2020 coronavirus pandemic in Quebec

The 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Quebec is an ongoing viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The Canadian province of Quebec has the most number of cases of COVID-19 in Canada during the 2019–20 worldwide pandemic. As of March 30, 2020, there have been 3,430 confirmed cases, 29 recoveries, and 25 deaths.

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Quebec
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationQuebec, Canada
Index caseMontreal
Arrival dateFebruary 28, 2020
(1 month and 3 days)
Confirmed cases3,430
Recovered29
Deaths
25
Official website
Quebec Government

Timeline of measuresEdit

COVID-19 cases in Quebec, Canada  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-02-28
1(n.a.)
2020-03-5
2(+100%)
2020-03-6
3(+50%)
2020-03-7
3(=)
2020-03-8
4(+33%)
2020-03-9
4(=)
2020-03-10
7(+75%)
2020-03-11
8(+14%)
2020-03-12
17(+113%)
2020-03-13
17(=)
2020-03-14
24(+41%)
2020-03-15
39(+63%)
2020-03-16
50(+28%)
2020-03-17
74(+48%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-18
94(+27%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-19
121(+29%) 1(=)
2020-03-20
139(+15%) 1(=)
2020-03-21
181(+30%) 4(+300%)
2020-03-22
219(+21%) 4(=)
2020-03-23
628*(+187%) 4(=)
2020-03-24
1040(+66%) 4(=)
2020-03-25
1339(+29%) 6(+50%)
2020-03-26
1629(+22%) 8(+33%)
2020-03-27
2021(+24%) 18(+125%)
2020-03-28
2498(+24%) 22(+22%)
2020-03-29
2840(+14%) 22(=)
2020-03-30
3430(+21%) 25(+14%)
*The large jump in positive results on March 23 corresponds to a directive that local PCR tests done by designated hospitals no longer need to be confirmed by the Public Health laboratory. Previously, tests confirmed only at designated hospitals were considered "presumed" rather than "confirmed".
Source: Government of Quebec
Number of cases by health region, as of March 30                           

Regions denoted by brackets have regional police roadblocks and/or
restricted air access to prevent non-essential travel towards the region.

On March 11, Quebec Premier François Legault recommended that a voluntary 14-day quarantine be imposed on all students and faculty returning from school trips to countries strongly affected by the pandemic (such as China and Italy), even if there are no signs of symptoms, and the cancellation of upcoming trips to such locations.[1] The same day, students and staff members from several schools who had recently travelled to Italy were told to stay home[2][3][4] Collège International Marie de France suspended classes, pending the testing of a student who was suspected to have Coronavirus.[5]

On March 12, Premier Legault announced that the province would take more stringent measures to control its spread, including a ban on indoor gatherings of more than 250 people, and that government workers, health care professions and teachers returning from international travel would be required to self-isolate for 14 days upon return. Legault advised residents that show flu-like symptoms, or have recently returned from international travel, to also self-quarantine.[6]

On March 13, a large number of precautionary cancellations and closures began to emerge across the province, including both Montreal and Quebec City's St. Patrick's Day parades (the former for the first time in its 196-year history),[7][8] all public events of the province's ruling Coalition Avenir Québec party,[9] all Montreal Symphony Orchestra concerts scheduled through April 5 (including a planned performance at New York City's Carnegie Hall), and all Grand Théâtre de Québec events through March 29.[10] Mayor of Montreal Valérie Plante announced the closure of public facilities effective March 13, such as arenas, libraries, sports facilities, and swimming pools, as well as the Montreal Botanical Garden and Planétarium de Montréal.[11] On March 13, Decree 177-2020 was adopted by the Legault government.[12] By this decree, a declaration of health emergency, in accordance with the Public Health Act (adopted by the Parti Québécois in 2001), was ordered. Thus, a health emergency period for 10 days was ordered.

