2020 coronavirus pandemic in Moldova

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have reached the Republic of Moldova on 7 March 2020. Data from the Moldovan Government includes confirmed cases in the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit (46 as far), which is occupied by the internationally unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (also simply known as Transnistria).

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Moldova
Republic of Moldova - Map of the regions affected by COVID-19.png
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationRepublic of Moldova
First outbreakWuhan, China
Index caseChișinău
Arrival date7 March 2020[1]
(1 month and 1 day)
Confirmed cases1174[2]
(including Transnistria)
Active cases1104
Suspected cases200[2]
Recovered43[2]
Deaths
27[2]
Official website
ANSP: Actualizarea Situatiei Privind Coronavirus
Suspected cases have not been confirmed as being due to this strain by laboratory tests, although some other strains may have been ruled out.

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, who had initially come to the attention of the WHO on 31 December 2019.[3][4]

Unlike SARS of 2003, the case fatality ratio for COVID-19 [5][6] has been much lower, but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[7][5]

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in Moldova  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-07
1(n.a.)
1(=)
2020-03-10
3(+200%)
2020-03-11
4(+33%)
2020-03-12
6(+50%)
2020-03-13
8(+33%)
2020-03-14
12(+50%)
2020-03-15
23(+92%)
2020-03-16
29(+26%)
2020-03-17
30(+3%)
2020-03-18
36(+20%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-19
49(+36%) 1(=)
2020-03-20
66(+35%) 1(=)
2020-03-21
80(+21%) 1(=)
2020-03-22
94(+18%) 1(=)
2020-03-23
109(+16%) 1(=)
2020-03-24
125(+15%) 1(=)
2020-03-25
149(+19%) 1(=)
2020-03-26
177(+19%) 1(=)
2020-03-27
199(+12%) 2(+100%)
2020-03-28
231(+16%) 2(=)
2020-03-29
263(+14%) 2(=)
2020-03-30
298(+13%) 2(=)
2020-03-31
353(+18%) 4(+100%)
2020-04-01
423(+20%) 5(+25%)
2020-04-02
505(+19%) 6(+20%)
2020-04-03
591(+17%) 8(+33%)
2020-04-04
752(+27%) 12(+50%)
2020-04-05
864(+15%) 15(+25%)
2020-04-06
965(+12%) 19(+27%)
2020-04-07
1056(+9%) 22(+16%)
2020-04-08
1174(+11%) 27(+23%)
Sources:
  • National Agency for Public Health of the Republic of Moldova [1]

Before 24 February 2020Edit

  • 2 February 2020: the Extraordinary National Commission of Public Health was convened by the Prime Minister Mr. Ion Chicu.[8] The Commission has examined the information presented by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Protection and found that the epidemiological situation related to the infection with the novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is tense, which has led the World Health Organization to declare a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The Commission adopted the Decision No. 1 which provides, inter alia, that risk assessment for public health will continue to be carried out with the attribution, if necessary, of the alert code resulting from the epidemiological situation related to the infection with the new Coronavirus (2019-nCoV).[9]

Code yellow alert (24 February - 7 March 2020)Edit

  • 24 February 2020: the Extraordinary National Commission of Public Health was convened by the Prime-minister Mr. Ion Chicu.[10] The Commission adopted the Decision No. 2 which provides, inter alia, the establishment of the Code Yellow alert at national level in the context of the epidemiological situation related to COVID-19 infection and consideting the possible risk for a public health emergency.[9][11]
  • 25 February 2020: the Republic of Moldova has put into action some anti-coronavirus measures.[12]

The first case (7 March 2020)Edit

The first coronavirus case in the Republic of Moldova was announced on 7 March 2020. The infected person is a 48-year-old woman who had returned to Moldova from Italy with the flight Milano-Chisinau. She had been taken to hospital immediately from the plane, being in a serious condition: bilateral bronchopneumonia, acute respiratory failure, fever, cough, general weakness. She suffers from a few chronical illnesses: diabetes, overweight and hypertension.[1] According to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of Moldova, she was diagnosed with bilateral bronchopneumonia, fever and cough on 4 March in Italy. She was prescribed antibiotic treatment at home and put in home quarantine pending confirmation of a new type of coronavirus infection, but she decided to return to Moldova.[13]

