113 series

The 113 series (113系, 113-kei) is a Japanese suburban electric multiple unit (EMU) train type introduced in 1963 by Japanese National Railways (JNR), currently operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) and Shikoku Railway Company (JR Shikoku), and formerly also operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) and Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central).

113 series
JRW 113 series B05.jpg
JR-West 4-car set on a Sanyō Main Line service, October 2009
In service1962–2001 (111 series)
1963–present (113 series)
ManufacturerJNR Niitsu Works, Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Kisha Seizo, Nippon Sharyo, Teikoku Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation
Constructed1962–1963 (111 series)
1963–1982 & 1989 (113 series)
Entered service1962 (111 series)
1963 (113 series)
Refurbished1998– (for selected 113 series trains)
Number built30 vehicles (111 series)
2,977 vehicles (113 series)
Number in service136 vehicles (JR West)
Number scrapped2,829 vehicles
Fleet numbers111 series:
S37 – S38
113 series:
51, 53, 101 – 119, 201 – 218, 220, 236, B01 – B13, F13, K1 – K17, K41 – K76, N1 – N9, P01, P03, P05, P07 – P08, P14, S1 – S14, S33, S61 – S71, S77, S99, S221 – S225, W41 – W43, W46, Y1 – Y14, Y21
Line(s) servedVarious
Car body constructionSteel
Stainless steel (SaRo 124/SaRo 125)
Car length20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)
Width2,900 mm (9 ft 6 in)
Doors3 pairs per side
Maximum speed110 km/h (70 mph)
Traction systemResistor control MT46 (111 series), MT54 (113 series)
Deceleration3.0 km/h/s
Electric system(s)1,500 V DC
Current collection methodOverhead catenary
Braking system(s)Dynamic brake, electric brakes, air brakes
Safety system(s)ATS-SN, ATS-P
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The design was derived from the earlier 111 series, and used newer MT54 motors with an output of 120 kW. They are used in the mild temperature areas of Japan, due to their brakes not being capable of handling cold weather. The 115 series were built to operate in colder areas.


113-0 seriesEdit

These sets were the first of the 113 series, and were put to use on the Sobu and Yokosuka Lines. They had the same body structure as the 111 series, only the driver's cab had been extended. In 1970, AU73X, AU74X, AU75X type air conditioning was fitted experimentally to sets operated in the Kansai area. The test was successful, and hence was fitted into the majority of the cars. Production of the -0 series ceased in 1973, and most sets have now been withdrawn.

113-0 series (JR Shikoku)Edit

Three 113-0 sets were transferred to JR Shikoku from JR East for refurbishment. Following refurbishment, they differed externally from most 113 series trainsets because they have lower front destination signs and rectangular headlights. Each set also came in a different color scheme; set 1 in a coat of lime green surrounding the windows with light blue; set 2 in red and pink; and set 3 in orange and yellow. All had a ribbon of silver on the top and bottom, and the colors were arranged in the same pattern. The last set was withdrawn in 2019.[citation needed]

Former numbering Set 1 Set 2 Set 3 Current Set 1 Set 2 Set 3
Car 1 KuHa 111-223 KuHa 111-198 KuHa 111-222 KuHa 113-1 KuHa 113-2 KuHa 113-3
Car 2 MoHa 113-257 MoHa 113-270 MoHa 113-272 MoHa 113-1 MoHa 113-2 MoHa 113-3
Car 3 MoHa 112-257 MoHa 112-270 MoHa 112-272 MoHa 112-1 MoHa 112-2 MoHa 112-3
Car 4 KuHa 111-532 KuHa 111-529 KuHa 111-528 KuHa 112-1 KuHa 112-2 KuHa 112-3

113-700 seriesEdit

These sets were built for use on the Kosei Line, due to the heavy amounts of snowfall in the region. They feature semi automatic doors, snowploughs and improved brakes. Some trains were also transferred to the Sagano Line.

113-1000 seriesEdit

These sets were introduced from 1972, and were an improved version of the 113-0 series, for use on the Sobu and Yokosuka Lines. They incorporated fire resistant materials, sealed beam headlights and air conditioning. These trains were used around the Boso area, on the Narita Line, Kashima Line, Sotobo Line, and Uchibo Line.

However, due to minor modifications of the ATC and air conditioning in some trains in April 1972, some of the trains from the Boso area were transferred for use on the Tokaido Line.

113-1500 seriesEdit

These sets were an improvement on the 113-1000 series and these sets were all located at Ofuna. They ran on the Sobu and Yokosuka Lines and on the Tokaido Line. All 113-1500 series trains were fitted with ATC-5 and ATS-P/SN.

113-2000 seriesEdit

These sets are an improvement on the 113-0 series. The seat pitch was extended to 1490 millimeters, which was a 70 millimeter increase compared to its predecessor. Also, the width of the seat was widened from 880 millimeters to 965 millimeters. Some of them remain in service at Kosei Line and Kusatsu Line.

113-3800 seriesEdit

These are JR-West 2-car sets which were converted in 2001 by building new cabs at one end of former MoHa (non-driving motor) cars.

113-5300 seriesEdit

113-5800 seriesEdit

113-7700 seriesEdit

Livery variationsEdit

Preserved examplesEdit


  • JR全車輌ハンドブック2006 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006. ISBN 978-4-7770-0453-9.
  • JR電車編成表 '07冬号 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2007]. Japan: JRR. December 2006. ISBN 978-4-88283-046-7.
  1. ^ a b なじみの“顔” 3両仲間入り ポッポの丘(いすみ) 「113系」2種と「183系」 [3 new faces- two 113 series and 183 series- enters “Poppo-No-Oka” in Isumi]. Chiba Nippo online news. China Nippo. 2014-02-04. Retrieved 2019-10-19.

Further readingEdit

  • Fukuhara, Shunichi (13 July 2013). 111・113系物語: 近郊形電車50年・3000両の軌跡 111・113系物語 [The 111 and 113 series story]. Japan: JTB Can Books. ISBN 978-4533092848.

External linksEdit