2020 coronavirus pandemic in Iraq

The ongoing 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was first confirmed to have spread to Iraq in February 2020. Cases have been confirmed in all 19 Iraqi Governorates as of the 27 March, with the Iraqi Kurdistan region accounting for 277 (25%) of those cases as of 4th of April.[2]

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Iraq
Number of confirmed cases by province (as of 3rd April 2020).jpg
Number of confirmed cases by province as of 6th April 2020[1]
  Confirmed cases 1–9
  Confirmed cases 10–49
  Confirmed cases 50-99
  Confirmed cases 100-199
  Confirmed cases ≥200
Percentage of inactive cases (including deaths and recoveries) % (as of 3rd of April 2020).jpg
Percentage of inactive cases (including deaths and recoveries) % as of 6th April 2020[1]
  0%
  1-9%
  10-29%
  30-49%
  50-99%
  100%
Percentage of Deaths per no. of Confirmed Cases % (Iraq).jpg
% of Deaths per no. of Confirmed Cases (as of 6th April 2020)[1]
  0%
  1-9%
  10-29%
  30-49%
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationIraq
Index caseNajaf
Arrival date22 February 2020 – present
(1 month, 1 week and 6 days)
Confirmed cases1031
Recovered344
Deaths
64
Official website
https://www.facebook.com/MOH.GOV.IQ/

During the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic, Iraq reported its first confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 infections on 22 February 2020 in Najaf.[3] By April, the number of confirmed cases had exceeded the hundred mark in both Baghdad, Basra, Sulaymaniyah and Najaf.[1]

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in Iraq  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
Cases (% rise)
Deaths (% rise)
2020-02-24
1(+1)
1(=)
2020-03-01
8(+700%)
9(=)
2020-03-03
9(=) 1(+1)
2020-03-04
32(+256%) 2(+1)
32(=) 2(=)
2020-03-09
67(+109%) 7(+5)
2020-03-10
71(+6%) 9(+2)
2020-03-11
71(=) 10(+1)
2020-03-12
79(+11%) 10(=)
79(=) 10(=)
2020-03-14
110(+39%) 10(=)
2020-03-15
124(+13%) 10(=)
2020-03-16
133(+7%) 10(=)
2020-03-17
154(+16%) 11(+1)
2020-03-18
164(+6%) 12(+1)
2020-03-19
192(+17%) 13(+1)
2020-03-20
208(+8%) 17(+4)
2020-03-21
214(+4%) 17(=)
2020-03-22
233(+9%) 20(+3)
2020-03-23
266(+14%) 23(+3)
2020-03-24
316(+16%) 27(+4)
2020-03-25
346(+9%) 29(+2)
2020-03-26
382(+10%) 36(+7)
2020-03-27
458(+20%) 40(+4)
2020-03-28
506(+11%) 42(+2)
2020-03-29
547(+8%) 42(=)
2020-03-30
630(+15%) 46(+4)
2020-03-31
695(+10%) 50(+4)
2020-04-01
728(+5%) 52(+2)
2020-04-02
772(+6%) 54(+2)
2020-04-03
820(+6%) 54(=)
2020-04-04
878(+7%) 56(+2)
2020-04-05
961(+9%) 61(+5)
2020-04-06
1031(+7%) 64(+3)
Cases: The number of non-repatriated cases reported by the Government
Sources: Various news sources and state health department websites. See Timeline Table and Timeline narrative for sources.[4]

February 2020Edit

A suspected case in the province of Dhi Qar was reported in Iraq on the 22nd of February, which was later confirmed to be positive according to a local medical centre,[5] but this was denied by the Iraqi Ministry of Health.[6][7] On the next day, the 24th of February, they reported the first official case in Najaf. The detected case was an Iranian religious studies student in the city of Najaf, some 160 km (99 mi) south of the Iraqi capital Baghdad, and this case was confirmed after laboratory tests carried out during the day.[8] By the 29th of February, there were 8 confirmed cases in Iraq.[citation needed]

March 2020Edit

The first case of COVID-19 infection in Iraqi Kurdistan was confirmed on the 1st of March.[9][10]

On the 3rd of March, a 70-year-old Iraqi Islamic preacher, Rashid Abdulrahman, became the first fatality in Iraq due to the outbreak.[11] It was reported that the preacher from Sulaymaniyah district, had chronic heart failure and underlying asthma conditions on top of the coronavirus disease. The next day, his son announced that the preacher had not visited Iran recently.[12]

On the 4th of March, the country's Ministry of Health spokesman Saif Al-Badr also confirmed a second death in Baghdad and 32 cases of the virus.[13] The first recovery was reported on the 6th of March.[14] On the 9th of March, the seventh death was announced, which was the first fatality in Basra. The number of cases had also risen to 67.[15] The next day, two new deaths were reported in Babil and Maysan. Iraqi authorities also announced the closure of Najaf Governorate for a week to non-residents.[16]

