The Royal Gurkha Rifles (RGR) is a rifle regiment of the British Army, forming part of the Brigade of Gurkhas. Unlike other regiments in the British Army, RGR soldiers are recruited from Nepal, which is neither a dependent territory of the United Kingdom nor a member of the Commonwealth.
|The Royal Gurkha Rifles|
|Active||1 July 1994 – present|
|Role||1st Battalion: Air Assault Infantry|
2nd Battalion: Light infantry
Coriano Company: Specialist Infantry
Falklands Company: Specialist Infantry
|Part of||Brigade of Gurkhas|
|Garrison/HQ||RHQ – Camberley|
1st Battalion — Shorncliffe
2nd Battalion — Seria, Brunei
Coriano Company — Aldershot Garrison
Falklands Company — Aldershot Garrison
|March||Quick: Bravest of the Brave|
Double Past: Keel Row
Slow (band): God Bless the Prince of Wales
Slow (pipes and drums): The Garb of Auld Gaul
|Anniversaries||Meiktila (1 March)|
Medicina (16 April)
Regimental Birthday (1 July)
Gallipoli (7 August)
Delhi Day (14 September)
|Colonel in Chief||HRH The Prince of Wales|
|Major General Gerald M. Strickland DSO MBE|
|Tactical Recognition Flash|
|Tartan||Douglas (pipers trews and plaids)|
From 7th Duke of Edinburgh's Own Gurkha Rifles
- 2nd King Edward VII's Own Gurkha Rifles (The Sirmoor Rifles)
- 6th Queen Elizabeth's Own Gurkha Rifles
- 7th Duke of Edinburgh's Own Gurkha Rifles
- 10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles
The amalgamations took place as follows:
- 1st Battalion, Royal Gurkha Rifles; formed by the consolidation of the 1st Bn, 2nd King Edward VII's Own Gurkha Rifles and 1st Bn, 6th Queen Elizabeth's Own Gurkha Rifles.
- 2nd Battalion, Royal Gurkha Rifles; formed by renaming the 1st Bn, 7th Duke of Edinburgh's Own Gurkha Rifles.
- 3rd Battalion, Royal Gurkha Rifles; formed by renaming the 1st Bn, 10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles.
The Gurkhas in general and the direct predecessors of the Royal Gurkha Rifles in particular are considered to be among the finest infantrymen in the world, as is evidenced by the high regard they are held in for both their fighting skill, and their smartness of turnout on parade.
In December 1995, Lieutenant-Colonel Bijaykumar Rawat became the commanding officer of the 1st Battalion, the first Nepalese to become a battalion commander in the RGR. He oversaw the departure of the battalion from Hong Kong just before that city's transfer to Chinese control, and the battalion's relocation to Queen Elizabeth Barracks, Church Crookham in 1996.
Twice during its most recent Brunei posting the 2nd Battalion was deployed as the Afghanistan Roulement Infantry Battalion, while the 1st Battalion deployed as part of 52 Infantry Brigade in late 2007. During this tour, Cornet Harry Wales (Prince Harry) was attached for a period to the 1st Battalion as a Forward Air Controller.
Under Army 2020, the regiment was intended to provide two light role battalions, rotating between Brunei and the UK, with their higher unit as 11th Infantry Brigade. However, in June 2015, the 2nd Battalion, then based in the UK, was reassigned to form part of 16 Air Assault Brigade, in the air assault infantry role.
In 2018, the UK Government announced that it intended to recruit more than 800 new posts to the Brigade of Gurkhas. Approximately 300 of these are planned for the Royal Gurkha Rifles, which was to see the formation of a new battalion planned for the specialist infantry role. On 11 March 2019, the Minister for the Armed Forces confirmed that the 3rd Battalion Royal Gurkha Rifles would be reestablished, with recruitment starting in 2019. The battalion was reformed on 31 January 2020, to initially be based at Shorncliffe before moving to Aldershot. However, following the revised Future Soldier (British Army) reorganisation, the formation of the 3rd Battalion was cancelled, with instead a number of independent companies established to reinforce units across the British Army. The first formed unit, Coriano Company, was subsequently followed by a second, Falklands Company, which was attached to 2nd Battalion, The Rangers.
