24th Mechanized Brigade (Ukraine)

The 24th Mechanized Brigade is a mechanized brigade of the Ukrainian Ground Forces, based at Yavoriv in the west of Ukraine.

24th Mechanized Brigade

24th Mechanized Division
(c. 1992 – 2003)

24th Motor Rifle Division
(1957 – c. 1992)

24th Rifle Division
(Nov 1918 – 1957)

1st Simbirsk Infantry Division
(26 Jul – Nov, 1918)
Ukrainian: 24-та окрема механізована бригада імені короля Данила
24 ОМБр.svg
24th Mechanized Brigade shoulder sleeve patch
Active26 July 1918 – present
Country Soviet Union
BranchGround Forces
TypeMechanized Infantry
Part ofOperational Command West
(1 July 2006-present)
13th Army Corps
(before 1 July 2006)
(formerly Soviet 13th Army)
MUN A0998
Nickname(s)Iron Brigade (former)
Iron Division (former)[1]
Motto(s)"Milites Regum"
"In Iron Division - iron soul, iron will and iron step." (former)
EquipmentBMP-2, T-64
EngagementsRussian Civil War
Winter War
World War II
War in Donbass[2]
DecorationsOrder of the October Revolution Order of the October Revolution (removed)
Order of the Red Banner Order of the Red Banner (3) (removed)
Order of Suvorov 2nd Class Order of Suvorov (removed)
Order of Khmelnitsky 2nd Class (USSR) Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky (removed)
Battle honoursKing Daniel of Galicia
Berdichev (removed)
Iron (removed)
Prince Daniel of Galicia(removed)
Samara (removed)
Ulyanovsk (removed)
Colonel Anatoly Shevchenko

The brigade, the oldest in continuous service within the Ground Forces, was originally formed as the 1st Simbirsk Infantry Division in 1918 during the Russian Civil War. The unit was soon renamed the 24th Rifle Division. It fought in the Winter War and World War II, during which it was destroyed during Operation Barbarossa.

Reformed without inheriting the lineage of the first formation, the second formation of the 24th gained the Berdichev honorific for its actions during the Zhitomir–Berdichev Offensive in late 1943, and was given the battle flag and traditions of the first formation in early 1944 to preserve historical continuity.

The division became a motor rifle division in 1957. The full name of the division was the 24th Samaro-Ulyanovsk Motor Rifle Berdychivska, Iron, Order of the October Revolution, Thrice Red Banner, Orders of Suvorov and Bogdan Khmelnytsky Division. In 1992, it was taken over by Ukraine and became the 24th Mechanized Division. In 2003, it was downsized to a brigade.

The brigade saw its first combat in almost 70 years during the War in Donbass from 2014. Its Soviet honorifics were progressively removed and replaced with the King Daniel of Galicia honorific following the beginning of the War in Donbass.


Formation and Early WarsEdit

The division was formed on the order of the Revolutionary Military Council on July 26, 1918, from voluntary groups under the name 1st Simbirsk Infantry Division. In November 1918 it was renamed as the 24th Simbirsk Rifle Division. It actively participated in the Russian Civil War in the Volga region, in the Southern Urals Mountains, and in Polissya and Volhynia. At this time one of its regimental commanders was a future Army General Maksim Purkayev.

In 1922 it was renamed as the 24th Samaro-Simbirsk Iron Rifle Division. In 1924 it was again renamed as the 24th Samaro-Ulyanovsk Iron Rifle Division. In 1939-1940, during the Russo-Finnish War the division distinguished itself during the breaking of the Mannerheim Line on the Karelian isthmus.

World War IIEdit

The division participated in fighting from the first days after the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. The division staff showed mass heroism when the German opponents arrived in the Lidy area. It also took part in the Kiev defensive operation, and as part of the 21st Rifle Corps and 13th Army, was involved in heavy defensive fighting in Belarus.

Reportedly because the division's banner divisional colours were lost in the Minsk area it was disbanded on December 27, 1941.[3] As was found out later, that the instructor of the political department of the division, senior Commissar A. V. Barbashev had the Banner while the division was trying to break out of the German encirclement. Barbashev died on August 6, 1941, near Anyutino village Cherykaw Raion Mogilev Oblast. Local farmer D.N. Tyapin later found the stained Banner on the officers corpse. He buried the body and the Banner in the local cemetery.

After clearing the village of Anyutino by the Red Army the Banner was taken out of the cemetery and directed on to restoration. On February 20, 1944 the restored Banner of the former division was handed over to the 24th Rifle Division (2nd formation). For his finding of the division's Banner, D.N. Tyapin has been honoured by being forever listed on the rolls of the 1st company of one of the division's regiments.