Code orange alert (8–12 March 2020)Edit

  • 8 March 2020: the Extraordinary National Commission of Public Health established the Code Orange alert at national level in the context of the epidemiological situation related to COVID-19 infection.[14]
  • 10 March 2020: the Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of Moldova confirmed another two cases (the 2nd and the 3rd) of coronavirus. The infected people are a woman and a man, both of them returned from Italy, on 26 February and 1 March, respectively.[15] On the same day all foreigners coming from the countries affected by coronavirus have been banned from entering Moldova by plane.[16]
  • 11 March 2020: the 4th case has been confirmed.[17] Government announced that it closing all kindergartens, schools, colleges and universities for two weeks.[18]
  • 12 March 2020: 2 new cases (the 5th and the 6th) were confirmed.[19] As per 12 March 2020, there were no confirmed cases in the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit,[20] but 8 people were quarantined after returning from abroad.[21]

Code red alert (13–16 March 2020)Edit

  • 13 March 2020: the Extraordinary National Commission of Public Health established the Code Red alert at national level in the context of the epidemiological situation related to COVID-19 infection.[22] During this day other 2 new cases (the 7th and the 8th) have been confirmed.[23]
  • 14 March 2020: 4 new cases were confirmed. Thus, the total number of infected people reached 12.[24]
  • 15 March 2020: 11 new cases were confirmed. The total number of infected people reached 23.[25]
  • 16 March 2020: 6 new cases were confirmed. The total number is 29. One woman recovered.

State of emergency (since 17 March 2020)Edit

  • 17 March 2020: the Parliament declared the state of emergency for the entire territory of the Republic of Moldova for a period of 60 days (17 March - 15 May 2020).[26] During 17 March 2020, the 30th case has been confirmed.
  • 18 March 2020: the first death was confirmed, a 61-year-old woman who had travelled to Italy.[27] Another 6 new cases of infection have been confirmed.
  • 19 March 2020: 13 new cases were confirmed. The total number of infected people since 7 March 2020 reached 49.[28]
  • 20 March 2020: 17 new cases were confirmed, and the total number of infected people since 7 March 2020 reached 66.[29] Upon the request of MoH, based on WHO Moldova recommendations short-list, Trimetrica LLC /www.trimetrica.com/ (ESRI Partner in Moldova) launched the customized ArcGIS Dashboard (an online platform) - allowing the real-time monitoring of COVID-19 cases in the Republic of Moldova. It's updated for 2 times per day.[30] The platform is accessible at this link: gismoldova.maps.arcgis.com
  • 21 March 2020: 14 new cases were confirmed, the total number of infected people since 7 March 2020 reaching 80. At the same time, it was announced that the first person infected and confirmed in the Republic of Moldova (on 7 March 2020), was treated and transferred to another section for recovery against other chronic diseases. Thus, the number of recovered persons reached 2.[31] The first two positive cases in Transnistria were confirmed by the internationally unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic.[32]
  • 27 March 2020: the second death was confirmed, a 79 years old woman who was a doctor working at the Emergency Medical Assistance Service. She got sick on 19 March, and on 24 March she was admitted to the Republican Clinical Hospital, in serious condition. The patient suffered from several chronic diseases (diabetes, heart failure, high blood pressure).[33] During 27 March 2020, 22 new cases were confirmed, the total number of infected people since 7 March 2020 reaching 199. On the same day, 3 patients recovered, the total number of recoveries reaching 5.[34]
  • 29 March 2020: the third death was confirmed, a woman from Transnistria.[35][36]
  • 31 March 2020: after 280 tests were performed, a record number of 55 new cases were confirmed, of wich 48 cases were with local transmission, while 7 were import cases (of which 6 were from the United Kingdom and 1 from Austria). Thus, the total number of infected persons since 7 March 2020 reached 353. At the same time, 4 patients were treated and discharged from hospitals, the total number of recoveries reaching 22. Also, during 31 March 2020 the fourth death was confirmed,a man from the Briceni District of the Republic of Moldova.[36]

StatisticsEdit

 


 


