Abdul Majid Hassan

Abdul Majid Hassan (1380–1408 CE), also known as Maharaja Karna, allegedly was the second Sultan of Brunei. He may have ascended the Brunei throne in 1402.

Abdul Majid Hasan / Maharaja Karna
2nd Sultan of Brunei
Reign1402–1408 CE[citation needed]
PredecessorMuhammad Shah
SuccessorAhmad of Brunei
Nanjing, China
ReligionSunni Islam
Spirit way of a ruler from Boni in Nanjing, China.

He was never mentioned in Salasilah Raja-Raja Brunei. A ruler from Boni named Ma Na Re Jia Na (麻那惹加那) is recorded in the Ming historical record. He sent a mission to China in 1406. The Brunei History Centre suggests that this was the Brunei sultan Abdul Majid Hassan, but there is so far no evidence for this assumption.

In 1408, he went to China and died in Nanjing at the age of 28, leaving a 4-year-old prince named Xiawang (遐旺). He was buried in Nanjing. His tomb is now a tourist attraction.


The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei's history. Many elder members of the House of Bolkiah claim that their ancestors were the BaHassan and BaAlawi Saadah from Tarim in the Hadhramaut region in modern-day Yemen. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources. The Batu Tarsilah, the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei, was not established until 1807 CE.[citation needed] From the fact that Abdul Majid Hassan died in 1408 at the age of 28, we can surmise he was born in 1380.

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