered in the Japanese Super GT Championship. The HSV-010 GT was powered by a 3.4-liter V8 rated at a power output of more than 500 hp (373 kW) and was equipped with a sequential manual transmission from Ricardo. The HSV-010 GT never made it into production stage.
In April 2011, Automobile magazine reported that Honda was developing a new sports car to be a successor to the original NSX. The magazine reported that the car would be exhilarating to drive but also environmentally friendly. It was expected that the vehicle will incorporate an electric drivetrain to give the petrol engine a boost of power. In late 2010, Motor Trend reported that Honda was developing a mid-engine hybrid electric sports car to be an NSX successor.
In December 2011, Acura announced that they would unveil the next generation of the NSX in concept form at the 2012 North American International Auto Show. On January 9, 2012, Acura unveiled the 2012 Acura NSX Concept to the general public.
The new concept retained a 2-door coupe, mid-engine layout but with all-wheel drive. The use of a high-tech platform made from lightweight materials permitted the weight to be low. Power came from a 3.5-litre V6 engine mounted behind the cockpit, sending its power to the rear wheels. Acura's SH-AWD incorporates one electric motor in a dual-clutch transmission to augment the combustion engine thus forming a hybrid setup. Additionally, two more electric motors able to instantly send negative or positive torque to the front wheels during cornering also formed part of the powertrain.
Acura claimed the resulting all-wheel drive system would provide better handling and matching acceleration while offering greater efficiency relative to the naturally aspirated 4.5-litre V8 engine in the Ferrari 458, the NSX's main competitor at the time.
In September 2011, during filming of The Avengers, Robert Downey, Jr. (playing the role of Iron Man) was spotted in an exotic sports car similar to the new NSX, made specifically for the film, rather than the Audi R8 he previously drove in Iron Man and Iron Man 2. The car itself was built by Trans FX using an existing 1992 NSX. Its design was an altered form of the new NSX's final design in order to avoid leaks and speculations about the new sports car by the media.
Although the original name was retained—which stood for "New Sportscar eXperimental"—the second generation model's name has been defined as "New Sports eXperience".
Official launch and productionEdit
On December 27, 2014, Honda announced that the second-generation of the NSX flagship sports car would debut at the 2015 North American International Auto Show on January 12, 2015.
The first production vehicle with VIN #001 was auctioned off by Barrett Jackson on January 29, 2016. NASCAR team owner Rick Hendrick won the auction with a bid for US$1,200,000. The entire proceeds from the auction were donated to the charities Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation and Camp Southern Ground. The first NSX rolled off the production line in Ohio on May 24, 2016.
Mechanically, the second generation of the NSX represents a significant departure from the first generation since it features a hybrid electric powertrain. It has a twin-turbocharged 75-degree DOHC 4 valves per cylinder 3.5-litre V6 engine generating a maximum power output of 500 hp (507 PS; 373 kW) at 6,500–7,500 rpm and 550 N⋅m (406 lb⋅ft) of torque at 2,000–6,000 rpm, mated to a three electric motor Sport Hybrid SH-AWD system, a 1.3 kWh lithium-ion battery, and a 9-speed dual-clutch transmission (DCT). The combined maximum output is 573 hp (581 PS; 427 kW) and 476 lb⋅ft (645 N⋅m) of torque.
The car accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 2.7 seconds, and has a top speed in excess of 310 km/h (193 mph). The NSX completes a quarter-mile run in 11.1 seconds. Structurally, the body utilises a space frame design, which is made from aluminium, ultra-high strength steel, and other rigid and lightweight materials, some of which are the world's first applications.[clarification needed]
in Marysville, Ohio, which is housed inside Honda's former North American Logistics facility and located in the midst of Honda's existing R&D and production engineering operations. The powertrain is separately assembled by Honda associates at its engine plant in Anna, Ohio.
The table below indicates the change in dimensions, relative to the original second generation concept car presented in 2012:
|Second-gen NSX||2012 NSX Concept||Difference||2005 NSX||Difference|
|Length||4,470 mm (176 in)||4,390 mm (173 in)||+80 mm (3.1 in)||4,425 mm (174.2 in)||+45 mm (1.8 in)|
|Width||1,940 mm (76 in)||1,915 mm (75.4 in)||+25 mm (0.98 in)||1,810 mm (71 in)||+130 mm (5.1 in)|
|Height||1,215 mm (47.8 in)||1,200 mm (47 in)||+15 mm (0.59 in)||1,170 mm (46 in)||+45 mm (1.8 in)|
|Wheelbase||2,630 mm (104 in)||2,610 mm (103 in)||+20 mm (0.79 in)||2,530 mm (100 in)||+100 mm (3.9 in)|
|Front track||1,655 mm (65.2 in)||–||–||1,510 mm (59 in)||+145 mm (5.7 in)|
|Rear track||1,615 mm (63.6 in)||–||–||1,540 mm (61 in)||+75 mm (3.0 in)|
In August 2018, Honda announced improvements for the 2019 model year. The improvements included larger front and rear stabilizer bars, which increased front stiffness by 26 percent and rear stiffness by 19 percent, as well as 21 percent stiffer rear toe link bushings. New specially developed Continental tires were also included. These led to software optimizations to the Sport Hybrid SH-AWD system, active magnetorheological dampers, electric power steering and VSA settings. According to Honda, the car is nearly two seconds faster than the pre-update model around the Suzuka Circuit. Additionally, a new Thermal Orange Pearl body color became available.
