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The district was traditionally associated with the coal mining collieries, ironworks and tinplate works of the South Wales coalfield and South Wales Valleys, although all have now closed;[3] the town, which lies in the middle portion of the Ebbw valley, being situated on the south-eastern flank of the once great mining region of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire.[4][5]

On 11 September 1878, an underground explosion at the Prince of Wales Colliery killed 268 coal miners.[6]

Abercarn High Street

Local governmentEdit

The area was part of the ancient Monmouthshire parish of Mynyddislwyn until the late 19th century. In 1892 a local board of health and local government district of Abercarn was formed.[7] This became Abercarn urban district in 1894, governed by an urban district council of twelve members. Under the Local Government Act 1972 the urban district was abolished in 1974, becoming part of the borough of Islwyn, Gwent. Further local government organisation in 1996 placed the area in the county borough of Caerphilly. The former urban district corresponds to the three communities of Abercarn, Crumlin and Newbridge.


Abercarn is home to Abercarn Rugby Club which is a member of the Welsh Rugby Union, and to Abercarn United Football Club which plays in division one of the Gwent County League.[8]

Notable peopleEdit

The surgeon Sir Clement Price Thomas (1893–1973) was born in Abercarn. He was famous for his 1951 operation on King George VI.[9]


  1. ^ "Community population 2011". Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  2. ^ Gwyddon Road, Abercarn:: OS grid ST2194 :: Geograph British Isles - photograph every grid square!
  3. ^ Post Office: Abercarn Royal Mail Sorting Office:: OS grid ST2194 :: Geograph British Isles - photograph every grid square!
  4. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Abercarn" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 43.
  5. ^ Jamesville, Abercarn:: OS grid ST2193 :: Geograph British Isles - photograph every grid square!
  6. ^ "Abercarn Colliery". Welsh Coal Mines. Retrieved 2010-10-14.
  7. ^ Formed as Newbridge local board and local government district on 17 March 1892, renamed Abercarn on 4 July that year. County Census Report 1670, Monmouthshire
  8. ^ "Abercarn United AFC". Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  9. ^ Cleland WP. "Sir Clement Price Thomas KCVO". Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. 54: 96–98. PMC 2388364. PMID 4594305.