By the 10th of March, the figure rose to 71 confirmed cases, as four more people were infected.[17] A total of 15 recoveries were also reported that day by Iraq's Ministry of Health. 11 of the patients in Baghdad and four in Kirkuk Governorate had fully recovered from the infection.[18]

The eighth patient died from the disease on the 11th of March, which was the first death reported in Karbala.[19] By the 12th of March, the Health Ministry had recorded 79 cases.[20]

On the 14th of March, two more patients died, increasing the death rate to 10, including the first death of a couple (that had traveled to Iran) in Wasit Governorate.[21] Later, the Health Ministry reported that there was a total of 110 cases, with 26 recoveries.[22]

On the 16th of March, 6 recoveries were reported. There were 9 recoveries on 17 March.[23]

On the 18th of March, the death toll rose to 12 and 10 new cases were registered from 105 suspected cases. One new death was reported in Basra Governorate. 5 of the new cases came from Baghdad.[24]

The next day, the number of cases increased to 192 with 28 new cases, which marked the largest increase in a single day. One new death and 8 recoveries were also announced. On the 20th of March, 208 positive cases were confirmed and four new deaths were announced, resulting in a total of 17 deaths. 6 new cases were reported on the 21st of March, which meant that there was a total of 214 positive cases. 2 patients also recovered that day.[23]

On the 22nd of March, three new deaths were confirmed in Baghdad. The death toll increased to 20. There were 6 new recoveries.[25]

On the 23rd of March, three more deaths and five recoveries were reported and the number of cases rose to 266.[23] The Iraqi Ministry of Health announced the first case in Nineveh Governorate, leaving Saladin Governorate as the only Iraqi Governorate without any cases.[26][27]

On the 24th of March, 50 new cases were registered.[28] The Health Ministry announced that the number of recoveries had increased to 75 and the number of deaths had increased to 27.[28][29]

30 new cases were announced on the 25th of March and the number of recoveries increased to 89.[23] Included, was the first reported case in the Saladin Governorate of a woman in the town of Ishaqi, thus' confirming the presence of the virus in all 19 Iraqi provinces for the first time.[30]

On the 26th of March, 36 new cases were reported, as well as 7 new deaths and a total of 105 recoveries. The death toll increased to 36 deaths.[23]

On the 27th of March, the first cases were reported in Halabja and Saladin governorates, meaning that all Governorates of Iraq have been infected by COVID-19. The total number of cases increased to 458, after 76 new cases tested positive. The death toll also increased to 40, after four new deaths were confirmed. The number of recovered cases also increased to 122.[23]

On the 28th of March, the total number of cases increased to 506, after 48 new cases tested positive. The death toll also increased to 42, after two new deaths were confirmed. The number of recovered cases also increased to 131.[23]

On the 29th of March, the total number of cases increased to 547, after 41 new cases tested positive. For the first time in a week, the death toll did not see an increase, as no deaths were confirmed. The number of recovered cases also increased to 143.[23]

On the 30th of March, the total number of cases increased to 630, after 48 new cases tested positive. The death toll also increased to 46, after four new deaths were confirmed. The number of recovered cases also increased to 152.[23]

On the 31st of March, the total number of cases increased to 695, after 48 new cases tested positive. The death toll hit the 50 mark, after four new deaths were confirmed. The number of recovered cases also increased to 170.[23]

April 2020Edit

On the 1st of April, the total number of cases reached 728, with 33 new cases. Two new deaths and 12 new recoveries were also recorded.[31]

On the 2nd of April, Iraq's Communications and Media Commission said that it had banned international news agency Reuters from operating in the country for three months for reporting that the number of the nation's novel coronavirus cases is much higher than official figures. It added that the agency was fined $20,000 and asked to apologize due to the story, which has "put social security at risk."[32] 33 new cases were announced, meaning that the total number of cases rose to 772. The number of recoveries reached 202, whilst two new deaths were recorded.[33]

On the 3rd of April, the number of confirmed cases rose to 820, with 226 recoveries. No new deaths were confirmed on this same day.[34]

On the 4th of April, the number of confirmed cases rose to 878, with 259 recoveries. 2 new deaths were also confirmed on the same day.[35]

On the 5th of April, the number of confirmed cases saw a daily record increase of 83 new and thus' the total number of cases rose to 961, with 279 total recoveries. 5 new deaths were also confirmed on the same day.[36] The significant rise in cases were attributed to both the capital Baghdad, which saw a rise of 27 cases, and the KRG capital Erbil, which saw a rise of 18 case. The cases in Erbil were attributed to a banned funeral gathering on the 21st and 23rd of March, with investigations and tests ongoing, the number is set to continue to rise.[37]

