Open main menu

The 209 series (209系) is an electric multiple unit (EMU) commuter train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) in the Tokyo area of Japan since 1993.

209 series
Keihin-tohoku 209 series.jpg
A Keihin-Tohoku Line 209 series train in October 2006
ManufacturerJR East, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Tokyu Car Corporation
Replaced103 series, 113 series, 211 series
Constructed1992–2004
Entered serviceJanuary 1993
Refurbishment2009–
Number built1,046 vehicles
Number in service508 vehicles (as of 2018)[1]
Number preserved1 vehicle
Formation4/6/8/10 cars per trainset
Operator(s)JR East
Depot(s)Kawagoe, Keiyo, Makuhari, Nakahara, Toyoda
Line(s) servedHachikō Line, Kashima Line, Kawagoe Line, Keiyō Line, Musashino Line, Nambu Line, Narita Line, Sōbu Main Line, Sotobō Line, Togane Line, Chuo Line Rapid, Uchibō Line
Specifications
Car body constructionStainless steel
Car length20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)
Width2,870 mm (9 ft 5 in) (2,966 mm (9 ft 8.8 in) for 209-500 series)
Doors4/6 pairs per side
Maximum speed110 km/h (70 mph)
Traction systemVariable frequency (GTO, IGBT)
Power output1,520 kW (6 motors)
Acceleration2.5 km/h/s or 3.3 km/h/s
Deceleration4.0 km/h/s (4.5 km/h/s for emergency brake)
Electric system(s)1,500 V DC overhead
Current collection methodPS28 diamond-shaped pantograph
PS21 diamond-shaped pantograph (209-1000 series)
PS33A single-arm pantograph (209-500 series)
Braking system(s)Regenerative brake, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Safety system(s)ATS-P, ATS-SN, ATC, Digital ATC
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The series was introduced in 1993 to replace the aging 103 series stock on the Keihin-Tohoku and Negishi lines. The concept of the 209 series was to create a low-cost, minimal lifespan train (approximately 15 years) that would be replaced rather than rebuilt when they became life-expired.[2]

The 209 series was the first of the "New series trains" (新系列電車, Shin-keiretsu densha), and served as the basis for the E501, E217, 701, and E127 series rolling stock, as well as the E231 series stock, which in turn became the blueprint for successive trains developed by JR East and other railway companies in Japan.

VariantsEdit

209-0 seriesEdit

 
A Nambu Line 6-car 209-0 series train in January 2008
 
A Keihin-Tohoku 10-car 209-0 series set in March 2009

The original full-production version introduced on both the Keihin-Tohoku (ten-car sets) and Nambu (six-car sets) lines in 1993. Six-door SaHa 208 cars were inserted into the Keihin-Tohoku Line sets in 1995.

The 209 series trains on the Keihin-Tohoku/Negishi lines were replaced by new E233 series trains from autumn 2007, with the last sets withdrawn by 24 January 2010.[4] A large number of these units were subsequently rebuilt as 209-2000/2100 series four- and six-car sets for use in the Chiba area.

FormationsEdit

Nambu Line 6-car setsEdit

The former Nambu Line six-car sets were formed as follows, with car 1 at the Kawasaki end.[5]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuHa 209-68 MoHa 209-135 MoHa 208-135 MoHa 209-136 MoHa 208-136 KuHa 208-68

Cars 2 and 4 were each equipped with one PS28 lozenge-type pantograph.[5]

Keihin-Tohoku Line 10-car setsEdit

The former Keihin-Tohoku Line ten-car sets were formed as follows, with car 1 at the Ofuna (southern) end.[6]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Designation Tc' M' M T T T' M' M T Tc
Numbering KuHa 208 MoHa 208 MoHa 209 SaHa 209 SaHa 209 SaHa 208 MoHa 208 MoHa 209 SaHa 209 KuHa 209
  • Cars 3 and 8 were each equipped with one PS28 pantograph.[6]
  • Car 6 was a "6-door" car with six pairs of doors on each side.[6]