On March 14, Legault announced that Quebec would prohibit visits to long-term care facilities and hospitals, and advised those 70 and over to avoid leaving their homes.[13] Later that day, the government announced that it would offer free emergency childcare services for people working in essential services, with up to 60,000 spots available, using the up to 400 schools that the government had closed.[14] By the evening of March 14, it was reported that the city of Montreal would be dispatching employees to Montréal–Trudeau International Airport to advise travellers arriving from international destinations to self-quarantine for 14 days, frustrated with inaction from the federal government, which is responsible for the airport.[15]

Further restrictions were announced by Premier Legault on March 15, who ordered the closure of various leisure and entertainment venues, including but not limited to bars, cinemas, gyms, pools, and ski hills. Restaurants were also ordered to reduce their capacity by half and enforce social distancing.[16][17]

On March 16, the federal government announced that the federal border would be closed to everyone except Canadian citizens and immediate family members, permanent residents, U.S. citizens, flight crew and diplomats. In addition, in the province of Quebec, international flights were restricted to land solely in Montréal–Trudeau International Airport.

On March 17, Danielle McCann, Minister of Health and Social Services, allowed the children of certain professionals to obtain childcare services, despite the closure of these centers for the general population.[18]

On March 19, Danielle McCann, Minister of Health and Social Services, suspended orders made by the Court of Quebec that allowed children of the DPJ to maintain physical contact with their biological parents.[19] The same day Quebec residents in isolation or quarantine that are not covered by any benefits may apply for $573 per week of financial aid for a maximum of 14 days.[20] The government also announced that it would extend the income tax filing deadline and inject $2.5 billion into companies suffering liquidity problems due to the COVID-19 crisis. It also asked Quebecers not to travel between regions. The city of Montreal announced that it is extending its tax deadline and unveiled a $5-million emergency fund to support small- and medium-size businesses.[21]

Social distancing measures increased residential electricity demand by 2.3% and lowered commercial demand by 3.1% from March 13 to March 19, according to an Hydro-Québec spokesman.[22]

On March 20, a woman who tested positive for the coronavirus, was arrested for being out in Quebec City's Limoilou neighbourhood despite being under a quarantine order; this was the first time that this type of warrant was executed.[23] During the cabinet meeting later that day, the government extended Quebec's health emergency order-in-council for 10 more days, who was first adopted on March 13.[24]

On March 21, all Société des alcools du Québec (SAQ) stores will be closed on Sundays, starting on March 22.[25]

On March 22, as a sign of solidarity, citizens of Montreal sang Leonard Cohen's "So Long, Marianne" from their balconies at 8:00 p.m.[26]

On March 23, François Legault announced that all non-essential businesses are to be closed starting midnight on March 24.[27]

On March 27, a public health emergency was declared in Montreal.

As of March 28, regional access to the regions of Bas-Saint-Laurent, Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Côte-Nord, Saguenay—Lac-Saint-Jean, Gaspésie—Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Nord-du-Québec, Nunavik and Eeyou Istchee is restricted by police roadblocks and airport controls. In addition, all people entering Quebec from outside Canada are subject to a mandatory 14-day at-home quarantine. [28] In addition, cabin rental is prohibited. [29]

Current measuresEdit

Provincial measuresEdit

EducationEdit

Order in Council 177-2020 (March 13): Schools and universities were ordered closed until March 27, and CPE, family and school daycare and childcare had to suspend their activities, except for children of healthcare professionals. On March 22, the closure was extended to May 1.[30]

Economic / FinancialEdit

  • $573 per week, for 14 days, for people in isolation or quarantine that do not qualify for benefits.[31]
  • Postponing the repayment of the student debt, which means that for the next six months, you will have no payments to make. In addition, no interest will be accrued or added to your debt.[32]

Public healthEdit

  • Restrictions on visits at health care facilities
  • Opening of COVID-19 clinics

Administrative Order 2020-004 (March 15): Health professional orders may grant, without charge, an authorization to a person who has not been a member of the said order for less than five years and who is not 70 years old, allowing him to offer the reserved acts of the said professional order

Social lifeEdit

Order in Council 177-2020 (March 13): Indoor gatherings over 250 people were banned between March 13 and March 21


Administrative Order 2020-004 (March 15)
: Most non-essential public facilities, including spas, swimming pools, ski stations, aquatic centres, arenas, gyms, sports centres, movies theatres, arcades, dance halls and zoos were ordered to suspend their activities. This also affected all bars, nightclubs and buffet restaurants. However, restaurants that did not offer buffets could stay open operating at half capacity, with measures to encourage social distancing between customers.


