22nd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)
The 22nd Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army that saw service during the Second World War. The brigade was formed as the 22nd Heavy Armoured Brigade on 3 September 1939, with three Yeomanry (Territorial Army) mechanised cavalry regiments – 2nd Royal Gloucestershire Hussars, 3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters) and 4th County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters).
|22nd Heavy Armoured Brigade|
22nd Armoured Brigade
|Part of||2nd Armoured Division|
7th Armoured Division
1st Armoured Division
1st (United Kingdom) Division
|Garrison/HQ||Campbell Barracks, Hohne|
|Engagements||Second World War|
North African Campaign
Invasion of Sicily
Battle of Normandy
North West Europe Campaign
Second World WarEdit
The 22nd Armoured Brigade fought in the Western Desert Campaign under command at various times of the 7th, 1st and 10th Armoured divisions (remaining with the 7th Armoured Division from El Alamein), the Italian Campaign through to the campaign in North West Europe. It was involved in Operation Crusader, the Siege of Tobruk, Battle of Gazala, Battle of Alam el Halfa, Second Battle of El Alamein, the Tunisia Campaign, the Capture of Naples and Operation Overlord.
For a time after 1947 it was part of the newly re-incorporated 56th (London) Armoured Division, Territorial Army. It comprised the City of London Yeomanry (Rough Riders), the Westminster Dragoons, the 3rd/4th County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters), and 42nd Royal Tank Regiment. The brigade was reinstated by converting Task Force Bravo (which had been created four years earlier from the 11th Armoured Brigade) into an armoured brigade in 1981, assigned to the 1st Armoured Division and based at Campbell Barracks in Hohne. It disbanded in 1993.
Components during the Second World WarEdit
The 22nd Armoured Brigade commanded the following regiments and battalions in the war:
|3 September 1939||16 September 1942||2nd Royal Gloucestershire Hussars|
|3 September 1939||16 September 1942||3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters)|
|27 September 1939||29 July 1944||4th County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters)|
|23 November 1940||2 August 1941||2nd Battalion, The King's Royal Rifle Corps|
|16 February 1942||19 June 1942||50th Reconnaissance Regiment|
|4 March 1942||6 June 1942||107th (South Nottinghamshire Hussars) Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery|
|19 June 1942||31 August 1945||1st Battalion, The Rifle Brigade|
|25 June 1942||2 August 1942||2nd Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery|
|2 August 1942||12 September 1942||1st Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery|
|17 September 1942||31 August 1945||1st Royal Tank Regiment|
|17 September 1942||31 August 1945||5th Royal Tank Regiment|
|29 July 1944||31 August 1945||5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards|
- Bellis 1994, pp. 16–17
- Graham Watson (10 March 2002). "United Kingdom: The Territorial Army 1947". orbat.com. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
- Black, Harvey. "The Cold War Years. A Hot War in reality. Part 6".
- "Campbell Barracks". BAOR Locations. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
- "201 Squadron". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
- Joslen 1990, p. 168