209-500 seriesEdit

This sub-series represented a stop-gap for use from 1998 on the Chuo-Sobu Line until the full-production E231 series trains were delivered. The 17 ten-car sets differ noticeably from the other 209 series variants in having 2,966 mm wide cars (compared to 2,870 mm for earlier flat-sided stock), as well as LED destination indicators, replacing the earlier roller blind type. While externally similar in appearance to the later E231 series sets, the 209-500 series are distinguishable by their white cab fronts and lack of six-door cars. Five sets were transferred to the Keihin-Tōhoku Line, and, from October 2008, these were modified (with ATS-P/SN instead of ATC), repainted, and transferred to the Keiyo Line following the introduction of new E233 series trains. From September 2010, three former Keiyo Line sets were reduced to eight cars and reliveried for use on the Musashino Line, entering service from 4 December 2010.[5] From 2018, some Chuo-Sobu Line sets were converted to 4-car 209-3500 series sets for use on Kawagoe Line and Hachiko Line services,[7] while others were reduced to 8 cars and reallocated to the Musashino Line, and were fully withdrawn from the Chuo-Sobu Line from 19 April 2019.[8]

FormationsEdit

10-car setsEdit

As of 1 October 2016, 13 ten-car sets (C501 to C512 and C516) were allocated to Mitaka Depot for use on the Chuo-Sobu Line, and one set (34) was allocated to Keiyo Depot for use on the Keiyo Line.[1] These sets are formed as follows with four motored ("M") cars and six non-powered trailer ("T") cars.[1]

Designation Tc T M M' T T T M M' Tc'
Numbering KuHa 209-500 SaHa 209-500 MoHa 209-500 MoHa 208-500 SaHa 209-500 SaHa 209-500 SaHa 209-500 MoHa 209-500 MoHa 208-500 KuHa 208-500

The two MoHa 209 cars each have one pantograph (lozenge type on sets C501 to C509, and single-arm type on sets C510 to C516 and 34).[1]

8-car setsEdit

As of 1 October 2016, three eight-car sets (M71 to M73) were allocated to Keiyo Depot for use on Musashino and Keiyo Line services.[1] These sets are formed as follows with four motored ("M") cars and four non-powered trailer ("T") cars.[1] Car 1 is at the Tokyo end.[1]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Designation Tc M M' T T M M' Tc'
Numbering KuHa 209-500 MoHa 209-500 MoHa 208-500 SaHa 209-500 SaHa 209-500 MoHa 209-500 MoHa 208-500 KuHa 208-500

The two MoHa 209 cars (cars 2 and 6) each have one single-arm pantograph.[1] Car 4 is designated as a mildly air-conditioned car.[1]

209-900/910/920 seriesEdit

 
901 series Set C (later 209-920 series) in March 1993

Three ten-car prototypes were built in 1992 for testing and passenger evaluation on the Keihin-Tōhoku Line, initially classified as 901 series. Set A was built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries, set B by Tokyu Car Corporation, and set C was built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries and JR East's Ōfuna factory (cars 4 and 5). The three sets incorporated a number of different design features for evaluation, but were converted in 1994 to bring them in line with the full-production specifications. Set A became 209-900 series, set B became 209-910 series, and set C became 209-920 series. They differed from the full-production 209-0 series sets in not having six-door SaHa208 cars.[9]

209-910 series set 91 was withdrawn in December 2006, and the last of the three prototype sets, set 90, was withdrawn in August 2007.[10] Car KuHa 209-901 from the original 901 series set A was stored at Nagano Works,[11] and later preserved at Tokyo General Rolling Stock Center.

FormationEdit

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Numbering[12] KuHa 900 MoHa 900 MoHa 901 SaHa 901 SaHa 901 SaHa 901 MoHa 900 MoHa 901 SaHa 901 KuHa 901

209-950 seriesEdit

This was the original classification given to the prototype E231 series 10-car set delivered in October 1998. It was reclassified as E231-900 series in June 2000 following conversion to the full-production E231 standard.[13]

209-1000 seriesEdit

 
Chuo Line (Rapid) 209-1000 series set 81, March 2019

Two 10-car sets (81 and 82) were delivered from Tokyu Car Corporation in August and September 1999, entering service from 4 December 1999 on Joban Line and Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line inter-running services. Based on the 209-0 series, these trains have end doors for use in emergencies inside tunnels. These sets were based at JR East's Matsudo depot. These train sets have since been withdrawn from the Joban Line in October 2018 and reallocated to the Chūō Line (Rapid) in December 2018, being based at JR East's Toyoda Depot after the reallocation. Operations officially started on the Chuo Line Rapid Service in March 2019.

