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23rd Street (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)

23rd Street is a local station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at 23rd Street and Seventh Avenue in Chelsea, Manhattan, it is served by the 1 train at all times, and by the 2 train during late nights.

 23 Street
 "1" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
23rd Street IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue 1466.JPG
Downtown platform
Station statistics
AddressWest 23rd Street & Seventh Avenue
New York, NY 10011
BoroughManhattan
LocaleChelsea
Coordinates40°44′38″N 73°59′46″W / 40.744°N 73.996°W / 40.744; -73.996Coordinates: 40°44′38″N 73°59′46″W / 40.744°N 73.996°W / 40.744; -73.996
DivisionA (IRT)
Line      IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services      1 all times (all times)
      2 late nights (late nights)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M7, M20, M23 SBS
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedJuly 1, 1918; 100 years ago (1918-07-01)
Station code320[1]
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)4,557,216[3]Decrease 3.1%
Rank108 out of 425
Station succession
Next north28th Street: 1 all times2 late nights
Next south18th Street: 1 all times2 late nights

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Name tablet

The Dual Contracts, which were signed on March 19, 1913, were contracts for the construction and/or rehabilitation and operation of rapid transit lines in the City of New York. The contracts were "dual" in that they were signed between the City and two separate private companies (the Interborough Rapid Transit Companyand the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company), all working together to make the construction of the Dual Contracts possible. The Dual Contracts promised the construction of several lines in Brooklyn. As part of Contract 4, the IRT agreed to build a branch of the original subway line south down Seventh Avenue, Varick Street, and West Broadway to serve the West Side of Manhattan.[4][5][6]

 
Number tablet on trim line

The construction of this line, in conjunction with the construction of the Lexington Avenue Line, would change the operations of the IRT system. Instead of having trains go via Broadway, turning onto 42nd Street, before finally turning onto Park Avenue, there would be two trunk lines connected by the 42nd Street Shuttle. The system would be changed from looking like a "Z" system on a map to an "H" system. One trunk would run via the new Lexington Avenue Line down Park Avenue, and the other trunk would run via the new Seventh Avenue Line up Broadway. In order for the line to continue down Varick Street and West Broadway, these streets needed to be widened, and two new streets were built, the Seventh Avenue Extension and the Varick Street Extension.[7] It was predicted that the subway extension would lead to the growth of the Lower West Side, and to neighborhoods such as Chelsea and Greenwich Village.[8][9]

 
1915 Seventh Avenue subway collapse with car fallen in tunnel

On September 22, 1915, there was an explosion during construction of the 23rd Street subway station that caused the tunnel to collapse. Seven people were killed after a blast of dynamite in the subway tunnel destroyed the plank roadway over Seventh Avenue. As a result, a crowded trolley car, and a brewery truck fell into the excavation, accounting for most of the injuries.[10]

23rd Street opened as the line was extended south to South Ferry from 34th Street–Penn Station on July 1, 1918, and was served by a shuttle.[11] The new "H" system was implemented on August 1, 1918, joining the two halves of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and sending all West Side trains south from Times Square.[12] An immediate result of the switch was the need to transfer using the 42nd Street Shuttle. The completion of the "H" system doubled the capacity of the IRT system.[13]

This station was renovated in the 1990s.

Station layoutEdit

Track layout
 
 
 
 
     
       
         
       
       
     
 
 
 
 
G Street Level Exit/Entrance
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound local   toward Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street (28th Street)
  toward 241st Street late nights (28th Street)
Northbound express     do not stop here
Southbound express     do not stop here →
Southbound local   toward South Ferry (18th Street)
  toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College late nights (18th Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

This underground station has two side platforms and four tracks. The two express tracks are used by the 2 and 3 trains during daytime hours.

Both platforms have their original mosaic trim line and name tablets of a predominately brown and red color. They also have brown-red i-beam columns at regular intervals with alternating ones having the standard black and white number plate except at either end where they get narrower.

 
Northbound street stair

ExitsEdit

Each platform has one same-level fare control area in their center and there are no crossunders or crossovers. The northbound platform has the station's full-time turnstile bank and token booth and two staircases going to either eastern corners of 23rd Street and Seventh Avenue. The southbound platform has an unstaffed set of turnstiles and two staircases going up to either western corners of the same intersection.[14]

In popular cultureEdit

In the 1998 film Godzilla, this station was destroyed by Zilla and used as the entrance to the nesting ground inside Madison Square Garden.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  4. ^ "Terms and Conditions of Dual System Contracts". nycsubway.org. Public Service Commission. March 19, 1913. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  5. ^ "The Dual System of Rapid Transit (1912)". nycsubway.org. Public Service Commission. September 1912. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  6. ^ "Most Recent Map of the Dual Subway System WhIch Shows How Brooklyn Borough Is Favored In New Transit Lines". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 9, 1917. p. 37. Retrieved August 23, 2016 – via Brooklyn Newspapers.
  7. ^ Engineering News-record. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. 1916.
  8. ^ Whitney, Travis H. (March 10, 1918). "The Seventh and Lexington Avenue Subways Will Revive Dormant Sections — Change in Operation That Will Transform Original Four-Tracked Subway Into Two Four-Tracked Systems and Double Present Capacity of the Interborough" (PDF). The New York Times. p. 12. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  9. ^ "Public Service Commission Fixes July 15 For Opening of The New Seventh and Lexington Avenue Subway Lines — Will Afford Better Service and Less Crowding — Shuttle Service for Forty-Second Street — How the Various Lines of the Dual System Are Grouped for Operation and List of Stations on All Lines" (PDF). The New York Times. May 19, 1918. p. 32. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  10. ^ "Subway Explosion Kills 7, Injures 85; Rips Open Seventh Av. For Two Blocks; Crowded Car Plunges Into 30 Foot Pit — Disaster at Rush Hour — Lays Work in New Tunnel from 23d to 25th St. in Tangled Ruin — Bursting Gas and Water Mains Impede Scores in Cavity Aiding the Wounded — Horrified Crowds Look On — Two Passengers Killed in Panic Among Struggling Victims in Wrecked Trolley — Gas or Free Dynamite May Be the Cause — Chief of Blasters Is Sought by the Police" (PDF). The New York Times. September 23, 1915. p. 1. Retrieved December 19, 2013.
  11. ^ "Open New Subway to Regular Traffic — First Train on Seventh Avenue Line Carries Mayor and Other Officials — To Serve Lower West Side — Whitney Predicts an Awakening of the District — New Extensions of Elevated Railroad Service" (PDF). The New York Times. July 2, 1918. p. 11. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  12. ^ "Open New Subway Lines to Traffic; Called a Triumph — Great H System Put in Operation Marks an Era in Railroad Construction — No Hitch in the Plans — But Public Gropes Blindly to Find the Way in Maze of New Stations — Thousands Go Astray — Leaders in City's Life Hail Accomplishment of Great Task at Meeting at the Astor" (PDF). The New York Times. August 2, 1918. p. 1. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  13. ^ Whitney, Travis H. (March 10, 1918). "The Seventh and Lexington Avenue Subways Will Revive Dormant Sections — Change in Operation That Will Transform Original Four-Tracked Subway Into Two Four-Tracked Systems and Double Present Capacity of the Interborough" (PDF). The New York Times. p. 12. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  14. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Chelsea" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.

External linksEdit