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The front of Brasserie Lipp in Paris
A riverside brasserie in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England
Brasserie, Groenplaats, Antwerp

In France, Flanders, and the Francophone world, a brasserie (pronounced [bʁas.ʁi]) is a type of French restaurant with a relaxed setting, which serves single dishes and other meals. The word brasserie is also French for "brewery" and, by extension, "the brewing business". A brasserie can be expected to have professional service, printed menus, and, traditionally, white linen—unlike a bistro which may have none of these. Typically, a brasserie is open every day of the week and serves the same menu all day. A good example of brasserie dish is steak frites.[1]

EtymologyEdit

The term brasserie is French for "brewery", from Middle French brasser "to brew", from Old French bracier, from Vulgar Latin braciare, of Celtic origin. Its first usage in English was in 1864.[2]

The origin of the word probably stems from the fact that beer was brewed on the premises rather than brought in: thus an inn would brew its own beer as well as supply food and invariably accommodation too. In 1901 Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary of the English Language defined "brasserie" as "in France, any beer-garden or saloon".[3] In 2000 The New Penguin English Dictionary included this definition of "brasserie": "a small informal French-style restaurant".[4]

Northeast France and the United KingdomEdit

In Northern France, particularly towards the Belgian border (an area that traditionally brews French style beers), there has been a revival of old breweries which have been converted into restaurants and hotels, reverting to brewing their own beer as micro-brews. The term is often used in the United Kingdom applied to small restaurants, usually in city centres; however, it generally has no connection with brewing.

United StatesEdit

The culture of establishing brasserie in the United States has been on the increase. Today, there are several French restaurants across the major states. They include Bouley in New York City, Café Provence in Kansas, Joël Robuchon in Las Vegas and many others.[5]

United Arab EmiratesEdit

In the United Arab Emirates, brasserie-style eateries are springing up. One of them is The Maine Oyster Bar & Grill located in Dubai.[6] Others include Bistro des Arts, Bord Eau, Brasserie du Park, Carine and others all located in Dubai.[7]

QuébecEdit

According to the OQLF, a brasserie restaurant is an Institution that simultaneously holds a restaurant and a bar, where one can consume principaly [sic?] basic meals and beer, typically a brewpub.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bourdain, Anthony (29 January 2002). "Childhood Favorites". A Cook's Tour. Season 2. Episode 9. 3 minutes in. Food Network. I'm looking for the authentic and the familiar, some classic brasserie chow: steak frite.
  2. ^ "Definition of BRASSERIE". Merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  3. ^ Davidson, Thomas, comp. Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary of the English Language. London: W. & R. Chambers; p. 113
  4. ^ The New Penguin English Dictionary ; consultant editor: Robert Allen. London: Penguin, 2000; p. 167
  5. ^ Morfin, Marcelina. "The 10 Best French Restaurants In The USA". Culture Trip. Retrieved 2019-09-03.
  6. ^ "The Maine is opening a brand new restaurant in Business Bay". What's On Dubai. 2019-04-11. Retrieved 2019-09-03.
  7. ^ "The UAE's best French restaurants". Condé Nast Traveller Middle East. Retrieved 2019-09-03.
  8. ^ "Le grand dictionnaire terminologique". Gdt.oqlf.gouv.qc.ca. Retrieved 1 December 2018.