On the 6th of April, the number of confirmed cases saw a daily increase of 70 new and saw the total number of cases rise to 1031, with 344 total recoveries. 3 new deaths were also confirmed on the same day.[38] The majority of those cases, 41 in total, were in the KRG capital of Erbil and 39 of them were related to the banned funeral gatherings that were discovered the previous day. This meant that a total of 71 of the 133 cases in Erbil could be traced back to that gathering.[39]

Government response and impactsEdit

CurfewsEdit

On 13 March, the Kurdish Regional Government imposed a two-day curfew in Erbil and Sulaymaniyah, which later evolved to become a complete lockdown of the entire region of the KRG on the 4th of April. This was due to a rise in cases attributed to 2 funeral gatherings. This lockdown meant that apart from a few select pharmaceutical shops working through delivery, all shops would be closed and movement (even walking) banned.[40][41][42]

After the first death in Sheikh Saad, Wasit Governorate, the town placed into temporary lockdown after an elderly couple died from the coronavirus on 14 March.[43] On 15 March, a three-day curfew was imposed in Karbala.[44]

EducationEdit

On 18 March, all schools and universities in Baghdad closed for 10 days.[24]

Travel restrictionsEdit

Iraq closed its border with Iran in late February, only allowing Iraqi citizens that were returning, after the pandemic in Iran spread. Between 8 and 16 March, trading with Kuwait was suspended.[45] In response to the outbreak in Iraq, Jordan decided to restrict land and air travel with the country on 10 March.[46] On 10 March, the Kurdish Regional Government decided to close its border with Iran from 16 March until at least April.[19][47][48]

Iraq banned travelers from Germany and Qatar from 13 March in attempt to stop the disease from spreading.[49] Travelers from China, France, Iran, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, and Thailand were also on the ban list.[50][51] On 15 March, the government announced that all flights to and from Baghdad airport between 17 and 24 March would be suspended. The government also imposed a curfew in the capital, Baghdad, over the same period.[52]

Social issues and impactsEdit

On 27 February, schools, universities and cinemas in Baghdad were closed, and other large public gatherings (including major religious gatherings during Rajab[53]) in cities were banned until 7 March. The fear of contagion prevented mourners from burying their dead in communities across Iraq.[54]

Religious Gatherings were banned on the 13th of March in the Kurdish Regional Government, but were not enforced strictly until the 4th of April, where it was discovered that 2 funeral gatherings on the 21st and 23rd of March were responsible for a third of all cases in the city of Erbil.[55][56] On the same day, word got to the government of another illegal funeral gathering in the nearby village of Daratu, which lead to the local Zerevani having to lockdown the village as a result.[57]


StatisticsEdit

OverviewEdit

The table below shows the confirmed COVID-19 cases in each Governorate of Iraq.[58][59][23]

COVID-19 in Iraq by Governorate as of the 6th of April 2020
Province
Cases Deaths Recovered
Al-Anbar Governorate 2 0 1
Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate 7 1 4
Baghdad Governorate 221 20 74
Babil Governorate 11 5 1
Basra Governorate 141 13 45
Dhi Qar Governorate 26 2 2
Diyala Governorate 15 3 5
Duhok Governorate 12 0 10
Erbil Governorate 133 0 19
Halabja Governorate 16 0 0
Karbala Governorate 72 6 18
Kirkuk Governorate 22 1 6
Maysan Governorate 4 2 2
Muthanna Governorate 32 1 2
Najaf Governorate 185 5 84
Nineveh Governorate 5 0 1
Sulaymaniyah Governorate 116 3 62
Saladin Governorate 1 0 0
Wasit Governorate 11 2 8
Total (19 Governorates) 1031 64 344

GraphsEdit

 
 
 
 

