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2019 European Parliament election in the Netherlands

The 2019 European Parliament election for the election of the delegation from the Netherlands is an election that was held on 23 May 2019. It is the ninth time the elections have been held for the European elections in the Netherlands. The number of Dutch seats was to increase from 26 to 29 following Brexit, but due to the extension of the Article 50 process in the United Kingdom, the number of seats to be elected will remain at 26

2019 European Parliament election in the Netherlands

← 2014 23 May 2019 2024 →

26 Netherlands seats in the European Parliament
Turnout41.93%
  First party Second party Third party
  Frans Timmermans.jpg MalikAzmani2016 (cropped).jpg Esther de Lange MEP 2.jpg
Leader Frans Timmermans Malik Azmani Esther de Lange
Party PvdA VVD CDA
Alliance S&D RE EPP
Last election 9,40%, 3 seats 12,02%, 3 seats 15,18%, 5 seats
Seats won
6 / 26
4 / 26
4 / 26
Seat change 3 Increase 1 Increase 1 Decrease
Popular vote 1,045,274 805,100 669,555
Percentage 19.01% 14.64% 12.18%
Swing 9.61% Increase 2.62% Increase 3.00 Decrease

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Derk Jan Eppink 03.JPG Eickhout, Bas-9750.jpg Sophie in 't Veld - Candidate for the European Parliament for D66.jpg
Leader Derk Jan Eppink Bas Eickhout Sophie in 't Veld
Party FvD GL D66
Alliance ECR Greens-EFA RE
Last election 6,98%, 2 seats 15,48%, 4 seats
Seats won
3 / 26
3 / 26
2 / 26
Seat change 3 Increase 1 Increase 2 Decrease
Popular vote 602,507 599,283 389,692
Percentage 10.96% Increase 10.90% 7.09%
Swing 10.96% 3.92% Increase 8.39% Decrease

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Peter van Dalen.JPG AnjaHazekamp.jpg Manders, Toine-2558.jpg
Leader Peter van Dalen Anja Hazekamp Toine Manders
Party CU-SGP PvdD 50+
Alliance EPP / ECR EUL/NGL EPP
Last election 7,67%, 2 seats 4,21%, 1 seats 3.69%, 0 seats
Seats won
2 / 26
1 / 26
1 / 26
Seat change 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Increase
Popular vote 375,660 220,938 215,199
Percentage 6.83% 4.02% 3.91%
Swing 0.84% Decrease 0.19% Decrease 0.22% Increase
European Union Netherlands
Elections, candidates and members of the
European Parliament for the Netherlands
1952–1958 ECSC delegation
1958–1979 EP delegation
1979–1984 1st election, candidates and members
1984–1989 2nd election, candidates and members
1989–1994 3rd election, candidates and members
1994–1999 4th election, candidates and members
1999–2004 5th election, candidates and members
2004–2009 6th election, candidates and members
2009–2014 7th election, candidates and members
2014–2019 8th election, candidates and members
2019–2024 9th election, candidates and members

BackgroundEdit

Voting and election organisationEdit

Election PlanningEdit

Date Requirement
26 February 2019 Last day for registering political parties names
9 April 2019 Candidate lists presented to the Electoral Council
23 May 2019 European Election in the Netherlands
4 June 2019 Official results released by the Electoral Council
2 July 2019 9th European Parliament session begins (2019-2024)

Right to voteEdit

In order to vote, a person must:

  • have either the Dutch nationality or the nationality of a European Union member state,
  • be 18 years or older, and
  • not be otherwise disqualified from voting.

Additionally, nationals of other member states of the European Union must:

  • be resident in the Netherlands on the day the candidates are nominated,
  • not be disqualified from voting either in the Netherlands or in the Member State in which they are a national, and
  • have registered in a municipality declaring that they want to vote in the Netherlands instead of in the home country (by filling out the Y-32 form).

Dutch nationals abroad, as well as in Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten have to register to vote for the elections to the European Parliament. When they register, they must say whether they will vote by post, by proxy, or in person at a polling station in the Netherlands.

Dutch nationals living in another EU member state must make a statement that they have not voted in the member state in which they reside, if they want to vote in the Netherlands.

Dutch residents on Bonaire, St. Eustatius, and Saba have no need to register, because these islands are part of the Netherlands. They are able to vote in person at polling stations on the islands.

