Achang language

The Achang language (Achang: Ngachang; Chinese: 阿昌, Burmese: အာချန်) is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by the Achang (also known as Maingtha and Ngochang) in Yunnan, China, and northern Myanmar.[3]

Ngachang အာချန် / ငါချန်
Native toChina, Myanmar
Native speakers
(60,000 cited 1990–2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3acn


Achang is spoken in the following locations (阿昌语简志):

The Xiandao 仙岛 dialect (100 speakers; autonym kʰan31 tau31) is spoken in the following two locations in Yingjiang County, Dehong Prefecture (Xiandaoyu Yanjiu).

  • Xiandaozhai 仙岛寨, Mangmian Village 芒面村, Jiemao Township 姐冒乡[4]
  • Meng'ezhai 勐俄寨, Mangxian Village 芒线村, Jiemao Township 姐冒乡[5]



Consonant phonemes[6]
Labial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop b d ɟ g ʔ
Affricate tsʰ dz tʃʰ
Fricative s ʃ ç h
Nasal m n ŋ
Approximant w l j


Front Central Back
Close i ɯ u
Mid ɛ ɔ
Open aˑ a


Achang word order is subject-object-verb (SOV). There is no dominant order for nouns and their adjective modifiers.[7]

Further readingEdit

  • Hill, Nathan, & Cooper, Douglas. (2020). A machine readable collection of lexical data on the Burmish languages [Data set]. Zenodo.
  • Inglis, Douglas. 2003. A preliminary phonology of Ngochang. Payap University, Graduate School, Linguistics Department.
  • Nasaw Sampu, Wilai Jaseng, Thocha Jana, and Douglas Inglis (2005). A preliminary Ngochang - Kachin- English Lexicon. Payap University, Graduate School, Linguistics Department.
  • Yabu Shirō 藪 司郎 (1990). "The Achang Language of Burma." アジアの諸言語と一般言語学 Ajia no shogengo to ippan gengogaku / Asian languages and general linguistics. 崎山理 Osamu Sakiyama, et al. Tokyo: 三省堂 Sanseidō. 124-141.


  1. ^ Achang at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Achangic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "Achang". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b Inglis, Douglas. "A preliminary phonology of Ngochang". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. ^ "WALS Online - Language Achang". Retrieved 2019-02-06.

External linksEdit