Abd-Allah ibn Jahsh

ʿAbd-Allāh ibn Jaḥsh (Arabic: عَبْد ٱلله ابْن جَحْش) (c. AD 586 – 625[1]), was the brother-in-law and companion of the Islamic (Prophet) Muhammad.

Abd-Allah ibn Jahsh
عَبْد ٱلله ابْن جَحْش
Born586
Died625
Mount Uhud, Medina
Burial placeMedina
Other namesibn Jahsh
Known forBeing the Companion of the Prophet
Spouse(s)Fatima bint Abi Hubaysh
ChildrenMuhammad ibn Abd-Allah ibn Jahsh
Parents
Relatives
List

DescriptionEdit

He was described as being "neither tall nor short and had a lot of hair."[1]

FamilyEdit

He was the son of Jahsh ibn Riyab, an immigrant to Mecca from the Asadi tribe,[2]: 116  and Umayma bint Abd al-Muttalib, a member of the Hashimi clan of the Qurayshi tribe. One of his sisters was Zaynab bint Jahsh, a wife of Muhammad.[3]: 33  The family had formed an alliance with Harb ibn Umayyah and his son Abu Sufyan.[1]: 66 

He married Fatima bint Abi Hubaysh,[3]: 173  who was a cousin of Khadijah from the Asadi clan of the Quraysh,[2]: 82, 339  and they had one son, Muhammad.[2]: 215 

Conversion to IslamEdit

Abd-Allah ibn Jahsh converted to Islam under the influence of Abu Bakr.[2]: 116  He joined other Muslims in the second emigration to Abyssinia in 616.[2]: 146  He returned to Mecca in late 619, and was one of the first to emigrate to Medina in 622.[2]: 215 

BattlesEdit

Muhammad dispatched ibn Jahsh on the Nakhla Raid in Rajab A.H. 2 (October 623), together with seven other Emigrants and six camels. Muhammad gave Abd-Allah a letter, with instructions not to read it until he had travelled for two days, but then to follow its instructions without putting pressure on his companions. After Abd-Allah had proceeded for two days, he duly opened the letter; it told him to proceed until he reached Nakhlah, between Mecca and Ta'if in the Hejazi region, lie in wait for the Quraysh and observe what they were doing. When the Quraysh caravan passed through Nakhlah, Abd-Allah urged his companions to attack the merchants despite the fact that it was still the sacred month of Rajab, when fighting was forbidden. In the battle, one of the Qurayshi merchants was killed and two others were captured, along with all the merchandise. At first Muhammad disapproved Abd-Allah's actions, saying, "I did not instruct you to fight in the sacred month." But later he announced a new revelation:

They ask you concerning fighting in the sacred months. Say, "Fighting therein is a great (transgression) but a greater (transgression) with Allâh is to prevent mankind from following the way of Allâh, to disbelieve in Him, to prevent access to Al-Masjid-Al-Ḥarâm, and to drive out its inhabitants, and Al-Fitnah is worse than killing."

Later Abd-Allah was among those who fought at the Battle of Badr.[2]: 328  He also participated in Battle of Uhad. And died (Shaheed) in the battle.

DeathEdit

Abd-Allah ibn Jahsh was killed in the battle of Uhud by Akhnas ibn Shurayq.[1]: 68  According to his family, his opponents mutilated his corpse by cutting off his nose and ears.[2]: 387–388, 401 

NotelistEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Muhammad ibn Saad (2013). Tabaqat – The Companions of Badr. Vol. 3. Bewley, A. (translator). London: Ta-Ha Publishers. p. 68. Abdullah was about forty on the day he was killed.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Ibn Ishaq, Muhammad (1955). Sirat Rasul Allah – The Life of Muhammad. Guillaume, A. (translator). Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 88–589. ISBN 978-0-1963-6033-1.
  3. ^ a b Muhammad ibn Saad (1995). Tabaqat – The Women of Madina. Vol. 8. Bewley, A. (translator). London: Ta-Ha Publishers.

External linksEdit