Right to stand as a candidateEdit

In order to stand in the European Parliament election, a candidate must:

  • hold either Dutch nationality or the nationality of a Member State of the European Union,
  • be at least 18 years of age on the day they would be sworn into the European Parliament, and
  • have the right to vote.

Additionally, candidates from other member states of the European Union must:

  • be resident in the Netherlands, and
  • be able to stand as a candidate in the member state of which they are a national.

Organisation of electionsEdit

In elections for the European Parliament, the national electoral districts play no role in the nomination. The Netherlands consists of a single electoral district. Political parties, therefore, take part in the elections with only a single candidate list.

However, the national electoral districts do play an important role in processing the election results. The principal polling station of each constituency determines the vote total of the constituency. The results of the vote are recorded in an official document and transferred to the Electoral Council. The Electoral Council, in its role as the central electoral committee, then determines the result of the Netherlands' distribution of seats.

Casting a voteEdit

A voter could cast their vote at a polling station of their choice within their own district. At the casting their vote, they could identify themselves with an identity document which is considered valid even if it has expired within the last five years.

Participation of political groupsEdit

Numbering of the candidates listEdit

The parties which had obtained one or more seats in 2014 at the last election to the European Parliament were given a number based on the number of votes they had received in the previous election. These totalled nine candidate lists. The party with the most votes got number 1 and the rest were listed accordingly. The list numbers for the remaining candidate lists were decided by a lottery.

The official order and names of candidate lists:

e • d Candidate lists for the European Parliament election in the Netherlands
← 2014 2019 2024 →
Lists
List English translation List name (Dutch)
1 list Democrats 66 (D66) - ALDE Democraten 66 (D66) - ALDE
2 list CDA - European People's Party CDA - Europese Volkspartij
3 list PVV (Party for Freedom) PVV (Partij voor de Vrijheid)
4 list VVD (People's Party for Freedom and Democracy) VVD (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie)
5 list SP (Socialist Party) SP (Socialistische Partij)
6 list P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats P.v.d.A./Europese Sociaaldemocraten
7 list Christian Union-SGP ChristenUnie–SGP
8 list GreenLeft GroenLinks
9 list Party for the Animals Partij voor de Dieren
10 list 50PLUS
11 list Jesus Lives Jezus Leeft
12 list Think Denk
13 list The Greens De Groenen
14 list Forum for Democracy Forum voor Democratie
15 list Of the Region & Pirate Party vandeRegio & Piratenpartij
16 list Volt Netherlands Volt Nederland
Source: [1]

Common listsEdit

Parties can form common lists, which means that two or more parties create a single list and stand in the elections as though they were one party. There are two for this election:

Common list Parties
Christian Union-SGP Christian Union
Reformed Political Party
From the Region & Pirate Party Pirate Party
From the Region Party

Election dayEdit

Traditionally, all elections are held on Wednesday in the Netherlands. However, the European Parliament elections run from Thursday to Sunday across the entire European Union so Thursday was chosen. This is because it is the only day that the Dutch Government believes is appropriate for an election day due to it not being a rest day for any religion. Sunday is not an option because it is a rest day for Christians, while it is the Sabbath on Friday and Saturday.[2][3]

PollsEdit

Exit PollEdit

An exit poll carried out by Ipsos, as well as a forecast of the result produced by GeenPeil and Maurice de Hond based on a part of results collected, indicated that the Labour Party (PvdA) emerged with the most seats, followed by the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) and People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) with four seats each, Forum for Democracy (FvD) and GroenLinks (GL) with three seats and the Democrats 66 (D66) and the Christian Union – Reformed Political Party (CU-SGP) lists with two seats each, with all others on zero or one seat.[4]

PollEdit

SeatsEdit

Polling firm Date(s) D66 CDA PVV VVD SP PvdA CU
SGP
GL PvdD 50+ DENK FvD VOLT Others Lead
2019 election 23 May 2019 2 4 0 4 0 6 2 3 1 1 0 3 0 0 2
Ipsos 20–21 May 2019 2 3 2 5 1 3 2 3 0 0 0 5 0 Tie
Kantar Public 18–21 May 2019 2 2 1 5 1 5 1 3 1 1 0 4 Tie
Peil.nl 19 May 2019 2 4 1 4–5 1 4 2 2 1 0 0 4–5 0 0 Tie
I&O Research 9–14 May 2019 2 3 2 4 1 3 2 3 1 1 4 0 Tie
Ipsos 12–13 May 2019 3 3 2 5 1 3 1 3 0 0 0 5 0 Tie
Ipsos 26–29 Apr 2019 2 3 2 5 1 2 2 3 1 0 0 5 Tie
I&O Research 19–24 Apr 2019 3 2 1 5 2 3 2 4 0 0 4 0 1
2014 election 22 May 2014 4 5 4 3 2 3 2 2 1 0 0 1

