The 2nd Academy Awards, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) on April 3, 1930, at an awards banquet in the Cocoanut Grove of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, honored the best films released between August 1, 1928, and July 31, 1929. This was the first Academy Awards ceremony broadcast on radio, by local station KNX, Los Angeles.[1][2]

2nd Academy Awards
DateApril 3, 1930
SiteAmbassador Hotel,
Los Angeles, California
Hosted byWilliam C. deMille
Highlights
Best PictureThe Broadway Melody
Most awardsSeven films each received one award.[A]
Most nominationsIn Old Arizona and The Patriot (5)

The second ceremony included a number of changes from the first: most importantly, it was the first presentation for which the winners were not announced in advance, and the number of award categories was reduced from twelve to seven. It is unique in being the only occasion where there were no official nominees; subsequent research by AMPAS resulted in a list of unofficial or de facto nominees, based on records of which films were evaluated by the judges. Chester Morris was the first nominee for Best Actor born in the 20th century.

Mary Pickford, a founding member of AMPAS and married to its first president,[2] lobbied to be considered for the Best Actress award, inviting the judges over for tea at her home,[3] while other actresses being considered for the same award were not made aware of their status.[4]

Jeanne Eagels became the first and, to date, only actress to be posthumously nominated for Best Actress, for The Letter. The Divine Lady became the last film to win Best Director without receiving a Best Picture nomination.

This is the only year in which no film won more than one Oscar. The Broadway Melody became the second of seven films to win Best Picture without a writing nomination (preceded by Wings, and followed by Grand Hotel, Cavalcade, Hamlet, The Sound of Music, and Titanic), and the first of three to win Best Picture and nothing else (followed by Grand Hotel and Mutiny on the Bounty).

Winners and nominees edit

Awards edit

Irving Thalberg, Outstanding Picture co-winner
Frank Lloyd, Best Director winner
Warner Baxter, Best Actor winner
Mary Pickford, Best Actress winner
Cedric Gibbons, Best Art Direction winner
Clyde De Vinna, Best Cinematography winner

Nominees were announced on October 31, 1929. Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface and indicated with a double-dagger (‡).[5]

Honorary awards edit

No Honorary Academy Awards – then called Special Awards – were conferred at the 2nd Academy Awards ceremony.

Multiple nominations and awards edit

In Old Arizona and The Patriot – with five nominations each – tied the record for the film receiving the most Academy Award nominations. This record was set by 7th Heaven at the 1st Academy Awards (1927–1928). One year later, at the 3rd Academy Awards (1929–1930), the record was broken by The Love Parade, which garnered six nominations. The current record for the film receiving the most Academy Award nominations – with fourteen nominations apiece – is held by All About Eve (1950), Titanic (1997), and La La Land (2016). This record has stood for 74 years.

The following 9 films received multiple nominations:

Films with multiple nominations
Nominations Film
5 The Patriot
In Old Arizona
3 The Broadway Melody
Alibi
The Divine Lady
2 Madame X
The Valiant
Our Dancing Daughters
Street Angel

Changes to Academy Awards edit

Beginning with the 2nd Academy Awards (1928–1929), the following changes were made by AMPAS.

  • Award categories were reduced from twelve to seven:
    • The awards for Best Director (Comedy Picture) and Best Director (Dramatic Picture) were merged into a single Best Director award.
    • The awards for Best Writing (Adaptation) and Best Writing (Original Story) were merged into a single Best Writing award (these would be split again for the 4th Awards).
    • The awards for Best Engineering Effects, Best Unique and Artistic Production, and Best Writing (Title Writing) were discontinued.

See also edit

References edit

Notes
  1. ^ At the 2nd Academy Awards (1928–1929), no film received more than one award. Seven films each received one Academy Award of Merit. To date, this result has never been repeated in subsequent Academy Awards ceremonies.
Citations
  1. ^ Dunning, John (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio (Revised ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pp. 4–5. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Wallechinsky, David; Wallace, Irving (1975). The People's Almanac. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc. p. 831. ISBN 0-385-04060-1.
  3. ^ Whitfield, Eileen (1997). Pickford: The Woman Who Made Hollywood. Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky. p. 263. ISBN 978-0-8131-2045-4. OCLC 37465308.
  4. ^ White, Michael (April 28, 1972). "The Actress and the Four-Letter Cliche". The Guardian. London. p. 13. As the elder sister in Broadway Melody she got an Oscar nomination, which in all honesty she doesn't recall at all. 'So many people have said it that it must be true.'
  5. ^ "The 2nd Academy Awards (1930) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved March 11, 2024.

External links edit