 
The evolution by region (until 7 April 2020)[2]
Region Cases Deaths Recovered
Chişinău municipality 351 7 16
Ştefan Vodă District 158 3 0
Soroca District 135 3 4
Transnistrian region 59 3 0
Glodeni District 42 1 0
Hîncești District 38 1 8
Ialoveni District 36 0 3
Cahul District 34 0 4
Orhei District 31 0 0
Fălești District 21 1 0
Căuşeni District 15 1 1
Taraclia District 13 0 0
Anenii Noi District 12 0 2
Bălți municipality 12 1 0
Sîngerei District 11 0 0
Nisporeni District 10 0 0
Telenești District 10 0 0
Cantemir District 8 0 0
Strășeni District 8 0 0
Ungheni District 7 0 0
Criuleni District 6 0 0
Edineț District 6 0 0
Călăraşi District 5 0 0
Rîșcani District 5 0 1
Briceni District 4 1 0
Cimișlia District 3 0 0
Gagauzia ATU 3 0 0
Rezina District 3 0 0
Drochia District 2 0 0
Floreşti District 2 0 1
Leova District 2 0 0
Basarabeasca District 1 0 1
Dondușeni District 1 0 0
Dubăsari District 1 0 0
Ocnița District 1 0 0
Total 1056 22 40
No. of cases by age (until 7 April 2020)[2]
Age Cases
< 1 year 4
1–5 years 18
5–9 years 19
10–19 years 46
20–29 years 119
30–39 years 162
40–49 years 183
50–59 years 260
60–69 years 164
70–79 years 69
Above 80 8
Total 1056