2nd formationEdit

The 24th Rifle Division was reformed on 7 January 1942 by renumbering the 412th Rifle Division, which had been formed in Kirov Oblast as part of the Arkhangelsk Military District in December 1941 from the 48th Reserve Rifle Brigade. The 412th included the 1355th, 1357th, and 1358th Rifle Regiments in addition to the 1022nd Artillery Regiment and the 910th Separate Communications Battalions, along with smaller units. It was relocated to the southwestern part of Vologda Oblast before being renumbered as the 24th. The new division did not inherit the traditions of the Iron Division, although it reused the regimental numbers of the latter. Personnel from the 29th Reserve Rifle Brigade and the 385th Howitzer Artillery Regiment formed the new 24th along with others from the Arkhangelsk Military District.[4]

During war this division was part of armies in the Western, Kalinin, Stalingrad, Don, and Southwest fronts, from April till May 1944. In 1945 it was part of the 18th Army of the 4th Ukrainian Front.

The Division participated in Battle of Stalingrad, the Donbass offensive operation, clearing of Left-bank Ukraine, in Zhitomir–Berdichev Offensive, Proskurov–Chernovitsy Offensive, Lviv - Sandomierz, East - Carpathian, Western - Carpathian, Moravia - Ostrava and the Prague offensive operations.

The division's combat actions finished on June 24, 1945, 100 km away from Prague. The last platoon of the division, led by Captain Klyuyev, took part in the Moscow Victory Parade of 1945.

On July 10, 1945, the division was disbanded, and its number given to the 294th Rifle Division which became the 24th Rifle Division (3rd formation).

Cold WarEdit

In 1957, the 24th Rifle Division became the 24th Motor Rifle Division. The redesignation occurred at Yavorov, Lvov Oblast, Carpathian Military District, and the division, later brigade, has been based there since that date. On 21 February 1968, it was awarded the Order of the October Revolution. In 1982, the division was to be upgraded to an army corps (on the lines of the 5th Guards and 48th Guards in Belorussia and the Transbaikal), but the plans were cancelled. The division was used as a testbed for new equipment.[5]

Part of the Ukrainian Armed ForcesEdit

After the disintegration of the Soviet Union the division became part of the Ukrainian Ground Forces. On April 19, 2001, by the decree of Leonid Kuchma N 268/2001, the division was awarded the designation Daniel of Halych.[6] In 2003 the division was redesignated as 24th Mechanized Brigade "Daniel of Galicia".

The brigade fought in the War in Donbass in 2014 and 2015. In September 2014 elements of the brigade were alleged to have abandoned their positions after suffering heavy losses.[7] On 18 November 2015, the brigade's full title was shortened to remove Soviet awards and honorifics and it became the 24th Separate Berdichev Iron Mechanized Brigade "Prince Daniel of Galicia".[8] On 23 August 2017, the honorifics were changed, with the brigade dropping the remaining Soviet titles and becoming the 24th Separate Mechanized Brigade "King Daniel of Galicia".[9]

In February 2016, soldiers of the brigade's 1st Battalion conducted training with American, Canadian and Lithuanian instructors in Lviv.[10]

In 2018 the brigade fought again in the War in Donbass and was stationed on the frontline near Horlivka.[11]

As of December 2019, 152 soldiers of the brigade were killed during the War in Donbass.[12]

Order of BattleEdit

Russo-Finnish WarEdit

  • 7th Rifle Regiment
  • 168th Rifle Regiment
  • 274th Rifle Regiment
  • 246th Guards Artillery Regiment
  • 160th Reconnaissance Battalion
  • 315th Separate Armor Battalion

Late Soviet Period ~1988Edit

  • 181st Tank Regiment[5]
  • 7th Motor Rifle Regiment (Lvov)
  • 310th Motor Rifle Regiment (Рава-Русская)
  • 274th Motor Rifle Regiment
  • 849th Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment
  • 257th Guards Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment


  •   181st Separate Armor Regiment
  •   7th Mechanized Regiment
  •   274th Mechanized Regiment
  •   310th Mechanized Regiment
  •   56th Signal Battalion
  •   29th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion
  •   30th Chemical Battalion
  •   306th Engineer Battalion
  •   849th Artillery Regiment
  •   396th Combat Service Support Battalion


  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company, Yavoriv
  • 1st Mechanized Battalion
  • 2nd Mechanized Battalion
  • 3rd Mechanized Battalion
  • Tank Battalion
  • 3rd Motorized Infantry Battalion "Volya"
  • Brigade Artillery Group
  • Anti-Aircraft Missile Artillery Battalion
  • Engineer Battalion
  • Maintenance Battalion
  • Logistic Battalion
  • Reconnaissance Company
  • Sniper Company
  • Electronic Warfare Company
  • Signal Company
  • Radar Company
  • CBRN-defense Company
  • Medical Company
  • Brigade Band



In 2017, the brigade developed a symbolism and motto: "Milites Regum" (translated from Latin: "King's infantry").[13] The motto was chosen in Latin, as Latin is the classic language of heraldry, and is also connected to the life of King Daniel, for his coronation was held according to the Catholic coronation rites in Dorohochyn.[14] On 10 November 2017, the official description of the new brigade symbols was published.[15] The emblem is a shield that is red on one side and green on the other, with the lion (being the main symbol of the brigade) being located in the center.