Order in Council 222-2020 (March 20)
: All non-essential indoor and outdoor gatherings (a gathering being defined as a meeting of two or more persons) were banned starting on March 21 and until further notice.

Judicial systemEdit

Administrative Order 2020-004 (March 15): All hearings before a judicial, administrative court must be held behind closed doors and all visits (except those of lawyers) to a detention facility in Quebec are suspended.

Administrative Order 2020-006 (March 19): Suspends orders made by the Court of Quebec that allowed children of the DPJ to maintain physical contact with their biological parents


Order in Council 222-2020 (March 20)
: Individuals who were served an intermittent sentence were on medical leaves and all deadline to introduce a case in front of the Tribunal administratif du Québec, Tribunal administratif du travail, Tribunal administratif des marchés financiers, Commission d'accès à l'information are suspended during the Emergency Health

MunicipalEdit

Administrative Order 2020-003 (March 14): Delay of municipal election

Administrative Order 2020-004 (March 15): All council, executive or administrative committee meetings of municipalities, metropolitan communities and public transit authorities are allowed to be held behind closed doors.

Federal measuresEdit

  • Country entry ban on everyone except Canadian citizens and immediate family, permanent residents, air crew, and diplomats. In addition, travel between the United States and Canada is permitted for trade.
  • In Quebec, international flights may only land at Montréal–Trudeau International Airport.

Cases by regionEdit

TotalEdit

Up until March 13, Public Health had noted that all confirmed cases were associated with travel or close contacts, and that community spread had not yet been proven.[33]
By March 18, 94 confirmed cases had been reported in Quebec.[34]

On March 20, 139 cases have been confirmed in Quebec.[12]

On March 21, 42 new cas cases were confirmed, rising to 181 in total.[24] Nineteen of them were hospitalized, and 10 seniors were in intensive care.[35]

(01) Bas-Saint-LaurentEdit

On March 19, a citizen of Rivière-du-Loup was declared positive for COVID-19.[36]

As of March 28, regional roadblocks have been set up to deny non-essential non-locals from entering the region.

(02) Saguenay–Lac-Saint-JeanEdit

On March 20, authorities have revealed the first case of COVID-19 in the region. The person is man under 40 who recently arrived from Europe to participate at the Regard festival. The man went to the launch of the festival on March 11, but he did not attend any projection according to the director general of the festival, Mariel-Élaine Riou.[37]

As of March 28, regional roadblocks have been set up to deny non-essential non-locals from entering the region.

(03) Capitale-NationaleEdit

(04) Mauricie and Centre-du-QuébecEdit

On March 11, the Ministry of Health and Social Services confirmed the first case of COVID-19 in Mauricie. According to an information officer at CIUSSS MCQ, the person is a woman who came back from a trip in France[38] and worked for Innovation et Développement économique Trois-Rivières (IDE).[39]

On March 17, the Mayor of Trois-Rivières, Jean Lamarche, indicated in a live video broadcast on the City's Facebook page that the two new cases of COVID-19 in the region were an employee of the City and another of IDE.[40]

According to Radio-Canada, the fourth case in the region were detected in Shawinigan on March 20. The CIUSS MCQ confirmed that he or she has just returned from a trip.[41]

On March 21, the fifth case in the region were listed. The person would had travel recently.[39]

(05) EstrieEdit

On March 12, the director of public health in Estrie, Dr. Alain Poirier, confirmed the first case of COVID-19 in the region. The individual had recently traveled in Italy.[42] Hours later, the second case were confirmed. The person had also traveled recently.[43]

On March 14, the Government of Quebec announced a third case in the region. According to the CIUSS de l'Estrie, the individual was not living in the region anymore, but had a street address at his name.[44] Therefore, it is unclear were this case is compiled.