FormationEdit

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Numbering KuHa 209-1000 MoHa 209-1000 MoHa 208-1000 SaHa 209-1000 MoHa 209-1000 MoHa 208-1000 SaHa 209-1000 MoHa 209-1000 MoHa 208-1000 KuHa 208-1000

Cars 2, 5 and 8 are fitted with PS21 lozenge type pantographs.[14]

209-2000/2100 seriesEdit

 
A Chiba-area 209-2100 series 4-car train at Sakura Station in August 2009
 
A Chiba-area 209-2100 series 6-car set in July 2010

These are four- and six-car sets based at Makuhari Depot modified in 2009 from former Keihin-Tohoku Line 209-0 series ten-car sets for use on Chiba area and Bōsō Peninsula local services from 1 October 2009 to replace aging 211 series trains. The first four-car set was outshopped from Nagano Works in June 2009. Modifications include new electrical equipment, the addition of transverse seating, LED destination indicator panels, and a toilet.[15] The cars are numbered in the -2100 series, although some four-car sets have end cars numbered in the -2000 series. The -2000 series cars are converted from early batch 209-0 series units with air-operated doors rather than the electrically-operated doors of later batch units.[16]

As of October 2016, 42 four-car sets and 26 six-car sets were in service.[1][5]

4-car formationEdit

Car No. 1 2 3 4
Numbering KuHa 208-2000/2100 MoHa 208-2100 MoHa 209-2100 KuHa 209-2000/2100
  • The end cars have some transverse seating bays.
  • Car 2 is fitted with a toilet.
  • The MoHa 209-2100 cars are fitted with one lozenge-type pantograph.

The first six-car set, C602, was outshopped from Ōmiya Works in July 2009.[5]

6-car formationEdit

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuHa 208-2100 MoHa 208-2100 MoHa 209-2100 MoHa 208-2100 MoHa 209-2100 KuHa 209-2100
  • The end cars have some transverse seating bays.
  • Car 2 is fitted with a toilet.
  • The MoHa 209-2100 cars are each fitted with one lozenge-type pantograph.

209-2200 seriesEdit

 
Nambu Line 209-2200 series set Naha52 at Shitte Station in September 2010

These were six-car sets reformed in 2009 from former Keihin-Tohoku Line 209-0 series ten-car sets for use on Nambu Line services, replacing the early-batch 209-0 series set and a 205-1200 series set.[17] The first set, number 52, was outshopped in May 2009, and entered service on 12 June 2009.[18] Modifications include new electrical equipment and the addition of LED destination indicator panels.[19]

The last remaining 209-2200 series trainset, set 53, was replaced from 15 March 2017.[20]

FormationEdit

The 209-2200 series sets were formed as follows, with car 1 at the Kawasaki end.[1]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuHa 209-2200 MoHa 209-2200 MoHa 208-2200 MoHa 209-2200 MoHa 208-2200 KuHa 208-2200

Cars 2 and 4 were each equipped with a PS28A single-arm pantograph.[1]

209-2200 series "B.B.Base"Edit

 
209-2200 series "B.B.Base" set J1 in January 2018

This is a former Nambu Line 209-2200 series set (Naha 53) specially modified during 2017 for use as a train for carrying cyclists and their bicycles from Ryogoku in Tokyo to various destinations on the Uchibo Line, Sotobo Line, Narita Line, and Sobu Main Line on the Boso Peninsula. Branded "B.B.Base" (an abbreviation for "Boso Bicycle Base"), it entered service on 6 January 2018.[21]

FormationEdit

The 209-2200 series "B.B.Base" set is formed as follows, with car 1 at the Ryogoku (western) end.[21]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuHa 208-2202 MoHa 208-2204 MoHa 209-2204 MoHa 208-2203 MoHa 209-2203 KuHa 209-2202
Weight (t) 27.2 31.9 29.6 33.1 29.6 27.5
Seating capacity 20 19 20 - 20 20