Vote shareEdit

Polling firm Date(s) D66 CDA PVV VVD SP PvdA CU
SGP
GL PvdD 50+ DENK FvD VOLT Others Lead
2019 election 23 May 2019 7.1% 12.2% 3.5% 14.6% 3.4% 19.0% 6.8% 10.9% 4.0% 3.9% 1.1% 11.0% 1.9% 0.5% 4.4%
Ipsos 20–21 May 2019 7.6% 11.5% 7.2% 15.6% 4.5% 10.4% 6.6% 10.3% 3.2% 3.3% 1.8% 14.9% 2.9% 0.7%
Kantar Public 18–21 May 2019 7.5% 7.9% 5.2% 17.0% 5.8% 15.0% 5.9% 11.0% 4.1% 4.9% 1.2% 13.1% 1.4% 2.0%
Peil.nl 19 May 2019 7.5% 12.5% 4.0% 15.0% 4.0% 13.0% 8.0% 8.0% 4.5% 3.0% 2.0% 15.0% 2.0% 1.5% Tie
I&O Research 9–14 May 2019 7.1% 9.6% 8.5% 15.5% 4.7% 11.8% 6.6% 12.1% 3.5% 3.3% 12.9% 1.8% 2.6%
Ipsos 12–13 May 2019 8.9% 11.2% 6.2% 16.8% 4.4% 11.1% 5.6% 9.7% 3.7% 3.3% 1.0% 15.5% 2.7% 1.3%
Ipsos 26–29 Apr 2019 6.5% 9.3% 9.0% 18.1% 5.7% 7.8% 7.1% 9.6% 4.2% 3.5% 1.2% 16.9% 1.2%
I&O Research 19–24 Apr 2019 10.0% 7.8% 5.9% 17.2% 7.7% 9.0% 7.4% 12.7% 2.9% 2.9% 14.7% 1.7% 2.5%
2014 election 22 May 2014 15.5% 15.2% 13.3% 12.0% 9.6% 9.4% 7.7% 7.0% 4.2% 3.7% 2.4% 0.3%

ResultsEdit

 
Candidate list

TurnoutEdit

A total of 13,164,688 people were entitled to vote. Of these 5,519,776 participated in the election. This amounts to a turnout of 41.93%, which is higher than in 2014 (37.32%), and higher than any European Parliament election in the past twenty years.[5][6][7]

Seat assignmentEdit

Electoral quotaEdit

The electoral quota is the number of votes needed for one seat. It is the total valid number of votes divided by the number of seats. For this election it was 5,497,813 valid votes, divided by 26 seats. The electoral quota was established as 211,454.

Assigning full seatsEdit

Full seats are assigned by number of votes divided by the electoral quota. Electoral alliances are marked as a letter, instead of a number. Any seats left over are not yet assigned to a specific party.

List List name (English translation) Number of votes Electoral quota Seats
1 Democrats 66 389,692 211,454 1
2 CDA - European People's Party 669,555 211,454 3
3 PVV (Party for Freedom) 194,178 211,454 0
4 People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 805,100 211,454 3
5 SP (Netherlands) 185,224 211,454 0
6 P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats 1,045,274 211,454 4
7 Christian Union-SGP 375,660 211,454 1
8 GreenLeft 599,283 211,454 2
9 Party for the Animals 220,938 211,454 1
10 50PLUS 215,199 211,454 1
11 JESUS LIVES 8.292 211,454 0
12 Think 60,669 211,454 0
13 The Greens 9,546 211,454 0
14 Forum for Democracy 602,507 211,454 2
15 Of the Region & Pirate Party 10,692 211,454 0
16 Volt Netherlands 106,004 211,454 0
Total 5,497,813 18
Total seats 26
Remaining seats 8

Remainder seatsEdit

The remaining, or left over, seats are awarded sequentially to the lists with the highest average number of votes per seat. Only lists that reached the electoral quota are eligible.

