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30°
30th parallel north

The 30th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 30 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It stands one-third of the way between the equator and the North Pole and crosses Africa, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

It is the approximate southern border of the horse latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere, meaning that much of the land area touching the 30th parallel is arid or semi-arid. If there is a source of wind from a body of water the area would more likely be subtropical.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 14 hours, 5 minutes during the summer solstice and 10 hours, 13 minutes during the winter solstice.[1] On 21 June, the maximum altitude of the sun is 83.83 degrees and 36.17 degrees on 21 December.[citation needed]

At this latitude:

  • One degree of longitude = 96.49 km or 59.95 mi
  • One minute of longitude = 1.61 km or 1.00 mi
  • One second of longitude = 26.80 m or 87.93 ft

Around the worldEdit

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 30° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
30°0′N 0°0′E / 30.000°N 0.000°E / 30.000; 0.000 (Prime Meridian)   Algeria
30°0′N 9°28′E / 30.000°N 9.467°E / 30.000; 9.467 (Libya)   Libya
30°0′N 24°56′E / 30.000°N 24.933°E / 30.000; 24.933 (Egypt)   Egypt Passing just south of Cairo
30°0′N 34°32′E / 30.000°N 34.533°E / 30.000; 34.533 (Israel)   Israel Passing just north of Kibbutz Lotan
30°0′N 35°11′E / 30.000°N 35.183°E / 30.000; 35.183 (Jordan)   Jordan
30°0′N 38°0′E / 30.000°N 38.000°E / 30.000; 38.000 (Saudi Arabia)   Saudi Arabia
30°0′N 43°38′E / 30.000°N 43.633°E / 30.000; 43.633 (Iraq)   Iraq
30°0′N 47°9′E / 30.000°N 47.150°E / 30.000; 47.150 (Kuwait)   Kuwait Mainland and Warbah Island
30°0′N 48°9′E / 30.000°N 48.150°E / 30.000; 48.150 (Persian Gulf) Persian Gulf
30°0′N 48°16′E / 30.000°N 48.267°E / 30.000; 48.267 (Iraq)   Iraq
30°0′N 48°27′E / 30.000°N 48.450°E / 30.000; 48.450 (Iran)   Iran
30°0′N 48°40′E / 30.000°N 48.667°E / 30.000; 48.667 (Persian Gulf) Persian Gulf
30°0′N 49°33′E / 30.000°N 49.550°E / 30.000; 49.550 (Iran)   Iran For about 2 km
30°0′N 49°34′E / 30.000°N 49.567°E / 30.000; 49.567 (Persian Gulf) Persian Gulf
30°0′N 50°9′E / 30.000°N 50.150°E / 30.000; 50.150 (Iran)   Iran
30°0′N 61°0′E / 30.000°N 61.000°E / 30.000; 61.000 (Afghanistan)   Afghanistan
30°0′N 66°19′E / 30.000°N 66.317°E / 30.000; 66.317 (Pakistan)   Pakistan Balochistan
Punjab
30°0′N 73°33′E / 30.000°N 73.550°E / 30.000; 73.550 (India)   India Rajasthan
Punjab
Haryana
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
30°0′N 80°43′E / 30.000°N 80.717°E / 30.000; 80.717 (Nepal)     Nepal
30°0′N 82°30′E / 30.000°N 82.500°E / 30.000; 82.500 (China)   People's Republic of China Tibet
Sichuan
Chongqing
Hubei
Hunan
Hubei
Anhui
Jiangxi
Anhui
Zhejiang — passing just north of Ningbo
30°0′N 121°38′E / 30.000°N 121.633°E / 30.000; 121.633 (East China Sea) East China Sea Hangzhou Bay
30°0′N 121°50′E / 30.000°N 121.833°E / 30.000; 121.833 (China)   People's Republic of China Zhejiang (islands of Jintang, Zhoushan and Mount Putuo)
30°0′N 122°24′E / 30.000°N 122.400°E / 30.000; 122.400 (East China Sea) East China Sea Hangzhou Bay
30°0′N 129°55′E / 30.000°N 129.917°E / 30.000; 129.917 (Japan)   Japan Island of Kuchinoshima
30°0′N 129°55′E / 30.000°N 129.917°E / 30.000; 129.917 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean
30°0′N 115°48′W / 30.000°N 115.800°W / 30.000; -115.800 (Mexico)   Mexico Baja California
30°0′N 114°32′W / 30.000°N 114.533°W / 30.000; -114.533 (Gulf of California) Gulf of California
30°0′N 112°44′W / 30.000°N 112.733°W / 30.000; -112.733 (Mexico)   Mexico Sonora
Chihuahua
30°0′N 104°41′W / 30.000°N 104.683°W / 30.000; -104.683 (United States)   United States Texas — passes through Houston as well as through the George Bush Intercontinental Airport
Louisiana — passes through New Orleans[2]
30°0′N 89°27′W / 30.000°N 89.450°W / 30.000; -89.450 (Gulf of Mexico) Gulf of Mexico
30°0′N 88°50′W / 30.000°N 88.833°W / 30.000; -88.833 (United States)   United States Louisiana - Chandeleur Islands
30°0′N 88°50′W / 30.000°N 88.833°W / 30.000; -88.833 (Gulf of Mexico) Gulf of Mexico
30°0′N 85°30′W / 30.000°N 85.500°W / 30.000; -85.500 (United States)   United States Florida
30°0′N 84°22′W / 30.000°N 84.367°W / 30.000; -84.367 (Gulf of Mexico) Gulf of Mexico Apalachee Bay
30°0′N 83°51′W / 30.000°N 83.850°W / 30.000; -83.850 (United States)   United States Florida
30°0′N 81°19′W / 30.000°N 81.317°W / 30.000; -81.317 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean
30°0′N 9°43′W / 30.000°N 9.717°W / 30.000; -9.717 (Morocco)   Morocco
30°0′N 5°8′W / 30.000°N 5.133°W / 30.000; -5.133 (Algeria)   Algeria

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Duration of Daylight/Darkness Table for One Year". aa.usno.navy.mil. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  2. ^ https://www.google.com/maps/place/30°00%2700.0%22N+90°05%2700.0%22W