Cars 3 and 5 each have one PS33F single-arm pantograph.[21] Cars 1 to 3 and 5 to 6 have fixed seating bays arranged 2+1 abreast with cycle racks provided next to each of the doorways, while car 4 has an open configuration with bench seating on one side and a bar counter. Wheelchair-accessible toilets are provided in cars 2 and 4.[21]

209-3000 seriesEdit

 
Kawagoe/Hachiko Line 209-3000 series set 62 in October 2017
 
KuHa 209-3003 of set 63 showing transverse seating bay added experimentally in 2004

Four four-car 6th-batch sets were introduced on 16 March 1996 for use on the Kawagoe Line and newly electrified southern section of the Hachikō Line. These sets (numbers 61 to 64) are based at JR East's Kawagoe depot.[22] While visually similar to the original 209-0 sub-series, these sets differ in having passenger-operated door controls.[13]

These sets were displaced when E231-3000 series and 209-3500 series sets entered service, with the last set withdrawn in February 2019.[citation needed]

InteriorEdit

For a short period in 2004, KuHa 209-3003 of set 63 was fitted with transverse seating bays to increase seating capacity. It was later reverted to standard longitudinal bench seating.[13]

Between February and March 2007, some of the previously sealed windows in each car were modified to allow them to be opened.[13]

FormationEdit

The four sets, 61 to 64, are formed as shown below, with car 1 at the Komagawa end and car 4 at the Kawagoe end.[23]

Car No. 1 2 3 4
Designation Tc' M' M Tc
Numbering KuHa 208-3000 MoHa 208-3000 MoHa 209-3000 KuHa 209-3000

Car 3 is fitted with one PS28 lozenge-type pantograph.[23]

Build detailsEdit

Set Manufacturer Date delivered
61 Kawasaki Heavy Industries January 1996
62 Tokyu Car Corporation January 1996
63 Tokyu Car Corporation February 1996
64 Tokyu Car Corporation February 1996

209-3100 seriesEdit

 
Kawagoe Line 209-3100 series train at Komagawa station

This sub-series of two four-car sets was introduced on 17 April 2005 as part of the scheme to eliminate 103 series sets from the Kawagoe Line and Hachiko Line.[24] Set number 71 consists of two former TWR 70-000 series control cars with two newly manufactured intermediate cars, while set number 72 consists entirely of former 70-000 series cars. The 70-000 series cars had become surplus when six-car sets were reformed into ten-car sets in 2004. Like the 209-3000 series, these sets have passenger-operated door controls.[13]

FormationEdit

The two sets, 71 and 72, are formed as shown below, with car 1 at the Komagawa end and car 4 at the Kawagoe end.[23]

Car No. 1 2 3 4
Designation Tc' M' M Tc
Numbering KuHa 208-3100 MoHa 208-3100 MoHa 209-3100 KuHa 209-3100

Car 3 is fitted with one PS28 lozenge-type pantograph.[23]

Former TWR 70-000 series conversionsEdit

 
TWR 70-000 series EMU in December 2002

The identities of the six former 70-000 series cars converted in 2004 and 2005 to become 209-3100 series EMUs are as shown below.[23]

Car number Set number Former car number Date returned to traffic
KuHa 209-3101 71 70-020 14 March 2005
KuHa 208-3101 71 70-029 14 March 2005
KuHa 209-3102 72 70-030 16 December 2004
MoHa 209-3102 72 70-027 16 December 2004
MoHa 208-3102 72 70-028 16 December 2004
KuHa 209-3102 72 70-039 16 December 2004

209-3500 seriesEdit

 
Kawagoe/Hachikō Line 209-3500 series set, June 2018

From 2018, former 209-500 series ten-car sets based at Mitaka Depot for use on Chuo-Sobu Line services were reformed and converted to become four-car 209-3500 series sets based at Kawagoe for use on Kawagoe Line and Hachiko Line services.[7]

FormationEdit

Car No. 1 2 3 4
Designation Tc' M' M Tc
Numbering KuHa 208-3500 MoHa 208-3500 MoHa 209-3500 KuHa 209-3500

Former set identitiesEdit

The former identities of the 209-3500 series sets are as follows.[25]

Set No. Former set No.
51 C501
52 C502
53 C503
54 C504
55 C505

Training setsEdit

 
Ōmiya area 2-car training set in March 2008
 
Hachiōji area 2-car training set in October 2008

ShirakawaEdit

A purpose-built four-car set based directly on the 209-0 series design and classified E991 series was delivered to JR East's training centre in Shirakawa, Fukushima in 2000 for internal training use. Externally, it is finished in shōnan green/orange stripes on unpainted stainless steel.

