Aalborg University (AAU) is an international public university with campuses in Aalborg, Esbjerg, and Copenhagen, Denmark. Founded in 1974, the university awards bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and PhD degrees in a wide variety of subjects within humanities, social sciences, information technology, design, engineering, exact sciences, and medicine. The university is also open to international students from the European Union (EU) or from countries from the Nordic Council or outside. The international students stemming from outside the European Union or the Nordic Council are subject to tuition fees.

Aalborg University (AAU)
Aalborg Universitet (AAU)
Latin: Universitas Alburgensis
MottoAd nye veje (Danish)
Viis Novis (Latin)
Motto in English
New Ways
TypePublic university
Established1974; 49 years ago (1974)
BudgetDKK 3,092,985,000 (2021)[1]
ChairmanAndré Rogaczewski[2]
RectorPer Michael Johansen
Academic staff
2,346 FTE (2021)[1]
Administrative staff
1,303 FTE (2021)[1]
Students19,410 (2021)[3]
820 (2021)[3]
Location, ,

57°00′54″N 9°59′06″E / 57.015000°N 9.985000°E / 57.015000; 9.985000
CampusAalborg, Esbjerg, Copenhagen
ColoursAAU Blue and white[4]
AffiliationsECIU, ENTREE and CESAER

According to the 2024 edition of the QS World University Rankings, Aalborg University is ranked 336th worldwide. The university is especially known for its mechanical engineering study program, ranked eighth worldwide and first in Europe in 2021 according to U.S. News & World Report. The motto of the university in Danish is ad nye veje (on new paths).

History edit

The idea of a university in the North Jutland Region started in 1961 when the North Jutland Committee for higher education institutions was established. On 19 August 1969 the Aalborg University Association was founded and a planning group was established with Eigil Hastrup as chairman. The same year in December, about 1,000 people from North Jutland demonstrated in front of the Folketinget (the Danish Parliament) for their cause.[citation needed]

In 1970, a law about the establishment of a university centre in Aalborg was passed in the Danish Parliament. In 1972, it was decided that the first rector of the new university center should be the Swedish historian and professor Jörgen Weibull. On 1 September 1974, Aalborg University Center (AUC) was inaugurated by Queen Margrethe II of Denmark. Jørgen Weibull was replaced by Sven Caspersen as rector of Aalborg University Center (AUC) in 1976. At the same time, a new management organization was established under a consistory. The first formal cooperation agreement was signed with the University of Wisconsin–Green Bay in 1980. The North Jutland knowledge park was established in 1989 as a neighbor to Aalborg University Center (AUC).[citation needed]

In 1993, external representatives joined the consistory. In 1994, Aalborg University Center (AUC) changed its name to Aalborg University (AAU). Aalborg University - Esbjerg was established through a merger between the engineering college in Esbjerg and Aalborg University in 1995. In 1998, the NOVI science park was connected to Aalborg University. Aalborg University Copenhagen was formed in collaboration with the engineering college in Copenhagen in 2003. A new university board was formed and joined by its members on 1 February 2004, with Jørgen Østergaard appointed as rector. In 2005, Finn Kjærsdam was hired by the university board as rector. Aalborg University and the Danish Building Research Institute merged in 2007. In 2010, Aalborg University established a faculty of Medicine and created a medical education. Per Michael Johansen was hired as rector by the university board in 2014.[5]

List of rectors edit

Since Aalborg University's foundation in 1974, the university has had a total of five rectors in office.[citation needed]

Period Name Research area
1974–1976 Jörgen Weibull History
1976–2004 Sven Caspersen Economics
2004–2005 Jørgen Østergaard Engineering
2005–2014 Finn Kjærsdam Land Surveying and Urban Planning
2014–present Per Michael Johansen Engineering and Physics

Profile edit

Aalborg University differentiates itself from the older and more traditional Danish universities with its focus on interdisciplinary, inter-faculty studies; an experimental curriculum based on an interdisciplinary basic course with subsequent specialisation; a pedagogical structure based on problem-centred, real-life projects of educational and research relevance – which internationally has become known and recognised as The Aalborg Model. With the problem-based, project-organised model, semesters at AAU are centred around complex real-life problems which students attempt to find answers to in a scientific manner while working together in groups. In February 2007, the foundation of the UICEE Centre for Problem Based Learning (UCPBL) paid recognition to Aalborg University, which subsequently led to the appointment of AAU as UNESCO Chair in problem-based learning.[6][7]