On March 15, another case were confirmed by Dr Marie-Maud Couture, head of the emergency department of the Public Health de l'Estrie. The individual was related to one of the two cases of March 12.[45]

On March 18, six new cases were confirmed in Estrie, bringing the total number of cases to nine in the region. According to Dr. Alain Poirier, these six new cases were coming back from a trip to Austria.[46]

On March 19, nine cases were confirmed in Estrie, bringing the total number of cases to 18 in the region. All new cases are people who have recently traveled or relatives, like their spouse or their child. The Dr. Poirier said to La Tribune that "Basically, these are quite young people, who chose to travel during spring break because they have families ... They are all quarantined at home".[47]

(06) MontréalEdit

The province confirmed its first case on February 28—a 41-year-old woman from Montreal who had returned from Iran on the 24th on a flight from Doha, Qatar.[48][49][50] She was transferred to Jewish General Hospital on March 3, and released on March 4;[51][52] since then, she has remained in isolation at her home in Verdun.[53]

On March 10, an employee of the Jewish Rehabilitation Hospital in Laval The man, who lives in Montreal, reported for work that day when he was asymptomatic, but during a period when he was contagious. He was later diagnosed with COVID-19.[54]

On March 14, in a press release, the Sainte-Justine mother-child university hospital centre (CHU Sainte-Justine) indicates that a child returned from a trip to Europe had tested positive for COVID-19. It was the first case of coronavirus found in Quebec in a minor.[55]

On March 16, a student at Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf was tested positive.[56]

On March 19, an employee of CHU Sainte-Justine tested positive.[57]

On March 20, Public health authorities also advertised that individuals who have been diagnosed with COVID-19 were in several public places in Montreal over the past week including the STM's green line between Angrignon and McGill metro stations, the bus 106 from Newman Boulevard towards Angrignon station on March 10, the library of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce on March 11, the 24 bus headed west on Sherbrooke Street between Notre-Dame Hospital and the Fine Arts Museum on March 12 and the Aunja Restaurant on March 13.[58] These individuals are among the four residents of Côte-Saint-Luc who were declared positive for COVID-19 according to the city's mayor, Mitchell Brownstein.[59] On the same date, according to Le Devoir, the emergency chief at Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital, also received a positive diagnosis of COVID-19.[60]

On March 21, singer Lenni-Kim and his mother were tested positive to the COVID-19 earlier that week at Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital. The artist revealed the information on his Instagram page.[61]

(07) OutaouaisEdit

The first case of COVID-19 was found in the emergency department of Hull Hospital on March 18. According to the Outaouais Integrated Health and Social Services Center (CISSS), it is someone who has recently traveled.[62] Two days later, the CISSS confirmed during a press conference that the individual was transferred to the Jewish General Hospital in Montreal for additional treatment.[63]

On March 20, a second resident contracted the virus. The infected person had received her test in the province of Ontario.[63]

(08) Abitibi-TémiscamingueEdit

As of March 28, regional roadblocks have been set up to deny non-essential non-locals from entering the region.

(09) Côte-NordEdit

As of March 28, regional roadblocks have been set up to deny non-essential non-locals from entering the region.

(10) Nord-du-QuébecEdit

The first case of Coronavirus was detected in Chibougamau. It is a person in their fifties who is said to have been infected while returning from an international trip. The person experienced symptoms since March 7 and remained in solitary confinement until their screening on March 13.[64]

As of March 28, regional roadblocks have been set up to deny non-essential non-locals from entering the region.

(11) GaspésieEdit

As of March 28, regional roadblocks have been set up to deny non-essential non-locals from entering the region.