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "وزارة الصحة العراقية". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Covid-19 situation update in Iraqi Kurdistan". gov.krd/coronavirus-en.
  3. ^ "Iraq announces 1st case of COVID-19 in Najaf - World - Chinadaily.com.cn". www.chinadaily.com.cn.
  4. ^ "Iraq Coronavirus - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info.
  5. ^ "iraq-reports-first-coronavirus-infection". aa.com.tr. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  6. ^ "وەزارەتی تەندروستی: لە عێراق هیچ تووشبوونێک بە کۆرۆنا تۆمارنەکراوە". rudaw.net. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  7. ^ Iraq, Government of (23 February 2020). "Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19): Iraq's Ministry of Health guidance to the public".
  8. ^ "2nd LD-Writethru: Iraq announces 1st case of COVID-19 in Najaf - China.org.cn". www.china.org.cn.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Iraq, Lebanon confirm new coronavirus cases". www.aa.com.tr. Archived from the original on 29 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  11. ^ "Iraq Announces Two Coronavirus Deaths". Asharq AL-awsat.
  12. ^ Menmy, Dana Taib (12 March 2020). "Some Iraqis rejecting coronavirus warnings". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  13. ^ Zehra Nur Duz (4 March 2020). "Iraq reports second death from coronavirus". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Iraq reports 1st coronavirus recovery". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Iraq confirms 7th coronavirus death". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Iraq confirms 2 deaths, 6 new cases of coronavirus". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Number of coronavirus cases in Iraq rises to 71". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  18. ^ Shilani, Hiwa. "As coronavirus infections continue, Iraq announces recovery of 15 patients". www.kurdistan24.net.
  19. ^ a b "Coronavirus death toll in Iraq rises to 8". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  20. ^ "Number of coronavirus cases in Iraq rises to 79". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  21. ^ "10".
  22. ^ "Coronavirus cases increase in Iraq, Saudi Arabia". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Iraq Coronavirus - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  24. ^ a b "New death raises Iraq's COVID-19 fatalities to 12". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Iraq confirms 3 more deaths from coronavirus". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  26. ^ "وزارة الصحة العراقية". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  27. ^ "وزارة الصحة العراقية". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  28. ^ a b "التقرير الوبائي: ارتفاع عدد الإصابات بفيروس كورونا في العراق الى 316". قناه السومرية العراقية (in Arabic). Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  29. ^ "وزارة الصحة العراقية". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  30. ^ "Salah al-Din records the first infection with the Corona virus". www.rudaw.net/arabic (in Arabic). Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  31. ^ "Iraq Coronavirus: 728 Cases and 52 Deaths - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  32. ^ Burak Bir (2 April 2020). "Iraq suspends Reuters' operations over COVID-19 report". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  33. ^ "Iraq Coronavirus: 820 Cases and 54 Deaths - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  34. ^ "Iraq Coronavirus: 820 Cases and 54 Deaths - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  35. ^ "Iraq Coronavirus: 878 Cases and 56 Deaths - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  36. ^ "Iraq Coronavirus: 961 Cases and 61 Deaths - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  37. ^ "Kurdish Health Minister: 32 of the cases can be sourced to a funeral gathering". www.facebook.com/pg/Rudaw.net (in Kurdish). Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  38. ^ "Iraq Coronavirus: 961 Cases and 61 Deaths - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  39. ^ "لە 24 کاژێردا لە هەرێمی کوردستان 44 کەس تووشی کۆرۆنا بوون". www.rudaw.net/sorani (in Kurdish). Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  40. ^ "Curfew imposed in Iraq's Kurdish region over COVID-19". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  41. ^ "Covid-19 situation update in Iraqi Kurdistan". gov.krd/coronavirus-en.
  42. ^ "Kurdish Health Minister: 32 of the cases can be sourced to a funeral gathering". www.facebook.com/pg/Rudaw.net (in Kurdish). Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  43. ^ "Iraq reports new coronavirus death, takes toll to 10". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  44. ^ "Iraq's Karbala imposes curfew to curb coronavirus". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  45. ^ "Iraq puts France and Spain on coronavirus entry ban list". Reuters. 6 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  46. ^ "Jordan restricts travel". www.kurdistan24.net. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  47. ^ "Coronavirus: Iraq bans public gatherings, shuts schools". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  48. ^ "Coronavirus: Iraq Shut Schools, Varsities After Issuing Travel Ban". Channels Television. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  49. ^ "Iraq puts Germany and Qatar on coronavirus entry ban list". Reuters. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  50. ^ hermesauto (25 February 2020). "Coronavirus: Iraq bans entry of travellers from seven countries, including Singapore". The Straits Times. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  51. ^ "Iraq puts France and Spain on coronavirus entry ban list". Reuters. 6 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  52. ^ "Iraq suspends flights to and from Baghdad airport over coronavirus fears". Reuters. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  53. ^ "Iraq puts Germany and Qatar on coronavirus entry ban list". Reuters. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  54. ^ Post, The Jakarta (30 March 2020). "In Iraq, no resting place for coronavirus dead". The Jakarta Post.
  55. ^ "Covid-19 situation update in Iraqi Kurdistan". gov.krd/coronavirus-en.
  56. ^ "Kurdish Health Minister: 32 of the cases can be sourced to a funeral gathering". www.facebook.com/pg/Rudaw.net (in Kurdish). Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  57. ^ "Special forces clear a funeral gathering in Daratu, Hawler". www.rudaw.net (in Kurdish). Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  58. ^ "وزارة الصحة العراقية".
  59. ^ "وزارة الصحة العراقية".