List Remainder seat 1 Remainder seat 2 Remainder seat 3 Remainder seat 4 Remainder seat 5 Remainder seat 6 Remainder seat 7 Remainder seat 8 Total
1 194,846 194,846 194,846 194,846 194,846 129,897 129,897 129,897 1
2 167,388 167,388 167,388 167,388 167,388 167,388 167,388 167,388 1
4 201,275 201,275 161,020 161,020 161,020 161,020 161,020 161,020 1
6 209,054 174,212 174,212 174,212 174,212 174,212 174,212 149,324 2
7 187,830 187,830 187,830 187,830 187,830 187,830 125,220 125,220 1
8 199,761 199,761 199,761 199,761 149,820 149,820 149,820 149,820 1
9 110,469 110,469 110,469 110,469 110,469 110,469 110,469 110,469 0
10 107,599 107,599 107,599 107,599 107,599 107,599 107,599 107,599 0
14 200,835 200,835 200,835 150,626 150,626 150,626 150,626 150,626 1
Assigned to 6 4 14 8 1 7 6 2

Final resultsEdit

e • d Summary of the 23 May 2019 European Parliament election results in the Netherlands
← 2014 2019 2024 →
Lists Votes % Change Seats Change Seats
(after Brexit)
Change
(after Brexit)
List English translation List name (Dutch) EU Party EP Group
list P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats P.v.d.A./Europese Sociaaldemocraten PES S&D 1,045,274 19.01 9.61  
6 / 26
3  
6 / 29
0  
list VVD VVD ALDE RE 805,100 14.64 2.62  
4 / 26
1  
5 / 29
1  
list CDA - European People's Party CDA - Europese Volkspartij EPP EPP 669,555 12.18 3.00  
4 / 26
1  
4 / 29
0  
list Forum for Democracy Forum voor Democratie none ECR 602,507 10.96 New
3 / 26
3  
4 / 29
1  
list GreenLeft GroenLinks EGP Greens-EFA 599,283 10.90 3.92  
3 / 26
1  
3 / 29
0  
list Democrats 66 (D66) - ALDE Democraten 66 (D66) - ALDE ALDE RE 389,692 7.09 8.39  
2 / 26
2  
2 / 29
0  
list Christian Union-SGP ChristenUnie–SGP ECPM EPP / ECR 375,660 6.83 0.84  
2 / 26
0  
2 / 29
0  
list Party for the Animals Partij voor de Dieren APEU EUL/NGL 220,938 4.02 0.19  
1 / 26
0  
1 / 29
0  
list 50PLUS 50PLUS none EPP 215,199 3.91 0.22  
1 / 26
1  
1 / 29
0  
list PVV (Party for Freedom) PVV (Partij voor de Vrijheid) none ID 194,178 3.53 9.79  
0 / 26
4  
1 / 29
1  
list SP (Socialist Party) SP (Socialistische Partij) none EUL/NGL 185,224 3.37 6.27  
0 / 26
2  
0 / 29
0  
list Volt Netherlands Volt Nederland 106,004 1.93 New
0 / 26
0  
0 / 29
0  
list Think Denk 60,669 1.10 New
0 / 26
0  
0 / 29
0  
list Of the Region & Pirate Party vandeRegio & Piratenpartij 10,692 0.19 0.66  
0 / 26
0  
0 / 29
0  
list The Greens De Groenen 9,546 0.17 0.06  
0 / 26
0  
0 / 29
0  
list Jesus Lives Jezus Leeft 8,292 0.15 0.05  
0 / 26
0  
0 / 29
0  
Valid votes 5,497,813 99,60 0,20  
Blank votes 10,267 0.19 0.16  
Invalid votes 11,696 0.21 0.04  
Totals 5,519,776 100.00 26 0   29 3  
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 13,164,688 41.93 4.61  
Source: [8][9][10]


European groupsEdit

e • d Summary of the 23 May 2019 European Parliament elections in the Netherlands
← 2014 2019 2024 →
European group Seats 2014 Seats 2019 Change Seats
(after Brexit)
Change
(after Brexit
Renew Europe RE 7 6 1   7 1  
Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats S&D 3 6 3   6 0  
European People's Party EPP 5 6 1   6 0  
European Conservatives and Reformists ECR 2 4 2   5 1  
The Greens–European Free Alliance Greens-EFA 2 3 1   3 0  
European United Left–Nordic Green Left EUL-NGL 3 1 2   1 0  
Identity and Democracy ID 4 0 4   1 1  
26 26 0   29 3  

Elected membersEdit

To be elected by preference votes, 10% of the electoral quota is needed. The electoral quota was 211,454. 10% of 211,454 = 21,145 votes.[8]

36 members were directly elected by preference votes. Not all candidates could be appointed because either the party did not get enough seats, or it got no seats.