(12) Chaudière-AppalachesEdit

On March 12, a Lévis resident returning from a cruise in the Caribbean was the first case in this territory.[65]

On March 19, according to the journal Le Nouvelliste, that among the six cases identified, one of them is a student at the school l'Étoile, in Saint-Nicolas, while another was a student at the Les Etchemins high school.[66]

On March 21, Radio-Canada learned that two teachers of Les Etchemins high school in Lévis were infected with COVID-19, making the total number of infected employees at the school at three. The spouse of one of these two new cases was also infected.[67]

(13) LavalEdit

On March 19, the first positive coronavirus test resulted from a healthcare worker, who lives in Laval but does not work there.[54]

(14) LanaudièreEdit

DeathsEdit

On March 18, the province also had its first death in Lanaudière.[68] According to her granddaughter, the 82-year-old lady had poor health and respiratory problems. The lady was staying in a center for the elderly in Lavaltrie.[69]

On March 21, four new deaths caused by COVID-19 were confirmed, all in the Lanaudière region. Three of them were elders living in the same residence as the first Quebec victim.[35]

CasesEdit

On March 20, Public health authorities stated that infected people frequented locations in Lavaltrie on March 11 (FADOQ – the largest senior's organization in Canada[70]) and the Centre d’action bénévole de Berthier on March 12.[71][58]

(15) LaurentidesEdit

On March 5, the Ministry of Health and Social Services announced a second presumptive case in the province of Quebec, involving a man who had travelled to India in February, and was being treated in Mont-Laurier for symptoms similar to coronavirus. On March 4, the person was transferred to Jewish General Hospital, where he was diagnosed with pneumonia.[72]

On March 13, Robert Maranda, spokesperson for the Department of Health and Social Services, confirmed that a man who came back from a trip in Miami tested positive to COVID-19.[73]

On March 14, the Public Health Department of Lanaudière confirmed that an employee of a private CHSLD in Terrebonne had been diagnosed positive to the coronavirus. The individual had travelled to the Dominican Republic.[74]

(16) MontérégieEdit

On March 5, a third presumptive case was confirmed in the province (the first in Montérégie), involving a woman who had returned from France on March 3.[75][76]

A fourth case was confirmed March 8, involving a woman from Montérégie, Longueuil, who had recently returned from a cruise that had visited Mexico.[77] On March 10, authorities stated that the person had used public transit between February 24 and March 6, and had went through the Berri-UQAM, Champ-de-Mars, and Longueuil metro stations.[78][79] Premier François Legault initially classified the threat posed by the virus as being "weak".[80]

On March 13, two new cases were confirmed. One of the individual came back from France while the other had traveled in the Caribbean.[81]

On March 16, it was announced that a high school student in McMasterville had contracted the coronavirus.[82]

On March 18, the first case of the virus appeared in Kahnawake, where a doctor at the Kateri Memorial Hospital Centre was tested positive to COVID-19. The doctor had traveled in New York City from March 7 to 9.[83]

On March 19, the CIUSS de l'Estrie-CHUS confirmed that a member of the clinical staff at Granby Hospital was infected with COVID-19.[84]

On March 20, the CISSS de la Montérégie-Ouest confirmed that a doctor of the Hôpital Anna-Laberge in Châteauguay was tested positive to COVID-19 following a recent trip he had.[85] Also that day, Granby mayor Pascal Bonin confirmed that a child infected with COVID-19 attended the Miner pool in Granby on March 11.[86]

On March 21, the Journal de Montréal reported that several of the 27 confirmed cases of COVID-19 under the jurisdiction of the CIUSSS de l'Estrie were reported in the Granby and Bromont sectors, including two medical staff from the Granby Hospital.[87]

(17) NunavikEdit

On March 24, all flying to Nunavik or flying in-between villages is restricted only to essential workers or for medical reasons.[88]. Flying is the only commercial means of travel in Nunavik, as none of the villages are connected to a road network.

On March 24, Raglan Mine began to shutter operations at the mine[89].

On March 28, the first case in Salluit, a recent traveller from Montreal, was confirmed. In response, curfew was immediately imposed on Salluit and all flights were cancelled at Salluit Airport, effectively quarantining the entire town from the rest of Nunavik.[90]

(18) Eeyou IstcheeEdit

On March 26, a Cree currently residing in Montreal was declared positive, counting as part of the Montreal statistics.[91] On March 27, the first case on-territory was confirmed in Nemaska.[92]

As of March 28, regional roadblocks have been set up to deny non-essential non-locals from entering the region.