University rankings edit

Global rankings
ARWU (2023)[8]301−400
QS (2024)[9]336
THE (2024)[10]250−300

According to U.S. News & World Report's 2021 ranking, Aalborg University (AAU) was ranked the eight best university in the world and the best in Europe within mechanical engineering.[11]

In a Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) study which analyzed the global state of art in the engineering education, Aalborg University (AAU) was named as the leading university in Europe in engineering education by 50 thought leaders from all over the world.[12]

In 2021, Times Higher Education Impact Rankings ranked Aalborg University number 6 in the world, out of 1,117 universities from 94 countries/regions, according to the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals.[13] That is the number 1 university in the European Union (EU). In 2022, Times Higher Education Impact Rankings ranked Aalborg University (AAU) as the best university in the world in Sustainable Development Goal 4 (Quality Education) for the third year in a row.[14]

For the academic year 2023, in overall terms, Aalborg University (AAU) has significantly dropped in worldwide university rankings, according to THE and QS. In addition, the Danish university dropped even more drastically in worldwide academic rankings during 2022 according to ARWU. In the 2024 QS top, Aalborg University (AAU) dropped to the 336th position.[15]

Administration and organisation edit

The university is governed by a board consisting of 11 members as follows:

  • Six members recruited outside the university form the majority of the board;
  • Two members are appointed by the scientific staff;
  • One member is appointed by the administrative staff;
  • Two members are appointed by the university students.

The rector is appointed by the university board. The rector in turn appoints deans, and deans appoint heads of departments. There is no faculty senate and faculty are not involved in the appointment of rector, deans, or department heads. Hence the university has no faculty governance.[16]

Campuses edit

Aalborg University (AAU) has campuses in Aalborg, Esbjerg, and Copenhagen.[citation needed]

Esbjerg edit

Aalborg University Esbjerg (AAU-Esbjerg) is an organisational unit (department) under Aalborg University, but is geographically located in Esbjerg. The institute's official name is "Esbjerg Technical Institute", formerly the "Department of Chemistry and Applied Engineering."[citation needed]

AAUE has approximately 500 students and educates mainly engineers, but also offers a number of niche programmes such as fishing technology and a graduate degree in computer science education (Bachelor of Science in software engineering).[citation needed]

Aalborg University Esbjerg was created through a merger of Engineering College Esbjerg and Aalborg University in 1995. Since the merger, the number of applicants for Aalborg University Esbjerg has risen steadily and therefore there have been a need for extensions of the physical environment in several stages.[citation needed]

The university offers programmes in information technology, with a Department of Software and Media Technology.[citation needed]

The student organisation at AAU-Esbjerg is called DSR-SE and the student bar is called "The Loophole" (Danish: Smuthullet).[citation needed]

Faculties and departments edit

Aalborg University has five faculties with a number of departments:[17][18]

  • Faculty of Humanities
    • Department of Communication and Psychology
    • Department of Culture and Learning
  • Faculty of Social Sciences
    • AAU Business School
    • Department of Law
    • Department of Politics and Society
    • Department of Sociology and Social Work
  • Technical Faculty of IT and Design
    • Department of Electronic Systems
    • Department of Computer Science
    • Department of Architecture, Design, and Media Technology
    • Department of Planning
  • Faculty of Engineering and Science
    • Department of the Built Environment
    • Department of Materials and Production
    • Department of Chemistry and Bioscience
    • Department of Mathematical Sciences
    • Department of AAU Energy
  • Faculty of Medicine
    • Department of Health Science and Technology
    • Department of Clinical Medicine

Library and Press edit

Aalborg University Library is a public research library for the North Jutland region. The library's primary mission is to support research and education at Aalborg University by providing appropriate information and documentation. The main branch of the University Library is located at Kroghstræde 3 in Aalborg, which is linked to smaller branches located on other campuses in Aalborg, Esbjerg, and Copenhagen.[19]

Aalborg University through Aalborg University Press is a publisher of wide range of journals, and among them four journals are listed in Scopus: International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management, Journal of Somaesthetics, Journal of China and International Relations and Academic quarter (Journal for humanistic research).[20] Other journals are, for example, Journal of Business Models, Coaching Psychology - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology, Journal of Problem Based Learning in Higher Education, Globe: A Journal of Language, Culture and Communication, Music Therapy in Psychiatry Online.[21]

