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Aluru Seelin Kiran Kumar (born 22 October 1952) is an Indian space scientist and former chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation, having assumed office on 14 January 2015.[1] He is credited with the development of key scientific instruments aboard the Chandrayaan-1 and Mangalyaan space crafts.[2][3][4][5] In 2014, he was awarded the Padma Shri, India's fourth highest civilian award, for his contributions to the fields of science and technology.[6] Kiran Kumar previously served as Director of Ahmedabad Space Applications Centre.[7]

. S. Kiran Kumar
Askiran.jpg
Born
Aluru Seelin Kiran Kumar

(1952-10-22) 22 October 1952 (age 66)
EducationB.Sc. (Physics Honours), National College, Bangalore, 1971.
M.Sc. (Electronics), Central College, Bangalore University, 1973.
M.Tech. (Physical Engineering), Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, 1975.
Years active1975–present
Known forChairman of ISRO (Jan 2015 - Jan 2018)
AwardsPadma Shri

Contents

BiographyEdit

Space Applications Centre lists Kiran Kumar's achievements as:[4]
  • Development of III tier imaging for satellites such as IRS-1C and Resourcesat-1
  • Development of Ocean Colour instruments for PFZ forecast
  • Development of stereo imaging system for Cartosat-1
  • Development of sub-meter resolution optical imaging for Cartosat-2
  • Development of 2-channel and 3-channel VHRR meteorological payloads
  • Development of third generation Imagers and sounders
  • Development of Terrain Mapping Camera and Hyper Spectral Imager for Chandrayaan-2
 
Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft - Artist's concept
 
Mars Orbiter Mission - India - Artist's concept

Kiran Kumar Aluru Seelin was born in a Lingayat family in Hassan District in 1952,[8] in the Indian state of Karnataka. He graduated in Physics (Honours). In 1971, from the National College of Bangalore University.[3][9] This was followed by a degree of MSc in Electronics from the same university, in 1973.[8] His further studies were at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore from where he passed MTech in Physical Engineering, in 1975.[4][10][11]

Kiran Kumar started his career, joining Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad, in 1975,[9] working on Space borne Electro -optical imaging instruments.[8] He has remained at the institution ever since and is the Director of the Electro-optical Systems Group since April 2012.[5][8][10] He has represented Indian Space Research Organization at many international forums such as the World Meteorological Organisation and Indo-US Joint Working Group on Civil Space Cooperation and holds the Chair of the ISRO Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEO).[4][12]

LegacyEdit

Kiran Kumar's legacy spans across his contributions to the scientific world, specifically Indian space endeavors, and his efforts towards the dissemination of knowledge by way of articles and lectures.

Scientific contributionsEdit

Kiran Kumar is known to have made contributions to the Indian space programmes, from the early projects like Bhaskara TV payload till the later programmes such as Chandrayaan-1 and Mangalyaan.[2][4][5] Kumar is credited with the design and development of the electro-optical image sensors[5] used in India's first remote sensing satellite, Bhaskara, launched in 1979[9] and the subsequent one in 1981,[2] as well as the ocean colour instruments used in weather forecasting, sea zone/landscape mapping and telecommunications.[2][4][5][8]

He is also reported to have contributed to the design and development of the imaging instruments for projects such as INSAT–3D, Resourcesat, Micro Satellite and Cartosat.[9][12] The Terrain Mapping Camera and Hyperspectral Imager payloads of Chandrayaan-1 project is also credited to the efforts of Kiran Kumar.[4][5][9] It was the group led by Kumar which developed three of the five scientific instruments

Academic contributionsEdit

Kumar has attended many seminars and conferences where he has delivered lectures and keynote addresses.[10] He has also published several articles[13][14][15] in peer reviewed international journals, ResearchGate has listed 41 of his articles.[16]