Unofficial anthemEdit

In October 2014, The Vyo vocalist Myroslav Kuvaldin and other volunteers visited the Luhansk region where they talked to soldiers of the brigade. As a result of the visit, Kuvaldin decided to write an unofficial anthem for the brigade.[16][17]


The Museum of the History of the Troops of the Carpathian Military District (Ukrainian: Музей історії військ Прикарпатського військового округу) is a military history museum in Lviv depicting the history of the Soviet-era district, being located on Stryjska Street on the territory of the 7th Regiment of the 24th Mechanized Brigade. It was inaugurated on 7 May 1965 on the eve of the celebrations of the 20th anniversary of the end of the Second World War. In 1995, due to lack of funds for the maintenance of the museum, the district authorities made the decision to put it up for sale[18] and in 1999, a multi-story hotel was in the works to be built there. Upon construction ending at the request of members of the Lviv City Council[19] Lieutenant General Petro Shulyak decided to transfer the funds of the former museum to the premises of the Iron Division Museum.

Honorifics and awardsEdit


Notable personnelEdit

Notable division personnel included:




  1. ^ a b c d 24-я "Железная" дивизия
  2. ^ (in Ukrainian) 0 troops from Lviv killed near Slavic - Sekh, Ukrayinska Pravda (19 June 2014)
  3. ^ Viktor Suvorov, Inside the Soviet Army, Rear Supplies, Hamish Hamilton
  4. ^ Pavlov 1987, p. 89.
  5. ^ a b Holm, Michael. "24th Motorised Rifle Division". ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  6. ^ Про присвоєння почесного найменування "імені князя Дани...| від 19.04.2001 № 268/2001
  7. ^ Від початку АТО у дезертирстві звинуватили щонайменше три батальйони
  8. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №646/2015" [Ukrainian Presidential Decree No. 646/2015]. Website of the President of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  9. ^ УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №234/2017 [Ukrainian Presidential Decree No. 234/2017]. Website of the President of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). 23 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  10. ^ На Львівщині інструктори НАТО навчають українців протистояти агресору [In Lviv NATO instructors teach Ukrainian soldiers to confront the aggressor]. mil.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). 8 February 2016. Archived from the original on 9 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  11. ^ Turchynov declares escalation of tensions in Donbas conflict zone, Interfax-Ukrainian (25 May 2018)
  12. ^ http://memorybook.org.ua/units/24br.htm
  13. ^ Шрамович, В'ячеслав (2017-11-14). "Королівська піхота і танковий кулак: як змінюють символи армії України". Retrieved 2019-07-30.
  14. ^ "24 ОМБр імені короля Данила та значення її нової нарукавної емблеми". Військовий навігатор України. 2017-11-10. Archived from the original on 2019-07-25. Retrieved 2019-07-30.
  15. ^ "Нова нарукавна емблема легендарної 24 окремої механізованої бригади імені короля Данила". ukrmilitary.com. Ukrainian Military Pages. 2017-11-10. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  16. ^ «Реггі почекає до кращих часів». «The Вйо» презентує слухачам «Молодого» пісню «Залізний дух»
  17. ^ The Вйо: Залізний дух — неофіційний гімн 24-ї окремої Залізної механізованої бригади
  18. ^ "В Парку культури збираються збудувати готель Hilton". portal.lviv.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2020-07-09.
  19. ^ Бандрівський Микола Степанович
  20. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №234/2017" [Ukrainian Presidential Decree No. 234/2017].
  21. ^ "Страница военно-патриотического клуба "Память" Воронежского госуниверситета". samsv.narod.ru. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  22. ^ "Biography of Major-General Flipp Fedorovich Aliabushev - (Филипп Федорович Алябушев) (1893 – 1941), Soviet Union". generals.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  23. ^ "Вещев Пётр Евгеньевич". www.warheroes.ru. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  24. ^ "Галицкий Кузьма Никитович". www.warheroes.ru. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  25. ^ Соединения сухопутных войск Западного фронта к 22 июня 1941 года
  26. ^ "24-я мотострелковая Железная дивизия". zeldiv24.narod.ru. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  27. ^ "БАЦАНОВ Терентий Кириллович |". myfront.in.ua. Retrieved 2016-02-09.


External linksEdit