The first battalion (1 RGR) is based at Sir John Moore Barracks, Shorncliffe, near Folkestone in Kent as part of 16 Air Assault Brigade, and is available for deployment to most areas in Europe and Africa.
1 RGR and 2 RGR rotate between Brunei and Folkstone.
Coriano Company and Falklands Company operate as part of the Army Special Operations Brigade providing training, mentoring and operational support for indigenous forces in partner nations, and is based in Aldershot Garrison.
In addition to the operational battalions, three further units are cap badged as Royal Gurkha Rifles:
These three are formed as operational training units at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, the Infantry Battle School and the Land Warfare Centre, to provide opposing forces for realistic battle simulation.
Prior to 2011, administrative support for the entire Brigade of Gurkhas was provided by specially trained personnel called Gurkha clerks, who wore the cap badge of the Royal Gurkha Rifles. In June 2011, the Gurkha clerks were amalgamated into a single company sized unit called the Gurkha Staff and Personnel Support Company (GSPS), which was incorporated as part of the Adjutant General's Corps. As with the other Gurkha support units (Queen's Gurkha Engineers, Queen's Gurkha Signals, Queen's Own Gurkha Logistic Regiment), the GSPS received its own cap badge based on the badge of its parent corps.
Upon joining the British Army the RGR's predecessor regiments adopted British rank titles (e.g. sergeant and corporal) instead of the Indian Army names used before (e.g. havildar and naik). Similarly, the regiments' Viceroy Commissioned Officers, who were neither commissioned officers nor non-commissioned officers but filled most of the junior officer positions in a battalion, had their titles changed to (King's) Queen's Gurkha Officer (QGO), e.g. lieutenant (QGO), captain (QGO), major (QGO) instead of the Indian Army ranks of jemedar, subedar, and subedar-major. At the same time, some RGR Gurkha officers had a Queen's Commission; they often had a (GCO) suffix after their rank.
Subsequently, on 17 June 2008, the London Gazette published a Supplement that effectively abolished the QGO system by listing every serving QGO officer with their new commissioned rank (e.g. captain (QGO) became captain); the (QGO) and (GCO) suffixes disappeared. Thus, serving Gurkhas, who previously would have become QGO, are now given a British commission and described as "Late Entry." Direct entry officers can be either British or Nepali (occasionally); they follow the normal British Army training for all direct entry infantry officers. A significant addition to the normal direct entry training for British RGR officers is that they will carry out Nepali language training in Nepal, which culminates in a month-long hike through the Nepalese countryside both to practise their language skills and learn about the country from which their soldiers are recruited.
Corporal Dip Prasad Pun of the 1st battalion (1 RGR) was awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross for an act of bravery during the War in Afghanistan in 2010. He alone defended his outpost against a force of up to 12 Taliban fighters. He fired more than 400 rounds, 17 grenades, and one mine. He resorted to fighting with his machine gun tripod after his ammunition had run out.
