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The Battle of Havrincourt was a World War I battle fought on 12 September 1918, involving the British Third Army (under the command of General Sir Julian Byng) against German troops, including those of the 3rd and 10th Corps, in the town of Havrincourt, France. Although these battles were relatively small achievements in light of what would follow it marked the first time that the Hindenburg Line was pierced.

Battle of Havrincourt
Part of the Hundred Days Offensive of World War I
Date12 September 1918
Location
50°06′43″N 03°05′13″E / 50.11194°N 3.08694°E / 50.11194; 3.08694Coordinates: 50°06′43″N 03°05′13″E / 50.11194°N 3.08694°E / 50.11194; 3.08694
Result British victory
Belligerents

 British Empire

 German Empire
Commanders and leaders
United Kingdom Julian Byng German Empire Otto von Below
Strength
3 divisions 4 divisions
Casualties and losses
unknown unknown

BackgroundEdit

Three divisions of the Third Army attacked the village of Havrincourt: the 62nd Division, New Zealand Division and 37th Division. Defending Havrincourt were four German divisions, from the 3rd and 10th Corps. In the normal course of events, the 62nd Division would not have been there but they had been given the Havrincourt sector out of respect for their performance there in 1917, the 62nd [West Riding] Division took Havrincourt and the 37th took Trescourt.

DescriptionEdit

Despite their numerical superiority and strong fortifications within the town, the Germans were unable to hold their position and by the day's end Havrincourt was in British hands. The victory was not particularly showy or impressive, but it highlighted a growing lack of fighting spirit among the German soldiers on the Western Front. While some took no notice of this small battle, others noted its significance – indeed, Byng himself saw it as a turning point of sorts;

"He reckons his most important day with the 3rd Army to have been the capture of Havrincourt by the 56th Division[1] in September 1918. He supported it quickly with two other divisions, and the Boches threw two of the old Vionville divisions of their 3rd and 10th Corps, Brandenburgers and Hanoverians, against him with two more in reserve. They were well beaten, and the heart was out of the enemy afterwards." – as recounted by Colonel Charles à Court Repington.

AftermathEdit

This victory encouraged Field Marshal Douglas Haig to approve an attack on Epéhy the following day, along with other operations to prepare for the assault on the Hindenburg Line.

Sergeant Laurence Calvert was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions during the battle.

ReferencesEdit

  • Michael Duffy (2001). "Battles: The Battle of Havrincourt, 1918". Archived from the original on 28 December 2005. Retrieved 2006-02-03. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  • Terraine, John (1978). To Win A War: 1918 The Year Of Victory. Cassell & Co. ISBN 0-304-35321-3.
  • Chris Baker. "British Order of Battle: The Battles of the Hindenburg Line". Retrieved 2006-02-03.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ – a mistake on the part either of Byng or of Repington, as it was actually the 62nd Division.