ŌmiyaEdit

A two-car set was converted from former Keihin-Tohoku Line end cars in 2008 for use as a staff training set at JR East's Ōmiya Training Center. This replaced the former 103 series two-car set previously used there. The set is formed of KuMoHa209-76 + KuMoHa208-76, and is finished in the shōnan green/orange colour scheme.[26]

YokohamaEdit

Another two-car set was converted from former Keihin-Tohoku Line end cars at Nagano Works, and moved to the JR East Yokohama area training centre next to Kurihama Station in July 2008, replacing the 105 series 2-car set previously used there. The set is formed of KuMoHa 209-092 + KuMoHa 208-092, converted from former intermediate cars MoHa209-39 + MoHa208-39, with cabs newly added, and features pale yellow bodyside stripes bearing the lettering "YOKOHAMA Training Center".[27]

HachiōjiEdit

A third two-car set was converted from former Keihin-Tohoku Line end cars at Nagano Works, and moved to the JR East Hachiōji area training centre next to Shin-Akitsu Station in October 2008, replacing the 105 series two-car set previously used there. The set features orange bodyside stripes bearing the lettering "HACHIOJI Training Center".[28]

MUE-TrainEdit

 
MUE-Train undergoing testing in May 2009

In October 2008, JR East unveiled the seven-car "MUE-Train" (MUltipurpose Experimental Train) experimental EMU converted from former Keihin-Tohoku Line 209 series cars. This set is used to test and develop new technology for use on future narrow-gauge trains. The train is based at Kawagoe Depot and began testing on the Utsunomiya Line from November 2008.[29]

FormationEdit

2008 - 2009Edit

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Numbering KuYa 208-2 MoYa 208-4 MoYa 209-4 SaYa 209-8 MoYa 208-3 MoYa 209-3 KuYa 209-2

2010 onwardEdit

Car No. 1 2 3 5 6 7
Numbering KuYa 208-2 MoYa 208-4 MoYa 209-4 MoYa 208-3 MoYa 209-3 KuYa 209-2

Cars 3 and 6 are each fitted with one PS33D single-arm pantograph.[14]

Preserved examplesEdit

 
KuHa 901-1 preserved at Tokyo General Rolling Stock Center in August 2010
  • KuHa 901-1 (previously KuHa 209-901), at the Tokyo General Rolling Stock Center in Shinagawa, Tokyo[30]

