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52nd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

HistoryEdit

First World WarEdit

It first formed in September 1914 as part of the 17th (Northern) Division, part of the K2 Army Group . It spent the whole war with the Division on the Western Front, until May 1919 when it was disbanded.

World War I Order of BattleEdit

The following units served with the brigade.[1]

Second World WarEdit

The Brigade was reformed in September 1943 as a training formation for jungle warfare replacements. It was redesignated as Headquarters Training Group on 1 August 1945, and then disbanded later, possibly in 1946.

World War Two Order of BattleEdit

The following units served with the brigade.[2]

1982-2010Edit

Historical linksEdit

The most recent 52nd Infantry Brigade takes it designation from the 52nd Lowland Division, a first line division of the Territorial Force. The division was first deployed to Gallipoli during World War I, the sent to the Middle East, and finally moved to the Western Front in March 1918. In 1921 it reformed in the Territorial Army (T.A.).

Mobilised in 1939 for the Second World War it was deployed to France with the British Expeditionary Force, and was evacuated along with rest of the army from Dunkirk It was then trained in Britain as both an airlanding and a mountain division. However, it was deployed to mainland Europe finally in November 1944 as a conventional infantry formation and fought in North-Western Europe for the remainder of the war.

The Territorial Army was reformed in 1947 and re-raised the 51st/52nd Scottish Division which was in existence until the T.A. was disbanded and reorganised as the TAVR in 1967.[3] In 1968 the Division was split into two brigade level districts based in the Highlands and Lowlands, with the Lowland District Headquarters in Hamilton, near Glasgow.

Latest formationEdit

The Brigade was reformed in 1982 from that Lowland District, as the 52nd (Lowland) Brigade. As the 52nd Lowland Brigade it consisted of the 1st and 2nd Battalions of the 52nd Lowland Volunteers, as well as other TA units in the Scottish Lowlands.

The Brigade was retitled 52 Infantry Brigade on 1 April 2002, taking command of Regular Army units in Scotland and the North West of England and giving up its regional and TA responsibilities to 51 Scottish Brigade. This freed 52 Brigade to parent regular light role battalions for operational deployments. 52 Infantry Brigade was transferred to 3rd (UK) Division on 1 April 2007. The Brigade was only used once operationally, for a deployment to Afghanistan in 2007/08.

Operation Herrick VIIEdit

In July 2007, it was announced that 52 Infantry Brigade, under the command of Brigadier Andrew Mackay[4] would provide the command element for the UK Task Force on Operation Herrick VII in Afghanistan. They served in Afghanistan between 7 September and 8 March, and were relieved in spring 2008 by 16 Air Assault Brigade.[5] During the time that the Brigade were in Afghanistan, they successfully retook the strategic Taliban stronghold of Musa Qala.[6] Brigadier MacKay subsequently received a CBE for his work.[7]

Fatal Casualties Operation Herrick VII

2007 Order of BattleEdit

The Brigade in 2007 consisted of the Brigade HQ which was split between Redford Barracks and Edinburgh Castle and the following units:[8]

DisbandmentEdit

On its return the Brigade returned to Regional tasks including being a Regional Training Centre and involvement in the Edinburgh Tattoo. The headquarters of 52 Infantry Brigade were located at Edinburgh's Redford Barracks, with some administrative functions located in the New Barrack Block at Edinburgh Castle. The unit no longer exists under Army 2020, and was disbanded in 2010.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Baker, Chris. "17th (Northern) Division". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  2. ^ Joslen, Lt. Col. H F. Orders of Battle. Second World War, 1939-1945. Naval and Military Press. p. 292. ISBN 9781843424741.
  3. ^ "Divisional RE units". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  4. ^ Scots Guards Make It Safe For Villagers To Return Home In Helmand
  5. ^ 16 Air Assault Brigade to replace 52 Infantry Brigade Archived 2012-10-25 at the UK Government Web Archive
  6. ^ Afghan flag flies over Musa Qaleh once again
  7. ^ Wha's like us... Brigadier Andrew Mackay
  8. ^ "52 Infantry Brigade". 13 October 2007. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  9. ^ "The Battalion". 21 October 2007. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  10. ^ "2 RGR". 19 September 2007. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  11. ^ "2 YORKS". 6 October 2007. Retrieved 16 November 2018.

External linksEdit