Awards and recognitionEdit
|Year||Award and Title|
|2015||Popular Science – Best of What's New|
|2016||Car of the Year Japan – Special Award|
|2017||Road & Track – Performance Car of the Year|
|2017||Autocar – Best Super Sports Car runner-up|
|2017||AutoGuide.com – Readers' Choice Car of the Year|
|2017||Business Insider – Car of the Year|
|2017||International Engine of the Year – Best New Engine|
|2017||MotorWeek – Drivers' Choice Awards – Best Dream Machine|
|2017||Green Car Journal – Luxury Green Car of the Year|
|2017||Automobile Magazine – 2017 All-Stars winner|
|2017||Golden Steering Wheel – UK readers' choice|
|2019||The Car Connection – Best Performing Car|
|2020||Motor Trend – Best hybrid performance car|
Road & Track named the NSX as its 2017 Performance Car of the Year. The magazine lauded the NSX for its use of hybrid technology in the service of an emotional driving experience. The NSX also won the AutoGuide.com Readers' Choice Car of the Year Award for achieving high performance with a natural driving feel. The NSX was the Business Insider 2016 Car of the Year on the strength of its striking styling and its unique drivetrain for a car in its price range. The Green Car Journal 2017 Luxury Green Car of the Year award went to the NSX for its combination of performance and efficiency. Automobile staff voted the NSX to its list of 2017 All-Stars; the car won the honor "by consistently putting a grin on drivers' faces" during testing. Motor Trend awarded the NSX first place in its 2020 hybrid performance car comparison, praising the improvements made to the car by the 2019 update.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2017)
European sales statistics are from the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland.
|Category||Super GT GT500|
|Predecessor||Honda HSV-010 GT|
|Suspension (front)||Double wishbone, pushrod operated, twin dampers and torsion bars|
|Suspension (rear)||Double wishbone, pushrod operated, twin dampers and spring|
|Length||4,650–4,775 mm (183–188 in)|
|Width||1,950 mm (77 in)|
|Height||1,150 mm (45 in)|
|Engine||Honda HR-414E (2014), HR-417E (2017) 2.0L (1,995 cc (122 cu in)) inline-4 single-turbocharged, mid-mounted|
|Transmission||Hewland 6-speed sequential semi-automatic gearbox|
|Power||483 kW (648 hp; 657 PS)|
|Weight||1,020 + 70 kg (2,249 + 154 lb) hybrid weight|
|Brakes||Hydraulic ventilated carbon disk. AP Racing calipers|
|Tyres||Bridgestone Potenza, Dunlop Direzza and Yokohama ADVAN|
|Notable entrants|| Autobacs Racing Team Aguri|
Keihin Real Racing
Drago Modulo Honda Racing
|Notable drivers|| Vitantonio Liuzzi|
|Debut||2014 Okayama GT 300km|
|Teams' Championships||1 (2018)|
|Drivers' Championships||1 (Jenson Button & Naoki Yamamoto, 2018)|
The NSX Concept-GT, a race car based on the NSX concept, was unveiled in 2013 to race in the GT500 category of the Super GT Series from 2014. During the 2014 season, the NSX Concept-GT received its first pole and victory at Fuji Speedway in August, with the best-placed Honda driver fourth in the championship. In 2015, the car won at Sportsland Sugo and finished third in the championship. The car featured a hybrid system in 2014 and 2015, but it was abandoned for the 2016 season, with hybrid systems banned from GT500 in 2017. The 2016 season saw the car score a pole position in Suzuka and three podiums.
In 2017, Honda launched the NSX-GT based on the production version, replacing the NSX Concept-GT. The car won the final running of the Suzuka 1000km in 2017, and in 2018, it won the championship with Jenson Button and Naoki Yamamoto of Team Kunimitsu crowned champions. In an incident-filled 2019, the car won the Okayama round and the second Super GT × DTM Dream Race, which was the mid-engine NSX's final race. Due to regulation changes in accordance with Class One Touring Cars regulations, Honda debuted new NSX-GT with a front-engine layout for the 2020 season. Team Kunimitsu's NSX would narrowly won the GT500 title in an upset after the rival KeePer Toyota GR Supra ran out of fuel at the end of the final lap of the championship race at Fuji Speedway.
At the 2016 New York International Auto Show, Honda announced the GT3 version of the NSX, to begin competition in 2017. During its first season of racing in 2017, the NSX GT3 scored its first race victory in the IMSA SportsCar Championship GTD class at Belle Isle, followed by another win at the following round of the championship, the 6 Hours of Watkins Glen. It also won the Utah round of the Pirelli World Challenge. For the following year in 2018, the car finished second in the IMSA GTD championship with two wins. It made its debut in the Japanese Super GT Series, scoring a podium in Autopolis. The car also made its debut at the 24 Hours of Spa, finishing the 24-hour race seventh in the Pro-Am class.
Honda introduced an upgraded version of the car, the NSX GT3 Evo, for 2019. Its upgrades include improved aerodynamics and cooling, as well as new turbochargers. The car has been successful, winning the 2019 IMSA SportsCar Championship GTD drivers' and teams' titles, as well as the 2019 Super GT drivers' and teams' titles in the GT300 class. It has also showed good pace in the Intercontinental GT Challenge with a pole position in Laguna Seca and an overall sixth place finish in the 24 Hours of Spa, despite having to start from 33rd on the grid.
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