Aalborg University Press was founded in 1978 and it focuses on political science, sociology, media and cultural studies.[22] However, according to Scopus, the journal with highest score and number of citations is International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management,[20] with focus on Energy System analysis, Economics, Socio economics and Feasibility studies as well as specific feasibility studies and analyses of the transition to sustainable energy systems.[21] All journals are Open Access and most of the journal content is peer-reviewed. Majority of authors are affiliated with Aalborg University (AU), but few of the authors are international scholars, since AU is an international orientated University.[22]

Special action areas and cross-disciplinary research edit

AAU conducts research within all faculties. Aalborg University is among the leading universities in the world within health technology research, wireless communication, energy, computer science, innovation economics and comparative welfare studies. AAU has established centres for telecommunication at Birla Institute of Technology in India, at Bandung Institute of Technology in Indonesia, and at the University of Rome. Furthermore, AAU has established a research centre for health technology at Xi'an Jiaotong University in China.[citation needed]

AAU has conducted several experiments in the field of CubeSat technology. The first AAU CubeSat was launched on 30 June 2003, the second (called AAUSAT-II) on 28 April 2008 and the third will be launched in Q1, 2013.[23] After launching AAUSAT3 the fourth will begin development.[24]

AAU has always adopted a cross-disciplinary, problem-based approach to research which often requires contributions from a number of scientific disciplines. Aalborg University has five cross-disciplinary action areas:[citation needed]

  • Sustainable energy, the environment and construction;
  • Global production, innovation, knowledge development and coherence;
  • Information technology;
  • Nanotechnology and nanoproduction;
  • Experience technology and design.

Cooperative agreements with other universities and colleges edit

Aalborg University is a member of the European Consortium of Innovative Universities (ECIU), which was founded in 1997 by 10 European universities. The other 9 European universities are: Dublin City University, Ireland; Linköping University, Sweden; University of Aveiro, Portugal; Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain; Hamburg University of Technology, Germany; University of Stavanger, Norway; Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania; Tampere University of Technology, Finland; University of Twente, The Netherlands.[citation needed]

The aim of the ECIU is to create a European network where participating universities can exchange experiences and practices in projects in education, research, and regional development. In 2010, the ECIU consisted of eleven members and three foreign affiliates.[25]

Gallery edit

Notable alumni and people associated with Aalborg University edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Aalborg University Annual Reports (in Danish)
  2. ^ Aalborg University board - external representatives
  3. ^ a b Aalborg University in figures and facts
  4. ^ AAU Design Guide: Primary Colors – website of Aalborg University
  5. ^ "Aalborg Universitets historie". www.aau.dk. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  6. ^ "The Aalborg model for problem based learning". www.en.aau.dk. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  7. ^ "UNESCO CHAIRS". Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2023". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. 15 August 2023.
  9. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2024". Quacquarelli Symonds Ltd. 27 June 2023.
  10. ^ "THE World University Rankings 2024". Times Higher Education. 28 September 2023.
  11. ^ "Best Global Universities for Engineering". US News. 7 June 2022. Retrieved 6 July 2022.
  12. ^ "The global state of the art in engineering education". MIT. Retrieved 6 July 2022.
  13. ^ "Impact Ranking". Times Higher Education (THE). 16 April 2021. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Impact Ranking". Times Higher Education (THE). Retrieved 6 July 2022.
  15. ^ "Aalborg University". QS Top Universities. Retrieved 3 July 2023.
  16. ^ "The Aalborg University Board". www.en.aau.dk. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  17. ^ "Faculties at AAU". www.en.aau.dk. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  18. ^ "Departments at Aalborg University". www.en.aau.dk. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  19. ^ "The University Library". www.en.aub.aau.dk. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
  20. ^ a b Scopus, Sources, Publisher: Aalborg University Press
  21. ^ a b University Press Welcome to journals.aau.dk Open Access Journals at Aalborg University (retrieved 2021-10-24)
  22. ^ a b Aalborg University Press (retrieved 2021-10-24)
  23. ^ "AAUSAT 3". AAUSATLAB. 2015. Archived from the original on 20 February 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
  24. ^ "AAUSAT 4". AAUSATLAB. 2015. Archived from the original on 12 July 2016. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
  25. ^ "European Consortium of Innovative Universities". Archived from the original on 25 July 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.

External links edit