The 770s decade ran from January 1, 770, to December 31, 779.

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
Categories:

EventsEdit

770


By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
Abbasid CaliphateEdit
AsiaEdit

771Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
BritainEdit

772Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

773Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
Abbasid CaliphateEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

EcologyEdit

774Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
  • Battle of Berzitia: The Bulgarian ruler (khagan) Telerig sends a small raiding army (12,000 men) to strike into the southwest of Macedonia, and capture Berzitia. Emperor Constantine V is informed about this raid by his spies in Pliska, and assembles an enormous force (80,000 men). He surprises the Bulgarians, who did not expect to find a Byzantine army there, and defeats them decisively. The Bulgars suffer heavy losses.
  • Telerig sends a message to Constantine V, stating that he is going to flee in exile to Constantinople. In exchange, he asks the emperor to reveal the spies to his associates in Pliska for their own safety. Constantine sends the Bulgarian government a list of the spies; however, Telerig executes them all, and eliminates the Byzantine spy network within his government.[10]
EuropeEdit
BritainEdit

By topicEdit

AstronomyEdit
  • A 1.2% growth of carbon-14 concentration recorded in tree rings suggests that a very strong solar storm may have hit the earth in either 774 or 775. A team of German scientists believes it was instead caused by a gamma ray burst, which thankfully took place far away enough from the Sun to spare the earth's biosphere and not trigger a mass extinction event.[12]

775Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
  • Saxon Wars: King Charlemagne holds a major assembly at Quierzy (Northern France). He leads a Frankish army into Saxony to retake the castrum of Syburg (near Dortmund), then rebuilds and garrisons fortified Eresburg. He reaches the Weser at a place called Braunsberg, where the Saxons stand for battle, but are defeated when Frankish troops cross the river.[13]
  • Westphalian Saxons, probably commanded by Widukind, cross the Weser and fight an inconclusive battle at Hlidbeck (modern-day Lübbecke). Charlemagne claims victory, but perhaps in reality suffers a setback. He reunites his forces and inflicts a real defeat upon the Saxons, seizing considerable booty and taking hostages, though Widukind escapes.[14]
  • Autumn – Charlemagne retakes the Hellweg (main corridor) along the Lippe Valley, establishing communications between Austrasia, Hesse and Thuringia. It is used as a trade route under Frankish supervision.[15]
  • The German city of Giessen (Hesse) is founded.
AfricaEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

AstronomyEdit

776Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
BritainEdit

777Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
AfricaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

778Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
  • Unrest in Northumbria leads to King Æthelred I ordering the execution of three of his dukes. This considerably weakens his position (approximate date).

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

779Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
AsiaEdit

Significant peopleEdit

BirthsEdit

770

771

772

773

774

775

776

777

778

779

DeathsEdit

770

771

772

773

774

775

776

777

778

779


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ McKitterick, Rosamond, Charlemagne: The Formation of a European Identity (2008), p. 84
  2. ^ "Cathwulf, Kingship, and the Royal Abbey of Saint-Denis", by Joanna Story, Speculum
  3. ^ Simon of Durham. Historia Regum. Ch. 47
  4. ^ Simeon of Durham's. History of the Kings, p. 450
  5. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, pp. 12–13. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  6. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 14. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  7. ^ "The History Of Zero". Yale Global. April 25, 2009. Archived from the original on August 25, 2016.
  8. ^ "Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati". Archived from the original on April 11, 2005. Retrieved September 11, 2006.
  9. ^ Liu, Y; Zhang, ZF; Peng, ZC; Ling, MX; Shen, CC; Liu, WG; Sun, XC; Shen, CD; Liu, KX; Sun, W (2014). "Mysterious abrupt carbon-14 increase in coral contributed by a comet". Sci Rep. 4: 3728. doi:10.1038/srep03728. PMC 3893640. PMID 24430984.
  10. ^ Fine, John V. A. Jr. (1991) [1983]. The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. p. 77. ISBN 0-472-08149-7.
  11. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 14. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  12. ^ Richard A. Lovett, "Mysterious radiation burst recorded in tree rings", Nature, 3 June 2012 doi:10.1038/nature.2012.10768
  13. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5.
  14. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 15. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5.
  15. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 12. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5.
  16. ^ Gilbert Meynier (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; p. 26.
  17. ^ "Largest Cities Through History". About.com Geography.
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  20. ^ The Chronicle of Theophanes Anni Mundi 6095–6305 (A.D. 602–813): Tr. Harry Turtledove (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982), p. 137
  21. ^ Treadgold, Warren. A History of the Byzantine State and Society.
  22. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 15. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  23. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, pp. 15–16. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  24. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 12. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5.
  25. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 16. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5.
  26. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 12. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  27. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 17. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  28. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 17. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5.
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  30. ^ Al-Jahiz messages, Alwarraq edition, page 188; Yāqūt, Irshād al-arīb ilá ma`rifat al-adīb, ed. Iḥsān `Abbās, 7 vols (Beirut: Dār al-Gharb al-Islāmī, 1993), 5:2102.
  31. ^ Chuo Kikuu cha Dar es Salaam. Chuo cha Uchunguzi wa Lugha ya Kiswahili (1974). Kiswahili. East African Swahili Committee. p. 16.; Yāqūt, Irshād al-arīb ilá ma`rifat al-adīb, ed. Iḥsān `Abbās, 7 vols (Beirut: Dār al-Gharb al-Islāmī, 1993), 5:2102.
  32. ^ Academia Sinica Chinese-Western Calendar Converter. Archived 2010-05-22 at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ Old Book of Tang, vol. 17, part 2.
  34. ^ St. George the Confessor the Bishop of Mytilene. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  35. ^ Tony Barnstone; Ping Chou (2007). Chinese Erotic Poems. Alfred A. Knopf. p. 238. ISBN 978-0-307-26567-8.
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  39. ^ Victor Xiong (25 July 2000). Sui-Tang Chang'an: A Study in the Urban History of Late Medieval China. University of Michigan Press. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-89264-137-6.
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  44. ^ Ludo Moritz Hartmann: Geschichte Italiens im Mittelalter Bd. II Teil 2, Perthes, Gotha 1903, S. 282ff
  45. ^ Plofker, Kim (2007). "Fazārī: Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al‐Fazārī". In Thomas Hockey; et al. (eds.). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. New York: Springer. pp. 362–3. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0.
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