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "MSMPS confirmă primul caz de Coronavirus de tip nou în Republica Moldova" [MSMPS confirms first new-type coronavirus case in the Republic of Moldova]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection (Moldova). 7 March 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "COVID-19 în Republica Moldova: situaţia la zi". gismoldova.maps.arcgis.com.
  3. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  4. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  6. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  7. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Ion Chicu a convocat ședința Comisiei naționale extraordinară de sănătate publică" [Ion Chicu convened the Extraordinary National Commission of Public Health]. gov.md (in Romanian). Government of the Republic of Moldova. 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Informații privind Coronavirus" [Information regarding the Coronavirus]. gov.md (in Romanian). Governemnt of the Republic of Moldova. 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Ion Chicu a convocat Comisia națională extraordinară de sănătate publică" [Ion Chicu convened the Extraordinary National Commission of Public Health]. gov.md (in Romanian). Government of the Republic of Moldova. 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Viorica Dumbrăveanu: "Îndemn populația să manifeste maximă responsabilitate și să respecte toate măsurile de igienă și precauție pentru a preveni îmbolnăvirea cu Coronavirus de tip nou"" [Viorica Dumbrăveanu: "I urge the population to show maximum responsibility and to respect all the hygiene and precautionary measures to prevent illness with the new type Coronavirus"]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Moldova. 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  12. ^ Dulgher, Maria (25 February 2020). "Moldova prepares for an outbreak of coronavirus in the country". moldova.org. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  13. ^ "În Republica Moldova a fost confirmat primul caz de coronavirus. Se iau măsuri pentru limitarea răspândirii virusului" [The first case of coronavirus in the Republic of Moldova has been confirmed. Measures are put into action to limit the spread of the virus]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection (Moldova). 8 March 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  14. ^ "În Republica Moldova a fost confirmat primul caz de coronavirus. Se iau măsuri pentru limitarea răspândirii virusului" [The first case of coronavirus was confirmed in the Republic of Moldova. Measures are being taken to limit the spread of the virus]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Moldova. 8 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Alte două cazuri de îmbolnăviri cu infecția Coronovirus de tip nou, pe teritoriul țării. Viorica Dumbrăveanu îndeamnă cetățenii să respecte recomandările autorităților" [Another two cases of a new-type coronavirus in a country. Viorica Dumbrăveanu urges citizens to respect the guidelines of authorities]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection (Moldova). 10 March 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Moldova bans foreigners on all flights from countries with coronavirus". reuters.com. Reuters. 10 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Ultima oră: Încă un caz de coronavirus a fost confirmat; Bilanțul ajunge la 4 persoane". unimedia.info (in Romanian). Unimedia. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  18. ^ "Moldova closes schools, universities to prevent virus spread". reuters.com. Reuters. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  19. ^ "Ultima oră! Încă două cazuri de coronavirus, confirmate. Bilanțul în Moldova ajunge la 6 persoane". unimedia.info (in Romanian). Unimedia. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  20. ^ "Массово не собираться, в школу не ходить. Уходим на карантин". pgtrk.ru (in Russian). 12 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  21. ^ "8 человек на карантине. Коронавирус и Приднестровье". pgtrk.ru (in Russian). 11 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  22. ^ "A fost instituit cod roșu de alertă în legătură cu evoluția situației epidemiologice privind infecția cu Coronavirusul de tip nou pe teritoriul Republicii Moldova" [A Code Red alert was established in relation to the evolution of the epidemiological situation regarding the infection with the new Coronavirus on the territory of the Republic of Moldova]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Moldova. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  23. ^ "Actualizat pe 13 martie 2020". ansp.md (in Romanian). National Agency for Public Health of the Republic of Moldova. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  24. ^ "Situația epidemiologică prin infecția cu Coronavirusul de tip nou (COVID-19), actualizat pe 14 martie 2020" [Epidemiological situation related to the infection with the novel Coronavirus (COVID-19), updated on 14 March 2020]. ansp.md (in Romanian). National Agency for Public Health of the Republic of Moldova. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Date actualizate cu privire la răspândirea noului tip de Coronavirus (COVID-19) în Republica Moldova și recomandări pentru populație" [Updated information related to the spread of the novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the Republic of Moldova and recommendations for the population]. ansp.md (in Romanian). National Agency for Public Health of the Republic of Moldova. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  26. ^ "Parlamentul a declarat stare de urgență pe perioada 17 martie – 15 mai 2020" [The Parliament decared the state of emergency for the period 17 March - 15 May 2020]. parlament.md (in Romanian). Parliament of the Republic of Moldova. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  27. ^ "Republica Moldova a înregistrat primul deces cauzat de noul coronavirus" [The Republic of Moldova registered the first death from the new coronavirus]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Moldova. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  28. ^ "În Republica Moldova sunt înregistrate 49 cazuri de infecție cu COVID-19. Respectați recomandările autorităților. Stați acasă" [The Republic of Moldova registered 49 cases of infections with COVID-19. Please respect the recommendations of authorities. Stay home]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Moldova. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  29. ^ "17 cazuri de COVID-19 confirmate în ultimele 24 de ore" [17 cases of COVID-19 confirmed during the last 24 hours]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Moldova. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  30. ^ "O nouă platformă lansată în Moldova permite monitorizarea cazurilor de COVID-19 în timp real" [A new platform launched in Moldova allows real-time monitoring of COVID-19 cases]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Moldova. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  31. ^ "14 cazuri noi de infecție prin COVID-19 în Republica Moldova. Respectați recomandările medicilor. Stați acasă" [14 new cases of infections with COVID-19. Please respect the recommendations of doctors. Stay home]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Moldova. 21 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  32. ^ Soltan, Irina (21 March 2020). "Au fost confirmate 14 cazuri noi de infecție cu COVID-19. Bilanțul îmbolnăvirilor se ridică la 80 de persoane". Agora (in Romanian).
  33. ^ "Viorica Dumbrăveanu: "În următoarea perioadă depinde de noi, întreaga societate, cum vom depăși provocarea epidemiei COVID-19. Fac apel la responsabilitate"" [Viorica Dumbrăveanu: “In the next period, it is up to us, the whole society, how we will overcome the challenge of the COVID-19 epidemic. I call for responsibility”]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Moldova. 27 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  34. ^ "Situația epidemiologică prin infecția COVID-19, 27 martie, ora 18.00" [Epidemiological situation regarding the COVID-19 infection, 27 March, 18:00]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Moldova. 27 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  35. ^ "Ultimă oră! Încă două decese din cauza coronavirusului, confirmate în Republica Moldova" [Breaking news! Two more deaths due to coronavirus, confirmed in the Republic of Moldova]. unimedia.info (in Romanian). UNIMEDIA. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  36. ^ a b "55 cazuri noi de infecție cu noul tip de Coronavirus, în ultimele 24 de ore" [55 new cases of infection with the new type of Coronavirus, in the last 24 hours]. msmps.gov.md (in Romanian). Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Moldova. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
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АО «Экономическое обозрение «Логос-пресс» № 11 (1321) 27 Мар. 2020 "Вся информация о COVID-19"

External linksEdit