  • Prakash Chauhan; Prabhjot Kaur; Satadru Bhattacharya; Aditya K. Dagar; A. S. Kiran Kumar (2014). "DETECTION OF OH/H2O ON THE CENTRAL PEAK OF JACKSON CRATER FROM MOON MINERALOGICAL MAPPER (M3) DATA ONBOARD CHANDRAYAAN-1". Research Gate. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  • Suchandra Bhowmick; Raj Kumar; A. S. Kiran Kumar (2014). "Cross Calibration of the OceanSAT -2 Scatterometer With QuikSCAT Scatterometer Using Natural Terrestrial Targets". Research Gate. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  • A. S. Arya; Phani Rajasekhar Rudravaram; Amitabh Singh; Barla Gopala Krishna; Ajai Prof; kiran kumar alur Seelin (2014). "Morphometric, rheological and compositional analysis of an effusive lunar dome using high resolution remote sensing data sets: A case study from Marius hills region". Research Gate. Retrieved 31 October 2014.

Awards and recognitionsEdit

The level of precision that is required for such a mission demanded extremely sensitive accelerometers — far superior in quality over the ones we’ve used in earlier space missions, says Dr. Kiran Kumar about India's Mars Mission[17]
  • In 2017 he was awarded the Vijnan Ratna H K Firodia award for his direction of the Indian space programme in such areas as earth observations, communication, navigation and developed indigenous launch vehicles.[19]
  • In 2019 France's highest civilian award - Chevalier de l'Ordre national de la Lgion d'Honneur - for his contribution to India-France space cooperation.[20]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "A S Kiran Kumar takes over as Secretary, Department of Space, Chairman, Space Commission and Chairman, ISRO - ISRO". www.isro.gov.in. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d "Canara News". Canara News. 25 September 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b "INCN" (PDF). INCN. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 October 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Space Application Centre". Space Application Centre. 2014. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "SAC Appointment". Daily Bhaskar. 3 April 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  6. ^ a b "Padma 2014". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 25 January 2014. Archived from the original on 8 February 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  7. ^ Biography and Achievements
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "ASI India". ASI India. 2014. Archived from the original on 31 October 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "National Academy of Engineering". National Academy of Engineering. 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "lectures". News Hunt. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Dharmesh". Dharmesh. 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h "News Hunt 2". News Hunt. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  13. ^ Prakash Chauhan; Prabhjot Kaur; Satadru Bhattacharya; Aditya K. Dagar; A. S. Kiran Kumar (2014). "DETECTION OF OH/H2O ON THE CENTRAL PEAK OF JACKSON CRATER FROM MOON MINERALOGICAL MAPPER (M3) DATA ONBOARD CHANDRAYAAN-1". Research Gate. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  14. ^ Suchandra Bhowmick; Raj Kumar; A. S. Kiran Kumar (2014). "Cross Calibration of the OceanSAT -2 Scatterometer With QuikSCAT Scatterometer Using Natural Terrestrial Targets". Research Gate. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  15. ^ A. S. Arya; Phani Rajasekhar Rudravaram; Amitabh Singh; Barla Gopala Krishna; Ajai Prof; kiran kumar alur Seelin (2014). "Morphometric, rheological and compositional analysis of an effusive lunar dome using high resolution remote sensing data sets: A case study from Marius hills region". Research Gate. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  16. ^ "Research Gate". Research Gate. 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  17. ^ "Mars Mission". Telegraph India. 25 September 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  18. ^ "Indian Society of Remote Sensing". Indian Society of Remote Sensing. 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  19. ^ "H. K. Firodia Awards 2017". H. K. Firodia Memorial Foundation. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  20. ^ "Ex-ISRO Chairman AS Kiran Kumar Awarded France's Highest Civilian Honour". news18. Retrieved 3 May 2019.

External linksEdit

Government offices
Preceded by
Shailesh Nayak
ISRO Chairman
2015–2018
Succeeded by
K. Sivan

Further readingEdit

 
Narayan Ramdas Iyer, Head of the Raman Science Centre and Planetarium, Nagpur discussing commucating science to students and how the Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) can help in the venture with A.S.Kiran Kumar, Chairman ISRO.