ReferencesEdit

  • JR全車輌ハンドブック2006 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006. ISBN 978-4-7770-0453-9.
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Jr電車編成表 JR電車編成表 2017冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2017] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 16 November 2016. pp. 49, 54–55, 93, 95, 410. ISBN 978-4-330-73716-4.
  2. ^ "We must create our own core competences". Railway Gazette International. 1 October 1999. Retrieved 18 May 2009.
  3. ^ "JR旅客会社の車両配置表". Japan Railfan Magazine (591): Appendix p. 9. July 2010.
  4. ^ 京浜東北線・根岸線209系引退で記念イベント. Hobidas (in Japanese). 14 December 2009. Retrieved 14 December 2009.
  5. ^ a b c d e JR電車編成表 2013夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2013]. Japan: Kotsu Shinbunsha. May 2013. pp. 47, 52–53. ISBN 978-4-330-37313-3.
  6. ^ a b c JR電車編成表 '02夏号 [JR EMU Formations - Summer '02]. Japan: JRR. June 2002. pp. 60–62. ISBN 978-4-88283-037-5.
  7. ^ a b 八高線用の209系3500番台が配給輸送される [Hachiko Line 209-3500 series transferred]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 19 January 2018. Archived from the original on 20 January 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Tokyo Railway Labyrinth: Good-bye to the Sobu 209-500 Series Trains". Tokyo Railway Labyrinth. 9 June 2019. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
  9. ^ プロトタイプの世界 - Prototype World. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbunsha. December 2005. OCLC 170056962.
  10. ^ 鉄道友の会 東京支部 JR電車部会 (December 2007). "京浜東北線を駆け抜けた車両たち 後編". Japan Railfan Magazine. 48 (562): 77–84.
  11. ^ クハ209-901,長野総合車両センター構内に. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). 29 July 2009. Retrieved 8 August 2009.
  12. ^ 日本と世界の鉄道カタログ [Japan and World Railway Catalogue]. Japan: Seibido Publishing. July 1992. pp. 60–61. ISBN 978-4-415-03262-7.
  13. ^ a b c d e 鉄道友の会 東京支部 JR電車部会 (April 2009). 特集 209系 第2章へ [209 series - The second chapter]. Japan Railfan Magazine. 49 (576): 9–47.
  14. ^ a b JR電車編成表 2010夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2010]. Japan: Kotsu Shinbunsha. May 2010. ISBN 978-4-330-14310-1.
  15. ^ 209系2100番台,配給輸送される. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). 14 June 2009. Retrieved 15 June 2009.
  16. ^ 209系転用改造車 [209 series modified units]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). 49 (583): 58–62. November 2009.
  17. ^ 209系転用計画の全貌. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). 49 (583): 63–73. November 2009.
  18. ^ 209系2200番台が営業運転を開始. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). 16 June 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2009.
  19. ^ "Archived copy" 209系2200番台,東京総合車両センターを出場. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). 15 May 2009. Archived from the original on 17 May 2009. Retrieved 15 May 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ JR南武線、全車両「E233系」に統一へ 青梅・五日市線から6両転属 [JR Nambu Line to be standardized with fleet of E233 series following transfer of 6 cars from Ome/Itsukaichi Line]. tetsudo-shimbun.com (in Japanese). Japan: Tetsudo Shimbun. 26 January 2017. Archived from the original on 26 January 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  21. ^ a b c d 209系「B.B.BASE」 [209 series "B.B.Base"]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 58 no. 683. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. March 2018. pp. 70–71.
  22. ^ JR電車編成表 '07冬号 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2007]. Japan: JRR. December 2006. ISBN 978-4-88283-046-7.
  23. ^ a b c d e JR電車編成表 2012夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2012]. Japan: Kotsu Shinbunsha. May 2012. pp. 67, 408. ISBN 978-4-330-28612-9.
  24. ^ 川越線に209系3100代を投入 103系を置換え [209-3100 series introduced on Kawagoe Line - Replacing 103 series]. Railway Journal. Japan. 39 (465): 106. July 2005.
  25. ^ 八高線用の209系3500番台が試運転 [Hachiko Line 209-3500 series undergoes test-running]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 21 February 2018. Archived from the original on 21 February 2018. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  26. ^ "(untitled)". Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). 48 (567): 96. July 2008.
  27. ^ 横浜総合訓練センターにも新訓練車登場 [New training set for Yokohama Training Center]. rail.hobidas.com (in Japanese). 13 August 2008. Archived from the original on 17 September 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2008.
  28. ^ 八王子総合訓練センターにも209系訓練車 [209 series training set for Hachiōji Training Center too]. rail.hobidas.com (in Japanese). 12 October 2008. Retrieved 13 October 2008.
  29. ^ 在来線用試験電車MUE-Train (ミュートレイン)について (PDF). jreast.co.jp (in Japanese). 7 October 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  30. ^ Sasada, Masahiro (September 2012). 国鉄&JR保存車大全 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide]. Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 127. ISBN 978-4863206175.

Further readingEdit

  • 首都圏新系列車両 Profile: 209/E231/E233系グループの全貌 首都圏新系列車両PROFILE [Tokyo Area New-generation Rolling Stock Profile]. Japan: Ikaros Publishing. 15 April 2011. ISBN 978-4-86320-436-2.

External linksEdit