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28th Street station (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)

28th Street is a local station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of 28th Street and Seventh Avenue in Manhattan, it is served by the 1 train at all times, and by the 2 train during late nights.

 28 Street
 "1" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
28th Street IRT Broadway 1465.JPG
Downtown platform
Station statistics
AddressWest 28th Street & Seventh Avenue
New York, NY 10001
BoroughManhattan
LocaleChelsea, Flower District, Midtown[1]
Coordinates40°44′49″N 73°59′35″W / 40.747°N 73.993°W / 40.747; -73.993Coordinates: 40°44′49″N 73°59′35″W / 40.747°N 73.993°W / 40.747; -73.993
DivisionA (IRT)
Line      IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services      1 all times (all times)
      2 late nights (late nights)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M7, M20
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedJuly 1, 1918; 101 years ago (1918-07-01)
Station code319[2]
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Traffic
Passengers (2018)4,444,072[4]Increase 2.2%
Rank108 out of 424
Station succession
Next north34th Street–Penn Station: 1 all times2 late nights
Next south23rd Street: 1 all times2 late nights

West 28th Street Subway Station (Dual System IRT)
MPSNew York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference #05000235[5]
Added to NRHPMarch 30, 2005

HistoryEdit

 
Name tablet

The Dual Contracts, which were signed on March 19, 1913, were contracts for the construction and/or rehabilitation and operation of rapid transit lines in the City of New York. The contracts were "dual" in that they were signed between the City and two separate private companies (the Interborough Rapid Transit Company and the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company), all working together to make the construction of the Dual Contracts possible. The Dual Contracts promised the construction of several lines in Brooklyn. As part of Contract 4, the IRT agreed to build a branch of the original subway line south down Seventh Avenue, Varick Street, and West Broadway to serve the West Side of Manhattan.[6][7][8]

 
Trim line tablet

The construction of this line, in conjunction with the construction of the Lexington Avenue Line, would change the operations of the IRT system. Instead of having trains go via Broadway, turning onto 42nd Street, before finally turning onto Park Avenue, there would be two trunk lines connected by the 42nd Street Shuttle. The system would be changed from looking like a "Z" system on a map to an "H" system. One trunk would run via the new Lexington Avenue Line down Park Avenue, and the other trunk would run via the new Seventh Avenue Line up Broadway. In order for the line to continue down Varick Street and West Broadway, these streets needed to be widened, and two new streets were built, the Seventh Avenue Extension and the Varick Street Extension.[9] It was predicted that the subway extension would lead to the growth of the Lower West Side, and to neighborhoods such as Chelsea and Greenwich Village.[10][11]

28th Street opened as the line was extended south to South Ferry from 34th Street–Penn Station on July 1, 1918, and was served by a shuttle.[12] The new "H" system was implemented on August 1, 1918, joining the two halves of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and sending all West Side trains south from Times Square.[13] An immediate result of the switch was the need to transfer using the 42nd Street Shuttle. The completion of the "H" system doubled the capacity of the IRT system.[14]

The station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on March 30, 2005.

Station layoutEdit

Track layout
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
G Street Level Exit/Entrance
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound local   toward Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street (34th Street–Penn Station)
  toward 241st Street late nights (34th Street–Penn Station)
Northbound express     do not stop here
Southbound express     do not stop here →
Southbound local   toward South Ferry (23rd Street)
  toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College late nights (23rd Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

This underground station has four tracks and two side platforms. The two center express tracks are used by the 2 and 3 trains during daytime hours. Both platforms have their original mosaic trim line, name tablets, and directional signs. Vent chambers are present and there is a closed newsstand on the northbound platform as evidenced by sealed windows on the walls. Blue i-beam columns run along both platforms at regular intervals with black "28" plate signs in white numbering on every other one.

 
Southbound stair

ExitsEdit

All fare control areas are on platform level and there are no crossovers or crossunders. The main ones are at the centers of the platforms, at 28th Street. On the Bronx-bound platform, a turnstile bank leads to a mezzanine with a token booth and two staircases going up to either eastern corners of 28th Street and Seventh Avenue. On the southbound platform, a turnstile bank leads to an unstaffed mezzanine (its Customer Assistance Booth was removed in 2010) and two staircases going up to either western corners of 28th Street and Seventh Avenue.[1]

Both platforms have an exit-only at their extreme south ends, at 27th Street. A single exit-only turnstile from each platform leads to one staircase each going up to either northern corner of Seventh Avenue and 27th Street. The northwest-corner exit, from the southbound platform, is outside Fashion Institute of Technology. The northeast-corner exit is from the northbound platform.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "MTA Neighborhood Maps: 28 Street (1)" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2018. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  5. ^ "Listings April 8, 2005". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
  6. ^ "Terms and Conditions of Dual System Contracts". nycsubway.org. Public Service Commission. March 19, 1913. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  7. ^ "The Dual System of Rapid Transit (1912)". nycsubway.org. Public Service Commission. September 1912. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  8. ^ "Most Recent Map of the Dual Subway System WhIch Shows How Brooklyn Borough Is Favored In New Transit Lines". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 9, 1917. p. 37. Retrieved August 23, 2016 – via Brooklyn Newspapers.
  9. ^ Engineering News-record. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. 1916.
  10. ^ Whitney, Travis H. (March 10, 1918). "The Seventh and Lexington Avenue Subways Will Revive Dormant Sections — Change in Operation That Will Transform Original Four-Tracked Subway Into Two Four-Tracked Systems and Double Present Capacity of the Interborough" (PDF). The New York Times. p. 12. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  11. ^ "Public Service Commission Fixes July 15 For Opening of The New Seventh and Lexington Avenue Subway Lines — Will Afford Better Service and Less Crowding — Shuttle Service for Forty-Second Street — How the Various Lines of the Dual System Are Grouped for Operation and List of Stations on All Lines" (PDF). The New York Times. May 19, 1918. p. 32. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  12. ^ "Open New Subway to Regular Traffic — First Train on Seventh Avenue Line Carries Mayor and Other Officials — To Serve Lower West Side — Whitney Predicts an Awakening of the District — New Extensions of Elevated Railroad Service" (PDF). The New York Times. July 2, 1918. p. 11. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  13. ^ "Open New Subway Lines to Traffic; Called a Triumph — Great H System Put in Operation Marks an Era in Railroad Construction — No Hitch in the Plans — But Public Gropes Blindly to Find the Way in Maze of New Stations — Thousands Go Astray — Leaders in City's Life Hail Accomplishment of Great Task at Meeting at the Astor" (PDF). The New York Times. August 2, 1918. p. 1. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  14. ^ Whitney, Travis H. (March 10, 1918). "The Seventh and Lexington Avenue Subways Will Revive Dormant Sections — Change in Operation That Will Transform Original Four-Tracked Subway Into Two Four-Tracked Systems and Double Present Capacity of the Interborough" (PDF). The New York Times. p. 12. Retrieved August 26, 2016.

External linksEdit