Below are all the elected members of European parliament for the Netherlands. The following 26 MEPs were officially announced by the Central Electoral Commission. Members elected by preference votes are in bold.

P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats

  1. Frans Timmermans, by 839,240 votes
  2. Agnes Jongerius, by 109,987 votes
  3. Kati Piri, by 29,475 votes
  4. Paul Tang, by 8,497 votes
  5. Vera Tax, by 12,760 votes
  6. Mohammed Chahim, by 2,825 votes

VVD

  1. Malik Azmani, by 365,155 votes
  2. Caroline Nagtegaal-van Doorn, by 163,279 votes
  3. Jan Huitema, by 115,738 votes
  4. Liesje Schreinemacher, by 37,519 votes

CDA – European People's Party

  1. Esther de Lange, by 402,975 votes
  2. Annie Schreijer-Pierik, by 113,914 votes
  3. Jeroen Lenaers, by 50,121 votes
  4. Tom Berendsen, by 28,579 votes

Forum for Democracy

  1. Derk Jan Eppink, by 339,988 votes
  2. Thierry Baudet, by 164,711 votes
  3. Rob Roos, by 41,323 votes

GreenLeft

  1. Bas Eickhout, by 263,034 votes
  2. Tineke Strik, by 149,628 votes
  3. Kim van Sparrentak, by 32,505 votes

Democrats 66 (D66) – ALDE

  1. Sophie in 't Veld, by 248,383 votes
  2. Samira Rafaela, by 32,510 votes

Christian Union-SGP

  1. Peter van Dalen, by 240,459 votes
  2. Bert-Jan Ruissen, by 44,416 votes

Party for the Animals

  1. Anja Hazekamp, by 136,224 votes

50PLUS

  1. Toine Manders, by 127,228 votes

Members not elected, but enough preference votes:

  • D66 - Raoul Boucke, by 22,500 votes
  • VVD - Bart Groothuis, by 21,353 votes
  • Christian Union-SGP - Anja Haga, by 37,813 votes
  • GreenLeft - Sabine Klok, by 26,949 votes
  • GreenLeft - Eline van Nistelrooij, by 26,250 votes
  • 50PLUS - Emmy van der Kleij, by 24,723 votes
  • PVV - Geert Wilders, by 83,448 votes
  • PVV - Marcel de Graaff, by 81,073 votes
  • SP - Arnout Hoekstra, by 93,809 votes
  • SP - Jannie Visscher, by 35,498 votes
  • DENK - Ayhan Tonca, by 25,302 votes
  • Volt Netherlands - Reinier van Lanschot, by 51,621 votes
  • Volt Netherlands - Nilüfer Vogels, by 21,951 votes

MEPs in 2019–2024Edit

Below is a list of members of the European Parliament for the period 2019–2024 as a result of this election.