The battle honours of the Royal Gurkha Rifles are as follows:
- Amboor, Carnatic, Mysore 1792, Assaye 1803, Ava 1852, Burma 1885–87, Bhurtpore, Aliwal, Sobraon, Delhi 1857, Kabul 1879, Afghanistan 1878–80, Kandahar 1880, Tirah, Punjab Frontier, Afghanistan 1919
- First World War: La Bassée 1914, Festubert 1914–15, Givenchy 1914, Neuve Chapelle, Aubers, Loos, France and Flanders 1914–15, Egypt 1915, Tigris 1916, Kut al Amara 1917, Baghdad, Mesopotamia 1916–18, Persia 1918, Baluchistan 1918, Helles, Krithia, Suvla, Sari Bair, Gallipoli 1915, Suez Canal, Egypt 1915–16, Khan Baghdadi, Mesopotamia 1916–18, Persia 1916–1918, North West Frontier India 1915–17, Egypt 1915, Megiddo, Sharon, Palestine 1918, Shaiba, Kut al Amara 1915–17, Ctesiphon, Defence of Kut al Amara, Baghdad, Sharqat, Mesopotamia 1915–18
- The Second World War: Tobruk 1942, El Alamein, Akarit, Tunis, Cassino 1, Poggio Del Grillo, Gothic Line, Tavoleto, Coriano, Santacangelo, Monte Chicco, Bologna, Medicina, Italy 1944-45, Jitra, Slim River, Sittang 1942, 1945, Kyaukse 1942, 1945, North Arakan, Imphal, Tuitum, Bishenpur, Tengnoupal, Shwebo, Kyaukmyaung Bridgehead, Mandalay, Myinmu Bridgehead, Fort Dufferin, Meiktila, Irrawaddy, Rangoon Road, Chindits 1943,44 & 45, Tamandu, Maymyo
- Falklands War
|The Royal Gurkha Rifles||The 2nd King Edward VII's Own Gurkha Rifles (The Sirmoor Rifles)||The Sirmoor Battalion|
|The 6th Queen Elizabeth's Own Gurkha Rifles||The Cuttack Legion|
|The 7th Duke of Edinburgh's Own Gurkha Rifles||Assam Sebundy Corps|
|The 10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles||14th Battalion of Coast Sepoys|
- "House of Commons Hansard Written Answers for 1 Feb 2005". Retrieved 24 February 2021.
- "Serving Brigade of Gurkhas". Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "Regimental History". Archived from the original on 2016-05-10. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- The Gurkhas, Byron Farwell, W.W. Norton, 1984
- "New Ideas: Gurkha Signals, Engineers & 'British' Officers". Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "9 times The Royal Family showed their appreciation for The Gurkhas". The Gurkha Welfare Trust. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
- "Army 2020 Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 June 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "Gurkhas from 2 Battalion Royal Gurkha Rifles based at Sir John Moore Barracks in Folkestone join army's 16 Air Assault Brigade based in Colchester". Kent Online. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
- "Did you transfer out of the Brigade of Gurkhas?". Gurkha Brigade. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
- Ripley, Tim (18 July 2018). "UK to recruit more Gurkha soldiers". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 18 July 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
- "New Gurkha battalion to be established as brigade grows". British Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
- "The Third Battalion The Royal Gurkha Rifles reformation parade". Gurkha Brigade Association. 3 February 2020. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
- "F (Falklands) Company, Formation Parade 18th November 2021". Gurkha Brigade Association. Brigade of Gurkhas. 30 November 2021. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
- Cooper, Tim. "Trainee Gurkhas start 'new journey' after Catterick training". Forces Network. Retrieved 2021-11-21.
- "Gurkhas from 2 Battalion Royal Gurkha Rifles based at Sir John Moore Barracks in Folkestone join army's 16 Air Assault Brigade based in Colchester". Kent on line. 5 June 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
- "Royal Gurkha Rifles return home". 17 November 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "The Royal Gurkha Rifles". gurkhabde.com. Gurkha Brigade Association. 22 February 2020. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
- "New specialist Gurkha battalion established". Ministry of Defence. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
- "Sittang". Gurkha Brigade Association. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Mandalay". Gurkha Brigade Association. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Gurkha Company (Tavoleto) Warminster Parade". Gurkha Brigade Association. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
- "Gurkha Staff and Personnel Support". Brigade of Gurkhas Association. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
- Mike Chappell, "The Gurkhas," Osprey Publishing, 1994, pp 32, 42, 44, 56, and 61.
- Major General (Ret'd) JC Lawrence, "Gurkha - 25 years of The Royal Gurkha Rifles," Unicorn Publishing Group, 2019, pp 206 and 214.
- Lawrence, pp 208, 209, and 279
- Lawrence, pp 13, 103, and 105.
- "The Outstanding Examples Of A Generation - The OP Honours Recipients". London. States News Service. March 25, 2011. Retrieved March 5, 2013. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required)
- "The land of the brave". Kathmandu. The Kathmandu Post. April 1, 2011. Retrieved March 5, 2013. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required)
- "Battle Honours". Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "A short history of the 10th Princess Mary's own Gurkha Rifles". 10gr.com. Archived from the original on 6 June 2009. Retrieved 1 June 2009.