Visitors from outside of QuebecEdit

On March 16, the first positive test of COVID-19 was detected on a non-Quebec individual. The authorities did not say the nationality of the visitor.[93]

Quebec new cases per dayEdit

 

Montreal region new cases per dayEdit

 

Breakdown of casesEdit

COVID-19 cases in Quebec by health region ()

Date New Cases Confirmed Active[94] Closed Tests[95] Sources
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 X ? Gravity Recovered Deaths
Bsl Sag Que Mau Est Mtl Out Abi Côt Nor Gas Cha Lav Lan Lau Mon Nun Cre X ? New Cml Mild Hosp ICU New Cml New Cml Neg Pend
Feb 28 1 1 1
Mar 5 1 1 2 242 20
Mar 6 1 1 3
Mar 7 0 3
Mar 8 1 1 4 340 10
Mar 9 0 4 376 25
Mar 10 1 1 1 3 7 465 91
Mar 11 1 1 8 570 136
Mar 12 1 4 1 1 2 9 17 798 266
Mar 13 0 17 1079 646 [96]
Mar 14 1 1 1 3 1 7 24 [97]
Mar 15 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 15 39 [98]
Mar 16 8 1 1 1 1 11 50 [99]
Mar 17 1 5 4 3 4 3 1 2 24 74 4778 2949 [100]
Mar 18 5 9 2 1 2 1 20 94 1 1 1 1 5213 3627 [101][102]
Mar 19 1 2 8 4 1 1 1 6 3 27 121 112 7 0 1 0 1 6331 3997 [103]
Mar 20 1 3 1 1 2 10 18 139 127 10 6 0 1 0 1 7666 2403 [104]
Mar 21 1 3 1 1 10 2 7 2 2 4 5 4 42 181 156 20 10 0 1 3 4 9242 1512
Mar 22 2 3 5 2 1 6 3 14 2 38 219 190 24 13 0 1 0 4 9786 2063
Mar 23 2 20 9 18 219 3 3 3 2 17 35 13 26 1 38 409 628 578 45 20 0 1 0 4 11211 1888
Mar 24 1 4 46 16 82 174 4 2 1 4 26 39 5 14 59 -3 -62 412 1040 968 67 31 0 1 0 4 12202 2548 [105]
Mar 25 2 3 16 3 39 164 1 1 5 23 13 6 23 299 1339 1254 78 35 0 1 2 6 26634 2998 [106]
Mar 26 3 8 14 18 179 3 6 1 12 12 4 11 19 290 1629 1513 106 43 1 2 2 8 31854 2622
Mar 27 1 5 3 20 40 189 2 7 3 15 35 25 20 26 1 392 2021 1833 141 50 27 29 10 18 32335 7236
Mar 28 1 2 42 16 26 248 8 6 7 2 7 30 29 27 26 477 2498 2283 164 57 N/A 4 22 43589 6757
Mar 29 16 37 43 142 2 3 4 6 20 18 12 38 1 342 2840 2597 192 72 N/A 0 22 49364 6313
Mar 30 3 6 10 42 33 251 10 1 9 4 9 77 53 49 32 1 590 3430 3141 235 78 N/A 3 25 56285 6200
Mar 31
Total confirmed 11 24 174 164 329 1612 38 28 26 1 13 95 257 197 169 289 1 2 0 0 3430 confirmed

cases

3376 active

cases

29 recovered 25 dead Official source
Bsl Sag Que Mau Est Mtl Out Abi Côt Nor Gas Cha Lav Lan Lau Mon Nun Cre X ? 54 closed cases
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 X ?

The large jump in positive results on March 23 corresponds to a directive that local PCR tests done by designated hospitals no longer need to be confirmed by the Public Health laboratory. Previously, tests confirmed only at designated hospitals were considered "presumed" rather than "confirmed".

There was a government typo on March 24, which claimed 14 cases in Chaudière-Appalaches, when it was actually 41. Consequently, the total of 1013 was also wrong, and was actually 1040.

ReferencesEdit

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