MutationsEdit

2019Edit

e • d MEPs for the Netherlands elected to the 9th European Parliament session
← 2014–2019 2019–2024 2024–2029 →
Name Sex National party Group Period Preference vote[10]
Malik Azmani Male      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      RE 2 July 2019 – Present[20] 365,155
Tom Berendsen Male      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 2 July 2019 – Present[21] 28,579
Mohammed Chahim Male      Labour Party      S&D 2 July 2019 – Present[22] 2,825
Peter van Dalen Male      Christian Union      EPP 14 July 2009 – Present[23] 240,459
Bas Eickhout Male      GroenLinks      G–EFA 14 July 2009 – Present[24] 263,034
Derk Jan Eppink Male      Forum for Democracy      ECR 14 July 2009 – 1 July 2014
2 July 2019 – Present[25]
339,988
Anja Hazekamp Female      Party for the Animals      EUL–NGL 1 July 2014 – Present[26] 136,224
Jan Huitema Male      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      RE 1 July 2014 – Present[27] 115,738
Agnes Jongerius Female      Labour Party      S&D 1 July 2014 – Present[28] 109,987
Esther de Lange Female      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 1 April 2007 – Present[29] 402,975
Jeroen Lenaers Male      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 1 July 2014 – Present[30] 50,121
Toine Manders Male      50PLUS      EPP 20 July 1999 – 1 July 2014
2 July 2019 – Present[31]
127,228
Caroline Nagtegaal-van Doorn Female      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      RE 14 November 2017 – Present[32] 163,279
Kati Piri Female      Labour Party      S&D 1 July 2014 – Present[33] 29,475
Samira Rafaela Female      Democrats 66      RE 2 July 2019 – Present[34] 32,510
Rob Roos Male      Forum for Democracy      ECR 2 July 2019 – Present[35] 41,323
Rob Rooken Male      Forum for Democracy      ECR 2 July 2019 – Present[36] 10,143
Bert-Jan Ruissen Male      Reformed Political Party      ECR 2 July 2019 – Present[37] 44,416
Annie Schreijer-Pierik Female      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 1 July 2014 – Present[38] 113,914
Liesje Schreinemacher Female      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      RE 2 July 2019 – Present[39] 37,519
Kim van Sparrentak Female      GroenLinks      G–EFA 2 July 2019 – Present[40] 32,505
Tineke Strik Female      GroenLinks      G–EFA 2 July 2019 – Present[41] 149,628
Paul Tang Male      Labour Party      S&D 1 July 2014 – Present[42] 8,497
Vera Tax Female      Labour Party      S&D 2 July 2019 – Present[43] 12,760
Sophie in 't Veld Female      Democrats 66      RE 20 July 2004 – Present[44] 248,383
Lara Wolters Female      Labour Party      S&D 9 July 2019 – Present[19] 4,888

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "Waarom stemmen we in Nederland op woensdag?" [Why in the Netherlands do we vote on a Wednesday?]. Kiesraad.nl (in Dutch). 2018-07-13. Retrieved 2019-05-24.
  3. ^ "Verkiezing Nederlandse leden van het Europees Parlement" [Election of dutch Members of the European Parliament]. www.rijksoverheid.nl (in Dutch). Ministerie van Algemene Zaken (Ministry of General Affairs). 2019-04-15. Retrieved 2019-05-24.
  4. ^ "GeenPeil: voor PVV en SP dreigt een vertrek uit Europees Parlement". NOS. 24 May 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Opkomst Europese verkiezingen fors hoger dan in 2014" (in Dutch). ad.nl. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  6. ^ "EU-verkiezingen: opkomst hoogste in 20 jaar" (in Dutch). nos.nl. 27 May 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  7. ^ "Opkomst Europese verkiezingen fors hoger" (in Dutch). dvhn.nl. 27 May 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Kiesraad: Election results by election commission" (in Dutch). Kiesraad. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Kiesraad: PDF with all information about the European Parliament elections in 2019" (PDF) (in Dutch). Kiesraad. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  10. ^ a b "Kiesraad: Europees Parlement 23 mei 2019" (in Dutch). Kiesraad. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  11. ^ "ECR Group welcome new members". ECRgroup.eu. 5 June 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Benoeming R.J. Rooken tot lid Europees Parlement" (in Dutch). Kiesraad.nl. 11 June 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  13. ^ "ALDE Group becomes Renew Europe". ALDEparty.eu. 12 June 2019. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Salvini alliance to be named Identity and Democracy". Politico.eu. 12 June 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  15. ^ "Europese wegen ChristenUnie en SGP scheidenmembers" (in Dutch). NRC.nl. 19 June 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  16. ^ "50PLUS vindt in Europa aansluiting bij EVP" (in Dutch). 50PLUSpartij.nl. 19 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
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  18. ^ "Benoeming L.I. Wolters tot lid Europees Parlement" (in Dutch). Kiesraad.nl. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  19. ^ a b "Parlement.com: L.I. (Lara) Wolters" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  20. ^ "Parlement.com: T.B.W. (Tom) Berendsen" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  21. ^ "Parlement.com: Mr. M. (Malik) Azmani" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  22. ^ "Parlement.com: Dr. M. (Mohammed) Chahim" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  23. ^ "Parlement.com: Drs. P. (Peter) van Dalen" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  24. ^ "Parlement.com: Drs. B. (Bas) Eickhout" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  25. ^ "Parlement.com: Mr.Drs. D.J. (Derk Jan) Eppink" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  26. ^ "Parlement.com: Drs. A.A.H. (Anja) Hazekamp" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  27. ^ "Parlement.com: J. (Jan) Huitema MSc" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  28. ^ "Parlement.com: Drs. A.M. (Agnes) Jongerius" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  29. ^ "Parlement.com: E.M.R. (Esther) de Lange" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
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